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Construction Noise Handbook

9.0 Construction Equipment Noise Levels and Ranges

9.1 Equipment Type Inventory and Related Emission Levels

Noise levels generated by individual pieces of construction equipment and specific construction operations form the basis for the prediction of construction-related noise levels. A variety of information exists related to sound emissions related to such equipment and operations. This data transcends the period beginning in the 1970s thru 2006. This information exists for both stationary and mobile sources and for steady, intermittent, and impulse type generators of noise.

9.1.1 Stationary Equipment

Stationary equipment consists of equipment that generates noise from one general area and includes items such as pumps, generators, compressors, etc. These types of equipment operate at a constant noise level under normal operation and are classified as non-impact equipment. Other types of stationary equipment such as pile drivers, jackhammers, pavement breakers, blasting operations, etc., produce variable and sporadic noise levels and often produce impact-type noises. Impact equipment is equipment that generates impulsive noise, where impulsive noise is defined as noise of short duration (generally less than one second), high intensity, abrupt onset, rapid decay, and often rapidly changing spectral composition. For impact equipment, the noise is produced by the impact of a mass on a surface, typically repeating over time.

9.1.2 Mobile Equipment

Mobile equipment such as dozers, scrapers, graders, etc., may operate in a cyclic fashion in which a period of full power is followed by a period of reduced power. Other equipment such as compressors, although generally considered to be stationary when operating, can be readily relocated to another location for the next operation.

9.2 Sources of Information

Construction-related equipment and operation noise level data may be provided by numerous sources, including suppliers, manufacturers, agencies, organizations, etc. Some information is included in this document, and many web-based links are given for equipment manufacturers.

9.3 Specifics of Construction Equipment and Operation Noise Inventories

Details included in each specific inventory of construction equipment and operation noise emission levels are often variable in terms of how data is represented. Some inventories include ranges of noise levels while others present single numbers for each equipment type. Others provide levels for specific models of each type of construction equipment. Often, different noise descriptors are used, such as LAeq, Lmax, L10, sound power level, etc. As such, the array of data does not readily lend itself to being combined into a single table or easily compared. As such, this Handbook attempts to summarize a variety of such inventories and provide links to each, thereby providing the reader with a variety of sources from which to choose the appropriate levels for use in his or her respective analysis.

9.4 Summaries of Referenced Inventories

Included below are examples of several inventories of construction-related noise emission values. These and additional inventories are included on the companion CD-ROM.

9.4.1 RCNM Inventory

Equipment and operation noise levels in this inventory are expressed in terms of Lmax noise levels and are accompanied by a usage factor value. They have been recently updated and are based on extensive measurements taken in conjunction with the Central Artery/Tunnel (CA/T) Project. Table 9.1 summarizes the equipment noise emissions database used by the CA/T Project. While these values represent the "default" values for use in the RCNM, user-defined equipment and corresponding noise levels can be added.

Table 9.1 RCNM Default Noise Emission Reference Levels and Usage Factors.

Equipment Description Impact Device? Acoustical Usage Factor (%) Spec. 721.560 Lmax @ 50 feet (dBA, slow) Actual Measured Lmax @ 50 feet (dBA, slow) (Samples Averaged) Number of Actual Data Samples (Count)
All Other Equipment > 5 HP No 50 85 N/A 0
Auger Drill Rig No 20 85 84 36
Backhoe No 40 80 78 372
Bar Bender No 20 80 N/A 0
Blasting Yes N/A 94 N/A 0
Boring Jack Power Unit No 50 80 83 1
Chain Saw No 20 85 84 46
Clam Shovel (dropping) Yes 20 93 87 4
Compactor (ground) No 20 80 83 57
Compressor (air) No 40 80 78 18
Concrete Batch Plant No 15 83 N/A 0
Concrete Mixer Truck No 40 85 79 40
Concrete Pump Truck No 20 82 81 30
Concrete Saw No 20 90 90 55
Crane No 16 85 81 405
Dozer No 40 85 82 55
Drill Rig Truck No 20 84 79 22
Drum Mixer No 50 80 80 1
Dump Truck No 40 84 76 31
Excavator No 40 85 81 170
Flat Bed Truck No 40 84 74 4
Front End Loader No 40 80 79 96
Generator No 50 82 81 19
Generator (<25KVA, VMS Signs) No 50 70 73 74
Gradall No 40 85 83 70
Grader No 40 85 N/A 0
Grapple (on backhoe) No 40 85 87 1
Horizontal Boring Hydraulic Jack No 25 80 82 6
Hydra Break Ram Yes 10 90 N/A 0
Impact Pile Driver Yes 20 95 101 11
Jackhammer Yes 20 85 89 133
Man Lift No 20 85 75 23
Mounted Impact Hammer (hoe ram) Yes 20 90 90 212
Pavement Scarifier No 20 85 90 2
Paver No 50 85 77 9
Pickup Truck No 40 55 75 1
Pneumatic Tools No 50 85 85 90
Pumps No 50 77 81 17
Refrigerator Unit No 100 82 73 3
Rivit Buster/Chipping Gun Yes 20 85 79 19
Rock Drill No 20 85 81 3
Roller No 20 85 80 16
Sand Blasting (single nozzle) No 20 85 96 9
Scraper No 40 85 84 12
Sheers (on backhoe) No 40 85 96 5
Slurry Plant No 100 78 78 1
Slurry Trenching Machine No 50 82 80 75
Soil Mix Drill Rig No 50 80 N/A 0
Tractor No 40 84 N/A 0
Vacuum Excavator (Vac-Truck) No 40 85 85 149
Vacuum Street Sweeper No 10 80 82 19
Ventilation Fan No 100 85 79 13
Vibrating Hopper No 50 85 87 1
Vibratory Concrete Mixer No 20 80 80 1
Vibratory Pile Driver No 20 95 101 44
Warning Horn No 5 85 83 12
Welder/Torch No 40 73 74 5

For each generic type of equipment listed in Table 9.1, the following information is provided:

A comparison of the "Spec" emission limits against the "Actual" emission levels reveals that the Spec limits were set, in general, to realistically obtainable noise levels based on the equipment used by contractors on the CA/T Project. When measured in the field, some equipment such as pile drivers, sand blasting, demolition shears, and pumps tended to exceed their applicable emission limit. As such, these noisy devices needed to have some form of noise mitigation in place in order to comply with the Spec emission limits. Other equipment, such as clamshell shovels, concrete mixer trucks, truck-mounted drill rigs, man-lifts, chipping guns, ventilation fans, pavers, dump trucks, and flatbed trucks, easily complied. Therefore, the Spec emission limits for these devices could have been reduced somewhat further. It is recommended that the user review the RCNM User's Guide contained in Appendix A for detailed guidance regarding application of values contained in Table 9.1.

9.4.2 FHWA Special Report Inventories

Appendix A of the 1977 Handbook provides tables of construction equipment noise levels and ranges. The majority of the data were provided by the American Road Builders Association. These data were taken during a 1973 survey in which member contractors were asked to secure readings of noise exposure to operators of various types of equipment. Additionally, the contractors were asked to take readings at 50 feet from the machinery. These 50-foot peak readings are provided in Tables 9.2 through 9.8. Though the data were produced under varying conditions and degrees of expertise, the values are relatively consistent.

Table 9.2 Construction Equipment Noise Levels Based on Limited Data Samples - Cranes.

Manufacturer Type or Model Peak Noise Level (dBA) Remarks
Northwestern 80D 77 Within 15m 1958 mod
Northwestern 8 84 Within 15m 1940 mod
Northwestern 6 72 Within 15m 1965 mod
American 7260 82 Within 15m 1967 mod
American 599 76 Within 15m 1969 mod
American 5299 70 Within 15m 1972 mod
American 4210 82 Within 15m 1968 mod
Buck Eye 45C 79 Within 15m 1972 mod
Buck Eye 308 74 Within 15m 1968 mod
Buck Eye 30B 73 Within 15m 1965 mod
Buck Eye 30B 70 Within 15m 1959 mod
Link Belt LS98 76 Within 15m 1956 mod
Manitowoc 4000 94 Within 15m 1956 mod
Grove RF59 82 Within 15m 1973 mod
Koehr 605 76 Within 15m 1967 mod
Koehr 435 86 Within 15m 1969 mod
Koehr 405 84 Within 15m 1969 mod

Table 9.3 Construction Equipment Noise Levels Based on Limited Data Samples - Backhoes.

Manufacturer Type or Model Peak Noise Level (dBA) Remarks
Link Belt 4000 92 Within 15m 1971 mod
John Deere 609A 85 Within 15m 1971 mod
Case 680C 74 Within 15m 1973 mod
Drott 40 yr. 82 Within 15m 1971 mod
Koehr 1066 81 & 84 Within 15m 2 tested

Table 9.4 Construction Equipment Noise Levels Based on Limited Data Samples - Front Loaders.

Manufacturer Type or Model Peak Noise Level (dBA) Remarks
Caterpillar 980 84 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 977K 79 Within 15m 1969 mod
Caterpillar 977 87 Within 15m 1971 mod
Caterpillar 977 94 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar 966C 84 Within 15m 1973 mod
Caterpillar 966C 85 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 966 81 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 966 77 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 966 85 Within 15m 1966 mod
Caterpillar 955L 90 Within 15m ;1973 mod
Caterpillar 955K 79 Within 15m 1969 mod
Caterpillar 955H 94 Within 15m 1963 mod
Caterpillar 950 78 & 80 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 950 75 Within 15m 1968 mod
Caterpillar 950 88 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar 950 86 Within 15m 1965 mod
Caterpillar 944A 80 Within 15m 1965 mod
Caterpillar 850 82 Within 15m 1968 mod
Michigan 75B 90 Within 15m 1969 mod
Michigan 475A 96 Within 15m 1967 mod
Michigan 275 85 Within 15m 1971 mod
Michigan 125 87 Within 15m 1967 mod
Hough 65 82 Within 15m 1971 mod
Hough 60 91 Within 15m 1961 mod
Hough 400B 94 Within 15m 1961 mod
Hough H90 86 Within 15m 1961 mod
Trojan 3000 85 Within 15m 1956 mod
Trojan RT 82 Within 15m 1965 mod
Payloader H50 85 Within 15m 1963 mod

Table 9.5 Construction Equipment Noise Levels Based on Limited Data Samples - Dozers.

Manufacturer Type or Model Peak Noise Level (dBA) Remarks
Caterpillar D5 83 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar D6 85 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar D6 86 Within 15m 1964 mod
Caterpillar D6 81 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar D6B 83 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar D6C 82 Within 15m 1962 mod
Caterpillar D7 85 Within 15m 1956 mod
Caterpillar D7 86 Within 15m 1969 mod
Caterpillar D7 84 Within 15m 1969 mod
Caterpillar D7 78 Within 15m 1970 mod
Caterpillar D7 78 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar D7E 86 Within 15m 1965 mod
Caterpillar D7E 78 Within 15m 1970 mod
Caterpillar D7E 84 Within 15m 1973 mod
Caterpillar D7F 80 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar D8 92 Within 15m 1954 mod
Caterpillar D8 95 Within 15m 1968 mod
Caterpillar D8 86 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar D8H 88 Within 15m 1966 mod
Caterpillar D8H 82 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar D9 85 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar D9 94 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar D9 90 Within 15m 1963 mod
Caterpillar D9 87 Within 15m 1965 mod
Caterpillar D9 90 Within 15m 1965 mod
Caterpillar D9 88 Within 15m 1968 mod
Caterpillar D9 92 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar D9G 85 Within 15m 1965 mod
Allis Chambers HD41 93 Within 15m 1970 mod
International TD15 79 Within 15m 1970 mod
International TD20 87 Within 15m 1970 mod
International TD25 90 Within 15m 1972 mod
International TD8 83 Within 15m 1970 mod
Case 1150 82 Within 15m 1972 mod
John Deer 350B 77 Within 15m 1971 mod
John Deer 450B 65 Within 15m 1972 mod
Terex 8230 70 Within 15m 1972 mod
Terex 8240 93 Within 15m 1969 mod
Michigan 280 85 Within 15m 1961 mod
Michigan 280 90 Within 15m 1962 mod
Caterpillar 824 90 Within 15m 1968 mod

Table 9.6 Construction Equipment Noise Levels Based on Limited Data Samples - Graders.

Manufacturer Type or Model Peak Noise Level (dBA) Remarks
Caterpillar 16 91 Within 15m 1969 mod
Caterpillar 16 86 Within 15m 1968 mod
Caterpillar 140 83 Within 15m 1970 mod
Caterpillar 14E 84 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 14E 85 Within 15m 1971 mod
Caterpillar 14C 85 Within 15m 1971 mod
Caterpillar 14B 84 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar 12F 82 Within 15m 1961-72 mod
Caterpillar 12F 72-92 Within 15m 1961-72 mod
Caterpillar 12E 81.3 Within 15m 1959-67 mod
Caterpillar 12E 80-83 Within 15m 1959-67 mod
Caterpillar 12 84.7 Within 15m 1960-67 mod
Caterpillar 12 82-88 Within 15m 1960-67 mod
Gallon T500 84 Within 15m 1964 mod
Allis Chambers   87 Within 15m 1964 mod

Table 9.7 Construction Equipment Noise Levels Based on Limited Data Samples - Scrapers.

Manufacturer Type or Model Peak Noise Level (dBA) Remarks
Caterpillar 660 92 Within 15m
Caterpillar 641B 85 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 641B 86 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 641 80 & 84 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 641 83 & 89 Within 15m 1965 mod
Caterpillar 637 87 Within 15m 1971 mod
Caterpillar 633 87 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 631C 89 Within 15m 1973 mod
Caterpillar 631C 83 Within 15m 1972 mod
Caterpillar 631B 94 Within 15m 1969 mod
Caterpillar 631B 84-87 Within 15m 1968 mod
Caterpillar   85 avg. Within 15m 1968 mod
Caterpillar 621 90 Within 15m 1970 mod
Caterpillar 621 86 Within 15m 1967 mod
Caterpillar 613 76 Within 15m 1972 mod
Terex TS24 87 Within 15m 1972 mod
Terex TS24 84-91  
Terex TS24 82 Within 15m 1971 mod
Terex TS24 81-83 Within 15m 1971 mod
Terex TS24 94 Within 15m 1966 mod
Terex TS24 92-98 Within 15m 1966 mod
Terex TS24 94.7 Within 15m 1963 mod
Terex TS24 94-95 Within 15m 1963 mod
Terex TS14 82 Within 15m 1969 mod
Terex S35E 84 Within 15m 1971 mod

Table 9.8 Noise Levels of Standard Compressors.

Manufacturer Model Silenced or Standard Type Eng. Type Comp. Test Avg. Cond. (cfm.psi) Avg. Cond. Noise Lev. (cfm.psi) (dBA) at 7m*
Atlas ST-48 Standard Diesel Reciprocal 160,100 83.6
Atlas ST-95 Standard Diesel Reciprocal 330,105 80.2
Atlas VSS-170Dd Silenced Diesel Reciprocal 170,850 70.2
Atlas VT-85M Standard Gas Reciprocal 85,100 81.4
Atlas VS-85Dd Silenced Gas Reciprocal 85,100 75.5
Atlas VSS-125Dd Silenced Diesel Reciprocal 125,100 70.1
Atlas STS-35Dd Silenced Diesel Reciprocal 125,100 73.5
Atlas VSS-170Dd Silenced Diesel Reciprocal 170,100  
Gardner-Denver SPWDA/2 Silenced Diesel Rotary-Screw 1200,000 73.3
Gardner-Denver SPQDA/2 Silenced Diesel Rotary-Screw 750,000 78.2
Gardner-Denver SPHGC Silenced Gas Rotary-Screw 185,000 77.1
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 1200 Standard Diesel Rotary-Screw 1200,125 92.6
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 1200
(doors open)
Standard Diesel Rotary-Screw 1200,125  
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 900S Silenced Diesel Rotary-Screw 900,125 76.0
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 900S Silenced Diesel Rotary-Screw 900,125 75.1
Ingersoll-Rand DXLCU1050 Standard Diesel Rotary-Screw 1050,125 90.2
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 900S Silenced Diesel Rotary-Screw 900,125 75.3
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 900S Silenced Diesel Rotary-Screw 900,125 75.0
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 900 Standard Diesel Rotary-Screw 900,125 89.9
Ingersoll-Rand DXL 750 Standard Diesel Rotary-Screw 750,125 87.7
Jaeger A Standard Gas Rotary-Screw 175,100 88.2
Jaeger A( doors open) Standard Gas Rotary-Screw 175,100  
Jaeger E Standard Gas Vane 85,100 81.5
Jaeger E(doors open) Standard Gas Vane 85,100  
Worthington 60 G/2Qt Silenced Gas Vane 160,100 74.2
Worthington 750-QTEX Silenced Diesel Rotary-Screw 750,100 74.7

*Data taken from EPA Report - EPA 550/9-76-004.

9.4.3 FTA Noise and Vibration Assessment Procedure

Chapter 12 of the FTA Transit Noise and Vibration Guidance Handbook discusses construction noise evaluation methodology and contains the noise emission levels for construction equipment displayed in Table 9.9.

Table 9.9 FTA Construction Equipment Noise Emission Levels.

Equipment Typical Noise Level (dBA) 50 ft from Source*
Air Compressor 81
Backhoe 80
Ballast Equalizer 82
Ballast Tamper 83
Compactor 82
Concrete Mixer 85
Concrete Pump 82
Concrete Vibrator 76
Crane Derrick 88
Crane Mobile 83
Dozer 85
Generator 81
Grader 85
Impact Wrench 85
Jack Hammer 88
Loader 85
Paver 89
Pile Driver (Impact) 101
Pile Driver (Sonic) 96
Pneumatic Tool 85
Pump 76
Rail Saw 90
Rock Drill 98
Roller 74
Saw 76
Scarifier 83
Scraper 89
Shovel 82
Spike Driver 77
Tie Cutter 84
Tie Handler 80
Tie Inserter 85
Truck 88

*Table based on EPA Report, measured data from railroad construction equipment taken during Northeast Corridor improvement project and other measured data.

9.5 Links to Equipment Manufacturers

Table 9.10 contains web-based links to manufacturers of construction equipment. While few of these links contain noise-related data associated with the equipment, they provide descriptions and/or specifications related to the equipment, as well as sources for possibly obtaining additional information related to the equipment. Information in this table is by no means all-inclusive and does not represent any type of endorsement of the manufacturers, suppliers, or equipment. Users are hereby advised that the referenced websites may have certain restrictions, copyrights, etc., associated with any use of data contained therein.

Table 9.10 Equipment Manufacturers and Websites.

Equipment Manufacturer Website Address
Arrow Boards
  North Star http://northstar-traffic.com/index.cfm?SC=14&PT=1
  Trafcom http://www.trafcon.com
  Allmand http://www.allmand.com/MB%20AB%20page.htm
Articulated Trucks
  Case http://www.casece.com/products/products.asp?RL=NAE&id=196
  Hitachi http://www.hitachi-c-m.com/global/products/articulate/index.html
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Caterpillar http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Volvo http://www.volvo.com/constructionequipment/na/en-us/products/articulatedhaulers/
Asphalt Saws
  Allied http://www.alliedcp.com/products/rotocut.asp
Augers - See Drills / Augers
Backhoes - See Loaders/Backhoes
Boring Equipment - See Pile Drivers/Boring Equipment
Compaction Equipment
  Allied http://www.alliedcp.com/products/compactor.asp
Compressors
  Sullair http://www.sullair.com/corp/details/0,10294,CLI1_DIV61_ETI5714,00.html
  Compair http://www.compair.com/Products/Portable_Compressors.aspx
Concrete and Asphalt Batch/Mixing Plants and Equipment
  Con-E-Co http://www.con-e-co.com/products.cfm
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Gunter & Zimmerman http://www.guntert.com/concrete_mobilebatching.asp
  Rex Con http://www.rexcon.com
Concrete Breakers/ Hydraulic Hammers/Hydraulic Breakers
  Drillman http://www.drillmanindia.com/concrete-breaker.html
  Hydro Khan http:/www.sangi.co.kr/english/e_product1_2.php
  Stanley http://www.stanley-hydraulic-tools.com/Hand%20Held/NoAmbreakers.htm
  Lynx http://www.stanley-hydraulic-tools.com/Lynx/breakers.htm
Concrete Chain Saws
  Lynx http://www.stanley-hydraulic-tools.com/Lynx/concrete-saws.htm
Concrete Core Drilling Machines
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/318_ENU_HTML.htm
Concrete Cutters
  Vermeer http://www.vermeermfg.com/vcom/TrenchingEquipment/Line.jsp?PrdlnID=3618
Concrete/Material Pumps
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/309_ENU_HTML.htm
  Reed http://www.reedpumps.com/
Concrete Mixer Trucks
  Oshkosh http://www.oshkoshtruck.com/concrete/products~overview~home.cfm
  London http://www.lmi.ca/mixers.cfm
  Terex/Advance http://www.advancemixer.com
Concrete Saws
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/315_ENU_HTML.htm
  Diamond Core Cut http://www.diamondproducts.com/dp_home.htm
Concrete Screeds
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/317_ENU_HTML.htm
Concrete Vibrators
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/313_ENU_HTML.htm
  Sullair http://www.sullair.com/corp/details/0,10294,CLI1_DIV61_ETI5722,00.html
Cranes
  Malcolm Drilling www.malcolmdrilling.com
  Link-Belt http://www.linkbelt.com/lit/products/frameproducthome.htm
  Casagrande http://www.casagrandegroup.com
  Liebherr http://www.liebherr.com/em/en/35381.asp
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
Crawler Tractors - See Dozers/Crawler Tractors
Crushing and Screening Equipment
  Cedarapids http://www.cedarapids.com/crushscr.htm
  Hitachi http://www.hitachi-c-m.com/
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/mobile_crushers.html
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
Crushers/Pulverizers
  Hydro Khan http://www.sangi.co.kr/english/e_product3.php
Cutoff Saws
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/309_ENU_HTML.htm
  Lynx http://www.stanley-hydraulic-tools.com/Lynx/cutoff%20saw.htm
Dozers/CrawlerTractors
  John Deere http://www.deere.com/en_US/cfd/construction/deere_const/crawlers/deere_dozer_selection.html
  Caterpillar http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Case http://www.casece.com/products/products.asp?RL=NAE&id=2
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/crawler_dozers.html
Dewatering Pumps
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/371_ENU_HTML.htm
Drills / Augers
  Malcolm Drilling www.malcolmdrilling.com
  Casagrande www.casagrandegroup.com
  Soilmec http://www.soilmec.com/_vti_g1_techno.aspx?rpstry=4_
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
Excavators
  Hitachi http://www.hitachi-c-m.com/global/products/excavator/index.html
  Caterpiller http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Volvo http://www.volvo.com/constructionequipment/na/en-us/products/compactexcavators/
    http://www.volvo.com/constructionequipment/na/en-us/products/wheeledexcavators/
    http://www.volvo.com/constructionequipment/na/en-us/products/crawlerexcavators/
  John Deere http://www.deere.com/en_US/cfd/construction/deere_const/excavators/deere_excavator_selection.html
  Liebherr http://www.liebherr.com/em/en/18891.asp
  Soilmec http://www.soilmec.com/_vti_g1_t02.aspx?rpstry=29_
  Gehl http://www.gehl.com
  Case http://www.casece.com/products/products.asp?RL=NAE&id=216
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/crawler_excavators.html
    http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/wheel_excavators.html
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Link-Belt http://www.lbxco.com/lx_series.asp
  Gradall http://www.gradall.com/
  Badger Daylighting http://www.badgerinc.com/
Fork Lifts - See Lifts / Variable Reach Fork Lifts/ Material Handlers
Generators
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/212_ENU_HTML.htm
  Sullair http://www.sullair.com/corp/details/0,10294,CLI1_DIV61_ETI5714,00.html
  Baldor http://www.baldor.com/products/generators/ts.asp
Graders
  Case http://www.casece.com/products/products.asp?RL=NAE&id=190
  Volvo http://www.volvo.com/constructionequipment/na/en-us/products/MotorGraders/
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/motor_graders.html
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
Hand Compaction Equipment
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/56_ENU_HTML.htm
Hydraulic Hammers/Hydraulic Breakers - See Concrete Breakers/ Hydraulic Hammers/Hydraulic Breakers
Jackhammers - See Rock Drilling Equipment/Jackhammers
Lifts / Variable Reach Fork Lifts/ Material Handlers
  Genie Lift www.genielift.com
  Sky Track www.kirby-smith.com/
  Ingersol-Rand www.ingersollrand.com
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Roadtec http://www.roadtec.com/www/docs/102/mtv-material-transfer-vehicle/
Light Towers
  Baldor http://www.baldor.com/products/generators/mlt.asp
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/293_ENU_HTML.htm
  Allmand http://www.allmand.com/Night%20Lite%20Pro%20page.htm
Loaders/Backhoes
  Case http://www.casece.com/products/products.asp?RL=NAE&id=54
  Caterpillar http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Volvo http://www.volvo.com/constructionequipment/na/en-us/products/backhoeloaders/
  John Deere http://www.deere.com/en_US/cfd/construction/deere_const/backhoes/deere_backhoe_selection.html
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/backhoe_loaders.html
Material Handlers - See Lifts / Variable Reach Fork Lifts/ Material Handlers
Milling Machines
  Wirtgen http://www.wirtgenamerica.com/us/
Mining Trucks - See Rigid Dump Trucks/Mining Trucks
Pans - See Scrapers/Pans
Pavers/Paving Equipment
  Caterpillar/ Barber Greene http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Rosco http://www.leeboy.com/rosco/
  Bomag http://www.bomag.com/americas/index.aspx?&Lang=478
  Gehl http://www.gehl.com/const/prodpg_ap.html
  Leeboy http://www.leeboy.com/leeboy/
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Ingersoll-Rand http://www.road-development.irco.com/Default.aspx?MenuItemID=12
  Vogele http://www.vogeleamerica.com/noflash.html
  GOMACO http://www.gomaco.com/index.html
  Roadtec http://www.roadtec.com
Pile Drivers/Boring Equipment
  Soilmec http://www.soilmec.com/_vti_g1_t09.aspx?rpstry=29_
  Leffer http://www.leffer.com/hme.html
  Bauer http://www.bauer.de/en/maschinenbau/produkte/drehbohrgeraete/bg_reihe/usbg15h.htm
Pipelayers/Trenchers
  Liebherr http://www.liebherr.com/em/en/18908.asp
  Caterpillar http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Case http://www.casece.com/products/products.asp?RL=NAE&id=28&archived=1
  Vermeer http://www.vermeermfg.com/vcom/TrenchingEquipment/trenching-equipment.htm
  Ditchwitch http://www.ditchwitch.com/dwcom/Product/ProductView/115
  Eagle http://www.guntert.com/trenchers_home.asp
Profilers - See Roadway Planers/Profilers
Rammers
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/56_ENU_HTML.htm
Rebar Benders/Cutters
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/1316_ENU_HTML.htm
Recyclers - See Stabilizers/Recyclers
Rigid Dump Trucks/Mining Trucks
  Hitachi http://www.hitachi-c-m.com/global/products/rigid/index.html
  Caterpillar http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Liebherr http://www.liebherr.com/em/en/18898.asp
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/dump_trucks.html
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
Roadway Planers/Profilers
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Roadtec http://www.roadtec.com/products/cold_planers/default.htm
Rock Drilling Equipment/Jackhammers
  Drillman http://www.drillmanindia.com/rock-drilling-machine.html
  Whaker http://www.wackergroup.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/
  Sullair http://www.sullair.com/corp/details/0,10294,CLI1_DIV61_ETI5721,00.html
  Allied http://www.alliedcp.com/products/hammers.asp
Rollers - See Tampers/Rollers
Scrapers/Pans
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
Screening Equipment - See Crushing and Screening Equipment
Slabbuster
  Allied http://www.alliedcp.com/products/slabbuster.asp
Slip Form Pavers
  Huron http://www.huronmanufacturing.com/
  Guntert & Zimmerman http://www.guntert.com/concreteSlipformPavers.asp
Stabilizers/Recyclers
  Bomag http://www.bomag.com/americas/index.aspx?&Lang=478
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/mobile_crushers.html
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Wirtgen http://www.wirtgenamerica.com/us/
  Roadtec http://www.roadtec.com
Sweepers
  Elgin http://www.elginsweeper.com
  Johnston http://www.johnstonsweepers.com/
Tampers/ Rollers
  Bomag http://www.bomag.com/americas/index.aspx?&Lang=478
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/vibratory_rollers.html
  Whaker http://www.wackergroup.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/
  Lynx http://www.stanley-hydraulic-tools.com/Lynx/tamper.htm
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/181_ENU_HTML.htm
  Ingersoll-Rand http://www.road-development.irco.com/Default.aspx?MenuItemID=15
Trenchers - See Pipelayers/Trenchers
Trucks - See Articulated Trucks, Concrete Mixer Trucks, Rigid Dump Trucks/Mining Trucks
Vacuum Units
  Advanced Recycling Systems www.arsrecycling.com/
  Vacmasters http://www.vacmasters.com/airsystm.htm
  Vector http://www.vector-vacuums.com/
Variable Message Signs
  Allmand http://www.allmand.com/MB%20only%20page.htm
  North Star http://northstar-traffic.com/index.cfm?SC=13&PT=1
  Trafcom http://www.trafcon.com
  Daktronics http://www.daktronics.com/vms_prod/dak_vms_products.cfm
Vibratory Rammers
  Whaker http://www.wackergroup.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/
Welders/Welding Equipment
  Airgas www.airgas.com
  Multiquip http://www.multiquip.com/multiquip/408_ENU_HTML.htm
  Miller http://www.millerwelds.com/products/
  Lincoln http://www.mylincolnelectric.com/Catalog/equipmentseries.asp?browse=101|400|
Wheel Loaders
  Hitachi http://www.hitachi-c-m.com/global/products/loader/index.html
  Case http://www.casece.com/products/products.asp?RL=NAE&id=30
  Caterpillar http://www.cat.com/cda/layout?m=37840&x=7
  Volvo http://www.volvo.com/constructionequipment/na/en-us/products/wheelloaders/
  Terex http://www.terex.com/main.php
  Komatsu http://www.komatsu.com/ce/products/wheel_loaders.html
  TCM http://www.tcmglobal.net/products/main02.html
Updated: 07/05/2011
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
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