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Pavement Effects Implementation Study

Appendix A. Tables

A.1 Tables of Values for Plots in Section 2

Tables 3-5 in this section correspond to Figures 1-3 in Section 2.

Table 3. Tabular form: TNM-predicted sound pressure levels (LAeq1h) as a function of distance ? flat site, no noise barrier. Variables: louder and quieter pavement, acoustically hard and soft ground.

Distance from center of near travel lane (ft)

Louder pavement sound level (dBA)

Quieter pavement sound level (dBA)

Hard ground

Soft ground

Hard ground

Soft ground

50

77.3

76.8

73.9

73.1

100

74.1

70.1

71.2

66.8

200

70.8

63.7

68.4

60.7

300

68.8

59.9

66.6

57.2

400

67.3

57.2

65.2

54.7

500

66.0

55.1

64.0

52.9

600

64.9

53.3

63.0

51.3

700

64.0

51.6

62.2

49.9

800

63.2

50.2

61.4

48.8

900

62.4

49.0

60.7

47.9

1000

61.7

47.9

60.1

47.0

1100

61.1

47.0

59.5

46.3

1200

60.5

46.1

59.0

45.6

1300

59.9

45.4

58.5

45.1

1400

59.4

44.8

58.0

44.6

1500

58.9

44.2

57.5

44.1

1600

58.4

43.7

57.1

43.7


Table 4. Tabular form: TNM-predicted noise reductions (LAeq1h for louder pavement minus quieter pavement) as a function of distance. Variables: flat site (with acoustically hard and soft ground), barrier site, elevated road, depressed road.

Distance from center of near travel lane (ft)

Flat open site sound level reduction (dBA)

Barrier site sound level reduction (dBA)

10-ft elevated road sound level reduction (dBA)

10-ft depressed road sound level reduction (dBA)

Soft ground

Hard ground

Soft ground

Soft ground

Soft ground

50

3.7

3.4

1.0

2.8

2.0

100

3.3

2.9

1.3

3.3

2.2

200

3.0

2.4

1.6

3.2

2.4

300

2.8

2.2

1.6

3.1

2.4

400

2.5

2.1

1.4

3.0

2.2

500

2.3

2.0

1.2

2.8

1.9

600

2.0

1.9

1.0

2.6

1.6

700

1.7

1.8

0.8

2.4

1.3

800

1.4

1.7

0.6

2.1

1.1

900

1.1

1.7

0.4

1.8

0.8

1000

0.9

1.6

0.3

1.5

0.6

1100

0.7

1.5

0.2

1.3

0.4

1200

0.5

1.5

0.1

1.1

0.3

1300

0.4

1.4

0.0

0.8

0.2

1400

0.2

1.4

-0.1

0.7

0.1

1500

0.1

1.3

-0.2

0.5

0.0

1600

0.0

1.3

-0.2

0.4

-0.1


Table 5. Tabular form: TNM-predicted sound pressure spectral levels (LAeq1h) ? flat site, no noise barrier, acoustically soft ground. Variables: distance, louder and quieter pavement.

Frequency (Hz)

Louder pavement sound level (dBA)

Quieter pavement sound level (dBA)

Distance = 50 ft

Distance = 500 ft

Distance = 1000 ft

Distance = 50 ft

Distance = 500 ft

Distance = 1000 ft

broadband

76.8

55.1

47.9

73.1

52.9

47.0

50

33.2

23.2

20.1

34.1

24.1

21.0

63

42.2

32.1

29.0

44.0

33.9

30.8

80

46.8

36.6

33.5

48.3

38.2

35.0

100

49.3

39.0

35.8

50.2

39.9

36.7

125

51.3

40.8

37.5

51.7

41.2

38.0

160

53.6

42.6

39.2

53.8

42.8

39.5

200

55.4

43.5

39.8

55.7

43.9

40.2

250

56.5

41.3

33.2

56.9

41.9

33.8

315

58.4

38.3

28.9

59.0

38.9

29.5

400

60.8

34.5

29.2

61.3

35.1

29.9

500

64.0

37.3

29.3

64.1

37.4

29.5

630

65.6

40.4

31.6

65.0

39.6

30.9

800

67.8

43.2

33.5

65.7

41.0

31.2

1000

69.4

45.1

35.4

65.4

41.5

31.8

1250

68.8

45.5

36.0

62.7

40.7

31.3

1600

67.9

45.9

36.3

59.5

39.9

30.4

2000

67.0

45.1

35.5

57.4

39.0

29.7

2500

64.4

44.6

35.4

55.0

39.1

30.1

3150

61.5

43.2

34.6

53.2

38.5

30.1

4000

57.6

37.4

30.0

51.2

33.6

26.6

5000

53.1

29.3

23.6

49.1

26.1

21.4

6300

51.0

32.5

25.4

48.3

31.2

24.3

8000

47.9

28.7

21.5

45.8

27.7

20.6

10000

45.0

22.8

15.1

40.9

20.0

12.6

A.2 Tables of Values for Plots in Section 3

Tables 6 and 7 in this section correspond to Figures 6 and 7 in Section 3.

Table 6. Tabular form: TNM-predictions compared to measured highway noise data, applying TNM Average pavement and TNM OBSI-adjusted pavement; broadband sound levels.

Broadband RAC

Broadband LPCC

Broadband TPCC

Avg Road - Meas  (RAC)

Avg RAC Adj-Meas

Spec RAC Adj - Meas

Avg Road - Meas  (LPCC)

Avg LPCC Adj-Meas

Spec LPCC Adj - Meas

Avg Road - Meas  (TPCC)

Avg TPCC Adj-Meas

Spec TPCC Adj - Meas

6.0

2.9

2.1

-0.6

0.4

-0.1

-3.7

-0.4

-0.7

5.7

2.5

1.8

-0.7

0.4

-0.3

-3.4

-0.2

-0.3

5.9

3.3

2.6

-0.5

0.7

-0.1

-3.0

0.1

0.8

4.6

1.7

1.5

-0.9

0.0

0.2

-3.8

-0.1

0.2

4.9

1.8

1.7

-1.1

-0.4

-0.8

-3.3

0.3

0.5

5.8

2.7

2.5

-0.5

0.6

-0.2

-3.2

0.6

0.5


Table 7. Tabular form: TNM-predictions compared to measured highway noise data, applying TNM Average pavement and TNM OBSI-adjusted pavement; spectral sound levels.

Frequency (Hz)

Rubberized asphalt
sound levels (dBA)

Longitudinally tined PCC
sound levels (dBA)

Transversely tined PCC
sound levels (dBA)

Measured

TNM Ave. Pave.

TNM Adj. Pave.

Measured

TNM Ave. Pave.

TNM Adj. Pave.

Measured

TNM Ave. Pave.

TNM Adj. Pave.

broadband

75.2

80.2

77.0

84.9

83.8

84.6

82.9

79.4

82.6

50

39.0

39.8

40.3

39.9

39.0

38.9

35.6

37.3

36.4

63

47.3

49.1

49.5

48.7

48.9

48.9

40.8

46.7

45.8

80

53.0

53.8

54.2

53.6

54.3

54.3

48.6

51.9

51.0

100

52.5

56.2

56.5

57.5

57.1

57.0

51.3

54.8

53.9

125

55.5

57.6

57.9

59.4

59.0

58.9

54.6

57.1

56.3

160

58.4

59.2

59.5

60.6

60.9

60.7

57.3

59.4

58.7

200

60.3

61.0

61.2

62.4

62.8

62.5

58.3

61.3

60.5

250

61.0

63.1

63.3

63.2

65.3

65.1

60.4

63.1

62.1

315

63.6

65.2

65.2

65.9

67.6

67.2

61.9

64.6

63.4

400

65.5

66.9

66.7

67.6

69.9

69.3

63.2

66.0

64.4

500

68.3

69.6

68.1

71.5

72.8

72.8

65.9

68.2

67.6

630

66.8

71.0

69.0

73.4

75.1

73.3

68.3

70.1

68.4

800

64.5

71.8

67.5

76.1

75.4

75.2

72.0

70.7

71.0

1000

63.3

72.4

67.8

77.5

76.2

79.2

76.0

71.5

77.2

1250

62.4

71.3

65.6

77.4

75.0

75.7

78.2

70.7

75.4

1600

62.5

69.7

64.4

76.6

73.6

75.4

74.6

69.5

74.9

2000

62.0

68.1

62.9

74.9

71.8

72.8

71.7

68.1

72.9

2500

59.8

65.6

60.6

72.0

69.8

69.0

67.9

65.3

68.5

3150

56.9

62.8

58.2

68.9

67.6

66.1

63.8

62.1

63.8

4000

54.3

58.6

55.0

65.8

63.5

62.4

60.2

57.5

59.1

5000

52.4

54.6

51.5

62.2

60.9

59.7

56.9

52.6

54.5

6300

49.7

53.8

53.0

58.2

56.5

54.7

53.0

51.8

49.6

8000

45.3

50.5

49.9

53.8

53.4

51.6

47.9

48.8

46.8

10000

40.6

46.2

45.4

47.5

50.8

48.5

42.4

46.3

44.2

A.3 Tables of Values for Plots in Section 4

Tables 8 and 9 in this section correspond to Figures 9 and 10 in Section 4.  Also, Tables 10-13 in this section correspond to Figures 12-15 in Section 4.

Table 8. Tabular form: Sound level differences from that for 20K EFR as a function of EFR; 2- and 8-lane road, hard and soft ground. Top plot: distance = 50 ft, bottom plot: distance = 200 ft.

Parameters

Distance (ft)

EFR value (cgs rayls)

2000

4000

6000

8000

10000

12000

15000

20000

2-lane, hard ground

50

-1.4

-0.8

-0.5

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

0.0

200

-0.9

-0.5

-0.4

-0.2

-0.2

-0.1

-0.1

0.0

2-lane, soft ground

50

-1.6

-0.9

-0.6

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

0.0

200

-1.0

-0.6

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.2

-0.1

0.0

8-lane, hard ground

50

-1.5

-0.8

-0.5

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

0.0

200

-1.0

-0.6

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

-0.1

0.0

8-lane, soft ground

50

-1.9

-1.1

-0.7

-0.5

-0.4

-0.2

-0.1

0.0

200

-1.5

-1.0

-0.7

-0.5

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

0.0


Table 9. Tabular form: Spectral sound levels with varying EFR values; 8-lane road, soft ground. Top plot: distance = 50 ft, bottom plot: distance = 200 ft.

Frequency (Hz)

EFR value (cgs rayls)

2000

4000

6000

8000

10000

12000

15000

20000

Distance from center of near travel lane (ft)

50

200

50

200

50

200

50

200

50

200

50

200

50

200

50

200

50

38.3

33.4

38.3

33.4

38.3

33.3

38.3

33.3

38.3

33.3

38.3

33.3

38.3

33.3

38.3

33.3

63

47.5

42.4

47.5

42.4

47.5

42.4

47.5

42.4

47.5

42.4

47.5

42.4

47.5

42.4

47.5

42.4

80

52.3

47.3

52.3

47.2

52.3

47.2

52.3

47.2

52.3

47.2

52.3

47.2

52.3

47.2

52.3

47.2

100

54.7

49.7

54.7

49.6

54.7

49.6

54.7

49.6

54.7

49.6

54.7

49.6

54.7

49.6

54.7

49.6

125

56.2

51.2

56.2

51.2

56.2

51.2

56.2

51.2

56.2

51.2

56.2

51.2

56.2

51.2

56.2

51.2

160

57.9

52.8

57.9

52.8

57.9

52.8

57.9

52.8

57.9

52.8

57.9

52.8

57.9

52.8

57.9

52.8

200

59.5

54.3

59.6

54.2

59.6

54.2

59.6

54.2

59.6

54.2

59.6

54.2

59.6

54.2

59.6

54.2

250

61.2

55.3

61.2

55.2

61.3

55.2

61.3

55.2

61.3

55.2

61.3

55.2

61.3

55.2

61.3

55.2

315

62.1

54.9

62.2

54.8

62.3

54.8

62.3

54.8

62.3

54.7

62.3

54.7

62.3

54.7

62.3

54.7

400

63.5

54.3

63.8

54.4

63.8

54.5

63.9

54.4

63.9

54.4

63.9

54.4

63.9

54.4

64.0

54.4

500

65.7

55.2

66.1

55.7

66.2

55.8

66.3

55.8

66.3

55.9

66.4

55.9

66.4

55.9

66.4

55.9

630

66.8

55.8

67.4

56.8

67.5

57.1

67.6

57.2

67.7

57.3

67.8

57.4

67.8

57.4

67.8

57.5

800

67.8

57.5

68.6

58.7

68.9

59.1

69.1

59.3

69.1

59.5

69.2

59.5

69.3

59.6

69.3

59.7

1000

68.1

58.4

69.1

59.6

69.5

60.2

69.7

60.4

69.9

60.6

70.0

60.7

70.1

60.8

70.2

60.9

1250

66.5

58.0

67.8

58.9

68.4

59.5

68.7

59.9

68.9

60.1

69.1

60.3

69.2

60.4

69.4

60.6

1600

64.6

57.5

65.9

58.0

66.6

58.4

67.0

58.8

67.3

59.0

67.5

59.2

67.7

59.4

67.9

59.6

2000

61.9

55.3

63.5

55.6

64.4

56.1

65.0

56.5

65.4

56.8

65.7

57.1

66.0

57.3

66.3

57.7

2500

59.7

53.1

61.0

53.3

61.8

53.5

62.4

53.8

62.8

54.0

63.1

54.3

63.5

54.6

63.9

55.0

3150

57.6

51.6

58.5

51.6

59.2

51.7

59.8

51.9

60.2

52.0

60.5

52.2

60.9

52.4

61.3

52.7

4000

54.8

48.0

55.2

48.0

55.8

48.1

56.3

48.1

56.7

48.2

57.0

48.3

57.4

48.5

57.9

48.8

5000

52.0

45.2

51.9

45.2

52.2

45.2

52.6

45.3

52.9

45.3

53.2

45.4

53.6

45.4

54.1

45.6

6300

50.4

44.2

50.7

44.2

51.2

44.2

51.6

44.3

52.0

44.3

52.3

44.4

52.6

44.5

53.0

44.8

8000

46.9

40.6

47.2

40.6

47.8

40.7

48.3

40.7

48.7

40.8

49.0

40.9

49.3

41.0

49.8

41.3

10000

41.7

35.0

42.2

35.0

43.0

35.1

43.7

35.3

44.2

35.4

44.6

35.6

45.1

35.8

45.6

36.3


Table 10. Tabular form: Example theoretical EFR curves. For each EFR value (cgs rayls), the data are presented as the delta sound level between the two microphones (upper minus lower) as a function of frequency.

Frequency (Hz)

EFR value (cgs rayls)

100

300

500

1000

3000

5000

10000

20000

30000

250

-1.0

-0.8

-0.8

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

315

-1.4

-1.2

-1.1

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-0.9

-0.9

400

-2.0

-1.8

-1.7

-1.6

-1.5

-1.5

-1.5

-1.4

-1.4

500

-2.9

-2.8

-2.6

-2.5

-2.3

-2.3

-2.3

-2.2

-2.2

630

-3.9

-4.7

-4.5

-4.2

-3.9

-3.9

-3.8

-3.8

-3.8

800

-1.2

-8.3

-8.8

-8.4

-7.7

-7.5

-7.4

-7.3

-7.2

1000

3.5

-3.1

-7.5

-13.0

-18.4

-19.1

-19.2

-19.0

-18.9

1250

4.6

6.1

4.1

0.7

-2.7

-3.7

-4.5

-5.1

-5.3

1600

2.8

7.9

10.8

12.9

10.2

9.1

8.1

7.5

7.3

2000

-0.7

3.7

6.2

10.0

16.7

19.9

24.0

27.0

28.0

2500

-5.0

-3.5

-1.8

0.6

3.7

4.7

5.7

6.3

6.6

3150

-0.7

-3.6

-5.4

-8.2

-13.2

-15.4

-18.2

-20.5

-21.5

4000

2.4

1.8

1.4

0.8

0.1

-0.1

-0.3

-0.4

-0.5


Table 11. Tabular form: TNM-predictions compared to measured highway noise data, applying TNM Average pavement and TNM OBSI-adjusted and EFR-adjusted pavement; spectral sound levels.

Frequency (Hz)

Rubberized asphalt
sound levels (dBA)

Measured

TNM Avg. Pave.

TNM Adj. Pave.(OBSI)

TNM Adj. Pave.(OBSI and EFR)

broadband

75.2

80.2

77.0

76.7

50

39.0

39.8

40.3

40.4

63

47.3

49.1

49.5

49.5

80

53.0

53.8

54.2

54.3

100

52.5

56.2

56.5

56.6

125

55.5

57.6

57.9

58.0

160

58.4

59.2

59.5

59.5

200

60.3

61.0

61.2

61.2

250

61.0

63.1

63.3

63.2

315

63.6

65.2

65.2

65.1

400

65.5

66.9

66.7

66.6

500

68.3

69.6

68.1

67.9

630

66.8

71.0

69.0

68.7

800

64.5

71.8

67.5

67.1

1000

63.3

72.4

67.8

67.3

1250

62.4

71.3

65.6

64.9

1600

62.5

69.7

64.4

63.5

2000

62.0

68.1

62.9

61.8

2500

59.8

65.6

60.6

59.4

3150

56.9

62.8

58.2

56.9

4000

54.3

58.6

55.0

53.5

5000

52.4

54.6

51.5

50.6

6300

49.7

53.8

53.0

51.7

8000

45.3

50.5

49.9

48.5

10000

40.6

46.2

45.4

43.7


Table 12. Tabular form: Example measured EFR curves, typical and atypical.

Frequency (Hz)

NCAT S1 SMA
Typical shape

NCAT S8 PFC
Atypical shape

250

-0.7

-0.9

315

-0.9

-1.3

400

-1.4

-1.9

500

-2.3

-3.1

630

-3.6

-5.4

800

-6.8

-15.3

1000

-15.1

-1.0

1250

-7.3

9.1

1600

6.2

-3.5

2000

16.3

4.3

2500

8.7

10.2

3150

-11.3

-10.0

4000

-2.0

0.8


Table 13. Tabular form: EFR curves for rubber mat experiment, both atypical.

Frequency (Hz)

Mat over sidewalk
Atypical shape

Mat over lawn
Atypical shape

250

-1.1

-1.5

315

-1.5

-2.5

400

-2.4

-1.8

500

-3.5

0.3

630

-5.1

1.1

800

-10

-2.1

1000

3.6

-3.9

1250

5.3

-2.4

1600

-0.3

-3.1

2000

4.8

9.7

2500

3.4

3.8

3150

-3.6

-6.5

4000

-0.5

-3.1

Updated: 07/03/2012
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
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