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Arizona Demonstration Project: Reconstruction of SR 179 in Sedona Using a Needs-Based Involvement Process

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Arizona Demonstration Project: Reconstruction of SR 179 in Sedona Using a Needs-Based Involvement Process

Final Report January 2013

Table of Contents

Figure 1. Scenic areas surrounding the SR 179 corridor
Figure 2. SR 179 project boundary
Figure 3. Existing SR 179 looking north at Meadowlark Drive
Figure 4. View of SR 179 Web site for the week of January 18, 2010
Figure 5. Resident engineer’s interview with Sedona radio station
Figure 6. Sedona policeman on camera
Figure 7. A local businessman on camera
Figure 8. Half-and-half construction of roundabouts
Figure 9. SR 179 and SR 89A intersection before and after construction with fully functional two-lane roundabout
Figure 10. View of reconstructed SR 179 looking north
Figure 11. Typical reverse L-wall style retaining wall
Figure 12. L-walls minimized right-of-way impacts
Figure 13. Demonstrating the lightness of a 4x8-in foamed concrete cylinder
Figure 14. Stormcepters before installation
Figure 15. Stormcepters after installation at Morgan Wash
Figure 16. Front view of the pedestrian bridge abutment
Figure 17. The utilities and the prefabricated pedestrian bridge
Figure 18. Existing Oak Creek Bridge during construction
Figure 19. Plan view of the prefabricated pedestrian bridge
Figure 20. Elevation profile of the prefabricated pedestrian bridge
Figure 21. New Oak Creek Bridge typical section (span 1.)
Figure 22. New Oak Creek Bridge typical sections (spans 2 and 3)
Figure 23. Plan view of the new roundabout and Oak Creek Bridge
Figure 24. Construction of the first phase of the new Oak Creek Bridge (prefabricated pedestrian bridge already constructed in the background)
Figure 25. Construction of the first phase of the new Oak Creek Bridge with the already-built pedestrian/utility bridge in the background
Figure 26. The pedestrian underpass and the saved trees
Figure 27. Limits of travel time study
Figure 28. OBSI dual probe system and the SRTT
Figure 29. Mean A-weighted SI frequency spectra from before and after construction
Figure 30. High-speed inertial profiler mounted behind the test vehicle
Figure 31. Mean IRI values for the bridges and roadway before construction

Table 1. Crash statistics
Table 2. Travel times, April 2008
Table 3. Construction-related per-vehicle delays, weekdays April 2008
Table 4. Original versus current budget
Table 5. Detailed breakdown of the actual projects

Abbreviations and Symbols
AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
ADOT Arizona Department of Transportation
dB(A) A-weighted decibel
DOT department of transportation
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
HfL Highways for LIFE
IRI International Roughness Index
NBIP needs-based involvement plan
OBSI onboard sound intensity
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users
SI sound intensity
SRTT standard reference test tire


The purpose of the Highways for LIFE (HfL) pilot program is to accelerate the use of innovations that improve highway safety and quality while reducing congestion caused by construction. LIFE is an acronym for Longer–lasting highway infrastructure using Innovations to accomplish the Fast construction of Efficient and safe highways and bridges.

Specifically, HfL focuses on speeding up the widespread adoption of proven innovations in the highway community. "Innovations" is an inclusive term used by HfL to encompass technologies, materials, tools, equipment, procedures, specifications, methodologies, processes, and practices used to finance, design, or construct highways. HfL is based on the recognition that innovations are available that, if widely and rapidly implemented, would result in significant benefits to road users and highway agencies.

Although innovations themselves are important, HfL is as much about changing the highway community's culture from one that considers innovation something that only adds to the workload, delays projects, raises costs, or increases risk to one that sees it as an opportunity to provide better highway transportation service. HfL is also an effort to change the way highway community decisionmakers and participants perceive their jobs and the service they provide.

The HfL pilot program, described in Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA–LU) Section 1502, includes funding for demonstration construction projects. By providing incentives for projects, HfL promotes improvements in safety, construction–related congestion, and quality that can be achieved through the use of performance goals and innovations. This report documents one such HfL demonstration project.

Additional information on the HfL program is at www.fhwa.dot.gov/hfl.


This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade and manufacturers' names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the object of the document.

1. Report No. 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Arizona Demonstration Project: Reconstruction of SR 179 in Sedona Using a Needs-Based Involvement Plan
5. Report Date
January 2013
6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)
Jagannath Mallela and Suri Sadasivam
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Applied Research Associates, Inc.
100 Trade Centre Drive, Suite 200
Champaign, IL 61820
10. Work Unit No.(TRAIS) C6B
11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Infrastructure
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Advanced Draft

14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officers Technical Representatives: Byron Lord, Mary Huie
16. Abstract

As part of a national initiative sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) under the Highways for LIFE (HfL) program, the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) applied for and was awarded a $1 million grant to showcase and demonstrate the use of innovative construction sequencing and a needs-based involvement plan (NBIP) for reconstruction of SR 179 from milepost 310.5 to 313.8, including a portion of SR 89A from milepost 374.0 to 374.2, in Sedona, AZ. Also included in this report are construction details of several roundabouts, retaining walls, a pedestrian overpass, water filtering devices, and the details of staged construction for the Oak Creek Bridge. Overall, the innovative construction features and management of ADOT’s HfL project included the following:

  • Innovative public outreach campaigns
  • Innovative sequencing and staged construction techniques
  • Performance contracting (lane rental)
  • NBIP
  • Reverse cantilever (L-shape) retaining walls
  • Implementation of a new project management system
  • Pilot program to train local law enforcement personnel
  • Lightweight fill (foamed concrete)
  • Innovative oil/sediment filtering system for storm drain system next to Oak Creek
  • Prefabricated bridge components

Reconstruction of SR 179 was a great success, and ADOT was able to meet the HfL project performance goals on safety, construction congestion, quality, and user satisfaction.

17. Key Words
Highways for LIFE, project performance goals, accelerated bridge construction, prefabricated bridge elements and systems, full lane closure
18. Distribution Statement

No restriction. This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service
5285 Port Royal Road
Springfield VA 22161

19. Security Classif. (of this page)
20. No. of Pages
21. Price

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8–72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

Symbol When You Know Multiply By To Find Symbol Symbol When You Know Multiply By To Find Symbol
in inches 25.4 millimeters mm mm millimeters 0.039 inches in
ft feet 0.305 meters m m meters 3.28 feet ft
yd yards 0.914 meters m m meters 1.09 yards yd
mi miles 1.61 kilometers km km kilometers 0.621 miles mi
in2 square inches 645.2 square millimeters mm2 mm2 square millimeters 0.0016 square inches in2
ft2 square feet 0.093 square meters m2 m2 square meters 10.764 square feet ft2
yd2 square yards 0.836 square meters m2 m2 square meters 1.195 square yards ac
ac acres 0.405 hectares ha ha hectares 2.47 acres mi2
mi2 square miles 2.59 square kilometers km2 km2 square kilometers 0.386 square miles
fl oz fluid ounces 29.57 milliliters ml ml milliliters 0.034 fluid ounces fl oz
gal gallons 3.785 liters l l liters 0.264 gallons gal
ft3 cubic feet 0.028 cubic meters m3 m3 cubic meters 35.71 cubic feet ft3
yd3 cubic yards 0.765 cubic meters m3 m3 cubic meters 1.307 cubic yard yd3
NOTE: Volumes greater than 1000 l shall be shown in m3
oz ounces 28.35 grams g g grams 0.035 ounces oz
lb pounds 0.454 kilograms kg kg kilograms 2.202 pounds lb
T short tons (2000 lb) 0.907 megagrams Mg Mg megagrams 1.103 short tons (2000 lb) T
TEMPERATURE (exact degrees) TEMPERATURE (exact degrees)
°F Fahrenheit 5(F–32)/9 or (F–32)/1.8 Celcius °C °C Celsius 1.8C +32 Fahrenheit °F
fc foot–candles 10.76 lux l lx lux 0.0929 foot–candles fc
fl foot–Lamberts 3.426 candela/m2 cd/m2 cd/m2 candela/m2 0.2919 foot–Lamberts fl
lbg pounds 4.45 newtons N N newtons 0.225 poundforce lbf
lb/in2 pound per square inch 6.89 kilopascals kPa kPa kilopascals 0.145 poundforce per square inch ib/in2(psi)
k/in2 klps per square inch 6.89 megaPascals mPa MPa megaPascals 0.145 klps per square inch k/in2(ips)
ib/ft3(pcf) pounds per cubic foot 16.02 kilograms per cubic meter kg/m3 kg/m3 pounds per cubic foot 0.062 kilograms per cubic meter ib/ft3(pcf)


The project team would like to acknowledge the invaluable insights and guidance of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Highways for LIFE (HfL) Team Leader Byron Lord and Program Coordinators Mary Huie and Kathleen Bergeron, who served as the technical panel on this demonstration project. Their vast knowledge and experience with the various aspects of construction, technology deployment, and technology transfer helped immensely in developing the approach and the technical matter for this document. The team is also indebted to Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) Project Manager Carl Burkhalter and Brandon DeCarlo, who were instrumental in making this project a success, and Karen King of the FHWA Arizona Division for her tireless effort in coordinating activities with HfL and ADOT.

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