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Assessment of the Body of Knowledge on Incorporating Climate Change Adaptation Measures into Transportation Projects
2 Overview of Research and Literature on Adaptation.
3 Activities Underway to Mainstream Adaptation.
3.1 Transportation Asset Management
3.2 Long-range Transportation Planning.
3.3 Design and Construction.
3.4 Operations and Maintenance.
3.5 Emergency Management
4 Best Practices for Mainstreaming Adaptation.
4.1 Recognize Adaptation as a Co-Benefit
4.2 Establish Tracking Systems and Performance Metrics.
4.3 Plan in Advance to Facilitate Opportunistic Adaptation.
4.4 Develop Priorities.
4.5 Identify Ideal Timeframes for Adaptation.
4.6 Build Capacity, Engage Stakeholders, and Educate the Public.
4.7 Share Information among Transportation Practitioners.
4.8 Consider Systems Holistically.
5 Assessing Costs and Benefits of Adaptive Strategies.
5.1 Defining Costs and Benefits of Adaptation.
5.2 Traditional methods for estimating costs and benefits.
5.2.1 Estimating costs: Concepts and methods.
5.2.2 Estimating benefits: Concepts and methods.
5.2.3 Putting it together: Benefit- Cost Analysis and other evaluative frameworks.
5.3 Example Efforts to Estimate the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation.
5.3.1 State, Regional, and Local Estimates of Adaptation Costs and Benefits.
5.3.2 The Use of Anecdotal or Historical Evidence.
5.3.3 National level estimates of adaptation costs.
5.4 Best Practices for Evaluating Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Actions.
5.4.1 Develop an Information Base.
5.4.2 Improve Access to Existing Data.
5.4.3 Monitor the Costs of Extreme Weather and Document Damages.
5.4.4 Characterize Decision Making Processes and the Usefulness of Decision Tools.
5.4.5 Stakeholder Engagement
6 Overcoming Barriers.
7 Adaptation Research Underway.
8 Adaptation Guidance and Resources.
10 Appendix A: Detail on Specific Adaptation Initiatives Reviewed for this Report
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