- Briefing Room
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
MAP-21 - Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century
Posted 9/25/2012, Updated 7/15/2013
Question 1: Please describe the process that USDOT will utilize to solicit input in the establishment of performance measures?
Answer 1: USDOT is planning to provide opportunities for stakeholders to contribute their input regarding the measures required under 23 U.S.C. 150(c) (newly-established by section 1203 of MAP-21). Information will be provided on the USDOT and FHWA websites soon with more information on these opportunities. In addition, stakeholders can provide their input regarding the required measures by contacting Francine Shaw Whitson by phone at (202) 366-8028, by email at FSWhitson@dot.gov, or mail at Federal Highway Administration, 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE, Washington, D.C. 20590.
Also, for the notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), 23 U.S.C. 150(c)(2) requires the Secretary to provide no less than 90 days for the public to comment on the NPRM. The Secretary is also required to take into consideration any comments relating to a proposed regulation received during that comment period.
Question 2: Are States required to set performance targets? If so, when are they due?
Answer 2: States are required to establish targets that reflect the measures established by the USDOT under 23 U.S.C. 150(c), where applicable. A State may, as appropriate, provide for different targets for urbanized and rural areas. To ensure consistency, States must, to the maximum extent practicable, coordinate with the relevant MPO and with providers of public transportation in an urbanized area not represented by an MPO. The State must establish these targets within than 1 year after the USDOT final rule on performance measures. (23 U.S.C. 135 & 150)
Question 3: Are MPOs required to set performance targets? If so, when are they due?
Answer 3: Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) are required to establish targets for each measure established in 23 U.S.C. 150(c), where applicable. MPOs are required to establish targets in coordination with the relevant State/s and, to the maximum extent practicable, with providers of public transport transportation no later than 180 days after the date on which the relevant State/s or the provider of public transportation establishes their performance targets. (23 U.S.C. 134)
Question 4: MAP-21 sets forth a limited set of areas in which USDOT can establish performance measures. Does USDOT have authority to establish measures for other areas?
Answer 4: USDOT is limited under MAP-21 to establishing national measures on which the States must report to only those listed in the new 23 U.S.C. 150(c).
Question 5: When are the national performance measures expected to be provided?
Answer 5: Under 23 U.S.C. 150(c), USDOT is required to establish national performance measures and standards, through rulemaking, no later than 18 months after the October 1, 2012, date of enactment of MAP-21.
Question 6: Have any nationwide performance measures been established in the Act or will these follow as USDOT rulemaking?
Answer 6: The national performance measures will be established through rulemaking by USDOT in accordance with 23 U.S.C. 150(c). In addition to those measures, MAP-21 requires the use of the following items to carry out provisions in the National Highway Performance Program and the Highway Safety Improvement Program:
Question 7: How will USDOT determine if a State is making significant progress toward achieving targets?
Answer 7: USDOT will be issuing more information in the form of questions and answers, guidance, or regulation to outline how this requirement will be administered. Input from stakeholders on this topic can be provided through the USDOT and FHWA websites and/or sent to Francine Shaw Whitson by phone at (202) 366-8028, by email at FSWhitson@dot.gov, or mail at Federal Highway Administration, 1200 New Jersey Ave, SE, Washington, D.C. 20590.
Question 8: Under 23 U.S.C. 119(e)(7) a State is required to document the actions they will undertake if they do not achieve or make significant progress toward achieving the targets of the State for performance measures described in section 150(d) for the National Highway System for 2 consecutive reports. When will the assessment of target achievement occur and what period of time will the assessment address?
Answer 8: 23 U.S.C. 150(e) requires States to submit an initial version of this report to USDOT no later than 4 years after the October 1, 2012, date of enactment of MAP-21, and every 2 years thereafter. Under 23 U.S.C. 119(e)(7), States are required to achieve or make significant progress towards the achievement of targets for 2 consecutive reports, which is a total period of 2 years after the first performance report that is required under 23 U.S.C. 150(e).
Question 9: Is a project eligible for NHPP funds if it does not support progress toward achieving one of the national performance goals (improving infrastructure condition, safety, mobility, or freight movement) on the National Highway System (NHS)?
Answer 9: No. 23 U.S.C. 119(d)(1)(A) requires that proposed projects support progress toward achievement of the national performance goals for infrastructure condition, safety, mobility, or freight movement on the NHS in order to be eligible for NHPP funds. Projects that do not support at least one of these four listed national goals are not eligible for NHPP funds, even if the project type is listed in 23 U.S.C 119 (d)(2).
While 23 U.S.C. 150(b) sets out other national performance goals of environmental sustainability and reduced project delivery delays, these were not included in the list of goals identified in 23 U.S.C. 119(d)(1)(A) for NHPP eligibility. Projects that address these goals are not eligible for NHPP funding unless they can also be shown to support the infrastructure, safety, mobility and freight movement goals. For purposes of this provision, the congestion reduction and system reliability goals listed in 23 U.S.C. 150(b) are considered part of the 23 U.S.C. 119(d)(1)(A) mobility goal.
For instance, 23 U.S.C. 119(d)(2) lists "environmental restoration and pollution abatement in accordance with section 328" as an eligible activity for NHPP funds. However, environmental restoration and pollution abatement work is only eligible for NHPP funds if it is part of an otherwise eligible project that is found to support the infrastructure condition, safety, mobility or freight movement goals. Stand-alone environmental restoration and pollution abatement projects are not eligible for NHPP funds since these projects by themselves do not support progress toward the infrastructure condition, safety, mobility or freight movement goals.
FHWA Division Offices must ensure that projects proposed for NHPP funding support progress toward achievement of the national performance goals for infrastructure condition, safety, mobility, or freight movement on the NHS. Divisions can do this in several ways. First, they can make a determination that the project furthers one of the four specified goals. Second, Divisions can determine that the project is part of a program limited to projects that further at least one of the four specified goals. For example, MAP-21 established several programs such as the program of projects required as part of an asset management plan under 23 U.S.C. 119(e), the highway safety improvement program under 23 U.S.C. 148, and a State freight plan under section 1118 of MAP-21. Projects included on any of these programs would further one of the four specified goals. Additionally, the State could delineate in the STIP how NHPP funded projects meet at least one of the specified goals.
States can also establish a unique listing of projects, such as a listing of projects to improve a specific corridor or to support one of the four specified performance goals. In these situations involving unique listings, the division should work with the State to ensure that the projects included on these list(s) meet at least one of the four specified national performance goals.