Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) Questions & Answers
What are some of the changes to the SHSP under MAP-21?
Changes to SHSPs under MAP-21 include the requirement for regularly recurring SHSP evaluation and updates, as well as the penalty for not having an updated SHSP. The FHWA will propose evaluation and update cycles in a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) expected to be published in 2013.
What is meant by regularly recurring SHSP updates and what will be the timeframe for SHSP updates?
The FHWA will propose requirements for SHSP updates, including the SHSP update cycle, in a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) expected to be published in 2013.
Does MAP-21 require coordination of other plans and programs with the SHSP?
Yes, MAP-21 requires coordination of other plans and programs with the SHSP. For example, MAP-21 requires that States coordinate their Highway Safety Plan (HSP) with the SHSP. (23 U.S.C. 402(b)(1)(F)(v)). The State's Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) must also be coordinated with the SHSP. To obligate HSIP funds a State must develop, implement, and update an SHSP that identifies and analyzes highway safety problems and opportunities (23 U.S.C. 148(c)(1)(A), and highway safety improvement projects must be consistent with the State's SHSP. (23 U.S.C. 148(a)(4)(A). Likewise, the SHSP must be consistent with the requirements of 23 U.S.C. 135(g), which pertains to the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP). (23 U.S.C. 148(a)(12)(H)).
Does MAP21 require participation by local road jurisdictions in the development of SHSPs?
MAP-21 requires that the SHSP is developed after consultation with a broad range of safety stakeholders. 23 U.S.C. 148(a)(12). This includes regional transportation planning organizations (RTPOs) and metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), if applicable; State and local traffic enforcement officials; county transportation officials; other major Federal, State, tribal, and local safety stakeholders, and; other stakeholders as outlined in 23 U.S.C. 148(a)(12). Depending on the SHSP safety priority areas and strategies, States may want to consult with additional partners, such as representatives from the public health, education, and medical professions.
Does the FHWA Division Office approve the updated SHSP?
The FHWA Division Office approves the process by which the SHSP was updated. The SHSP process is approved by the FHWA Division Administrator if: (1) the updated SHSP is consistent with the requirements for updates and approval under section 148(d) and the requirements for an SHSP as defined in section 148(a)(12); and (2) the process the State used to update the SHSP is consistent with the requirements of section 148.
Who are the "State representatives of nonmotorized users" referenced in 23 U.S.C. 148(a)(12)(A)(ix)?
MAP-21 defines the entities that must be consulted when developing the SHSP, including "State representatives of nonmotorized users." Each State has a Bicycle and Pedestrian Coordinator in its State Department of Transportation to promote and facilitate the increased use of nonmotorized transportation. At a minimum, these State Coordinators should be consulted when developing the SHSP. Depending on the needs of the State, other groups that represent bicycle and pedestrian safety interests could also be consulted.