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Measurement of Highway-Related Noise

Introduction

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U.S. Department
of Transportation
Federal Highway
Administration

Measurement of Highway-Related Noise


FHWA-PD-96-046
DOT-VNTSC-FHWA-96-5
Cynthia S.Y. Lee
Gregg G. Fleming
U.S. Department of Transportation
Research and Special Programs Administration
John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
Acoustics Facility, DTS-75
Kendall Square
Cambridge, MA 02142-1093


Final Report
May 1996
This document is available to the public through the
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161

Prepared for
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Environment and Planning
Washington, D.C. 20590
Prepared by
U.S. Department of Transportation
Research and Special Programs Administration
John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
Acoustics Facility, DTS-75
Kendall Square
Cambridge, MA 02142-1093


FOREWORD

Noise is an important environmental consideration for highway planners and designers. It can annoy and cause psychological or physiological harm, depending on frequency characteristics and loudness. The U.S. Department of Transportation and State transportation agencies are charged with the responsibility of optimizing compatibility of highway operations with environmental concerns. Highway noise problems have been addressed by numerous investigations, including evaluations of the following:

  1. noise sources and highway noise reference energy mean emission levels;
  2. noise impacts at receptor locations;
  3. effects of site geometry, meteorology, ground surface conditions, and barriers on noise propagation; and
  4. alternative methods of mitigating noise impacts.

Precise, uniform, state-of-the-art, highway traffic noise measurement procedures for assessing impacts in the vicinity of roadways, and designing effective, cost-efficient noise barriers, are a recognized need in the highway noise community.

This report provides Federal, State, and local transportation agencies with a set of standardized procedures for measuring and assessing highway-related noise. It replaces "Sound Procedures for Measuring Highway Noise" published by the FHWA in 1981.

NOTICE

This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.

The United States Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers' names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the object of this document.

REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE

Form Approved
OMB No. 0704-0188
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188), Washington, DC 20503.
1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE
May 1996
3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED
Final Report January 1995 - May 1996
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
MEASUREMENT OF HIGHWAY-RELATED NOISE
5. FUNDING NUMBERS
HW666/H6008
6. AUTHOR(S)
Cynthia S.Y. Lee, Gregg G. Fleming
7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
U.S. Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center Acoustics Facility Cambridge, MA 02142-1093
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER

DOT-VNTSC-FHWA-96-5
9. SPONSORING/MONITORING
AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration Office of Environment and Planning Washington, D.C. 20590
10. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER
FHWA-PD-96-046
11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
FHWA Program Managers: Robert E. Armstrong and Steven A. Ronning, HEP-41, Office of Environment and Planning; FHWA Contacts: Howard A. Jongedyk, HNR-20, Office of Engineering Research and Development.
12a. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT
This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161
12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE
13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 words)
The U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (Volpe Center), Acoustics Facility, in support of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Office of Environment and Planning, has developed the "Measurement of Highway-Related Noise." This document reflects significant improvements and changes in noise measurement technologies that have evolved since the 1981 FHWA publication, Sound Procedures for Measuring Highway Noise.
This report documents the recommended procedures for the measurement of (1) existing noise; (2) vehicle noise emissions; (3) barrier insertion loss; (4) construction equipment noise; (5) noise reduction due to buildings; and (6) occupational noise exposure.
14. SUBJECT TERMS
Noise, Highway Noise, Noise Measurement, Noise Prediction, Traffic Noise Model, FHWA TNM, Noise Barrier, Parallel Noise Barrier, Insertion Loss, Existing Noise, Vehicle Noise Emission, REMEL, Building Noise, Construction Noise
15. NUMBER OF PAGES
189
16. PRICE CODE
17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION
OF REPORT
Unclassified
18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION
OF THIS PAGE
Unclassified
19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF ABSTRACT
Unclassified
20. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT

NSN 7540-01-280-5500

Standard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89)
Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239-18
298-102

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (Volpe Center), Acoustics Facility, in support of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Office of Environment and Planning, has developed the "Measurement of Highway-Related Noise."

Major contributors of the Acoustics Facility staff members are: Amanda S. Rapoza, Dave R. Read, and Christopher J. Roof who provided field measurement and data reduction and analysis expertise.

Thanks also go to Rudolph Hendriks (Caltrans), Grant S. Anderson (Harris Miller Miller & Hanson Inc.), and Frank Iacaveno (Acentech Inc.) for their field measurement and analysis expertise and input.

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Updated: 07/06/2011
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