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Strategic Workplan for Air Toxics Research

Appendix C: Bibliography

Bibliography

This appendix lists recent, relevant air toxics research papers and reports submitted by the workshop participants at the time of the workshop. These research works are not included in the companion literature review that was prepared and distributed to participants prior to the workshop.

  1. Gertler, Alan W., John C. Sagebiel, William A. Dippel, and C. Michael O'Connor, Desert Research Institute, "The Impact of California Phase 2 Reformulated Gasoline on Real-World Vehicle Emissions," J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 49:1339-1346, November 1999.

  2. Gertler, A.W., J.A. Gillies, and W.R. Pierson, Desert Research Institute, "An Assessment of the Mobile Source Contribution to PM10 and PM2.5 in the United States," Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 123:203-214, 2000.

  3. Gillies, John A. and Alan W. Gertler, Desert Research Institute, "Comparison and Evaluation of Chemically Speciated Mobile Source PM2.5 Particulate Matter Profiles," J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 50:1459-1480, August 2000.

  4. Gertler, Alan W., John A. Gillies, William R. Pierson, C. Fred Rogers, John C. Sagebiel, Mahmoud Abu-Allaban, William Coulombe, Leland Tarnay, Thomas A. Cahill, Daniel Grosjean, and Eric Grosjean, "Emissions from Diesel and Gasoline Engines Measured in Highway Tunnels," Health Effects Institute, Number 107, January 2002.

  5. Alan W. Gertler, Desert Research Institute, "Diesel vs. Gasoline Emissions: Does PM from Diesel or Gasoline Vehicles Dominate in the U.S.?," presented at the 12th International Scientific Symposium Transport and Air Pollution, Avignon, France, June 16-18, 2000.

  6. Gertler, Alan W., John C. Sagebiel, William A. Dippel, Desert Research Institute; and Robert J. Farina, Chevron Research and Technology Company, "Measurements of Dioxin and Furan Emission Factors from Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicles," J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 48:276-278, March 1998.

  7. Grosjean, Daniel, Eric Grosjean, DGA, Inc.; and Alan W. Gertler, Desert Research Institute, "On-Road Emissions of Carbonyls from Light-Duty and Heavy-Duty Vehicles," Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 45-53, 2001.

  8. Abu-Allaban, Mahmoud, John A. Gillies, Alan W. Gertler, Desert Research Institute; Russ Clayton and David Proffitt, ARCADIS Geraghty & Miller, "Tailpipe, Resuspended Road Dust, and Brake-Wear Emission Factors from On-Road Vehicles," in press.

  9. Abu-Allaban, Mahmoud, John A. Gillies, and Alan W. Gertler, Desert Research Institute, "Application of a Multi-Lag Regression Approach to Determine On-Road PM10 and PM2.5 Emission Rates," Atmospheric Environment, 37 (2003), 5157-5164.

  10. Winebrake, James, He Dongquan, and Michael Wang, "Full-Cycle Emissions for Conventional and Alternative Fuel Vehicles: An Assessment of Air Toxics," ANL/ESD-44, Center for Transportation and Research, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, August 2000.

  11. Weaver, Christopher, Chan Lit-Mian, Andrei Makartchonk, and Lawrence Petty, "Reproducibility and Accuracy of On-Board Vehicle Emission Measurements Using the RAVEM System," Engine, Fuel, and Emissions Engineering, Inc., Sacramento, CA, 2001.

  12. Hoek, Brunekreef, Goldbohn, Fischer, van den Brandt (2002), "Association Between Mortality and Indicators of Traffic-Related Air Pollution in the Netherlands: A Cohort Study," Lancet, 360(9341):1203-9.

  13. Lin, Munsie, Hwang, Fitzgerald, and Cayo (2002), "Childhood Asthma Hospitalization and Residential Exposure to State Route Traffic," Environmental Research, Section A, Vol. 88, pp. 73-81.

  14. Wilhelm, Ritz (2002), "Residential Proximity to Traffic and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Los Angeles County, California, 1994-1996," Environmental Health Perspectives. doi: 10.1289/ehp.5688.

  15. Brauer et al. (2002), "Air Pollution from Traffic and the Development of Respiratory Infections and Asthmatic and Allergic Symptoms in Children," Am J Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 166, pp. 1092-1098.

  16. Zhu, Hinds, Kim, Sioutas, "Concentration and Size Distribution of Ultrafine Particles Near a Major Highway," J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., September 2002.

  17. Zhu, Hinds, Kim, Shen, Sioutas, "Study of Ultrafine Particles Near a Major Highway with Heavy-Duty Diesel Traffic," Atmospheric Environment, 36(2002):4323-4335.

  18. Venn et al. (2001), "Living Near A Main Road and the Risk of Wheezing Illness in Children," American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine," Vol. 164, pp. 2177-2180.

  19. van Vliet et al. (1997), "Motor Exhaust and Chronic Respiratory Symptoms in Children Living Near Freeways," Environmental Research, 74:12-132.

  20. Pearson et al. (2000), "Distance-Weighted Traffic Density in Proximity to a Home is a Risk Factor for Leukemia and Other Childhood Cancers," J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 50:175-180.

  21. Szagun and Seidel (2000), "Mortality Due to Road Traffic in Baden-Aurttemberg – Air Pollution, Accidents, Noise," Gesundheitswesen, 62(4):225-33.

  22. South Coast Air Quality Management District, "Multiple Air Toxics Exposure Study-II," March 2000.

  23. Knox and Gilman (1997), "Hazard Proximities of Childhood Cancers in Great Britain from 1953-1980," Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 51:151-159.

  24. Speizer, F.E. and B.G. Ferris, Jr. (1973), "Exposure to Automobile Exhaust. I. Prevalence of Respiratory Symptoms and Disease," Archives of Environmental Health. 26(6):313-8.

  25. van Vliet, P., M. Knape, et al. (1997), "Motor Vehicle Exhaust and Chronic Respiratory Symptoms in Children Living Near Freeways," Environmental Research, 74(2):122-32.

  26. Brunekreef B; Janssen NA; de Hartog J; Harssema H; Knape M; van Vliet P. (1997), "Air Pollution from Truck Traffic and Lung Function in Children Living Near Motorways," Epidemiology, 8(3):298-303.

  27. Duhme, H., S.K. Weiland, et al. (1996), "The Association Between Self-Reported Symptoms of Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis and Self-Reported Traffic Density on Street of Residence in Adolescents," Epidemiology 7(6):578-82.

  28. Edwards, J., S. Walters, et al. (1994), "Hospital Admissions for Asthma in Preschool Children: Relationship to Major Roads in Birmingham, United Kingdom," Archives of Environmental Health, 49(4):223-7.

  29. Jermann E, Hajimiragha H, Brockhaus A, Freier I, Ewers U, Roscovanu A., "Exposure of Children to Benzene and Other Motor Vehicle Emissions," Zentralblatt fur Hygiene und Umweltmedizin, 189:50-61, 1989.

  30. Frey, H.C., and D.S. Rhodes, "Characterizing, Simulating, and Analyzing Variability and Uncertainty: An Illustration of Methods Using an Air Toxics Emissions Example," Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: an International Journal, 2(4):762-797 (December 1996).

  31. Frey, H.C., and S. Bammi, "Quantification of Variability and Uncertainty in Lawn and Garden Equipment NOx and Total Hydrocarbon Emission Factors," Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 52(4):435-448 (April 2002).

  32. Frey, H.C., and J. Zheng, "Probabilistic Analysis of Driving Cycle-Based Highway Vehicle Emission Factors," Environmental Science and Technology, 36(23):5184-5191 (December 2002).

  33. Frey, H.C., and S. Bammi, "Probabilistic Nonroad Mobile Source Emission Factors," ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering, 129(2):162-168 (February 2003).

  34. Cullen, A.C., and H.C. Frey. The Use of Probabilistic Techniques in Exposure Assessment: A Handbook for Dealing with Variability and Uncertainty in Models and Inputs. Plenum: New York, 1999. 335 pages.

  35. Frey, H.C., "Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty in Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions," Paper No. 98-RP105B.01, Proceedings of the 91st Annual Meeting (held June 14-18 in San Diego, CA), Air and Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 1998 (CD-ROM).

  36. Unal, A., R.H. Dalton, H.C. Frey, and N.M. Rouphail, "Simultaneous Measurement of On-Road Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Flow Using Remote Sensing and an Area-Wide Detector," Paper No. 99-712, Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting (held June 20-24 in St. Louis, MO), Air and Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 1999 (CD-ROM).

  37. Frey, H.C., R. Bharvirkar, and J. Zheng, "Quantification of Variability and Uncertainty in Emission Factors," Paper No. 99-267, Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting (held June 20-24 in St. Louis, MO), Air and Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 1999 (CD-ROM).

  38. Zheng, J., A. Unal, and H.C. Frey, "Variability and Uncertainty Analysis of CO Exposure to Vehicle Passengers During Cold-Start, Proceedings of 93rd Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Salt Lake City, Utah, June 18-22, 2000.

  39. Rouphail, N.M, H.C. Frey, A. Unal, and J.D. Colyar, "Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Measures: Exploratory Analysis of Field Data at Signalized Intersections," Proceedings of 2001 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, January 6-12, 2001.

  40. Frey, H.C., N.M. Rouphail, A. Unal, and J. Colyar, "Measurement of On-Road Tailpipe CO, NO, and Hydrocarbon Emissions Using a Portable Instrument," Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2001.

  41. Unal, A., and H.C. Frey, "Hot Spot Analysis of Real-World Vehicle Emissions Based Upon a Portable On-Board Measurement System," Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2002.

  42. Zheng, J., and H.C. Frey, "Development of a Software Module for Statistical Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty," Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2002.

  43. Unal, A., N.M. Rouphail, and H.C. Frey, "Effect of Arterial Signalization and Level of Service on Measured Vehicle Emissions," TRB Paper No. 03-2884, Proceedings, 82nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, January 12-16, 2003.

  44. Zhao, Y., and H.C. Frey, "Quantification of Uncertainty and Variability for Air Toxic Emission Factor Data Sets Containing Non-Detects," Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2003.

  45. Frey, H.C., A. Unal, J. Chen, and S. Li, "Modeling Mobile Source Emissions Based Upon In-Use and Second-by-Second Data: Development of Conceptual Approaches for EPA's New MOVES Model," Proceedings, Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2003.

  46. Frey, H.C., R. Bharvirkar, R. Thompson, and S. Bromberg, "Quantification of Variability and Uncertainty in Emission Factors and Inventories," Conference on the Emission Inventory, Air and Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, December 1998.

  47. Frey, H.C. and Y. Zhao, "Quantification of Variability and Uncertainty in Air Toxic Emission Factors When Data Contains Non-Detected Values, " Proceedings, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Emission Inventory Conference, Atlanta, GA, April 2002.

  48. Frey, H.C., and S. Bammi, "Quantification of Variability and Uncertainty for Selected Nonroad Mobile Source Emission Factors," Proceedings, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Emission Inventory Conference, Atlanta, GA, April 2002.

  49. Frey, H.C., A. Unal, N.M. Rouphail, and J.D. Colyar, "Use of Onboard Tailpipe Emissions Measurements for Development of Mobile Source Emission Factors," Proceedings, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Emission Inventory Conference, Atlanta, GA, April 2002.

  50. Frey, H.C., A. Unal, and J. Chen, "Evaluation and Recommendation of a Modal Method for Modeling Vehicle Emissions," Proceedings, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Emission Inventory Conference, San Diego, CA, April 2003.

  51. Kini, M.D., and H.C. Frey, Probabilistic Evaluation of Mobile Source Air Pollution: Volume 1, Probabilistic Modeling of Exhaust Emissions from Light Duty Gasoline Vehicles, Prepared by North Carolina State University for Center for Transportation and the Environment, Raleigh, December 1997.

  52. Frey, H.C., Estimates of Uncertainty in Air Quality Model Inputs Based Upon Expert Elicitation, Prepared by North Carolina State University for Hanna Consultants, Kennebunkport, Maine, September 28, 1998.

  53. Frey, H.C., R. Bharvirkar, and J. Zheng, Quantitative Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty in Emissions Estimation, Prepared by North Carolina State University for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. July 1999.

  54. Rouphail, N.M., H.C. Frey, A. Unal, and R. Dalton, ITS Integration of Real-Time Emissions and Traffic Management Systems, IDEA Project No. ITS-44, Prepared by North Carolina State University for the IDEA Program, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC. May 2000. (available at www4.ncsu.edu/~frey/freytech.cfml).

  55. Frey, H.C., and J. Zheng, User's Guide for Analysis of Uncertainty and Variability in Emissions Estimation (AUVEE), Prepared by North Carolina State University for Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, September 2000.

  56. Hanna, S., Z. Lu, H.C. Frey, N. Wheeler, J. Vukovich, S. Arunachalam, M. Fernau, and J. Davis, Uncertainties in Predicted Ozone Concentrations due to Input Uncertainties for UAM-V Photochemical Grid Model Applied to the July 1995 OTAG Domain, Report No. 1000710, Prepared by Harvard School of Public Health, North Carolina State University, and MCNC for EPRI, Palo Alto, CA, and Ameren, St. Louis, MO. November 2000.

  57. Uncertainty in Emissions Estimation (AUVEE), Prepared by North Carolina State University for Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, February 2001.

  58. Frey, H.C., N.M. Rouphail, A. Unal, and J.D. Colyar, Emissions Reduction Through Better Traffic Management: An Empirical Evaluation Based Upon On-Road Measurements, FHWY/NC/2002-001, Prepared by North Carolina State University for North Carolina Department of Transportation, December 2001. 323 pp.

  59. Frey, H.C., A. Unal, and J. Chen, Recommended Strategy for On-Board Emission Data Analysis and Collection for the New Generation Model, Prepared by North Carolina State University for the Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Ann Arbor, MI. February 2002.

  60. Frey, H.C., J. Zheng, Y. Zhao, S. Li, and Y. Zhu, Technical Documentation of the AuvTool Software for Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty, Prepared by North Carolina State University for the Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. February 2002.

  61. Zheng, J., and H.C. Frey, AuvTool User's Guide, Prepared by North Carolina State University for the Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. February 2002.

  62. Frey, H.C., A. Unal, J. Chen, S. Li, and C. Xuan, Methodology for Developing Modal Emission Rates for EPA's Multi-Scale Motor Vehicle and Equipment Emission Estimation System, Prepared by North Carolina State University for the Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Ann Arbor, MI, August 31, 2002.

  63. Stein, B. and D. Walker, Link-Based Calculation of Motor Vehicle Air Toxin Emissions using MOBILE 6.2, Prepared for the Portland Air Toxics Assessment Study Team, October 9, 2002.

  64. Watt Road Environmental Laboratory Initiative (WRELI), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 2003.

  65. Fugler, D., C. Grande, L.A. Graham, Attached Garages are Likely Path for Pollutants, ASHRAE IAQ Applications, Vol. 3, No. 3, Summer 2002.

  66. Graham, L.A., L. Noseworthy, Investigation of Potential Exhaust Emission Reduction through the use of Oxygenated Diesel Fuels in Conventional Diesel Engines, ERMD Report 00-59, 2001.

  67. Graham, L.A., Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions from 75 In-Use Light-Duty Gasoline Vehicles, PERD Project 34202/3 Report 99-67, 2000.

  68. Noseworthy, L., L.A. Graham, Investigation of Potential Exhaust Emission Reduction through the use of Oxygenated Diesel Fuels in Conventional Diesel Engines, ERMD Report 99-33, 2000.

  69. Noseworthy, L., L.A. Graham, Chemical Mass Balance Analysis of Vehicle Emissions in Residential Houses from Attached Garages, ERMD Report 99-26768-3, 2000.

  70. Graham, L.A., K. O'Leary, L. Noseworthy, Indoor Air Sampling for Infiltration of Vehicle Emissions to the House from the Attached Garage, ERMD Report 99-26768-2, 1999.

  71. Graham, L.A., L. Noseworthy, Characterization of the Tailpipe and Evaporative Emissions of the Test Vehicle for the Residential Garage Study, ERMD Report 99-26768-1, 1999.

  72. Graham, L.A., Particulate Matter Emissions from Mobile Sources – Considerations for Sample Collection Methodologies, PERD Project 34202/3 Report 98-02, 1998.

  73. Graham, L.A., Evaluation of the Detection Limits for the Platinum Group Elements in Mobile Source Particulate Matter Emissions Samples by XRF and PIXE Analyses, PERD Project 34202/3 Report 98-01, 1998.

  74. Graham, L.A., Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions from two Light Duty Gasoline Motor Vehicles, ERMD Report 98-01-525, 1998.

  75. Graham, L.A., K. O'Leary, Indoor Air Quality Sampling for Infiltration of Vehicle Emissions to the House from the Attached Garage, ERMD Report 97-07-113-1, 1998.

  76. Graham, L.A., Characterizing the Cold Start Exhaust and Hot Soak Evaporative Emissions for the Test Vehicle for the Attached Garage Study, ERMD Report 97-07-113, 1998.

  77. Graham, L.A., Characterization of Gasoline and E-80 Emissions from a 1996 Ford Taurus Flexible Fuelled Vehicle, ERMD Report 97-26790, 1997.

  78. Graham, L.A., Uncertainty Analysis for Exhaust Emissions Testing, ERMD Report 97-06, 1997.

  79. Marth, A., P. Barton, L.A. Graham, Exhaust Emissions Characterization of Two Vehicles Using Different Commercial Gasoline Fuels, ERMD Report 96-07, 1996.

  80. Graham, L.A., Detailed Characterization of the Emissions from a Perkins Phase Diesel Engine, MSED Report 95-07, 1996.

  81. Graham, L.A., D.R. Rosenblatt, P.J. Barton, Underground Garage Air Quality Assessment Program, MSED Report 94-29, 1995.

  82. Graham, L.A., Vehicle Emissions and Air Quality on a Downtown Street – Part 1: Measurement Methods, MSED Report 94-28, 1994.

  83. Graham, L.A., Emissions Characterization of a Fleet of 1993 Model Year Light Duty Vehicles, MSED Report 94-13, 1994.

  84. Charland, J-P., T. MacPhee, P. MacDonald, G. Smiley, L.A. Graham, On the Sources of Biological Marker Compounds in Mobile Source Particle Emissions, Proceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, June 2001, paper #1218.

  85. Graham, L.A., C. Gray, Pacific 2001: Cassiar Tunnel Study – Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions Measurements, Proceedings of the 12th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, San Diego, April 2002.

  86. Graham, L.A., L. Noseworthy, Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions from 70 In-Use Light Duty Gasoline Motor Vehicles, Proceedings of the 11th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, San Diego, March 2001.

  87. Graham, L.A., Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions from two Light Duty Gasoline Motor Vehicles, Proceedings of the International Specialty Conference "The Emissions Inventory – Living in a Global Environment," co-sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Air and Waste Management Association, December 1998.

  88. Fingas, M. et al., Emissions from Mesoscale In-Situ Oil (Diesel) Fires:; The Mobile 1994 Experiments, Proceedings of the 19th Arctic Marine Oilspill Program Technical Seminar, Environment Canada, 1996, pp. 907-978.

  89. Graham, L.A., M. McFadden, Emissions Characterization of a Fleet of 1994 Model Year Light Duty Vehicles, Proceedings of the International Specialty Conference "The Emissions Inventory – Programs and Progress," co-sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Air and Waste Management Association, October 1995.

  90. Barton, P.M., L.A. Graham, Tailpipe and Evaporative Emissions from In-Use Vehicles, Proceedings of the International Specialty Conference "The Emissions Inventory – Programs and Progress," co-sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Air and Waste Management Association, October 1995.

  91. Graham, L.A., D. Karman, Vehicle Emissions and Air Quality on a Downtown Street, Proceedings of the International Symposium "Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants," co-sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Air and Waste Management Association, May 1995.

  92. Graham, L.A., Emissions Characterization of a Fleet of 1993 Model Year Light Duty Vehicles, Proceedings of the International Specialty Conference "The Emissions Inventory – Applications and Improvement," co-sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Air and Waste Management Association, November 1994.

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