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Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks: A Review of International Practices

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Bicyclist riding on a bicycle street separated from motorized traffic by a parking lane in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Final Report

Federal Highway Administration
May 2015

1. Report No.:
FHWA-HEP-15-051
2. Government Accession No.: 3. Recipient's Catalog No.:
4. Title and Subtitle:
Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks: A Review of International Practices
5. Report Date:
May 2015
6. Performing Organization Code:
7. Author(s):
Libby Thomas, Paul Ryus, Conor Semler, Nathan J. Thirsk, Kevin Krizek, Charles Zegeer
8. Performing Organization Report No.:
9. Performing Organization Name and Address:
University of North Carolina
Highway Safety Research Center
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3430
10. Work Unit No.:
11. Contract or Grant No.:
DTFH61-11-D-00035
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address:
Federal Highway Administration
Office of International Programs
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE, Washington, DC 20590
13. Type of Report and Period Covered:
2014-2015
14. Sponsoring Agency Code:
15. Supplementary Notes:
FHWA Project Manager: Christopher Douwes. FHWA Technical Panel: Dan Goodman, Hana Maier, and Gabe Rousseau. Additional UNC-HSRC Project Team members: Dan Gelinne, Patty Harrison, Kate Hill, James Gallagher, and Laura Sandt. The project team gratefully acknowledges contributions of the following jurisdictions that shared information for this global benchmarking assessment: Sydney, NSW, and Yarra, Vic, Australia; the Capital Regional District and Vancouver, B.C. and Toronto, ON, Canada; the (national) Danish Road Directorate and Odense, Denmark; Helsinki, Finland; the National Ministry for Infrastructure and the Environment (Rijkswaterstaat), Utrecht Province, Utrecht Region, Amsterdam Region, Amsterdam, Bussum, Eindhoven, Groningen, The Hague, and ‘s-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands; Ferrara, Italy; Japan; Munster, Germany; the (national) Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) and Malmo, Sweden; Basel-Stadt, Switzerland; and Barcelona, Barcelona Region, and Seville, Spain. The authors are solely responsible for errors of interpretation or unintentional misrepresentation. All original photographic images are used with permission.
16. Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to identify noteworthy and innovative international designs, treatments, and other practices that have potential to improve bicycle and pedestrian safety and access and increase walking and bicycling in the United States. This report covers treatments and practices from a total of 11 countries, covering six thematic areas: (1) network infrastructure, (2) limited auto traffic areas, (3) signalization, traffic control, and intelligent transport systems, (4) policy change, (5) criteria or methods for prioritizing improvements, and (6) goals and network performance measures. A number of treatments and practices appear to have significant potential to help improve bicycle and pedestrian network safety, comfort, and connectivity in the U.S. Additional study and actions are needed to better understand, test, and refine the most promising designs and practices for use by U.S. jurisdictions.
17. Key Words:
Bicycle, pedestrian, network, mobility, safety, infrastructure, plan, prioritization, performance
18. Distribution Statement:
No restrictions.
19. Security Classification (of this report): Unclassified 20. Security Classification (of this page): Unclassified 21. No of Pages: 67 22. Price:

Publication Number: FHWA-HEP-15-051

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Updated: 9/3/2015
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