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Highways for LIFE

Arrow Maryland Demonstration Project

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Draft Final Report September 2010

Table of Contents

Maryland Demonstration Project: Bridge Replacements on MD 28 and MD 450, Frederick County and Anne Arundel County


The purpose of the Highways for LIFE (HfL) pilot program is to accelerate the use of innovations that improve highway safety and quality while reducing congestion caused by construction. LIFE is an acronym for Longer–lasting highway infrastructure using Innovations to accomplish the Fast construction of Efficient and safe highways and bridges.

Specifically, HfL focuses on speeding up the widespread adoption of proven innovations in the highway community. "Innovations" is an inclusive term used by HfL to encompass technologies, materials, tools, equipment, procedures, specifications, methodologies, processes, and practices used to finance, design, or construct highways. HfL is based on the recognition that innovations are available that, if widely and rapidly implemented, would result in significant benefits to road users and highway agencies.

Although innovations themselves are important, HfL is as much about changing the highway community's culture from one that considers innovation something that only adds to the workload, delays projects, raises costs, or increases risk to one that sees it as an opportunity to provide better highway transportation service. HfL is also an effort to change the way highway community decisionmakers and participants perceive their jobs and the service they provide.

The HfL pilot program, described in Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA–LU) Section 1502, includes funding for demonstration construction projects. By providing incentives for projects, HfL promotes improvements in safety, construction–related congestion, and quality that can be achieved through the use of performance goals and innovations. This report documents one such HfL demonstration project.

Additional information on the HfL program is at


This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.

The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade and manufacturers' names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the object of the document.

1. Report No. 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Bridge Replacements on MD 28 and MD 450, Frederick County and Anne Arundel County, Maryland
5. Report Date
September 2010
6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)
Jagannath Mallela, John Hausman, P.E., Paul Littleton, P.E., Jerry Ullman, Ph.D., and Gary Hoffman, P.E., R.L.S.
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Applied Research Associates, Inc.
100 Trade Centre Drive, Suite 200
Champaign, IL 61820
10. Work Unit No.(TRAIS) C6B
11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of Infrastructure
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Draft Final Report
May 2007– August 2010

14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officers Technical Representatives: Byron Lord, Mary Huie
16. Abstract

As part of a national initiative sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration under the Highways for LIFE program, the Maryland State Highway Administration (MDSHA) was awarded a grant totaling 20 percent of the total project construction cost (or $717,157), making this a 100 percent federally funded project.  The grant was awarded because the project was intended to demonstrate the use of proven, innovative technologies to deliver two rural bridge replacement projects in an accelerated schedule so as not to impact school bus routes. This report documents the MD 28 over Washington Run and MD 450 over Bacon Ridge Branch bridge projects, both single span bridges carrying two-lane, two-way roadways.

This report summarizes the practices employed for these projects, including the use of prefabricated bridge elements and structures (PBES), incentive contracting, and construction within full roadway closures and detours. The use of these technologies decreased estimated construction time from 15 months for similar typical bridge replacement projects to 3 months (only 2 months of roadway closure).

While the full roadway closures and subsequent detours significantly increased user delays and fuel consumption on a daily basis, the drastically reduced construction time and great savings in MOT and construction phasing resulted in a project savings of approximately $1.49 million (or approximately 32 percent of the total project costs) of the MD 28 project alone. Because of the success of this project, MDSHA is applying lessons learned and have already taken steps on other projects to further utilize PBES construction practices to save time and money.

17. Key Words
Highways for LIFE, Prefabricated Bridge Elements, Schedule Incentive/Disincentive, Multiple Project Award, Detour
18. Distribution Statement

No restriction. This document is available to the public through the Highways for LIFE website:

Security Classif. (of this report) Unclassified 19. Security Classif. (of this page)
20. No. of Pages
21. Price

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8–72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

Symbol When You Know Multiply By To Find Symbol Symbol When You Know Multiply By To Find Symbol
in inches 25.4 millimeters mm mm millimeters 0.039 inches in
ft feet 0.305 meters m m meters 3.28 feet ft
yd yards 0.914 meters m m meters 1.09 yards yd
mi miles 1.61 kilometers km km kilometers 0.621 miles mi
in2 square inches 645.2 square millimeters mm2 mm2 square millimeters 0.0016 square inches in2
ft2 square feet 0.093 square meters m2 m2 square meters 10.764 square feet ft2
yd2 square yards 0.836 square meters m2 m2 square meters 1.195 square yards ac
ac acres 0.405 hectares ha ha hectares 2.47 acres mi2
mi2 square miles 2.59 square kilometers km2 km2 square kilometers 0.386 square miles
fl oz fluid ounces 29.57 milliliters ml ml milliliters 0.034 fluid ounces fl oz
gal gallons 3.785 liters l l liters 0.264 gallons gal
ft3 cubic feet 0.028 cubic meters m3 m3 cubic meters 35.71 cubic feet ft3
yd3 cubic yards 0.765 cubic meters m3 m3 cubic meters 1.307 cubic yard yd3
NOTE: Volumes greater than 1000 l shall be shown in m3
oz ounces 28.35 grams g g grams 0.035 ounces oz
lb pounds 0.454 kilograms kg kg kilograms 2.202 pounds lb
T short tons (2000 lb) 0.907 megagrams Mg Mg megagrams 1.103 short tons (2000 lb) T
TEMPERATURE (exact degrees) TEMPERATURE (exact degrees)
°F Fahrenheit 5(F–32)/9 or (F–32)/1.8 Celcius °C °C Celsius 1.8C +32 Fahrenheit °F
fc foot–candles 10.76 lux l lx lux 0.0929 foot–candles fc
fl foot–Lamberts 3.426 candela/m2 cd/m2 cd/m2 candela/m2 0.2919 foot–Lamberts fl
lbg pounds 4.45 newtons N N newtons 0.225 poundforce lbf
lb/in2 pound per square inch 6.89 kilopascals kPa kPa kilopascals 0.145 poundforce per square inch ib/in2(psi)
k/in2 klps per square inch 6.89 megaPascals mPa MPa megaPascals 0.145 klps per square inch k/in2(ips)
ib/ft3(pcf) pounds per cubic foot 16.02 kilograms per cubic meter kg/m3 kg/m3 pounds per cubic foot 0.062 kilograms per cubic meter ib/ft3(pcf)


The project team would like to acknowledge the invaluable insights and guidance of Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Highways for LIFE Team Leader Byron Lord and Program Coordinators Mary Huie and Kathleen Bergeron, who served as the technical panel on this demonstration project. Their vast knowledge and experience with the various aspects of construction, technology deployment, and technology transfer helped immensely in developing both the approach and the technical matter for this document. The team also is indebted to Dan Sanayi of the DelMar FHWA Division Office as well as Maryland State Highway Administration (MDSHA) Engineers Jeff Robert, Gerald Burgess and Nagendra Malik for their assistance and coordination during this project. Finally, thanks are also due to Butch Lundgren of Concrete General, Inc. for additional input and perspective on this demonstration project.

Abbreviations and Symbols

AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
dB(A) A–weighted decibel
DOT Department of Transportation
EB Eastbound
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
HfL Highways for LIFE
HMA hot-mix asphalt
Hz hertz
IRI International Roughness Index
MD Maryland (as designation of state route)
MDSHA Maryland State Highway Administration
MOT maintenance of traffic
OBSI onboard sound intensity
OSHA North Dakota Department of Transportation
PBES prefabricated bridge elements and systems
PCC Portland cement concrete
SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A
Legacy for Users
SC South Carolina (as designation of state route)
SCC self-consolidating concrete
SCDOT South Carolina Department of Transportation
SI sound intensity
SRTT standard reference test tire
VDOT Virginia Department of Transportation
WB westbound
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Mary Huie
Center for Accelerating Innovation

Updated: 06/23/2011

United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration