TEA-21 requires the U.S. DOT to encourage the use of youth conservation or service corps.
Legislation: TEA-21 §1108(g):
The definition of a qualified youth conservation or service corps is taken from existing titles and chapters of the United States Code (U.S.C.). These sections of the U.S.C. are provided below.
42 U.S.C. Sec. 12572
Division C - National Service Trust Program
(a) Eligible national service programs
The recipient of a grant under section 12571(a) of this title and each Federal agency receiving assistance under section 12571(b) of this title shall use the assistance, directly or through sub-grants to other entities, to carry out full- or part-time national service programs, including summer programs, that address unmet human, educational, environmental, or public safety needs. Subject to subsection (b)(1) of this section, these national service programs may include the following types of national service programs:
A community corps program that meets unmet human, educational, environmental, or public safety needs and promotes greater community unity through the use of organized teams of participants of varied social and economic backgrounds, skill levels, physical and developmental capabilities, ages, ethnic backgrounds, or genders.
A full-time, year-round youth corps program or full-time summer youth corps program, such as a conservation corps or youth service corps (including youth corps programs under division I of this subchapter, the Public Lands Corps established under the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.), the Urban Youth Corps established under section 12656 of this title, and other conservation corps or youth service corps that performs service on Federal or other public lands or on Indian lands or Hawaiian home lands), that -
A program that provides specialized training to individuals in service-learning and places the individuals after such training in positions, including positions as service-learning coordinators, to facilitate service-learning in programs eligible for funding under part I of division B of this sub-chapter.
A service program that is targeted at specific unmet human, educational, environmental, or public safety needs and that -
An individualized placement program that includes regular group activities, such as leadership training and special service projects.
A campus-based program that is designed to provide substantial service in a community during the school term and during summer or other vacation periods through the use of -
A pre-professional training program in which students enrolled in an institution of higher education -
A professional corps program that recruits and places qualified participants in positions -
A program in which economically disadvantaged individuals who are between the ages of 16 and 24 years of age, inclusive, are provided with opportunities to perform service that, while enabling such individuals to obtain the education and employment skills necessary to achieve economic self-sufficiency, will help their communities meet -
A national service entrepreneur program that identifies, recruits, and trains gifted young adults of all backgrounds and assists them in designing solutions to community problems.
An inter-generational program that combines students, out-of-school youths, and older adults as participants to provide needed community services, including an inter-generational component for other national service programs described in this subsection.
A program that is administered by a combination of nonprofit organizations located in a low-income area, provides a broad range of services to residents of such area, is governed by a board composed in significant part of low-income individuals, and is intended to provide opportunities for individuals or teams of individuals to engage in community projects in such area that meet unaddressed community and individual needs, including projects that would -
A community service program designed to meet the needs of rural communities, using teams or individual placements to address the development needs of rural communities and to combat rural poverty, including health care, education, and job training.
A program that seeks to eliminate hunger in communities and rural areas through service in projects -
Such other national service programs addressing unmet human, educational, environmental, or public safety needs as the Corporation may designate.
42 U.S.C. Sec. 12656
Division J - Miscellaneous
Sec. 12656. Urban Youth Corps
The Congress finds the following:
The rehabilitation, reclamation, and beautification of urban public housing, recreational sites, youth and senior centers, and public roads and public works facilities through the efforts of young people in the United States in an Urban Youth Corps can benefit these youths, while also benefiting their communities, by -
A significant number of housing units for low-income individuals in urban areas has become substandard and unsafe and the deterioration of urban roadways, mass transit systems, and transportation facilities in the United States have contributed to the blight encountered in many cities in the United States.
As a result, urban housing, public works, and transportation resources are in need of labor intensive rehabilitation, reclamation, and beautification work that has been neglected in the past and cannot be adequately carried out by Federal, State, and local government at existing personnel levels.
Urban youth corps have established a good record of rehabilitating, reclaiming, and beautifying these kinds of resources in a cost-efficient manner, especially when they have worked in partnership with government housing, public works, and transportation authorities and agencies.
It is the purpose of this section -
to perform, in a cost-effective manner, appropriate service projects to rehabilitate, reclaim, beautify, and improve public housing and public works and transportation facilities and resources in urban areas suffering from high rates of poverty where work will not be performed by existing employees;
to assist government housing, public works, and transportation authorities and agencies;
to expose young people in the United States to public service while furthering their understanding and appreciation of their community;
to expand educational opportunity for individuals who participate in the Urban Youth Corps established by this section by providing them with an increased ability to pursue post-secondary education or job training; and
to stimulate interest among young people in the United States in lifelong service to their communities and the United States.
For purposes of this section:
Appropriate service project
The term ''appropriate service project'' means any project for the rehabilitation, reclamation, or beautification of urban public housing and public works and transportation resources or facilities.
Corps and Urban Youth Corps
The term ''Corps'' and ''Urban Youth Corps'' mean the Urban Youth Corps established under subsection (d)(1) of this section.
Qualified urban youth corps
The term ''qualified urban youth corps'' means any program established by a State or local government or by a nonprofit organization that -