The list of publications found on this page has been compiled to help provide quick access to valuable references. Here you will find links to publications that provide insight into the planning and decision process common to building a intermodal transportation system that focuses on accessibility and safety.
A Comparative Analysis of Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes. Final Report
Provides a description of the research methodology, data collection procedures, and analysis used to compare the safety and operations of bicycle lanes and wide curb lanes.
The Bicycle Compatibility Index: A Level of Service Concept, Final Report
Presents a methodology to determine how compatible a roadway is for allowing efficient operation of both bicycles and motor vehicles.
A Guide to Transportation Decisionmaking
Explains in layman's terms how transportation projects are developed.
Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Nonmotorized Travel: Overview of Methods
Describes and compares the various methods and tools that can be used to forecast non-motorized travel demand.
Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Nonmotorized Travel: Supporting Documentation
Gives details on each method, including purpose, structure, input/data needs, assumptions, and real-world applications.
Geographic Information Systems Applications For Bicycle And Pedestrian Decision-Making Peer Exchange Summary Report
This summary report is as a resource for transportation agencies looking to learn more about the implementation of GIS for bicycle and pedestrian planning.
Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access
FHWA's two-part report on pedestrian and trail accessibility, produced for FHWA by Beneficial Designs Inc.
Note: these two reports were published in 1999 and 2001, respectively. Accessibility guidelines and practices, and construction and maintenance techniques have evolved, and more current information may be available in other reports. For example, related information is provided in the US Access Board's Special Report: Accessible Public Rights of Way Planning and Designing for Alterations and other reports available at www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/streets-sidewalks/public-rights-of-way.
Part 1, Review of Existing Guidelines and Practices (1999), lays out the history and the practices of applying accessibility concepts to sidewalks and pedestrian trails. (Out of print, available online only)
Part 2, Best Practices Design Guide (2001), provides recommendations on how to design sidewalks, street crossings, intersections, shared use paths, and recreational pedestrian trails. (Out of print, available online only)
See also Transmittal Memorandum, Detectable Warnings Memorandum (July 2004), Detectable Warnings Memorandum (May 2002), and Errata Sheet.
The Bicycle Compatibility Index: A Level of Service Concept, Implementation Manual
Presents the process for determining the level of service of roadways providing for joint use by motorists and bicyclsits.
Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes: Operational and Safety Findings and Countermeasure Recommendations
Reports research on the operational effects of both wide curb lanes and marked bicycle lanes.
Characteristics of Emerging Road and Trail Users and their Safety
Design professionals can use the results of this study to design roadway and shared-use path facilities to meet the operational and safety needs of this growing and diverse group of users.
Eighth Japan/US Workshop on Advanced Technology in Highway Engineering: Nighttime and Pedestrian Safety
Presents the results of this workshop on pedestrian safety in reduced lighting conditions.
The Final Report of the Regulatory Negotiation Committee on Accessibility Guidelines for Outdoor Developed Areas
Proposes accessibility guidelines under the Americans with Disabilities Act for trails, outdoor recreation access routes, beach access routes, and picnic and camping facilities.
Flexibility in Highway Design
Presents methods of designing facilities that are sensitive to the surrounding environment that still meet accepted design guidelines.
Geometric Design Practices for European Roads
Presents examples of European design practice and operations.
Implementing Bicycle Improvements at the Local Level
Demonstrates what facility designs and operational practices can be used to enhance bicycle travel. Available from the FHWA Safety Office under State and Local Plans/Guidelines.
Selecting Roadway Design Treatments to Accommodate Bicycles
Presents a methodology for selecting the most appropriate type of on-road bicycle facility.
Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities
Documents the research to determine the updated capacity analysis methodology for the Highway Capacity Manual. Recommended Procedures for the "Bicycles" Chapter of the Highway Capacity Manual.
Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities
Recommends procedures for the "Pedestrians" Chapter of the Highway Capacity Manual
Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities
Recommends Procedures for the "Signalized Intersections" Chapter of the Highway Capacity Manual
Traffic Calming: State of the Practice
Summarizes the various methods used to either slow or divert motor vehicle traffic. Published by the Institute of Transportation Engineers.
FHWA University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation
Provides current information on pedestrian and bicycle planning and design techniques, as well as practical lessons on how to increase bicycling and walking through land-use practices and engineering design.
NHI Pedestrian Facility Design Course
This 1.5 day course provides information and application opportunities for those involved in the design of pedestrian facilities.
NHI Bicycle Facility Design Course
This 1.5 day course provides information and application opportunities for those involved in the design of bicycle facilities.
Pedestrian Safety - Report to Congress
A comprehensive report on pedestrian safety that builds on the current level of knowledge of pedestrian safety countermeasures by identifying the most effective advanced technology and intelligent transportation systems.
A Resident's Guide for Creating Walkable Communities
This guide is designed to be used by anyone looking for ways to improve the walkability of their neighborhood, whether they are just beginning to learn about pedestrian safety or are already part of an established community safety group.
Informational Report on Lighting Design for Midblock Crosswalks
This report provides information on lighting parameters and design criteria that should be considered when installing fixed roadway lighting for midblock crosswalks.
How To Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan
The document will help state and local officials know where to begin to address pedestrian safety issues.
Pedestrian Safety Campaign
A ready-made toolkit of safety related outreach materials that States and communities can customize and use locally.
Good Practices Guide for Bicycle Safety Education
A guide to developing your own bicycle education program or selecting the most effective program for your needs.
Bicycle Safer Journey
A virtual journey designed to increase our awareness of bicycle safety. Its use is intended for the general public, road user, safety advocates, and safety.
Safer Journey: Interactive Pedestrian Safety Awareness
An interactive web site that takes the user through various pedestrian safety scenarios encountered every day by pedestrians.
Pedestrian Forum newsletter
A quarterly newsletter focusing on topics on how to improve conditions for bicycling and walking and to make them safer ways to travel.
Safety Effects of Marked vs Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations
This study involved an analysis of 5 years of pedestrian crashes at 1,000 marked crosswalks and 1,000 matched unmarked comparison sites.
An Analysis of Factors Contributing to "Walking Along Roadway" Crashes: Research Study and Guidelines for Sidewalks and Walkways.
This study was conducted to determine the roadway, traffic, and socio-economic factors related to pedestrian "walking along roadway" crashes involving motor vehicles.
Characteristics of Emerging Road and Trail Users and Their Safety
This study was conducted to better understand the physical dimensions and operational characteristics of an increasingly diverse group of emerging users (e.g., kick scooters, inline skates, hand cycles, recumbent bicycles) who are now commonly seen sharing space with bicycles and pedestrians on roadways and shared use paths.
A Review of Pedestrian Safety Research in the United States and Abroad
This report examines studies on pedestrian safety in the United States and abroad.
Bicycle Crash Types - A 1990s Informational Guide - (web title: Crash-Type Manual for Bicyclists)
Updates an earlier research report on crash typing and countermeasure selection for bicyclists.
Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists
This document provides transportation agencies and teams conducting Road Safety Audits with a better understanding of the needs of pedestrians of all abilities.
Pedestrian Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT Version 2.1)
Software product intended to assist state and local pedestrian and bicycle coordinators, planners, and engineers in addressing pedestrian and bicyclist crash problems.
The Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System (PEDSAFE) is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who walk.
The Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System (BIKESAFE) is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who bicycle.
A series of reports that scope the size and nature of the Hispanic ped/bike safety problem in the U.S. is available through the Office of Safety. Materials to address these safety problems are also available.
International Scan on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility
The report describes how Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom have made walking and bicycling safer and more convenient through policy, engineering, education, enforcement, encouragement, and evaluation strategies.
Canadian Research on Pedestrian Safety
Synthesizes Canadian research in the area of pedestrian safety focused on six specific areas of investigation.
Dutch Pedestrian Safety Research Review
Reviews of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
Pedestrian Safety in Australia
Reviews of recent pedestrian safety research in Australia. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
Pedestrian Safety in Sweden
Reviews recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden, and provides a comprehensive list of references.
Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System
This report provides information on 47 engineering countermeasures or treatments, along with education and enforcement programs, that may be implemented to improve pedestrian safety and mobility.
Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom
Reviews recent pedestrian safety research in the United Kingdom, and summarizes the state of the practice.
FHWA Study Tour for Pedestrian and Bicyclists Safety in England, Germany, and the Netherlands
Reports on a scanning trip of Northern European nations to exchange technical information on effective bicycle and pedestrian programs. http://ntl.bts.gov/DOCS/bikeped.html or www.ite.org
Guide to Promoting Bicycling on Federal Lands
This report provides guidance to Federal land managers on how to promote bicycling.
National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior
The goals of the DOT sponsored survey were to ascertain the scope and magnitude of bicycle and pedestrian activity and the public's behavior and attitudes regarding bicycling and walking.
Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: Sources, Needs, and Gaps
Reports the results of what data is available and what is need on bicycling and walking.
Pedestrian and Bicyclist Standards and Innovations in Large Central Cities
The report reviews how best to accommodate the use of bicycles and walking while ensuring safety and sufficient mobility for motor vehicles for large central cities and provides examples of best practices in various cities nationally and internationally.
National Strategies for Advancing Bicycle Safety (June 2001) A call to action to improve bicycle safety with five critical goals and 18 specific action items.
National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety Proposes strategies intended to be used by anyone interested in reducing pedestrian injuries among children, while encouraging them to explore their environment by walking.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Types of the Early 1990s
A technical summary of a study updating crash categorization methodology.
Conflicts on Multiple-Use Trails
Presents a series of principles for more effective operations of multi use trails.
The Effects of Bicycle Accommodations on Bicycle/Motor Vehicle Safety and Traffic Operations
Presents the results of research on the operational effects of bicycle and motor vehicle operation on shared roadways. NOTE: This publication is only available through the National Technical Information Service (NTIS). (800) 553-6847 or email@example.com.
Bicycling and Walking in the Nineties and Beyond: Applying Scandinavian Experience to America's Challenges
Reports on the results of a scanning trip to investigate effective programs and policies for bicycling and walking in northern Scandinavian countries. NOTE: This publication is only available through the National Technical Information Service (NTIS). (800) 553-6847 or firstname.lastname@example.org.