Skip to content U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway AdministrationU.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration

Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)
PlanningEnvironmentReal Estate

HEP Events Guidance Publications Awards Contacts

Wildlife Protection

Keeping It Simple: Easy Ways to Help Wildlife Along Roads

Using proven planting methods for longer-lived hardwoods

Deer, turkey, possum, and other wildlife feed on the nuts and berries of hardwood trees, so it's standard practice to plant bottomland hardwoods on wetland mitigation sites. By observing thousands of tree plantings on these sites over a span of 10-15 years, Georgia Department of Transportation biologists have increased their expertise in planting hardwoods that grow well and survive a long time. They've identified the hardiest stock as stock not less than 3/8 inch in diameter and 32 inches in height and with a robust root system of 4 to 6 primary lateral roots. They've also learned the value of root-pruning so stock can be planted into a shovel hole without bending the roots and without having to excavate large holes. On wetland mitigation sites throughout the state, stock with these characteristics have outperformed very young plants, large-container plants, and burlap-wrapped plants, which are easily overwhelmed by shock.
 
--Apr 25, 2003

Lisa Westberry, (404) 699-4433 or lisa.westberry@dot.state.ga.us

Bottomland hardwood forest
University of Georgia, Savannah River Ec photo
Bottomland hardwood forest

On Wetlands and Uplands - Georgia
Updated: 12/12/2012
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
Federal Highway Administration | 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE | Washington, DC 20590 | 202-366-4000