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Road Pricing: Resources

USDOT Resources: Overcoming the Challenges of Congestion Pricing 2011 FHWA Webinar Series

Patrick DeCorla-Souza, Tolling and Pricing Program Manager, FHWA
Lee Munnich, Humphrey Institute, University of Minnesota
Kenneth Buckeye, Minnesota Department of Transportation
John Doan, SRF Consulting

Office of Innovative Program Delivery
Federal Highway Administration

Tenth Part of a Webinar Series on Overcoming the Challenges of Congestion Pricing.

Session 10: Update of the Urban Partnership and Congestion Reduction Demonstration Programs - Presentations

Audio:

  • Via Computer - No action needed
  • Via Telephone - Mute computer speakers, call 1-866-863-9293 passcode 57922142

Presentations by:

Audience Q&A: addressed after each presentation, please type your questions into the chat area on the right side of the screen

Closed captioning was available at: http://www.fedrcc.us//Enter.aspx?EventID=1811816&CustomerID=321

Upcoming Webinars:
Visit http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/tolling_pricing/webinars/

Recordings and Materials from Previous Webinars: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ipd/revenue/road_pricing/resources/webinars/congestion_pricing_2011.htm

Part 1: Metro ExpressLanes: It's About Time

artistic traffic scene

December 15, 2011

Congestion Reduction Demonstration Program

  • Converts 25 miles of existing HOV lanes to Metro ExpressLanes
  • $274 Million Program Budget includes a $210 million federal grant
  • Expands Transit Service on I-10 and I-110 Corridors
  • Introduces Congestion Pricing to Manage Traffic Demand
Map

2011 Year in Review

  • January - Notice to Proceed to DBOM Contractor (ExpressLanes)
  • May - Promotional Agreement with Automobile Club of So Cal
  • June - Launch of Phase I Enhanced Silver Line BRT Service on I-110 (Ridership has increased 39%)

Map

  • July - Metro ExpressLanes Groundbreaking
  • September - ExpressPark Notice to Proceed
  • Sep - Dec - Market Research (9 Focus Groups)
  • December - Carpool/Vanpool Loyalty Program
  • December - Roadside Toll Collection System Factory Acceptance Tests

image

Program Milestones & Schedule

Milestones

  • 2008
    • Grant Award
    • RTP Approved
    • Market Research
    • 68 pubic mtgs
  • 2009
    • Public Outreach & Comm Plan
    • Toll Policy & Toll Rates Adopted
    • 6 Public Hearings
    • 67 public mtgs
  • 2010
    • EIRs Approved
    • 2 Public Hearings
    • Fees Approved
    • Toll Credit Approved
    • Award DBOM Contract
    • 45 public mtgs
  • 2011
    • Final Design
    • Construction Begins
    • Market Research
    • Carpool Loyalty Program
    • 59 public mtgs
  • 2012
    • CSC Opens
    • Transponder Distribution Begins
    • ExpressLanes Open

Lessons Learned

  • A 'Political Champion' is a must
  • Engage the public early in the process and often throughout project development
  • A multi-modal approach increases public acceptance
  • Address equity issues early in the planning process
  • Ensure schedule deadlines take into consideration the complexity of the project elements
  • Make certain appropriate staffing and resources are assigned from inception/approval of project

2012+ Future Steps in Congestion Pricing

  • Regional (4-county) HOT Lane Network & Cordon Pricing Action Plan (Value Pricing Program)
    • Regional HOT Lane Network: Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino and Orange Counties
    • Cordon Pricing Study: City of Los Angeles
  • I-405 HOT Lane Feasibility Study
    • From Orange/Los Angeles County Line to LAX

For More Information

Part 2: SF Park - Circle Less, Live Move

Overview Presentation

SF Park Title

Demonstrating a new approach to parking managementiphone

 

Duration Price Per Hour
9am - 12am $2.50
12am - 3pm $3.50
3pm - 6pm $2.00

Scope

Shift in goals:
from revenue to policy
  • p8Use parking management to achieve transportation goals
  • Congestion/trip demand, transit, economic competitiveness, safety, greenhouse gas emissions
Pilot project scope
  • Two years
  • 8 pilot areas
  • 7,000 metered spaces (25%)
  • 12,250 garage spaces (75%)

Milestones for 2010

Parking sensor Parking meters

  • Parking sensors installed
  • Parking meters installed

Milestones for 2011

  • AprilMoscone ID Sign 1
    • City/SFMTA employee parking
    • Garage upgrade
    • Time limits extended
    • Real-time data feed released
    • Formal start of demonstration
  • July-December
    • Develop data warehouse
    • Three demand responsive rate changes (on- and off-street)
    • Garage wayfinding signage
    • Initial revenue evaluation

Managing employee parking

Business parking permits

Project launch

Project launch brochure covers

Data management and analytics

Table showing data management process

Demand responsive rate adjustments

Demand maps

Rate changes by metered hours
  1st rate change 2nd rate change 3rd rate change
Up $0.25/hr 26% 25% 27%
No change 42% 37% 38%
Down $0.25/hr 28% 30% 29%
Down $0.50/hr 4% 7% 6%

Garage wayfinding + advertising

Drawing of people standing by parking signs

Sharing lessons learned

Photo of SFpark brochure

Initial revenue evaluation (new meters/time limits)

Bar graph showing Old meters/time limits and new meters/time limits

What's next

  • Winter through Spring 2012
    • Roll out pay by phone (citywide)
    • Continue to develop business intelligence tool
    • Continue to improve and document business processes
  • Spring through Fall 2012
    • Initiate variable message signs
    • Evaluate pilot projects
    • Accelerate sharing and dissemination of lessons learned
    • Develop proposal for expanding SFpark citywide
    • Release RFPs

High level lessons learned

  • Focus on availability (not turnover)
  • Shifting how people think about parking takes time
    • Extensive outreach
    • Branding is useful
  • Having a transparent, rules-based, and data-driven approach helps
  • SFpark is essentially a complex IT undertaking
  • Parking equipment is not plug and play

Thank You

Jay Primus
jay.primus@sfmta.com
SFMTA

Part 3: 95 Express Lanes Program - UPA/CRD Project Update

December 15, 2011Map

95 Express Project Scope

  • Intended for long-distance trips connecting regional facilities Miami to Ft. Lauderdale
  • 1 HOV lane -> 2 Express lanes
  • Congestion-priced tolls
  • Improved ITS monitoring and incident management capabilities
  • Eliminate Bottlenecks
  • Ramp Metering
  • Bus Rapid Transit
  • Carpool Registration
    • Effective in Reducing Trips
    • Unique to the Project

FY'11 Performance Operational Analysis - Speed

  • Average AM Peak Period Speeds (Southbound)
    • 2008 HOV - 20 MPH; GPL - 15 MPH
    • 2011 EL - 62 MPH; GPL - 50 MPH
  • Average PM Peak Period Speeds (Northbound)
    • 2008 HOV - 18 MPH; GPL - 18 MPH
    • 2011 EL - 56 MPH; GPL - 41 MPH
  • EL Travel Time Savings (vs. HOV)
    • 15.0 mins. (SB)
    • 16.5 mins. (NB)

FY'11 Performance Operational Analysis - Overview

  • bar graphs Peak Period Benefits
    • SB - 13 MPH; NB - 15 MPH
    • Person Throughput ↑
  • Volume / Trips
    • 21% Increase over FY'10
    • 1.6 Million per Month
    • 111% vs. Projected
  • Revenue
    • $1.3 Million per Month
    • 115% vs. Projected

FY'11 Performance Operational Analysis - Overview

Bar graphs

FY'11 Performance Tolls

  • Range: $0.25 - $7.10*
  • Daily Averages
    • Weekday: $1.00 (SB); $1.05 (NB)
    • Peak Period: $1.70 (SB); $2.25 (NB)
    • Max. Toll: $4.25 (SB); $6.45 (NB) $7.10 Max (Oct. '10)
    • Weekend: $ 0.25
  • 85%: ≤ $2.10 95%: ≤ $2.75
  • Average Toll per Mile
    • $0.10 (SB); $0.11 (NB) - Overall
    • $0.21 (SB); $0.28 (NB) - Peak Period

FY'11 Performance Transit

  • January 2010, new 95 Express Bus Rapid Transit routes were introduced providing cross county "one seat" service.
  • 95 Express transit ridership continues to grow even after the MULs have been established.
    • Feb 2008 average daily boardings (pre-MUL): 1,746
    • Feb 2010 average daily boardings (MUL Phase 1A/1B opening): 2,638
    • June 2011 average daily boardings: 4,286 +145% Increase

Bar chart - Monthly total boardings by Route 2-10 through 8-11

FY'11 Performance Customer Satisfaction

What are Customers Saying?
  • Satisfaction Rating of 90% or Higher
    • Width of Lanes
    • Lane Separators
    • Entry and Exit Points
    • Signage and Display of Tolls
  • 72% of Users Feel 95 Express Offers a More Reliable Trip
  • 57% Expansion of 95 Express Lanes in Palm Beach County
  • 49% Want Express Lanes Expanded on other highways in South Florida

95 Express Lessons Learned

  • Sell reliability not speed alone
    • Work with media and customers. .
  • When in doubt - more pavement
    • Incident management and enforcement
  • Optimizing performance
    • Constant vigilance - good &bad
    • Automate control and QA/QC - but keep the "human" element!
  • Think network first if possible
  • Data Requests

Express Lanes Future

  • 95 Express Optimization
  • Other Initiatives - South Florida Managed Lanes Network
  • Regional Concept for Transportation Operations - VPPP
  • Exclusive Statewide Toll Lane Action Plan

Map of South Florida Managed Lanes Network

Questions?

Thank you!

Rory Santana, P.E., PTOE FDOT
District Six ITS Manager

Rory.Santana@fdot.state.fl.us

For more information go to 95express.com

Part 3: Atlanta's CRD Update

Logo: Peach PassFHWA Webinar

Presented by: Patrick Vu, PE

State Road and Tollway Authority

December 15, 2011

I-85 Express Lanes Overview

  • Goal: Provide more reliable travel times and commuting choices
  • I-85 Express Lanes, $60 million
    • ~16 miles long, from Chamblee Tucker near I-285 to Old Peachtree Road
    • Existing HOV2+ lane conversion to HOT3+
    • Opened September 30, 2011
  • Regional transit improvements, $122 million
    • New Xpress Park and Ride Lots including 3 along I-85
    • New Xpress commuter coach
  • Total cost $182 million, with USDOT contributing $110 million
I-85 HOV Conditions

Photo of traffic congestion

I-85 Express Lane Corridor

  • 1 lane in each direction, non barrier separated
  • Dynamically priced to maximize vehicle throughput
  • All vehicles must register and have a Peach Pass transponder
  • Toll Exempt vehicles:
    • Vehicles with 3 or more occupants
    • Over-the-road buses
    • On-call emergency vehicles
    • Motorcycles
    • Vehicles with alternative-fuel vehicles (AFVs) license plates
  • Single driver and 2 person carpools pay a toll
  • Vehicles with more than 6 wheels are prohibited
  • 24/7 operations
Map of Peach Pass area

Rules of the Road

Toll Rates:

  • Toll rates sign show min and max rate
  • Customers locked into toll rates on sign seen when entering Express Lanes

Violations:

  • Crossing the solid, double white line
  • Using the Express Lanes without a Peach Pass/Cruise Card transponder
  • Occupancy (vehicle does not meet the appropriate number of occupants for toll-free access)

Penalties:

  • SRTA toll violation = $25 + toll amount
  • May also be issued citation by law enforcement

Express Lane Sign

Traffic lane rules

I-85 Express Lanes Daily Trips

Bar graph

I-85 Express Lanes Average Fare

bar graph

I-85 Express Lanes Non-tolled vs Tolled Customers

Bar graph

Express Lanes Lessons

  • Anticipate/expect traffic pattern changes
  • Pricing implementation insight
  • Incident response
  • Collection of key performance metrics
  • Message coordination and addressing public response

CRD Transit Projects

  • I-85 North HOV to HOT
    • Add 36 coaches on 5 routes
    • Add 2,200 parking spaces in 4 park and ride lots
  • Remainder of Region
    • Added 45 coaches on 9 new routes
    • Added 5,000 parking spaces in 8 park and ride lots
    • New operating facilities

Xpress map

I-85 Hot Lanes Weekly Transit Boardings

  Route 101 102 103 410 411 412 413 416 Total
  Sponsor GCT GCT GCT GRTA GRTA / CRD GRTA GRTA / CRD GRTA / CRD  
  Park and Ride I-985/ GA 20 Indian Trail Discover Mills Discover Mills Hamilton Mill Discover Mills Hamilton Mill Dacula  
  Destination Downtown Downtown Downtown Lindbergh Midtown Mid town Downtown Downtown  
Week of Sept 12-16 2912 1378 5797 702 1370 2667 455 502 15,783
Sept 19-23 2767 1433 5977 728 1381 2597 511 487 15,881
Sept 26-30 2803 1289 5744 744 1305 2656 474 493 15,508
Oct 3-7 2906 1406 5913 831 1474 2846 506 529 16,411

 

  Destination Route Sponsor
  Total Downtown Midtown Lindbergh GCT GRTA GRTA /CRD
Sept Average 15,724 11,007 3,992 725 10,033 3,365 2,326
Oct 3-7 16,411 11,260 4,320 831 10,225 3,677 2,509
Change +4.4% +2.3% +8.2% +14.7% +1.0% +9.3% +7.9%

Atlanta Congestion Reduction Demonstration

  • USDOT Congestion Reduction Demonstration Program Grant awarded on November 21, 2008
  • HOV2+ to HOT3+ conversion of I-85 (@16miles)
  • 36 new commuter coaches, 2 park and rides
  • Total cost $182 million, with USDOT contributing $110 million
    • Public outreach
    • Tolling system development and construction
    • Transit improvements

Questions?QUESTIONS?

More information:

http://www.georgiatolls.com/programs/i-85-express-lanes/

Patrick Vu
patrickvu@georgiatolls.com
George State Dot website

 

STRA LogoARC logo Georgia Regional Transportation Authority Georgia Institute of Technology DPS LogoGDOT logo FTA logo FHWA Logo marta Logo Gwinnet county logo

Part 4: Minnesota's Urban Partnership Agreement 2011 Update

Kenneth R. Buckeye, AICP
Minnesota Department of Transportation

Minnesota's UPA Project Summary

  • Combined $133 M in Federal funds, with $50.2 M in State Funds
  • Funded 24 different projects and initiatives
    • Tolling
    • Transit
    • Technology
    • Telecommuting

I-35W HOV to HOT Managed Corridor

35W Congestion Pricing
  • Existing HOV Lane extended/ converted to HOT Lane
    • Extend existing HOV through system interchange
    • Widen HOT lane to add buffer
    • Added tolling and lane management technology
    • Modified signing and striping
  • Priced Dynamic Shoulder Lane (PDSL)
  • HOT Lane now complete through the I-35W / Crosstown project
  • Two mile MnPASS extension

Tolled Trips on I-35W MnPASS Lanes

bar chart showing amount of tolled trips

Toll Revenue on I-35W MnPASS Lanes

bar chart showing toll revenue

I-35W MnPASS Customer Accounts

bar chart showing growth in accountsChart showing Travel Time Reliability

I-35W MnPASS Results

  • 2500-3000 MnPASS users per day prior to Crosstown opening; 500-750 use PDSL
  • 7500 new transponders holders in I-35W corridor
    • About 60 new-account holders sign up for 35W per week
  • 20-25 % of total customers are MnPASS
    • < 8% violation rate
  • Average toll is $1.49: Tolls range from $0.25-8.00
  • Almost 2000 new transponder holders in I-394 corridor as well

Transit

  • MARQ2 Express Routes
    • 18 percent increase in ridership (4300 new riders)
    • Significantly enhanced customer experience
    • Time savings are substantial (5-10 minutes)
    • Operating speeds have increased substantially
  • Park and ride spaces occupied
    • 1484 spaces added at four park and ride facilities
    • 45 percent of capacity filled on average

BRT Integration In I-35 W Corridor

BRT IntegrationTechnology

  • Bus arrival electronic messaging
  • Park and ride availability
  • Lane guidance systems on buses for use on Highway 77 Bus Only Shoulders
  • Intelligent lane control signals
    • Driver safety advisories
    • Speed limit advisories
  • Arterial signal coordination

eWorkPlace

  • 48 Employers: 4212 employees
  • 55 minutes of time saved per teleworker per week
  • $1,500 saved annually per teleworker
  • 5000 peak period trips saved on I-35 and I-394 each week
  • 155,000 VMT saved each week
  • 8.2 million pounds of CO2 saved annually
  • 92% of employees believe productivity improved or remained unchanged
  • eWorkPlace brand and services will be continued through TMO partnerships

UPA Lessons Learned

  • Strong commitment from all agencies at all levels
  • Deployment and operation - fewer meetings more doing
  • Clear decision-making authority and assignment of responsibilities helped ensure timely project delivery
  • The amount of federal funds, and the threat of losing those funds, were clearly drivers
  • Real and meaningful deadlines created motivation - no one wanted to let the team down
  • Multimodal solutions work
    • Simple solutions (bus bypass lane)
    • Major projects (MARQ 2, MnPASS)
    • Technology and telecommuting
  • Good planning doesn't just sit on the shelf - it prepares you for opportunities
  • Learning on I-35W managed lanes is directly transferable to other corridors
  • Must continue to market strategies and performance
  • Public supports optional toll lanes if shown the benefits:
    • A low cost and sustainable congestion free alternative
    • Added capacity and performance when capacity is most needed
    • Strong transit community support has emerged
    • Offers choice, time savings and guaranteed trip time reliability for commuters

What's Next?

  • Transfer managed lane experience
    • Implementing managed lanes and shoulders on I-94 in 2011
    • Study underway on I-35W north
    • Studying MnPASS lane using movable barrier on major river crossing (Highway 77)
  • Transit
  • Technology
  • eWorkPlace continues with U of M and TMO's
  • All existing HOV lanes converted to HOT
    • More dynamic shoulders under consideration
    • MnPASS Phase II Study prioritizing system expansion areas
      • I-35E
      • Highway 36
Map

Questions and More Information

Visit

www.mnpass.org

Or

http://www.dot.state.mn.us/upa/

or Contact:

kenneth.buckeye@state.mn.us

Part 5: Lake Washington Urban Partnership

Patty Rubstello, PE
Director, Toll Systems Development & Engineering

UPA/CRD Webinar
Dec. 15, 2011

Dave Dye
Deputy Secretary

Paula Hammond
Secretary of Transportation

Steve Reinmuth
Chief of Staff

Lake Washington Urban Partnership Agreement

  • $154.5 million federal grant to apply these innovative approaches to reduce congestion in the SR 520 corridor
    • Tolling - time of day pricing of existing facility to encourage travel at off-peak hours and reduce trips
    • Technology - variable speed limits, lane control and real time driver info
    • Transit - added over 130 new daily bus trips increasing service by 20 percent
    • TDM - educational efforts with employers, van/carpools
  • Partners:
    • Puget Sound Regional Council
    • King County
    • Federal Highway Administration
    • Federal Transit Administration

TDM: expanding travel options

  • Employer programs take time and best if you have a carrot/stick
    • Incentives
    • Tolling
  • Know the situation from all aspects
    • P&R Lot capacity
    • Amenities
  • Telework programs are the hardest to get started
    • Employer
    • Employee
  • How do you measure effectiveness?

Transit: Enhanced Bus Service Transit title

  • As the schedule for tolling slipped, it made it difficult to manage when the additional service could be implemented
  • With additional service added to SR 520, ridership has grown faster here than on other corridors

 

Technology: Smarter Highways

  • LogoLack of standards
    • Coordinate early with FHWA on sign messages
  • Standard Operating Procedures
    • Spend time to think beyond the normal situations
  • SR 520 TCS Test procedures
    • Plan ahead
  • Education - Lots of it!
    • Travel Time SignsMedia
    • Video
    • Variable speed limits

Tolling: SR 520 bridge

  • Cars at tolling station Having something to sell
    • Vulnerable Floating Bridge
  • Tolling an existing facility
    • History is helpful
    • What no Toll Booths?
  • Forecasting Driver behavior
    • Diversion
    • Value of Time
  • Bridge during stormBefore you locate where you will toll, think long and hard about the physical environment
  • Schedule was too aggressive
    • TEST & TEST & TEST
  • Education
    • No Toll Booths - Really!
    • Pay by Mail (Toll Bills)
    • Time of Day Pricing
    • Multiple types of Passes

 

Bar chartBar chart

What's next in Washington state?

  • Tolling imageDecember 29, 2011: Tolling begins on the SR 520 bridge
  • Evaluation and monitoring
  • Influence of SR 520 tolling on future tolling the region

 

For more information please contact:

Patty Rubstello, P.E.
Director of Toll Systems Development & Engineering

Project Web Page & Toll Web Page

http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Projects/LkWaMgt/

http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Tolling/520/

206-464-1299 or rubstep@wsdot.wa.gov