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Wildlife Protection

Keeping It Simple: Easy Ways to Help Wildlife Along Roads

Featured Project

Two trenches protect lake fish from highway runoff

Installation of trench "infiltrators" and native vegetation buffer

When historic buildings, a parking lot, and a public beach prevented the construction of standard highway-runoff controls along Route 35/37 at Lake Keoka outside Waterford, Maine, Maine Department of Transportation crews came up with a simple solution to the limited-space problem. They dug two trenches between the parking lot and the beach, filling them with geotextile fabric topped with crushed stone and bark mulch. They also planted a vegetative buffer of native plants on the lake-side of the trenches to provide shade for coldwater fish. The trench "infiltrators" have significantly reduced the amount of runoff entering the lake, preventing oxygen depletion and protecting the habitats of the lake's coldwater fish species and warmwater perch and pickerel.

Chris Rushton, (207) 624-3219 or chris.rushton@maine.gov



Picture of various animals

Doing the right thing - simply

"Keeping it simple" is more than a concept. It's a commitment.

It means using simple solutions when simple solutions will work.

It involves going beyond "compliance" to identify easy ways of helping wildlife and fish.

It means doing the right thing just because it's the right thing to do and because one has an opportunity to do it.

"We can build bat roosts in pre-fab bridge concrete or extend the right-of-way fence to create elkproof fencing," says April Marchese, Director of FHWA's Office of Natural and Human Environment. "Simple measures like these link habitats, reduce roadkill, and save taxpayer dollars."

This website highlights more than 100 simple, successful projects from all 50 states and beyond. Each is "easy." Most are low- or no-cost. All benefit wildlife, fish, or their habitats.

Many projects were completed only once - to protect specific species in specific environmental conditions. Others have been repeated numerous times and have become "routine."

Some projects are undertaken regularly because research has proven them effective. Others are new innovations, "best practices," or state-of-the-art strategies.

Some projects - for example, modifying mowing cycles and installing oversized culverts in streams - are common to a large number of states. Others represent a simple solution to a site-specific environmental challenge.

We invite you to explore them all. We encourage you to find out for yourselves, through this website, how transportation professionals are working with others to do the right thing for wildlife and--wherever possible--to do it "simply."

Updated: 12/12/2012
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