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Connections to Transit

NTPP PedBike LogoThe Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program
Columbia, MO - Marin County, CA - Minneapolis, MN - Sheboygan County, WI
Preliminary Observations and Experiences

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One goal of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP) and its pilot communities is to develop a network of nonmotorized transportation infrastructure facilities that connect directly with transit stations and community activity centers. These connections are a vital component of a multi-modal transportation system, enhance community livability and accessibility, and promote walking and bicycling as viable options for recreational and utilitarian trips.

In selecting projects to fund through the program, the communities carefully consider opportunities to improve access to transit. The chart below shows the percentage of program funds spent on projects that provide at least one connection to transit or otherwise improve access to transit. In many cases, the same project includes multiple transit connection improvements.

Percent of Program Funds* Spent on Connections to Transit
Trail Connection to Bus/Rail/Ferry; 72%, Bike parking at transit; 41%, Bike rack on bus; 39%, Improved walking access to transit; 63%, Bike rental/sharing at station; 7%, Long-term bike storage at station; 8%
* funds programmed as of December 2010, across all four communities

Good access to transit can significantly increase the range of destinations accessible by walking or bicycling, allowing many more trips to be shifted from automobile to walk/bike and transit. Example projects include:

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December 2010 -- Prepared by the USDOT/Volpe Center for the Federal Highway Administration and NTPP Pilot Communities

Section 1807 of the Safe, Accountable Flexible Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users established the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP) in August 2005. Over the span of four years (2007-2010), the legislation authorizes $25 million for each of the NTPP's four pilot communities to construct and invest in nonmotorized transportation infrastructure and programs. The purpose of the NTPP is "to demonstrate the extent to which bicycling and walking can carry a significant part of the transportation load, and represent a major portion of the transportation solution, within selected communities."

* This research has been funded by the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Planning, Environment and Realty's Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program (STEP).

Updated: 02/10/2014
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