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A Framework for Considering Climate Change in Transportation and Land Use Scenario Planning

Notes

[1] Department of Energy, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Federal Transit Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Army Corps of Engineers, Department of Agriculture (USDA), USDA Forest Service, Department of the Interior, and Bureau of Land Management .

[2] Tailpipe emissions are those produced directly by burning fuel to power vehicles and do not include emissions associated with constructing or maintaining transportation infrastructure, extracting or refining fuels, or producing vehicles.

[3] U.S. EPA (2011). Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990 to 2009. (http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/32000/32700/32779/DOT_Climate_Change_Report_-_April_2010_-_Volume_1_and_2.pdf).

[4] ICF International (2010). Regional Climate Change Effects: Useful Information for Transportation Agencies. Prepared for the Federal Highway Administration. (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/climate_change/adaptation/publications_and_tools/climate_effects/effects03.cfm)

[5] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007). IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007 - Synthesis Report. (http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains1.html#1-1)

[6] U.S. Global Change Research Program (2009). Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States: A State of Knowledge Report from the U.S. Global Change Research Program. (http://downloads.globalchange.gov/usimpacts/pdfs/climate-impacts-report.pdf)

[7] National Park Service Climate Change Response Program. "Adaptation and Scenario Planning." (http://www.nps.gov/climatechange/adaptationplanning.cfm)

[8] Federal Highway Administration. What is Scenario Planning? (www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/scenario_and_visualization/scenario_planning/)

[9]Bartholomew, Keith. Land use-transportation scenario planning: promise and reality. Transportation 34 (2006). (http://faculty.arch.utah.edu/bartholomew/fulltext.pdf)

[10] For more information on the FHWA scenario planning program, see the FHWA Scenario Planning Guidebook and website. (www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/scenario_and_visualization/scenario_planning/scenario_planning_guidebook/)

[11] National Park Service Public Use Statistics Office. NPS Stats. (https://irma.nps.gov/Stats/)

[12] Cape Cod Commission (2011). Cape Cod 2011 Regional Transportation Plan (March 2011 Draft). Prepared for the Cape Cod Metropolitan Planning Organization. (http://www.gocapecod.org/rtp/RTP2011docs/Ch2-5Water-MARCH_2011.pdf)

[13] The Cape Cod Canal bisects the Towns of Bourne and Sandwich. Even though, as a result, parts of Bourne and Sandwich are located on the mainland, both are considered to be part of Cape Cod.

[14] Cape Cod Commission Act, Section 9. (http://www.capecodcommission.org/index.php?id=15)

[15] Developed land is defined as density exceeding one dwelling unit per 10 acres; undeveloped is defined as density equal or less than one dwelling unit per 10 acres.

[16] Areas include those designated for open space or conservation by the state, town, or Cape Cod Commission.

[17] Cambridge Systematics, Inc. (2009) Moving Cooler: An Analysis of Transportation Strategies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

[18] Ewing, R., and R. Cervero. 2010. Travel and the built environment. Journal of the American Planning Association 76(3): 265-294.

[19] 2010

[20] Massachusetts 2010 Census Official Population Numbers. http://www.sec.state.ma.us/census/barnstable.htm

[21] Additional tools and resources for evaluating climate change effects, including the Coastal Inundation Mapping Guidebook and Technical Considerations for Use of Geospatial Data in Sea Level Change Mapping and Assessment, are available through the NOAA Coastal Services Center Digital Coast website (http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/).

[22] As part of the recent Cape Cod Regional Policy Plan, the Cape Cod Commission has been working with the 15 towns in Barnstable County to develop LUVMs with the following land uses identified: Economic Centers, Villages Industrial and Service Trade Areas, Resource Protection Areas, and Other Areas. At the time of the development of the Targeted scenario, eight of the 15 municipalities had adopted LUVMs.

[23] Since the date of the workshop, the Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority has issued a Request for Proposals for a study of passenger rail to Cape Cod, to be completed by 2012.

[24] Certain representatives from the towns and the Cape Cod Commission did not participate in this pole, as they were involved in consolidating the breakout group scenarios into a single, refined scenario.

[25] PlaceMatters also offers a more self-contained "touch table" whose setup is less complicated and does not demand these facility requirements. The Pilot Project elected not to use this option due to the added cost and difficulty of transporting these setups to Cape Cod.

[26] Eight of the 10 scenarios were evaluated for all indicators. The two preliminary scenarios with enhanced transit were only evaluated against the VMT/GHG emissions and transit accessibility indicators, since their development distributions were identical to the corresponding standard transit scenarios.

[27] Developed land is defined as density exceeding one dwelling unit per 10 acres; undeveloped as density equal or below one dwelling unit per 10 acres.

[28] Developed land is defined as density exceeding one dwelling unit per 10 acres; undeveloped as density equal or below one dwelling unit per 10 acres.

[29] Areas include those designated for open space or conservation by the state, town, or Cape Cod Commission.

[30] Chapter 1 is a draft from the 2010 Regional Transportation Plan, whose timeframe extends from 2011 through 2035.

[31] Demographics of polling participants from Cape Cod: one from Upper Cape, three from Mid-Cape, and three from Lower Cape. No representatives from the Outer Cape participated in the poll.

Updated: 03/27/2014
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