Chapter 16--Learning From Others--Continued
Highly developed trailheads and campgrounds often are close to urban areas or in frequently visited recreation sites. They also may serve large trail networks. Each of the following examples provides maximum recreation opportunities for riders as well as shared-use opportunities for other recreationists.
The Frazier Recreation Site (figure 16-23) nestles in the Sonoran Desert at Roosevelt Lake, one of Arizona's most outstanding water-based recreation areas. The lake is the largest of four reservoirs within a 2-hour drive of Phoenix and Tucson. The facility has the first lakeside horse camp built in the Southwestern Region of the Forest Service. From the recreation site, trail users access the Arizona Trail, an 800-mile (1,287-kilometer), nonmotorized trail.
When developing the recreation site, the landscape architect and engineers faced these design challenges:
- Site vegetation must remain undisturbed, by agreement with the Arizona Game and Fish Department.
- All permanent facilities, such as toilet buildings, must be located above the high water level.
- The recreation site must include picnicking opportunities for visitors who don't ride stock.
- Equestrian amenities must be purchased with nonproject funds.
New facilities were built on a 3-acre abandoned administrative site with a large asphalt parking area and several building foundations. The facilities included an interpretive site, a nonequestrian day-use area, and a horse camp that accommodates single parties and groups.
The single-party camping area was constricted and required a unique layout. Working with the Arizona State Horseman's Association, designers created a high-density layout (figure 16-24). Association members said lake views outweighed density concerns in this case.
The popular equestrian area has eight single-party camp units, two of which are accessible. The camp units (figure 16-25) have pullthrough parking pads with compacted aggregate surfaces. Each camp unit has a shelter, a picnic table, a combination fire ring and grill, and a single corral set. A severalparty camp unit (figure 16-26) accommodates three equestrian parties. Steep terrain restricts the installation of horse corral sets there, but the pullthrough parking pads have enough space for portable corrals or for tying stock to trailers. The horse and living areas are surfaced with decomposed granite that is compacted only in the living areas. The accessible camp units have firm and stable surfaces in the living areas. A map at the visitor information station notes the locations of the accessible camp units.
A natural drainage, thick desert vegetation, and 200 feet (61 meters) separate the equestrian group camp from the equestrian single-party camp units. The 50-person equestrian group camp (figure 16-27) is about 200 by 250 feet (61 by 76.2 meters). The site's topography determined the shape of the compacted decomposed granite parking area, which has no designated parking spaces. The paved and accessible equestrian group gathering area has six picnic tables under a shelter, two group pedestal grills, a serving table, and a fire ring that is 6 feet (1.8 meters) in diameter (figure 16-28).
The nonequestrian day-use area includes 26 picnic units that accommodate single parties, double parties, and groups. The picnic units have picnic tables and access to a single or group pedestal grill. Most have a shelter, although two of the picnic units are under large canopy trees, eliminating the need for shelters. A cove in the lake separates the nonequestrian and equestrian areas.
Desert trees were planted for shade in both the day-use area and campground. Flush toilets and dumpsters are available in both areas. Dumpsters in the equestrian area accommodate trash and manure. Visitor information stations are at the day-use area, the single-party campground, and the group gathering area. The day-use area also has an interpretive plaza.
The Bureau of Reclamation provided funding for facilities such as roads, gates, signs, toilet buildings, water hydrants, an interpretive plaza, shelters, and site amenities. Volunteers donated materials and labor to build steel pipe corrals (figure 16-29). The Forest Service donated water troughs, and members of the Backcountry Horsemen of America donated materials and labor for hitch rails. This recreation site is an example of successful cooperation between public agencies and volunteers.
Stonegate Equestrian Park (figure 16-30) is a 23-acre facility in northeastern Scottsdale, AZ. Many commercial and residential horse owners live in the area. The park has two horse arenas, a round pen, nature trail, playground, picnic area, shelters, and a multiuse room. The trailhead is designated for day use and accesses several popular trail systems.
The parking area has space for vehicles pulling horse trailers. The decomposed granite surface is compacted and has parking markers. Curbs that are level and almost flush with the adjacent surface alleviate tripping as stock leave the area. Light fixtures in the parking area comply with city light pollution guidelines.
The park has a gated entrance and perimeter fence. Both arenas have sprinkler systems that users can turn on as needed. One arena has lights that users operate with a timer. The park provides water troughs (figures 16-31 and 16-32), hitch rails, and manure bins.
A shelter houses two restrooms and the multiuse room. The structure includes large overhangs covering a patio with picnic tables and benches (figure 16-33). A small children's park with playground equipment is nearby.
Queen Creek, AZ, has traditionally been a rural community with large agricultural acreages. The area has a high concentration of horse properties, and many youth activities center on farming and livestock, particularly horses and ponies.
As commercial growth and planned residential development increased, the community developed a master plan for the Horseshoe Park and Equestrian Centre. The proposed park site is a landfill area slated for closure, near San Tan Mountain Park, a large open space with recreation trails for riders and other nonmotorized users. Eventually, shared-use trails will connect to Horseshoe Park and Equestrian Centre, many equestrian residential properties, and San Tan Mountain Park.
The Parks, Trails, and Open Space Master Plan is notable because of public involvement during the planning process. After touring area sites, a citizen subcommittee of the Parks, Trails, and Open Space Committee developed a public involvement plan, a vision statement, and a list of high-priority amenities. A landscape architectural firm created a set of conceptual plans. Three public open houses were held. After changes were made, the town council unanimously approved the final master plan and a tentative completion date was set. The town is using the construction manager at-risk process, which binds the design team and the contractor to work together before and during construction for faster, more cost-efficient completion.
The final master plan for the park includes an equestrian event area, a community park, and trails. The master plan design (figure 16-34) accommodates different types of community events, such as dog shows, livestock shows and auctions, concerts, and youth-oriented programs that attract up to 3,000 spectators. The facility plan reflects year-round day and evening use. The proposed equestrian event area includes four lighted arenas (one is covered). It also contains livestock pens and chutes, stalls, motorhome hookups, trailer parking, wash racks, a restroom and concession building, vendor areas, an administration building, spectator seating, and a maintenance facility. The community park has a playground, a group picnic area, a toilet building, an arena for community use, a round pen, an open turf area, and an amphitheater. The area has 1.5 miles (2.4 kilometers) of shareduse trails with a scenic overlook at the highest point of the landfill. The unpaved trails are designed for nonmotorized users and meet accessibility guidelines.
The project has two phases: The first phase will develop 33 acres containing the equestrian center and amenities, motorhome hookups, trailer parking, vendor areas, concessions, showers, restrooms, offices, and maintenance facilities. Trails, a small park and amphitheater, picnic shelters, and a mountaintop gazebo will be constructed during the second phase.
WestWorld is a very large equestrian facility where some of the nation’s largest horse shows are held, including the Arabian Horse Show and the American Quarter Horse Association's Sun Circuit Show. WestWorld facilities include many arenas, barns, and exhibit facilities that can accommodate shows with over 1,000 horses (figure 16-35). Two 100-foot (30.5- meter) arenas with sprinkling systems accommodate horse activities (figure 16-36).
WestWorld is an example of Government interagency cooperation--Scottsdale operates the facility under a license from the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation. WestWorld sits in a massive retention basin on lands managed by the Bureau of Reclamation just north of the Central Arizona Project Canal. The canal carries water from the Colorado River to central portions of Arizona. The basin is designed to hold stormwater runoff. Flooding is a recognized--and distinct--possibility.
Scottsdale's recreation trail system skirts WestWorld and can be accessed from the WestWorld Trailhead, a large public facility that accommodates pedestrians, bicyclists, and riders. Partly because of its proximity to WestWorld's other equestrian facilities, the trailhead receives substantial use from riders. The road and parking areas at the trailhead are constructed of decomposed granite with a stabilizer. This treatment reduces dust and creates a firm and stable surface that is accessible. Accessible parking spaces are adjacent to a shade structure with picnic tables and restrooms. Concrete edge curbs are flush with adjacent surfaces to hold surface material in place without presenting a tripping hazard. An accessible route leads from the parking area to the shade structure.
Equestrian parking spaces are 70 feet (21.3 meters) long and 24 feet (7.3 meters) wide (figure 16-37). Concrete markers delineate pullthrough spaces arranged in a fishbone pattern. Additional parking spaces along the perimeter of the trailhead are for extra-long horse trailers. All trail users have immediate access to the nonmotorized trail system. Well-positioned bollards prevent motor vehicles from accessing trails.
The trailhead includes separate parking areas for equestrians and other trail users. Amenities include a water trough and lighting. Riders must fill the water trough. A simple automatic drain empties the water after each use (figure 16-38). There is a large dumpster for manure (figure 16-39). WestWorld Trailhead lighting fixtures adhere to city light pollution guidelines.