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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-13-052
Date: May 2013

 

The Exploratory Advanced Research Program

Vehicle Positioning, Navigation, and Timing: Leveraging Results From EAR Program-Sponsored Research

WORKSHOP SUMMARY REPORT   •   November 2012

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FOREWORD

To examine dependable, precise, and commercially affordable positioning and navigation for roadways, the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Exploratory Advanced Research (EAR) Program and Office of Operations Research and Development convened a panel of Government program managers and researchers involved in positioning and navigation. The workshop was held on November 20, 2012, at the Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center and titled “Vehicle Positioning, Navigation, and Timing: Leveraging Results From EAR Program-Sponsored Research.” It brought together experts who deal with research, development, deployment, or regulation of vehicle positioning and navigation for increased safety, mobility, and efficiency in transportation systems.

The panel of experts shared information about the results of EAR Program-sponsored research on vehicle positioning and navigation, addressed potential follow-up applied research, and discussed continued fundamental research gaps. They looked into summary requirements for determining appropriate positioning requirements. The group also identified key government, industry, and academic audiences that would be interested in the results as well as ways the EAR Program can help connect the audiences with the results. Their findings are presented in this report.

The EAR Program-sponsored research is looking at the next generation applications for vehicle positioning and navigation as well as opportunities to apply the results to other transportation modes. This research was undertaken to increase mobility on our Nation’s highways and should be of interest to State highway agencies, academia, other Government agencies, industry, and the vehicle positioning and navigation community.

Joseph I. Peters
Director, Office of Operations
Research and Development

Debra S. Elston
Director, Office of Corporate
Research, Technology, and
Innovation Management

Notice

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the use of the information contained in this document. The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers’ names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the objective of the document.

Quality Assurance Statement

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government, industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are used to ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodically reviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous quality improvement.

 

Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.

FHWA-HRT-13-052

2. Government Accession No. 3 Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle

Vehicle Positioning, Navigation, and Timing: Leveraging Results
from EAR Program-Sponsored Research

5. Report Date

May 2013

6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)

David Bevly and Jay Farrell

8. Performing Organization Report No.

 

9. Performing Organization Name and Address

Auburn University, 108 Mary Martin Hall, Auburn, AL 36849;
University of California at Riverside, 900 University Ave, Riverside,
CA 92521; and FHWA's Office of Research, Development, and
Technology, 6300 Georgetown Pike, McLean, VA 22101-2296

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)

11. Contract or Grant No.

DTFH61-09-H-00013 (Auburn University) and DTFH61-09-C-00018 (University of California, Riverside)

12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Office of Operations Research and Development and Office of
Corporate Research, Technology, and Innovation Management
Federal Highway Administration
6300 Georgetown Pike
McLean, Virginia 22101

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Summary Report, November 20, 2012

14. Sponsoring Agency Code

 

15. Supplementary Notes

FHWA's Contracting Officer's Technical Representatives (COTRs): James Arnold and David Gibson, HRD0-10.

16. Abstract

On November 20, 2012, FHWA's Exploratory Advanced Research (EAR) Program and Office of Operations R&D convened a panel of Government program managers and researchers involved in positioning and navigation. The workshop was titled "Vehicle Positioning, Navigation, and Timing: Leveraging Results From EAR Program-Sponsored Research." It brought together experts who deal with research, development, deployment, or regulation of vehicle positioning and navigation for increased safety, mobility, and efficiency in transportation systems.

 

The panel of experts shared information about the results of EAR Program-sponsored research on vehicle positioning and navigation, addressed potential follow-up applied research, and discussed continued fundamental research gaps to be resolved to provide dependable, precise, and commercially affordable positioning and navigation for roadways. They looked into summary requirements for determining appropriate position requirements. The group also identified key government, industry, and academic audiences that would be interested in the results as well as ways the EAR Program can help connect the audiences with the results.

17. Key Words

Connected Vehicles, Dedicated Short-Range Communications System, Geographic Information Systems, Global Positioning System, Inertial Navigation System, Intelligent Transportation Systems, Mapping, Navigation Systems, Positioning Accuracy, Positioning and Navigation, Positioning Technology, Precision Mapping, Real-Time Positioning, Vehicle Positioning,

Vehicle Positioning and Navigation.
18. Distribution Statement

No restriction. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.

19. Security Classification
(of this report)

Unclassified

20. Security Classification
(of this page)

Unclassified

21. No. of Pages

26

22. Price

N/A

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

 

Table of Contents

Introduction

Part One: Presentations

Part Two: Next Steps

Appendix A

Appendix B

List of Figures

Figure 1. Diagram. The study fuses outputs from various technologies.
Figure 2. Diagram. The subsystem capability analysis matrix.
Figure 3. Chart. Penn State University’s road fingerprinting concept.
Figure 4. Photo. LIDAR Base Lane Detection.
Figure 5. Chart. LIDAR Base Lane Detection.
Figure 6. Diagram. Stanford Research Institute’s Visual odometry concept.
Figure 7. Photo. The National Center for Asphalt Technology’s oval track.
Figure 8. Diagram. The capabilities of aiding sensor categories.
Figure 9. Diagram. Positioning uncertainty reduction.
Figure 10. Photo. Vehicle equipped with sensor platform on roof.
Figure 11. Test vehicle outside the Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center.

List of Tables

Table 1. Outputs of various systems.

 

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