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Noise Barrier Design Handbook

References

Reference #1
Simpson, Myles A. Noise Barrier Design Handbook. Report No. FHWA-RD-76-58. Arlington, VA: Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc., February 1976.

Reference #2
Knauer, Harvey S., Soren Pedersen, Cynthia S.Y. Lee, Gregg G. Fleming, Out of the Box Productions. FHWA Highway Noise Barrier Design Video. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, February 2000.

Reference #3
Pedersen, Soren, Harvey S. Knauer, Cynthia S.Y. Lee, Gregg G. Fleming. FHWA Highway Noise Barrier Design CD-ROM. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, February 2000.

Reference #4
Anderson, Grant S., Cynthia S.Y. Lee, Gregg G. Fleming. FHWA Traffic Noise Model,® Version 1.0: User's Guide. Report No. FHWA-PD-96-009 and DOT-VNTSC-FHWA-98-1. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, January 1998.

Reference #5
Menge, Christopher W., Christopher J. Rossano, Grant S. Anderson, Christopher J. Bajdek. FHWA Traffic Noise Model,® Version 1.0: Technical Manual. Report No. FHWA-PD-96-010 and DOT-VNTSC-FHWA-98-2. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, February 1998.

Reference #6
Fleming, Gregg G., Amanda S. Rapoza, Cynthia S.Y. Lee. Development of National Reference Energy Mean Emission Levels for the FHWA Traffic Noise Model,® Version 1.0. Report No. FHWA-PD-96-008 and DOT-VNTSC-FHWA-96-2. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, November 1995

Reference #7
Bowlby, William, Theodore Patrick, Cynthia S.Y. Lee, Gregg G. Fleming. FHWA Traffic Noise Model,® Version 1.0: Trainer CD-ROM. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, March 1998.

Reference #8
"Acoustical Terminology." American National Standard, ANSI S1.1-1994. New York: American National Standards Institute, 1994.

Reference #9
"Methods for Determination of Insertion Loss of Outdoor Noise Barriers." American National Standard, ANSI S12.8-1998. New York: American National Standards Institute, 1998.

Reference #10
"Procedures for Outdoor Measurement of Sound Pressure Level." American National Standard, ANSI S12.18-1994 New York: American National Standards Institute, 1994.

Reference #11
Johnson, D.L., A.H. Marsh, C.M. Harris. "Acoustical Measurement Instruments." Handbook of Acoustical Measurements and Noise Control. New York: Columbia University, 1991.

Reference #12
"Specification for Sound Level Meters." American National Standard, ANSI S1.4-1983 (R1997). New York: American National Standards Institute, 1997.

Reference #13
"Ground Impedance - Measurement of Ground Impedance." American National Standard. New York: American National Standards Institute, (to be published).

Reference #14
"Test Method for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D 698-91(1998). Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1998.

Reference #15
"Test Method for Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Reverberation Room Method." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard C 423-90a. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1990

Reference #16
"Classification for Rating Sound Insulation." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard E 413-87 (R1994). Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1987.

Reference #17
Highway Noise Barriers: Performance, Maintenance, and Safety (Video). Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, October 1996.

Reference #18
Hendriks, Rudolf. Technical Noise Supplement - A Technical Supplement to the Traffic Noise Analysis Protocol. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Transportation, October 1998.

Reference #19
Lee, Cynthia S.Y., Gregg G. Fleming. Measurement of Highway-Related Noise. Report No. FHWA-PD-96-046 and DOT-VNTSC-FHWA-96-5. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, May 1996.

Reference #20
Embleton, T.F.W. " Sound Propagation Outdoors - Improved Prediction Schemes for the 80's." Noise Control Engineering. Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 30-39, 1982.

Reference #21
Embleton, T.F.W., J.E. Piercy, and G.A. Daigle. " Effective Flow Resistivity of Ground Surfaces Determined by Acoustical Measurements." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 74, pp. 1239-1244, 1984.

Reference #22
"Method for Calculation of the Absorption of Sound By the Atmosphere." American National Standard, ANSI S1.26-1995. New York: American National Standards Institute, 1995.

Reference #23
"Acoustics - Attenuation of Sound During Propagation Outdoors - Part 1: Calculation of the Absorption of Sound By the Atmosphere." International Organization for Standardization, ISO 9613-1:1993. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 1993.

Reference #24
Hendriks, R.W. Field Evaluation of Acoustical Performance of Parallel Highway Noise Barriers Along Route 99 in Sacramento, California. Report No. FHWA/CA/TL-91/01. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Transportation, Division of New Technology, Materials and Research, January 1991.

Reference #25
Wayson, Roger L., Bowlby, William. "Atmospheric Effects of Traffic Noise Propagation." Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, Paper No.890796. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board, January 1990.

Reference #26
Acoustics and Your Environment - The Basics of Sound and Highway Traffic Noise (Video). Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, February 1999.

Reference #27
Kurze, U.J. "Prediction Methods for Road Traffic Noise." Lecture notes: International Seminar of Road Traffic Noise Evaluation by Model Studies. Grenoble, France: September 1988.

Reference #28
Foss, Rene N. "Single Screen Noise Barrier." Noise Control Engineering. pp. 40-44, July-August 1978.

Reference #29
Barry, T.M. and J.A. Reagan. FHWA Highway Traffic Noise Prediction Model. Report No. FHWA-RD-77-108. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration, December 1978.

Reference #30
"Test Method for Impedance and Absorption of Acoustical Materials by the Impedance Tube Method." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard C 384-95a. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1995.

Reference #31
Bradley, J.S., J.D. Quirt, J.A. Birta. "Measuring Sound Absorption of Traffic Noise Barriers." The Wall Journal, Issue 31. Lehigh Acres, FL: The Wall Journal, 1997.

Reference #32
Oostveen, J.C.J. "Gaps Beneath Noise Screens - Acoustically Permissible?" DWW wijzer, ISSN 0926-8618. Delft, Netherlands: Rijkswaterstaat, Road and Hydraulic Engineering Division, 1989.

Reference #33
Fleming, G.G. and E.J. Rickley. Performance Evaluation of Experimental Highway Noise Barriers. Report No. FHWA-RD-94-093. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, April 1994.

Reference #34
Fleming, G.G. and E.J. Rickley. Parallel Barrier Effectiveness: Dulles Noise Barrier Project. Report No. FHWA-RD-90-105. Cambridge, MA: John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Acoustics Facility, May 1990.

Reference #35
Hendriks, Rudolf. " To Absorb Or Not To Absorb." The Wall Journal. Issue 21, 1996.

Reference #36
Chalupnik, J.D. Multi-Level Roadway Noise Abatement. Report No. WA-RD-266.1. Seattle, WA: Washington State Transportation Center, University of Washington, April 1992.

Reference #37
Summary of Noise Barriers Constructed By December 31, 1995. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, December 1996.

Reference #38
Cohn, Louis F. and Roswell A. Harris. Special Noise Barrier Applications: Literature Review - Task 1 (draft). Louisville, KY: University of Louisville, December 1991.

Reference #39
May, D.N. and M.M. Osman. "Highway Noise Barriers: New Shapes." Journal of Sound and Vibration. Vol.71, No.1, pp. 73-101, 1980.

Reference #40
Hutchins, D.A., J.W. Jones, and L.T. Russell. "Model Studies of Barrier Performance in the Presence of Ground Surfaces, Part II - Different Shapes." Journal of Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 75, No. 6, pp. 1817-1826, 1984.

Reference #41
Fujiwara, K. and N. Futura. "Sound Shielding Efficiency of a Barrier with a Cylinder at the Edge." Noise Control Engineering Journal. Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 5-11, 1991.

Reference #42
Hutchins, D.A., J.W. Jones, B. Patterson, and L.T. Russell. "Studies of Parallel Barrier Performance by Acoustical Modeling." Journal of Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 77, pp. 536-546, 1985.

Reference #43
California Noise Barriers. Special Task Force on Noise Barriers, CALTRANS, June 1992.

Reference #44
"New-Product Evaluation Procedures." NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice, 90. Washington, D.C: Transportation Research Board, June 1982.

Reference #45
"Value Engineering in Preconstruction and Construction." NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice, 78. Washington, D.C: Transportation Research Board, 1981.

Reference #46
"Standard Method of Measuring Relative Resistance of Wall, Floor, and Roof Construction to Impact Loading." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard E695-79(1997)e1. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1997.

Reference #47
"Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard E84-98e1. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1998.

Reference #48
"Methods of Test for Concrete." Canadian Standards Association, CAN/CSA Standard A23.2-5C. Etobicoke, Ontario: CSA International, June 1994.

Reference #49
"Air Content of Plastic Concrete." Canadian Standards Association, CAN/CSA Standard A23.2-4C. Etobicoke, Ontario: CSA International, 1994.

Reference #50
"Standard Test Method for Making, Accelerated Curing, and Testing Concrete Compression Test Specimens." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard C684-96. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1996.

Reference #51
"Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard C496-96. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1996.

Reference #52
"Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of Parameters of the Air-Void System in Hardened Concrete." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard C457-90. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1990.

Reference #53
"Standard Test Method for Resistance of Concrete to Rapid Freezing and Thawing ." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard C666-97. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1997.

Reference #54
"Standard Test Method for Scaling Resistance of Concrete Surfaces Exposed to Deicing Chemicals." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard C672-92. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1992.

Reference #55
Janssen, D.J. and M.B. Snyder. "Resistance of Concrete to Freezing and Thawing." Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP-C-391). Washington, D.C: Strategic Highway Research Program, June 1994.

Reference #56
"Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard B117-97. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1997.

Reference #57
"Standard Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Xenon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard G26-96. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1996.

Reference #58
"Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D660-93. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1993.

Reference #59
"Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D661-93. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1993.

Reference #60
"Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D714-87(1994)e1. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1994.

Reference #61
"Standard Test Method for Calculation of Color Differences From Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D2244-93. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1993.

Reference #62
"Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D3359-97. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1997.

Reference #63
"Standard Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D4214-98. Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1998.

Reference #64
"Standard Method for Sample Preparation for Determining Penetration of Preservatives in Wood." American Wood-Preservers' Association, AWPA Standard A19-93. Granbury, TX: American Wood-Preservers' Association, 1993.

Reference #65
"Sawn Timber - Determination of the Average Moisture Content of a Lot." International Organization for Standardization, ISO 4470:1981. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization, 1981.

Reference #66
"Standard for Noise Barriers on Roadways." Canadian Standards Association, CAN/CSA Standard Z107.9-00. Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada: CSA International, 2000.

Reference #67
"Test Method for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort." American Society of Testing and Materials, ASTM Standard D1557-91(1998). Philadelphia, PA: American Society of Testing and Materials, 1998.

Reference #68
"Specification for Acoustical Calibrators." American National Standard, ANSI S1.40-1984 (R1997). New York: American National Standards Institute, 1997.

Reference #69
"Electroacoustics - Sound Calibrators." International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC 60942 Ed. 2.0 b:1997. Switzerland: International Electrotechnical Commission, 1997.

Reference #70
"Measurement of Sound Pressure Levels." American National Standard, ANSI S1.13-1995. New York: American National Standards Institute, 1995.

Reference #71
"Electroacoustics - Instruments for Measurement of Aircraft Noise - Performance Requirements for Systems to Measure One-Third-Octave Band Sound Pressure Levels in Noise Certification of Transport-Category Aeroplanes." International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC 61265 Ed. 1.0 b:1995. Switzerland: International Electrotechnical Commission, 1995.

Reference #72
"Quantities and Procedures for Description and Measurement of Environmental Sound, Part 1." American National Standard, ANSI S12.9-1988/Part 1(R 1993). New York: American National Standards Institute, 1993.

Reference #73
Bowlby, William, John Higgins, and Jerry Reagan. Noise Barrier Cost Reduction Procedure - STAMINA 2.0/OPTIMA: User's Manual. Report No. FHWA-DP-58-1. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration, April 1982.

Reference #74
Hendriks, R.W and Dick Wood. Sound32. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Transportation, Division of New Technology, Materials and Research, January 1991.

Reference #75
Bowlby, W., J. Li, and C. Patton. TrafficNoiseCAD Version 2.0 -- User's Guide. Brentwood, TN: Bowlby and Associates, Inc., April 1994.

Reference #76
Jones, Keith and Rudolf Hendriks. Traffic Noise Analysis Protocol - For New Highway Construction and Reconstruction Projects. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Transportation, October 1998.

Reference #77
The Sounds of Our Time (Video). Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation, 1997.

Reference #78
Sound Advice (Video). Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana Department of Transportation, December 1995.

Reference #79
Highway Traffic Noise - A Community Primer (Video). Trenton, NJ: New Jersey Department of Transportation, Bureaus of Environmental Analysis and Research, 1988.

Reference #80
Making Sound Decisions About Noise Abatement (Video). Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, 1996.

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