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Road Pricing Defined

Vehicle-miles Traveled (VMT) Fees

VMT fees are distance-based fees levied on a vehicle user for use of a roadway system. As opposed to tolls, which are facility specific and not necessarily levied strictly on a per-mile basis, these fees are based on the distance driven on a defined network of roadways. To date, this method of revenue generation has been implemented only for 5,000 volunteer motorists in Oregon beginning July 1, 2015 and for trucks (e.g. in Germany and, on a limited basis, Illinois). It has been previously tested on a pilot basis in Oregon in 2007 (Road User Fee Pilot Project) and 2012 (Road Usage Charge Pilot Project) and, separately, in 12 cities in the U.S. as part of a SAFETEA-LU-authorized National Evaluation of a Mileage-Based Road User Charge study conducted by the University of Iowa.

In a broad sense VMT fees' application is envisioned through the use of an onboard vehicle device to capture the distance driven by a vehicle through GPS or other technology and relate that to a method of charging, which could range from manual cash payment to automatic deduction for a prepaid customer account.

A large number of publications on VMT fees are available throughout the Road Pricing website.