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Some workers laying concrete

Proven technologies to identify surface irregularities that can impact concrete pavement smoothness, and provide opportunity for corrections in real time.

Tools to Improve PCC Pavement Smoothness During Construction (R06E)


Smooth concrete pavements are more durable and lead to lower maintenance and vehicle operating costs. In addition, transportation agencies recognize the importance of smooth-riding pavements to the traveling public. Most States have implemented smoothness specifications for concrete pavements that require measurement of the surface profile on the finished pavement for acceptance testing. However, there is often no indication of smoothness prior to testing on the finished, hardened concrete. Problems not corrected in real time can lead to significant expenditures correcting surface irregularities.


SHRP2 evaluated and tested several innovative technologies that improve process control and allow for on-the-fly equipment and operations adjustments to correct surface irregularities on concrete pavements during construction, while the concrete is in a plastic state. Ideally, deviations are detected and corrections made in real time, eliminating the need to grind the final hardened surface to achieve smoothness requirements. The report, lessons learned, and model specifications developed under this project provide improved guidance on the use of real-time smoothness technologies and a better understanding of which construction artifacts affect smoothness.

The final project report recommends:

  • Tools to evaluate pavement smoothness in real time.
  • Tools to complement existing quality control.
  • Tools to reduce must-grinds and thus reduce project delays and claims.


Access to real-time information on pavement smoothness will help paving contractors with their process control and meet the ride quality requirements of transportation agencies. Use of these technologies results in higher quality pavements delivered in less time and for less money, thereby minimizing the impact on the traveling public.

In the Field

State Project Description Activity Contact
Alabama Implementation Assistance Program – The Alabama Department of Transportation is implementing new technologies that produce more durable PCC pavements leading to lower maintenance and vehicle operating costs while also saving time and cost in the initial construction. Lead Adopter Lyndi Davis Blackburn
Idaho Implementation Assistance Program – The Idaho Department of Transportation is using new technologies on a four- lane concrete highway project near Boise. Since this is an expansion project, it is critical that the new lanes match the existing lanes. Lead Adopter Jayme Coonce
Indiana Implementation Assistance Program – The Indiana Department of Transportation will apply this technology to a new Portland Cement Concrete Pavement (PCCP).The benefit to this includes: allowing the pavement to be opened to traffic sooner than expected at a reduced cost due to minimal grinding of the pavement to meet smoothness requirements. Lead Adopter Anthony Zander
Ohio Implementation Assistance Program – The Ohio Department of Transportation is making these technologies available for use on a PCC project, with the goal of encouraging contractors to implement this technology. Lead Adopter Craig Landefeld
Pennsylvania Implementation Assistance Program – The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation is trialing this technology on a concrete project in Chester County to evaluate quality at the time of placement to reduce the need for post-construction grinding. Lead Adopter Lydia Peddicord
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