Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)
Planning • Environment • Real Estate
Δ Vehicle trips   3,000 /day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   84,000 /day 
Assumes 12,360 individual rideshare applicants in the eleven programs (based on actual data from past years). Vehicle trips reduced = 12,360 applicants * 0.24 formation rate = 3,000 vehicle trips reduced per day (assumes 24 percent of total applicants will take part in ridesharing each day). VMT reduced = 3,000 vehicle trips * 28 miles = 84,000 vehicle miles per day (assumes oneway trip is 14 miles). 
Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   35.0 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   110.0 kg/day 
Emissions reductions were calculated by multiplying VMT reduction by permile emissions factors. Emissions were calculated based on 2005 stabilized running emissions factors developed for Baltimore region based on MOBILE Model (11/16/1999 run). assumed running speed is 35 MPH.
Note: emissions factor assumes no cold start or hot soak emissions are affected. 
Δ CO  NA  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total   145 kg/day (0.16 tpd) 
Project life: 1 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $0  $0  $0 
This project has been funded with CMAQ over multiple years. All calculations apply to 1 year of operating costs and emissions reductions. 

Adm/oper  $956,000  $0  $956,000  
Total  $956,000  $0  $956,000  
Total annualized public cost  $956,000  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $956,000  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $956,000 
NOTE: Methodology assumes that all new carpoolers/vanpoolers previously drove alone (this may be reasonable, but perhaps should be confirmed through surveys). Carpool/vanpool formation rate should account for the fact that all new carpools/vanpools may not operate each day (this may be imbedded in the calculation of this rate).
Δ Vehicle trips   2,024/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   22,062 /day 

Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   26.2 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   30.9 kg/day 
Total VMT was distributed into Rural and Urban locations and Freeway, Arterial, and Local facility types using data from a 1996 County Percent VMT by Facility and Area Type document. Emissions reductions calculated using Mobile 5a emissions factors for each of these locations and facility types. 
Δ CO  187.4 kg/day  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total  57.1 kg/day (0.063 tpd) 
Project life: 2 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $0  $0  $0 
Funding is for 2 years of operating subsidy for the program 

Adm/oper  $480,000  $120,000  $600,000  
Total  $480,000  $120,000  $600,000  
Total annualized public cost  $358,670  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $600,000  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $1.08 M 
NOTE: The documentation is unclear on details about the cost assumptions. The travel methodology suggests that the program budget on which the trip reduction benefits are estimated is $250,000/year, though this is supposed to be the budget without overhead; for this project. Moreover, the effectiveness calculation is based on an assumption of 2.04 vehicle trips reduced per day for each $1 of the program, but documentation was not provided; it is unclear where this metric was derived and whether it is appropriate for this program.
Δ Vehicle trips   311.78 /day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   9,469.98 /day 

Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP   76 carpool trips/day  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   10.21 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   11.96 kg/day 
Emissions reductions calculated using Mobile6 emissions factors for 2005 at a 35 mph average operating speed.

Δ CO  NA  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}   0.133 kg/day  
Δ Total  22.17 kg/day (0.024 tpd) 
Project life: 1 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $0  $0  $0 
Total project cost = 1.07 Capital recovery factor * $700,000 = $749,000 / year Cost Effectiveness Calculation: $749,000 project annual cost / (Emissions reduced (kg/day) * 260 days of effect)


Adm/oper  $700,000  $0  $700,000  
Total  $700,000  $0  $700,000  
Total annualized public cost  $700,000  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $700,000  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $700,000 
Δ Vehicle trips  NA  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   5,520 /day 

Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  + 15 vans  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   12.2 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   14.9 kg/day 

Δ CO   136.9 kg/day  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total   27.1 kg/day (0.03 tpd) 
Project life: 5 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $448,000  $0  $448,000 
Cost benefit was calculated using a weighted ranking system that considered the following:
This objective ranking was then combined with subjective rankings by staff and 3 different committees consisting of city planners and elected officials. 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $448,000  $0  $448,000  
Total annualized public cost  $128,200  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $448,000  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $448,000 
NOTE: The project description provided by the sponsor lists a purchase of 15 vehicles, while the project description in the CMAQ database describes this project as the purchase of 70 vans. The project cost provided by the sponsor lists the project cost as $377,582, while the database lists the CMAQallotted funds as $448,000. The discrepancy might stem from the difference in the amount of vehicles purchased. The calculation does not explicitly account for any increase in emissions from the vans operating.
Δ Vehicle trips  NA  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   3,000 /day 
Daily VMT reduction = 5 vans x 8 passengers per van x 45 mile oneway trip x 2 trip lengths reduced/day / 1.2 personal auto occupancy rate = 3,000 VMT reduced. 
Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  + 5 vans  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   3.2 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   4.0 kg/day 
Passenger car CO, NOx, VOC g/mile rates for freeways and arterials applied. Freeway:
Arterial:

Δ CO   37.2 kg/day  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total   7.2 kg/day (0.008 tpd) 
Project life:  yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $148,000  $32,866  $180,866 
Cost/benefit calculation Projects were ranked from first to last for cost/congestion benefit (VHT reduced) and cost/air quality benefit (tons emissions). The benefits were multiplied by the project life the number of years the benefits would be returned. The two rank scores were then added together and all projects were ranked again based on this composite score. The objective ranking was then combined with subjective rankings by staff and 3 different committees consisting of city planners and elected officials. 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $148,000  $32,866  $180,866  
Total annualized public cost  $47,676  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $180,866  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $180,866 
NOTE: Emissions reductions provided by the State sponsor do not match those reported in the CMAQ database (5 VOC, 54 CO, and 6 NOx). The calculation does not explicitly account for any increase in emissions from the vans operating.
Δ Vehicle trips   132 /day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   3,300 /day 
Each new van removes a maximum of 11 SOVs from the road system and has a 50 mile average LexVan round trip.

Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  + 6 vans/day  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   10.40 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   5.28 kg/day 
The emissions rates are for hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and are from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) highway vehicle emissions factor models. They assume an average properly maintained vehicle on the road in July, operating on typical gasoline on a warm summer day (7296 degrees F).

Δ CO   80.19 kg/day  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total   15.68 kg/day (0.017 tpd) 
Project life: 5 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $96,000  $24,000  $120,000 
The per day reductions based on an average of 21 work/school days in a given month or 252 days in the 12 months per year period used for the emissions analysis. The cost for the purchase of 6 new 12passenger vans is estimated at $20,000 each. This includes the installation of extra equipment. Such as side steps, striping, grab handles, etc. The entire local match is paid from the LexVan (vanpool) program fares. 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $96,000  $24,000  $120,000  
Total annualized public cost  $30,643  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $120,000  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $120,000 
NOTE: The calculation does not explicitly account for any increase in emissions from the vans operating.
Δ Vehicle trips  0  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   23/day 
Vehicle trip reduction = 50 parking spaces * 15% utilization rate * 15% new riders = 1.15 vehicle trips reduced per day (zero change in trip starts). VMT reduction = 1.15 vehicle trips reduced * 20 mile round trip = 23 vehicle miles reduced per day. Lot utilization rates and the percentage of new riders were determined from surveys at existing park and ride lots. 
Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   0.012 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   0.058 kg/day 
Emissions reductions were calculated by multiplying VMT reduction by permile emissions factors. Emissions were calculated based on 1999 emissions factors developed for the Baltimore region based on the MOBILE model. Assumed running speed is 60 mph.

Δ CO  NA  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total  0.070 kg/day (0.000077 tpd) 
Project life: 12 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $132,817  $0  $132,817 
Costeffectiveness was not provided by sponsor. In order to calculate costeffectiveness, assume the project has benefits 250 days per year for 12 years. 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $132,817  $0  $132,817  
Total annualized public cost  $12,537  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $132,817  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $132,817 
NOTES: Assumptions regarding travel impacts seem very low. In particular, a 15% utilization rate means that on average only 7.5 of the 50 new spaces are utilized, and only about one person per day is assumed to reducing a vehicle trip. Also, the assumption of a 20 mile round trip (10 miles each way) for a park and ride trip sounds low, particularly given that the lots are located in Cecil County, about 20 miles from Wilmington, DE and from Aberdeen, MD, and 40 miles from closein Baltimore suburbs. In the CMAQ database, this project appears to have been improperly listed as in the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments' MPO. Current Maryland State Highway Administration web site shows 25 spaces at I95 @ MD 279 (Elkton) lot and 17 spaces at I95 @ MD 272 (Elkton) lot.
Δ Vehicle trips  0  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   3,600/day 
Assumes 450 spaces constructed for all 3 lots, average occupancy of 40%, and an average oneway commute of 10 miles. Lotspecific calculations were not conducted. Vehicle trip reduction = 450 spaces * 40% utilization rate = 180 vehicle trips per day (zero change in trip starts). VMT reduction = 180 vehicle trips reduced * 20 mile roundtrip length = 3,600 daily VMT reduced. 
Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   1.52 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   3.81 kg/day 
Emissions reductions were calculated by multiplying VMT reduction by permile emissions factors for a typical summer day, based on MOBILE. Assumes speed = 35 mph. 
Δ CO  NA  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total   5.33 kg/day (0.0059 tpd) 
Project life: 12 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $48,000  $0  $48,000 
CMAQ cost of $24,000 per lot was listed in documentation provided by State and FHWA CMAQ database (cost noted here is for two lots listed in CMAQ database for FY 2000). Costeffectiveness was not provided by sponsor. In order to calculate costeffectiveness, assume the project has benefits 250 days per year for 20 years. Cost should be scaled up to reflect full cost of all three park and ride facilities assume $72,000 ($24,000 x 3). 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $48,000  NA  $48,000  
Total annualized public cost  NA  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $48,000  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $48,000 
NOTE: Calculated emissions reductions are based on all three park and ride lots, although separate CMAQ projects were listed only for these two park and ride lots in FY 2000. Travel calculation assumes that all users of the park and ride facility previously were driving alone (no adjustment to account for share of users who previously carpooled, unless that is somehow incorporated into the utilization factor).
Δ Vehicle trips  0  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   5,393/day 
Vehicle trip reduction = 500 parking spaces * 56% utilization rate * 45% new riders = 126 vehicle trips reduced per day (zero change in trip starts). VMT reduction = 126 vehicle trips reduced * 42.8 mile round trip = 5,393 vehicle miles reduced per day. Lot utilization rates and the percentage of new riders were determined from surveys at existing park and ride lots. 
Δ Speed   5,393/day  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   1.375 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   5.889 kg/day 
Emissions reductions were calculated by multiplying VMT reduction by permile emissions factors. Emissions were calculated based on 2005 (year of service opening) emissions factors developed for Baltimore region based on Mobile model. Assumed running speed is 50 mph, based on posted speed limit.

Δ CO  NA  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total   7.264 kg/day (0.00801 tpd) 
Project life: 12 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $1,218,831  $0  $1,218,831 
Costeffectiveness was not provided by sponsor. In order to calculate costeffectiveness, assume the project has benefits 250 days per year for 12 years. 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $1,218,831  $0  $1,218,831  
Total annualized public cost  $180,050  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  NA  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  NA 
NOTE: In the CMAQ database, this project appears to have been improperly listed as in the Pedestrian/Bicycle category. Current Maryland State Highway Administration web site shows MD 210 @ MD 373 (Aceokeek) park and ride lot contains 489 spaces.
Δ Vehicle trips  0  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   3,840 /day 
VMT reduction = 200 parking spaces x 60% utilization rate x 2 trip lengths reduced/day x 16 mile round trip = 3,840 vehicle miles reduced per day. 
Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   0.88 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   3.19 kg/day 

Δ CO   33.83 kg/day  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}   0.12 kg/day  
Δ Total   4.07 (0.0044 tpd) 
Project life: 12 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $844,800  $211,200  $1,056,000 
Future operating expenses will be funded through local revenue source and fare revenue. Costeffectiveness was not provided by the project sponsor. 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $844,800  $211,200  $1,056,000  
Total annualized public cost  $143,695  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $1,056,000  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $1,056,000 
NOTE: The emissions reductions reported for VOC and PM_{2.5} in the documentation are slightly different from the amounts calculated using the methodology reported (1 VOC, No Data PM_{2.5}).
Δ Vehicle trips  0  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ VMT   8,856 /day 
VMT reductions were calculated using a 12 mile average oneway trip distance from the lot to a final destination and the number of additional parking stalls added (492). Daily VMT reduction = 492 spaces x 75% utilization x 12 miles oneway trip length x 2 trips = 8,856 VMT reduction). 
Δ Speed  NA  
Δ Delay  NA  
Δ SOV  NA  
Δ CP/VP  NA  
Δ Transit  NA  
Δ Walk  NA  
Δ Bike  NA 
Δ VOC   18.0 kg/day  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS: 

Δ NOx   9.0 kg/day 
Emissions reductions calculated using the TCM Tools program created by Parsons Brinkerhoff and Sierra Research in 1994, which applies project data to MOBILE emissions factors and regional data to produce the emissions reductions for CO, VOCs, and NOx. 
Δ CO   145.0 kg/day  
Δ PM_{10}  NA  
Δ PM_{2.5}  NA  
Δ Total   27.0 kg/day (0.030 tpd) 
Project life: 30 yrs  Interest rate: 7%  
CMAQ  NONCMAQ  TOTAL  METHODOLOGY/ASSUMPTIONS:  

Capital  $4.15 M  $15.85 M  $20 M 
CMAQ funding for this project was $865,000 for WA20010004 and $3,285,000 for WA20050035 in the CMAQ database. (For a total of $4.15M.) The Total Project Cost is estimated as $20,000,000. Other funds in the project include other Federal and State/local funds besides CMAQ. Costeffectiveness was not provided by the project sponsor. 

Adm/oper  $0  $0  $0  
Total  $4.15 M  $15.85 M  $20 M  
Total annualized public cost  $1,742,000  
Annual revenues  None  
Net public cost  $20 M  
Annual private cost  NA  
Total net cost  $20 M 
NOTE: It is unclear how old the emissions factors used for this project are.