In an effort to clarify the role of each of the eight grant eligible categories, the following pages profile each category. A description is provided of the category and a typical byway project is profiled. Each page also provides information on the number of projects per category, the total project costs per category, the grant award amounts and the dollars leveraged by the Program under that category.
An activity related to the planning, design, or development of a State or Indian tribe scenic byway program. [23 U.S.C. 162(c)(1)]
State and Indian tribe scenic byway program development funding is used to assess the needs of a State or Indian tribe and craft a byways program that fits that place and its people. Typically, States or Indian tribes use this funding to create a planning process that involves as many stakeholders as possible. This group then considers issues such as the process by which State or Indian tribe byways should be analyzed, nominated, and designated. Some States place a very high value on scenic quality, while other States and Indian tribes give equal weight to other intrinsic qualities. Program development planning also covers the specific types of application processes and forms that must be submitted; at times this includes the development of landscape and visual quality assessment methods. Program manuals, application forms and field testing of proposed assessment methods also are common products from these projects. In addition to projects that create new programs, some initiatives also modify existing programs or perform research on whether, and how, to enhance existing programs.
Per Program Dollar
From 2001 to 2006, 35 State and/or Indian tribe program development grants were awarded. These efforts cost a total of $5.89 million with $4.3 million covered by Program grants. Matching funds were leveraged at a rate of between $0.25 and $0.64 per $1.00 of Program funds.
Figure 13 : Profile of State and Indian Tribe Byway Program Development Grant Impacts
The State of New Jersey established its State scenic byway program in 1993, published a program handbook in 1995, and designated its first State scenic byway (New Jersey Route 29, later designated as the Delaware River Scenic Byway) in 1996. However, after a corridor management plan for the initial byway was completed as a case study project in 1997, the State program was dormant for several years.
Beginning in 2002, the Garden State began an aggressive program to reinvigorate its State scenic byways program and lay the groundwork for full participation in the program with the goal of receiving America's Byways® designation for several byways. In addition to the initial pilot byway, the State has designated four more State scenic byways addressing intrinsic qualities representing resources as diverse colonial heritage, agricultural countryside, a landscape parkway, and the natural resources of an International biosphere (the New Jersey Pinelands, the largest undeveloped district in the mid-Atlantic region). Of critical importance in assisting the State to make up for lost time have been four NSBP grants totaling $1,483,208. NSBP grant funds have been used to develop corridor management plans based on Program guidance (New Jersey's program requires byways to prepare a CMP within five years after state designation, regardless of their interest in pursuing national designation). Several of these byways will be advanced for consideration for national designation. New Jersey has utilized NSBP publications, technical assistance from the America's Byways Resource Center and review of regional statewide programs from Maryland and New York to promote the intrinsic qualities of the State. After a full decade of State byways programs development, New Jersey demonstrates that Program growth and local interest continue to be viable.