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Bicycle and Pedestrian Funding Opportunities: US Department of Transportation, Federal Transit, and Federal Highway Funds

Revised December 4, 2014, to incorporate programs authorized under the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21).

This table indicates potential eligibility for pedestrian and bicycle projects under Federal Transit and Federal Highway programs. Specific program requirements must be met, and eligibility must be determined, on a case-by-case basis. For example: transit funds must provide access to transit; CMAQ must benefit air quality; HSIP projects must be consistent with the State Strategic Highway Safety Plan and address a highway safety problem; NHPP must benefit National Highway System (NHS) corridors; RTP must benefit trails; the Federal Lands and Tribal Transportation Programs (FLTTP) must provide access to or within Federal or tribal lands. See more information about Bikes and Transit and Eligibility of Pedestrian and Bicycle Improvements under Federal Transit Law.

Bicycle and Pedestrian Funding Opportunities / Federal Transit and Federal Highway Funds
Activity TIGER
see note below
FTA ATI CMAQ
see note below
HSIP NHPP
NHS
STP TAP
TE
RTP SRTS
until
expended
PLAN 402 FLTTP
Access enhancements to public transportation $ $ $ $     $ $         $
ADA/504 Self Evaluation / Transition Plan $plan           $ $ $   $   $
Bicycle and/or pedestrian plans $plan $         $ $     $   $
Bicycle lanes on road $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $   $     $
Bicycle parking $* $ $ $   $ $ $ $ $     $
Bike racks on transit $ $ $ $     $ $         $
Bicycle share (capital and equipment; not operations) $ $ $ $   $ $ $         $
Bicycle storage or service centers $* $ $ $     $ $         $
Bridges / overcrossings for bicyclists and/or pedestrians $ $ $ $* $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Bus shelters $ $ $ $     $ $         $
Coordinator positions (State or local)       $ Limit
1 per State
    $ $ as SRTS   $      
Crosswalks (new or retrofit) $ $ $ $* $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Curb cuts and ramps $ $ $ $* $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Data collection and monitoring for bicyclists and/or pedestrians $plan $ $   $ $ $ $ $ $ $   $
Helmet promotion (for bicyclists)             $ $ as SRTS   $   $  
Historic preservation (bicycle and pedestrian and transit facilities) $ $ $       $ $         $
Landscaping, streetscaping (bicycle and/or pedestrian route; transit access) $* $ $       $ $         $
Lighting (pedestrian and bicyclist scale associated with pedestrian/bicyclist project) $ $ $   $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Maps (for bicyclists and/or pedestrians)   $ $ $     $ $   $      
Paved shoulders for bicyclist and/or pedestrian use $     $* $ $ $ $   $     $
Police patrols             $ as SRTS $ as SRTS   $   $  
Recreational trails $*           $ $ $       $
Safety brochures, books             $ as SRTS $ as SRTS   $   $  
Safety education positions             $ as SRTS $ as SRTS   $   $  
Separated bicycle lanes* $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $   $     $
Shared use paths / transportation trails $ $ $ $* $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Sidewalks (new or retrofit) $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Signs / signals / signal improvements $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $   $     $
Signed bicycle or pedestrian routes $ $ $ $   $ $ $   $     $
Spot improvement programs $ $     $   $ $ $ $     $
Stormwater impacts related to pedestrian and bicycle projects $ $ $   $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Traffic calming $ $     $ $ $ $   $     $
Trail bridges $     $* $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Trail/highway intersections $     $* $ $ $ $ $ $     $
Training       $     $ $ $ $   $  
Tunnels / undercrossings for bicyclists and/or pedestrians $ $ $ $* $ $ $ $ $ $     $

KEY: $: Funds may be used for this activity.
$plan = Eligible for TIGER planning funds.
$* = Eligible, but not competitive unless part of a larger project.

ADA/504: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 / Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
TIGER: Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery Discretionary Grant program
FTA: Federal Transit Administration Capital Funds
ATI: Associated Transit Improvement (1% set-aside of FTA)
CMAQ: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program
HSIP: Highway Safety Improvement Program
NHPP/NHS: National Highway Performance Program/National Highway System
STP: Surface Transportation Program
TAP/TE: Transportation Alternatives Program / Transportation Enhancement Activities
RTP: Recreational Trails Program
SRTS: Safe Routes to School Program
PLAN: Statewide or Metropolitan Planning
402: State and Community Highway Safety Grant Program
FLTTP: Federal Lands and Tribal Transportation Programs (Federal Lands Access Program, Federal Lands Transportation Program, Tribal Transportation Program)

* TIGER: Subject to annual appropriations.
* CMAQ: See the CMAQ guidance at www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/air_quality/cmaq/ for a list of projects that may be eligible for CMAQ funds. Several activities may be eligible for CMAQ funds as part of a bicycle and pedestrian-related project, but not as a highway project. CMAQ funds may be used for systemwide bicycle, pedestrian, or transit related improvements, but generally not for projects in discrete locations. Also, CMAQ funds may be used for shared use paths, but may not be used for trails that are primarily for recreational use.
* STP and TAP: Activities marked "as SRTS" means the activity is eligible only as an SRTS project benefiting schools for kindergarten through 8th grade.
* Separated Bicycle Lanes also may be known as "protected bike lanes" or "cycle tracks". [Line inserted September 26, 2014]

Updated: 12/08/2014
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