Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration

Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)
PlanningEnvironmentReal Estate

HEP Events Guidance Publications Awards Contacts

National Bicycling and Walking Study: Ten Year Status Report

Appendix 2: USDOT Activities, 1999-2004

The Federal Action Plan

Action Item 1
Provide technical guidance in the interpretation of national transportation legislation and distribute other technical information.

Action Item 2
Fully integrate consideration of bicyclist and pedestrian needs into planning; design; operational policies and procedures; and suggested usage, accident rate, and evaluation methodologies.

Action Item 3
Provide funding for a bicycle and pedestrian friendly infrastructure that includes new facilities and infrastructure retrofitting and education for all road users, and enforcement programs for all road users.

Action Item 4
Provide initial and continuing education and training for planning and engineering professionals which encourages routine consideration of the needs of bicyclists and pedestrians.

Action Item 5
Conduct promotional and awareness activities, both to increase the level of bicycling and walking for all trip purposes and to legitimize these travel modes within the transportation system.

Action Item 6
Carry out activities that increase the safety of bicycling and walking.

Action Item 7
Provide outreach to other government agencies and develop new public/private partnerships to safely increase bicycling and walking usage levels.

Action Item 8
Conduct research and develop effective methods of technology transfer.

Action Item 9
Serve as positive national presence and role model.


Action Item 1

Provide technical guidance in the interpretation of national transportation legislation and distribute other technical information.

  1. Develop guidance and regulations as required to implement the bicycle and pedestrian provisions of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), including information on funding sources, State and Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) planning requirements, and the State department of transportation (DOT) bicycle and pedestrian coordinator positions (FHWA).

Note: The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) is the successor to ISTEA and was enacted on June 9, 1998 as Public Law 105-178.

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Develop guidance as needed on the use of bicycle and pedestrian programs to meet the goals of the Clean Air Act Amendments. (OST, FHWA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Distribute the findings of the National Bicycling and Walking Study and develop an implementation plan for carrying out the Federal action items. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Develop and distribute a brochure describing and promoting opportunities in the FTA program for bicycle and pedestrian projects. (FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Assimilate other technical information and distribute it as appropriate. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Conduct briefings for field, State and local offices on bicycle and pedestrian program issues. (FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Provide materials on bicycle and pedestrian issues to national organizations. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

Action Item 2

Fully integrate consideration of bicyclist and pedestrian needs into planning; design; operational policies and procedures; and suggested usage, accident rate, and evaluation methodologies.

  1. As appropriate, include consideration of bicyclist and pedestrian needs into revisions of DOT policies and procedures. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Distribute the revised policies and procedures to field offices. (FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Coordinate bicycle and pedestrian efforts with the Office of Intermodalism and with the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Encourage AASHTO to incorporate appropriate criteria for accommodation of bicyclists and pedestrians into their design, construction policies, standards and guides. (FHWA)

Actions:

  1. Recommend revisions to the "Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices" and the "Highway Capacity Manual" to ensure appropriate consideration of bicyclists and pedestrians. (FHWA)

Actions:

  1. Encourage the revision of State and local planning and design policies and procedures to include consideration of bicyclists and pedestrians as appropriate. (FHWA)

Actions:

  1. Encourage and publicize intermodal projects which include bicycle and/or pedestrian components. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Note: ISTEA and TEA-21 included a number of new policies that address this Federal Action Item. These include Transportation Enhancements, "Transit Enhancements" (described below), CMAQ, and giving States an increased range of options for applying Federal transportation funds.

Actions:

  1. Encourage State safety offices to include consideration of bicyclists and pedestrians into their policies and procedures. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Investigate the collection of use, crash/accident rate, and evaluation data. Develop and test model usage, crash/accident rate, and evaluation methodologies and encourage their use by State and local officials. Assimilate and distribute this information. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Develop prototype seating configurations and hardware to accommodate bicycles on commuter and intercity rail and bus lines. (FTA)

Note: Intercity rail lines are not an FTA responsibility.

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Encourage liberalized policies by Amtrak for bicycle carriage on rail. (FTA)

Note: Intercity rail lines are not an FTA responsibility.

Actions:

Action Needed:

Action Item 3

Provide funding for a bicycle and pedestrian friendly infrastructure that includes new facilities and infrastructure retrofitting and education for all road users, and enforcement programs for all road users.

  1. Actively promote the use of Federal-aid transportation funds for bicycle and pedestrian projects. Follow up to determine the amount of money spent in each State. Publicize the expenditures and funding sources. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Actively encourage Section 402 funding to be used on bicycle and pedestrian safety programs. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Encourage the use of Title III, Section 25 funds for facilities and programs enhancing multimodal transit trips which include bicycle and pedestrian components. (FTA)

Actions:

  1. Refine and promote educational and enforcement programs for all road users relating to bicyclists and pedestrians. (NHTSA, FHWA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Item 4

Provide initial and continuing education and training for planning and engineering professionals which encourages routine consideration of the needs of bicyclists and pedestrians.

  1. Refine and continue providing training for transportation officials in field, State, MPO, and local offices on bicycle and pedestrian accommodations and safety. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Provide training opportunities and technical assistance to State Department of Transportation bicycle and pedestrian coordinators. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Investigate the development of a core bicycle and pedestrian curriculum for inclusion in transportation engineering courses at the undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education levels. (FHWA)

Actions:

  1. Investigate development of a training course on bicyclist and pedestrian facility planning and design. (FHWA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Provide training for local transit officials on designing bicyclist-friendly parking facilities, on-vehicle carriage programs, interfaces for bicyclists and pedestrians with transit, and access features approaching and at transit centers. (FTA, FHWA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

Action Item 5

Conduct promotional and awareness activities, both to increase the level of bicycling and walking for all trip purposes and to legitimize these travel modes within the transportation system.

  1. Coordinate activities of the USDOT with other Federal agencies. Convene regular meetings of representatives of the Federal agencies involved in bicycling and pedestrian issues to develop new programs and to exchange information. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Include specific promotional references to bicycling and walking in speeches, policy documents and regulations, press releases, news articles and other information released to the public. Actively promote and sponsor events such as National Bicycle Month and bicycle and pedestrian conferences. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Conduct briefings for field, State, MPO and local offices on bicycle and pedestrian program issues. Conduct site visits of exemplary programs and pass on information to other localities. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Encourage and coordinate activities to measure the amount of bicycling and walking in the United States and ensure this data is compatible with crash/accident data. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Develop and provide information to transit providers and to potential and actual transit users on multimodal trips including bicycling and walking. (FTA)

Actions:

U.S. DOT has taken no action on this item.

  1. Implement a national campaign to promote increased and safer use of bicycling and walking. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Item 6

Carry out activities that increase the safety of bicycling and walking.

  1. Encourage the collection of data for evaluating the effectiveness of bicycle and pedestrian safety programs. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Actions Needed:

  1. Promote and disseminate the results of Section 402 bicycle and pedestrian safety programs. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Develop a data collection methodology for bicyclist and pedestrian use estimates and for exposure measures in crash/accident rate calculations. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Encourage and actively promote helmet use among bicyclists of all ages. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Investigate bicyclist and pedestrian crashes which do not involve motor vehicles and those which occur off the roadway. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA)

Note: The current Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), operated by NHTSA, tracks all fatal crashes that occur on a roadway and involve a motor vehicle. It does not collect data about nonmotorized crashes or those not occurring on roadways.

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Widely promote the use of Walk Alert and other pedestrian safety program materials. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Cooperate with other agencies and organizations to develop and promote a Bicycle Safety Program for use at the local level. (FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Collect crash/accident data involving pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit vehicles, develop countermeasures for these crashes/accidents and test these countermeasures. (FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

Action Item 7

Provide outreach to other government agencies and develop new public/private partnerships to safely increase bicycling and walking usage levels.

  1. Initiate contact with other Federal agencies to learn of their efforts relating to bicycling and walking both from a programmatic and from administrative aspects. Work with these agencies to use their resources to promote bicycling and walking, and to integrate consideration of bicycling and walking into their policies and programs where appropriate. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Initiate contact, respond to inquiries, and work cooperatively with public and private organizations committed to promoting bicycling and walking and their safety. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Provide technical information, present briefings, or conduct workshops and conferences as appropriate. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Conduct a workshop to investigate the role of the transit industry in bicycle systems and services. (FTA)

Actions:
No action has been taken to complete this item.

Action Needed:
Conduct the workshop required for this action item.

  1. Monitor and publicize ongoing projects to show the role of local transit agencies, MPOs, and other local organizations in developing and managing a comprehensive bicycle commuting system. (FTA)

Actions:
No action has been taken to complete this item.

Action Needed:

Complete this action item.

Action Item 8

Conduct research and develop effective methods of technology transfer.

  1. Coordinate Federal research activities both within and outside of the USDOT and make recommendations for studies as appropriate. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Continue research activities relating to the safety of bicycling and walking. (FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Conduct research into promoting the use of bicycling and walking, and measuring the effectiveness of such programs. (FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Actively investigate existing technology transfer activities (such as the FHWA Local Technical Assistance Program, National Highway Institute, FHWA Office of Technology Applications, and the NHTSA Regional Operations Program) and utilize them where appropriate. Where needed, develop new technology transfer activities. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA)

Actions:

  1. Conduct a workshop to investigate the shortcomings of traditional technology transfer activities relating to bicyclists and pedestrians. Develop solutions and recommend their implementation in the DOT agencies. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Note: A series of workshops were conducted during the first five years following release of the National Bicycling and Walking Study. After these workshops, comprehensive efforts to improve information transfer have been ongoing.

  1. Identify means and provide resources to translate appropriate research and other bicyclist/pedestrian literature from foreign language sources. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Investigate the quantification of the projected reductions in emissions as a result of provisions for bicyclists and pedestrians in air quality nonattainment areas. (OST, FHWA)

Actions:

  1. Establish a national nonmotorized transportation center and clearinghouse. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Actions:

  1. Conduct research on patronage estimation and mode split modeling for bicycle and pedestrian services and facilities. (FTA)

Actions:
No action has been taken to complete this item.

Action Needed:
Complete this action item.

Serve as positive national presence and role model.

  1. Offer and provide technical information within the agencies of the USDOT, their field offices, and outside the agency as appropriate. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Encourage the use of bicycling and walking as agency policy. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Action Needed:

  1. Present bicycling and walking as legitimate transportation options in speeches and other public communications. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Participate in national and regional conferences to promote bicycling and walking. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

  1. Assimilate examples of successful projects and promotion programs for distribution. (OST, FHWA, NHTSA, FTA)

Actions:

Updated: 02/10/2014
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000