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Wildlife Protection

Keeping It Simple: Easy Ways to Help Wildlife Along Roads

Featured Project

Natural berm controls runoff in a small space

Erosion control bark mulch berm on Route 5 along  Little Ossippee Lake

Route 5 along Maine's Little Ossippee Lake is a narrow causeway. To keep highway runoff from entering the lake, the Maine Department of Transportation found a non-standard solution that would work in a narrow space. Maintenance crews installed a 3-foot-high by 250-foot-long bark mulch berm between the edge of the highway and the lake. They also braced the shoreline with riprap, topping it with bark mulch to prevent the sun from heating the rocks. The berm visibly collects road sand, litter, and other "debris" later removed by the lake association, and the riprap offers the lake's trout and other fish species shaded "nooks and crannies" for foraging.

Chris Rushton, (207) 624-3219 or chris.rushton@maine.gov



Picture of various animals

Doing the right thing - simply

"Keeping it simple" is more than a concept. It's a commitment.

It means using simple solutions when simple solutions will work.

It involves going beyond "compliance" to identify easy ways of helping wildlife and fish.

It means doing the right thing just because it's the right thing to do and because one has an opportunity to do it.

"We can build bat roosts in pre-fab bridge concrete or extend the right-of-way fence to create elkproof fencing," says April Marchese, Director of FHWA's Office of Natural and Human Environment. "Simple measures like these link habitats, reduce roadkill, and save taxpayer dollars."

This website highlights more than 100 simple, successful projects from all 50 states and beyond. Each is "easy." Most are low- or no-cost. All benefit wildlife, fish, or their habitats.

Many projects were completed only once - to protect specific species in specific environmental conditions. Others have been repeated numerous times and have become "routine."

Some projects are undertaken regularly because research has proven them effective. Others are new innovations, "best practices," or state-of-the-art strategies.

Some projects - for example, modifying mowing cycles and installing oversized culverts in streams - are common to a large number of states. Others represent a simple solution to a site-specific environmental challenge.

We invite you to explore them all. We encourage you to find out for yourselves, through this website, how transportation professionals are working with others to do the right thing for wildlife and--wherever possible--to do it "simply."

Updated: 12/12/2012
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