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Debris Control Structures Evaluation and Countermeasures
Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 9

Chapter 8 - References

  1. Abt S.R., Brisbane, T.E., Frick, D.M. & McKnight, C.A., 1992, "Trash Rack Blockage in Supercritical Flow", Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, December pp 1692-1696.

  2. Apelt, C.J., 1986, "Flow Loads on Submerged Bridges: Institution of Engineers Australia (Queensland Division)", Queensland Division Technical Papers, v. 27, no. 19, Publication No. QBG 1756, p. 17-23.

  3. Arcement, G.J., Jr., and Schneider, V.R., 1989, "Guide for Selecting Manning's Roughness Coefficients for Natural Channels and Flood Plain, USGS Water-Supply Paper 2339", Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.

  4. Arnoult, J.D., 1986, "Culvert Inspection Manual, Supplement to the Bridge Inspector's Training Manual", FHWA-IP-86-2, Research and Development, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, McLean, Virginia: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

  5. AASHTO, 2000, "LRFD Bridge Design Specifications", 2nd edition; section 3.18

  6. Ballinger, C.A. and Drake, P.G., 1995, "Culvert Repair Practices Manual, Volume I", FHWA-RD-94-096, Research and Development, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, McLean, Virginia: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

  7. Ballinger, C.A. and Drake, P.G., 1995, "Culvert Repair Practices Manual, Volume II", FHWA-RD-95-089, Research and Development, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, McLean, Virginia: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

  8. Barnes, H.H., Jr., 1967, "Roughness Characteristics of Natural Channels," U.S. Geological Survey, Water Supply Paper 1849, Washington D.C.

  9. Bates, D.W., Murphey, E.W., and Beam, M.G., 1971, "Traveling Screen for Removal of Debris from Rivers", U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service.

  10. Bradley, J.N., 1978, "Hydraulic of Bridge Waterways, Hydraulic Design Series No. 1", Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Second Edition, revised March 1978, Washington D.C.

  11. Brice, J.C., 1975, "Air Photo Interpretation of the Form and Behavior of Alluvial Rivers", Final report to the U.S. Army Research Office - Durham, Washington University, St. Louis.

  12. Brice, J.C., Blodgett, J.C., Carpenter, P.J., Cook, M.F., Craig, G.S., Jr., Eckhardt, D.A., Hines, M.S., Lindskov, K.L., Moore, D.O., Parker, R.S., Scott, A.G., and Wilson, K.V., 1978, "Countermeasures for Hydraulic Problems at Bridge, Volume 1 - Analysis and Assessment", FHWA-RD-78-162, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  13. Brice, J.C., Blodgett, J.C., Carpenter, P.J., Cook, M.F., Craig, G.S., Jr., Eckhardt, D.A., Hines, M.S., Lindskov, K.L., Moore, D.O., Parker, R.S., Scott, A.G., and Wilson, K.V., 1978, "Countermeasures for Hydraulic Problems at Bridge, Volume 2 - Case Histories for Sites", FHWA-RD-78-162, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  14. Chang, F.F.M., and Shen, H.W., 1979, "Debris Problems in the River Environment", FHWA-RD-79-62, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  15. Chow, V.T., 1959, "Open Channel Hydraulics", McGraw-Hill Book Company.

  16. Denson, K.H., 1982, "Steady-State Drag, Lift and Rolling Moment Coefficients for Inundated Inland Bridges", Mississippi Water Resources Research Institute, Mississippi State University.

  17. Diehl, T.H., 1997, "Potential Drift Accumulation at Bridges", FHWA-RD-97-28, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  18. Diehl, T.H., and Bryan, B.A., 1993, "Supply of Large Woody Debris in a Stream Channel", in Shen, H.W., Su, S.T., and Wen, Feng, eds., Hydraulic Engineering 1993 Conference, San Francisco, 1993, Proceedings: American Society of Civil Engineers, v.1, p. 1055-1060.

  19. Doheny E.J., 1993, "Relation of Channel Stability to Scour at Highway Bridges over Waterways in Maryland", Hydraulic Engineering 1993, ASCE, pp 2243-2248.

  20. Dongol, M.S., 1989, "Effect of Debris Rafting on Local Scour at Bridge Piers", Report No. 473, School of Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

  21. Fiebiger, G., 1993, "Structures of Debris Flow Countermeasures", Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, pp 596-605.

  22. Fox, S.V., Gilje, S.A., Johnson, F.L., Kober, W., McGuffey, V.C., Reed, L., Robinson, A.R., Spaine, L.F., and Zanganeh, S., 1980, "Design of Sedimentation Basins", National Cooperative Highway Research Program Synthesis of Highway Practice 70, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

  23. Froehlich, H.A., 1973, "Natural and Man-Caused Slash in Headwater Streams", Pacific Logging Congress, Loggers Handbook, Vol. 33, Oregon State University, School of Forestry.

  24. Genetti, A.J. Jr., 1995, "EM 1110-2-4000, Sedimentation Investigation of Rivers and Reservoirs," U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington D.C.

  25. Gilje, S.A., 1979, "Debris Problems in the River Environment", Public Roads.

  26. Haile, H.H., 1982, "Criteria for Design of Debris Dams and Basins", Los Angeles County Flood Control District.

  27. Hartle, R. A.; Amrhein, W. J.; Wilson, K. E.; Baughman, D. R.; and Tkacs, J. J., 1995, "Revised Bridge Inspector Training Manual", FHWA-PD-91-015, Research and Development, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, McLean, Virginia: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

  28. Hicks, D.M. and Mason, P.D., 1991, "Roughness Characteristics of New Zealand Rivers", Water Resources Survey, DSIR Marin and Freshwater, New Zealand.

  29. Hydrological Engineering Center, 1995, "Flow Transitions in Bridge Backwater Analysis, RD-42", U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Davis, CA.

  30. Hydrological Engineering Center, 2001, "HEC-RAS, River Analysis System, Hydraulic Reference Manual", U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Davis, CA.

  31. King, H.W. and Brater, E.F., 1963, "Handbook of Hydraulics", Fifth Edition, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York.

  32. Johnson, P.A., and McCuen, R.H., 1989, "Silt Dam Design for Debris Flow Mitigation", ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 115, No. 9, pp. 1293 - 1296.

  33. Johnson, P.A., Hey, R.D., Horst, M.W., and Hess, A.J., 2001, "Aggradation at Bridges", ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 127, No. 2, pp. 154 - 157.

  34. Lagasse, P.F., Schall, J.D., and Richardson, E.V., 2001, "Stream Stability at Highway Structures", Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 20, Third Edition, FHWA NHI 01-002, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  35. Lagasse, P.F., Zevenbergen, L.W., Schall, J.D., and Clopper, P.E., 2001, "Bridge Scour and Stream Instability Countermeasures", Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 23, Second Edition, FHWA NHI 01-003, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  36. Lagasse, P.F., Zevenbergen, L.W., Spitz, W.J., and Thorne, C.R., 2003, "Methodology for Predicting Channel Migration", NCHRP Project No. 24-16, Ayres Associations for National Research Council, Transportation Research Board, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, D.C.

  37. Lagasse, P.F., Spitz, W.J., Zevenbergen, L.W., and Zachmann, D.W., 2003, "Handbook for Predicting Stream Meander Migration using Aerial Photographs and Maps", Ayres Associations for National Research Council, Transportation Research Board, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, D.C.

  38. MacArthur, R.C., Hamilton D., and Gee M.D., 1995, "Application of Methods and Models for Prediction of Land Surface Erosion and Yield", U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Hydrologic Engineering Center, Davis, CA.

  39. Melville, B.W., and Dongol, D.M., 1992, "Bridge Pier Scour with Debris Accumulation", ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 118, No. 9, pp. 1306 - 1310.

  40. 40. McFadden, T., and Stallion, M., 1976, "Debris of the Chena River", CRREL Report 76-26, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

  41. Mueller, D.S., and Parola, A.C., 1998, "Detailed Scour Measurements Around a Debris Accumulation", Water Resource Engineering 1998, ASCE, pp. 234 - 239.

  42. Naudascher, E. and Medlarz, H.J., 1983, "Hydrodynamic Loading and Backwater Effect of Partially Submerged Bridges", Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 213 -231.

  43. Ng Y.L.A., and Richardson, J.R., 2001, "Transport Mechanics of Floating Woody Debris", Thesis project presented to Faculty of the Graduate School, University of Missouri-Columbia.

  44. Odgaard, A.J. and Spoljaric A., 1986, "Sediment Control by Submerged Vanes", ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 112, No. 12, pp 1164-1181.

  45. Odgaard, J.A., and Wang, Y., 1990, "Sediment Control in Bridge Waterway", IIHR Report No. 336, Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research.

  46. Odgaard, A.J., and Wang, Y., 1991, "Sediment Management with Submerged Vanes II: Applications", ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 117, No. 3, pp 284-302.

  47. O'Donnell, C.L., 1973, "Observations on the Causes of Bridge Damage in Pennsylvania and New York due to Hurricane Agnes", Highway Research Record, No. 479.

  48. Okubo, S., Ikeya, H., Ishikawa, Y., and Yamada, T., 1997, "Development of New Methods for Countermeasures against Debris Flow", Recent developments on debris flow, Debris avalanches - Congresses, pp. 166 - 185.

  49. Parola, A.C., 2000, "Debris Forces on Highway Bridges", NCHRP 445, National Cooperative Highway Research Program.

  50. Parola, A.C., Hagerty, D.J., and Kamojjala, S., 1998, "Highway Infrastructure Damage Caused by the 1993 Upper Mississippi River Basin Flooding", NCHRP 12-39, National Cooperative Highway Research Program.

  51. Parola, A.C., and Kamojjala, S., Richardson, J., and Kirby, M., 1998, "Numerical Simulation of Flow Patterns at a Bridge with Debris", Water Resource Engineering 1998, pp. 240 - 245.

  52. Perham, R.E, 1987, "Floating Debris Control: A Literature Review", Technical Report No. REMR-HY-2, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

  53. Reihsen, G., and Harrison, L.J., 1971, "Debris-Control Structures", Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 9, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  54. Richardson, E.V. et at., 1975, "Highway in the River Environment, Hydraulics and Environmental Design Considerations, Training, and Design Manual", U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  55. Richardson, E.V., and Davis, S.R., 2001, "Evaluating Scour at Bridges", Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 18, Fourth Edition, FHWA NHI 01-001, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

  56. Saunders, S., and Oppenheimer, M.L., 1993, "A Method of Managing Floating Debris", Hydraulic Engineering 1993, ASCE, pp 1373-1378.

  57. Savage, Jerry, 2003, Photograph of Oklahoma Bridge Debris failure, project correspondence

  58. Vanoni, V.A., 1977, "Sedimentation Engineering", ASCE Manual and Reports on Engineering Practice - No. 54, ASCE.

  59. Wallerstein, N.,1997, "Impact of Large Woody Debris on Fluvial Processes and Channel Geomorphology in Unstable Sand Bed River", Ph. D Thesis presented to the University of Nottingham.

  60. Wallerstein, N. and Thorne, C.R., 1995, "Impacts of Wood Debris on Fluvial Processes and Channel Morphology in Stable and Unstable Streams", U.S. Army Research, Development and Standardization Group-UK.

  61. Wallerstein, N. and Thorne, C.R., 1996, "Debris Control at Hydraulic Structures - Management of Woody Debris in Natural Channels and at Hydraulic Structures", U.S. Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station.

  62. Wallerstein, N. and Thorne, C.R., 1998, "Computer Model for Prediction of Scour at Bridges Affected by Large Woody Debris", International Water Resources Engineering Conference.

  63. Wallerstein, N., Thorne, C.R., Abt S.R., 1997, "Debris Control at Hydraulic Structures in Selected Areas of the United States and Europe", U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station.

  64. Wellwood, N. and Fenwick, J., "A Flood Loading Methodology for Bridges," Conference Proceedings, 15th ARRB Conference, part 3, 1989, pp. 315-341.

  65. Williams, J.R., and Berndt, H.D., 1972, "Sediment Yield Computed with Universal Equation', ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Division, Vol. 98, No HY12, pp. 2087-2097.

  66. Yarnell, D.L., 1934, "Bridge Piers as Channel Obstructions," Technical Bulletin 442, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C.

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Updated: 04/07/2011
 

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