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SAFETEA-LU Evaluation and Assessment Phase I

Appendix C. CMAQ Project Templates

Category: BICYCLE/PEDESTRIAN

Subcategory: Bicycle Pedestrian

CMAQ Project ID: MA20020040
Project Year: 2002
Location: Swansea, Massachusetts
MPO: Southeastern Regional Planning and Economic Development District
Description: 8.3 mile Swansea Bikeway Facility - The Swansea bike path project forms an essential part of the future link between the Taunton River Trail and the East Bay Trail in Rhode Island. The proposed route along Old Warren Rd. is primarily a bike facility located on streets, with a few bicycle path segments.
Travel Impacts
Δ Vehicle trips -212 /day METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ VMT - 633 /day
  • Work trips = 3,929 workers in service area x 1.0% bicycle commuting mode share = 39 one-way trips. Non-work trips = 67 one-way trips
  • Daily vehicle trips = (39 one-way work trips + 67 one-way non-work trips) x 2 = 212 daily trips.
  • Assume average trip is half the length of the bike facility.
  • Daily VMT reduction = (2 x 39 one-way trips) + (2 x 67 one-way trips) * (0.5 x 8.3 miles facility length) = 633 daily VMT reduction.
  • Work trips were calculated by estimating a 1 mile service area radius around the length of the 8.3 mile facility and then calculating the proportion of the total land of the community, the total population of the community, the number of households in the community, and the number of workers per household that would be served.
  • The Bicycle Commuting Mode Share was estimated using the population density for the service area and a "Percent Bike Use for Commuting" table published by MassHighway Planning Department.
Δ Speed NA
Δ Delay NA
Δ SOV NA
Δ CP/VP NA
Δ Transit NA
Δ Walk NA
Δ Bike + 1.0%
Emissions
Δ VOC - 0.5 kg/day METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ NOx - 1.1 kg/day
  • Emissions factor calculated from MOBILE5A, using 35 mph average commuter travel speed.
  • VOC emissions factor = 0.819 g/mile
  • NOx emissions factor = 1.672 g/mile
  • Summer CO emissions factor = 5.096 g/mile
Δ CO - 3.0 kg/day
Δ PM10 QA
Δ PM2.5 NA
Δ Total -1.6 kg/day
Costs
Project life: 15 yrs Interest rate: 7%
  CMAQ NON-CMAQ TOTAL METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Capital $639,008 $660,902 $1,300,000

Assumes benefits 200 days/year.

Cost-effectiveness was provided by the project sponsor, but calculated only on first year costs (not annualized).

Adm/oper $0 $0 $0
Total $639,008 $660,902 $1,300,000
Total annualized public cost $167,471
Annual revenues None
Net public cost $1,300,000
Annual private cost NA
Total net cost $1,300,000

NOTE: A qualitative analysis for CO is listed for this project in the CMAQ database. However, a quantitative emissions reduction calculation for CO was provided by the State sponsor.

Category: BICYCLE/PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES

Subcategory: Bicycle/Pedestrian

CMAQ Project ID: IN20050009
Project Year: 2005
Location: Indiana
MPO: Michiana Area COG
Description: 4.3 Mile Bike Path to Pinhook Park - Project constructed phase 1 of the Riverside Trail, a paved bike path from Angela Boulevard to Oakwood Boulevard. Phase 2 will begin early in 2008 and will complete the trail north to Darden Road where St. Joseph County is building a paved bike path to Indiana 933. When completed, the trail system will run 4.3 miles and allow cyclists and pedestrians located in the northwest portion of the city to access the downtown business district via connections with the East Race Walkway. It also provides pedestrians easier access to educational facilities at the University of Notre Dame and Indiana University South Bend using the River North Bikeway/Walkway.
Travel Impacts
Δ Vehicle trips - 83 /day (weekday, in-season) METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ VMT -249/day (weekday, in-season)

Methodology based on guidance "Estimating the Effect of Bicycle Facilities on VMT and Emissions" prepared by the Seattle Engineering Department. Documentation notes uncertainty and difficulty in estimating new bicycle riders.

  • Assume new bicycle riders equivalent to 1% of current drive alone workers in surrounding census tracks: 8,939 drive alone commuters x 1% x 2 trips each = 179 new bicycle trips diverted from driving.
  • Assume that commuters divert 65% of the time: 179 bicyclists x .65 = 116 average new bike trips per day during season.
  • Decreased autos = 116 new bike trips / 1.4 passengers per vehicle = 83 vehicle trips reduced per day during season.
  • Assume 3 mile average trip length: Decreased VMT = 83 vehicle trips reduced x 3 mile average trip length = 249 VMT reduced per day during season.

Assumes seasonal use: 6 months per year.

Δ Speed NA
Δ Delay NA
Δ SOV NA
Δ CP/VP NA
Δ Transit NA
Δ Walk NA
Δ Bike + 116 trip/day (weekday, in-season)
Emissions
Δ VOC - 0.37 kg/day METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ NOx - 0.45 kg/day

Emissions Factors from MACOG's Conformity Analysis from the Mobile 5A model with year 2000 socioeconomic data were used.

Δ CO - 2.65 kg/day
Δ PM10 NA
Δ PM2.5 NA
Δ Total - 0.82 kg/day
(0.00090 tpd)
Costs
Project life: 15 yrs Interest rate: 7%
  CMAQ NON-CMAQ TOTAL METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Capital $1,600,000 $ 400,000 $2,000,000

Estimated seasonal use is 132 days each year (6 months per year x 22 days per month). Multiple daily figures by 132 to get annual emissions effects.

  • The total project cost for phases I and II will be $3,500,000. CMAQ funding for Phase II will be $1,200,000 with an additional $300,000 local match.
  • In order to calculate cost-effectiveness, assume the project life is 20 years.
Adm/oper $0 $0 $0
Total $1,600,000 $ 400,000 $2,000,000
Total annualized public cost $237,332
Annual revenues None
Net public cost $2,000,000
Annual private cost NA
Total net cost $2,000,000

NOTE: Although project methodology and assumptions are well documented in an analysis report, the presentation of the calculation varies slightly from what is presented above. The calculation steps provided by the project sponsor were reordered to make the results clearer. In the reported evaluation, the results are presented in annual figures and order of steps differs.

Category: BICYCLE/PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES

Subcategory: Bicycle Pedestrian

CMAQ Project ID: Not Yet Assigned
Project Year: 2006
Location: Fort Collins, Colorado
MPO: North Front Range MPO
Description: Construction of a Transit Bike Depot - This project will fund the construction of a secure bicycle parking facility which will encourage the use of bicycling trips for work and to everyday destinations. The bike depot will have an attendant to oversee the area, and will also provide rentals, repairs, maintenance and safety information, restrooms and changing areas, bus pass sales, and other services geared toward bicyclists and transit users. The site may host community events and contain a small cafe or retail business in the future; the facility's location would provide easy access to other multi-modal connections.
Travel Impacts
Δ Vehicle trips - 120 /day METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ VMT - 480 /day
  • Assumes an increase of 160 average total daily trips by bicycle.
  • Assumes the proportion of users that formerly commuted by SOV is 0.75.
  • Assumes average one-way trip distance is 4 miles.
  • Daily vehicle trip reduction = 160 x 0.75 = 120 vehicle trips reduced daily.
  • Daily VMT reduction = 160 added participants x 0.75 x 4 miles = 480 daily miles reduced.
Δ Speed NA
Δ Delay NA
Δ SOV NA
Δ CP/VP NA
Δ Transit NA
Δ Walk NA
Δ Bike NA
Emissions
Δ VOC - 0.9072 kg/day METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ NOx - 0.9072 kg/day
  • Average Fort Collins Network Vehicle speed is 25.4 mph.
  • Emissions reductions calculated by multiplying VMT reduction by vehicle emissions
  • VOC emissions reduction = 480 VMT x 0.00189 kg/mile = 0.9072 kg/day
  • NOx emissions reduction = 480 VMT x 0.00189 kg/mile = 0.9072 kg/day
  • CO emissions reduction = 480 VMT x 0.01391 kg/mile = 6.6768 kg/day
Δ CO - 6.6768 kg/day
Δ PM10 NA
Δ PM2.5 NA
Δ Total - 1.8144 kg/day
(0.0020000 tpd)
Costs
Project life: 6 yrs Interest rate: 7%
  CMAQ NON-CMAQ TOTAL METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Capital $63,910 $536,090 $600,000

Project assumes benefits 252 days per year and a total project life of 6 years.

2 measures of cost-effectiveness were reported:

  • Total Program Cost-Effectiveness (kg/$)
  • CMAQ Cost-Effectiveness (kg/$)
Adm/oper $0 $0 $0
Total $63,910 $536,090 $600,000
Total annualized public cost $131,797
Annual revenues None
Net public cost $600,000
Annual private cost NA
Total net cost $600,000

NOTE: The State provides a spreadsheet that automatically calculates emissions reductions, based on several set assumptions, as well as assumptions entered by the MPO.

Category: BICYCLE PEDESTRIAN PROJECTS

Subcategory: Bicycle Pedestrian

CMAQ Project ID: Not Yet Assigned
Project Year: 2007
Location: New York
MPO: New York Metropolitan Transportation Council
Description: NYC CyclistNET Marketing Program - This project will fund the creation of NYCyclistNet, a Web-based application consisting of a cycling parking locator, cycling tour maps, and an interactive routing system. NYCyclistNet will allow cyclists to create and plan bicycle routes, as well as to find up-to-date bicycle parking information and download a series of bicycle tours of the city from the Internet. The project will also provide City bike planners to collect and analyze information about the bicycle network and improve system performance.
Travel Impacts
Δ Vehicle trips - 902 /day METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ VMT - 3,608 /day

Assume the average diverted bike trip is 4 miles and the number of daily bike users in NYC increases from 120,000 before the project to 121,200 after implementation.

Auto trip reduction = 1,200 new riders / 1.33 average vehicle occupancy = 902.

Existing AADT for affected roadways in all five boroughs is 143,900. Calculate the decrease in AADT after implementation = 1,200 new bike users / 1.33 average vehicle occupancy / 0.627 short trip factor/ 0.01 diversion factor = 142,998.

VMT reduced = 902 trips reduced * 4 mile trip = 3,608 miles.

Δ Speed NA
Δ Delay NA
Δ SOV NA
Δ CP/VP NA
Δ Transit NA
Δ Walk NA
Δ Bike NA
Emissions
Δ VOC - 2.37 kg/day METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Δ NOx - 1.96 kg/day

Emissions reductions calculated using the CMAQtraq program developed by NYSDOT using the "BikePed Bikeway" module. Running emissions factors were used at 25 mph in each of the boroughs of New York City. Analysis assumes 190 work days per year.

Δ CO - 38.43 kg/day
Δ PM10 - 0.9482 kg/day
Δ PM2.5 - 0.0426 kg/day
Δ Total - 4.33 kg/day
Costs
Project life: 10 yrs Interest rate: 7%
  CMAQ NON-CMAQ TOTAL METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:
Capital $0 $0 $0

The project will be funded and implemented over four years (FY2007 – 2010). The total project life is 10 years and assumes benefits 190 work days per year.

Adm/oper $2.4 M $600,000 $3.0 M
Total $2.4 M $600,000 $3.0 M
Total annualized public cost $434,800
Annual revenues None
Net public cost $3.0 M
Annual private cost NA
Total net cost $3.0 M
Updated: 07/06/2011
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