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Livability in the U.S. and Sweden Summary Report

The Swedish Webinar

The Swedish webinar took place on October 11, 2012. The following individuals participated:

Transport Analysis: Mathias Nilsen, Krister Sandberg
Royal Institute of Technology, KTH: Maria Börjesson
Swedish Transport Administration: Susanne Ingo, Catherine Kotake
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration:
Gabriel Rousseau, Kenneth Petty, Daphne Speaks, Connie Yew, Egan Smith, Sharlene Reed, Shana Baker, Robin Smith, Harlan Miller, Frederick Bowers, Peter Stephanos, Michael Nesbitt

The webinar consisted of five separate presentations:

1.1 Planning the physical environment: Example from Malmård (the Rosengård Promenade)

This presentation responded to the following questions:

Sustainable Rosengård

A social promenade

Please find additional information about the transition of Rosengård via this link.

1.2 Planning the physical environment: Example from Stockholm (Stockholm Royal Seaport)

This presentation responded to the following questions:

Stockholm Royal Seaport - 11 000 new homes, 30 000 new workplaces

"The ambition is to offer one of Europe's most modern and attractive living environments. Dwellings, workplaces, parks and open spaces will be of the highest quality and use modern architecture and environmentally-adapted energy-efficient solutions. The district will mix housing with different types of businesses, creating a dynamic environment that never sleeps."

Sustainability in focus

Focus on sustainable transport solutions, efficient building processes, energy conservation and energy efficiency. Overall environmental targets:

  1. By 2030, free of fossil fuels and climate+
  2. Adapted to climate change
  3. High environmental and sustainable goals for all sectors
  4. CO2 emissions lower than 1.5 ton per person and year by 2020.

Goals will be reached by developing and applying

Traffic hierarchy

Traffic hierarchy - part of the environmental profile.

Traffic planning, strategy approach:

Do Livability related factors influence funding decisions or affect how different projects are prioritized?

Innovation flagship

"The investment in Stockholm Royal Seaport is a powerful environmental initiative where holistic solutions and systematic thinking are the results of a close collaboration between governments, developers, policy makers and industry." Sten Nordin, Mayor of Stockholm

 Raised awareness, motivating outstanding performance

The ambitious environment targets for the area requires that all partners…

…work closer together than usually and invest extra resources to realize the vision:

Global climate program recognizes Stockholm Royal Seaport

Who is involved with the transportation decision making process?

Stockholm Transport Agreement was signed

County Administration Board, City of Stockholm, Stockholm County Council (public transport authority), Swedish Transport Administration, Stockholm County Association of Local Authorities - KSL

How is the public engaged in transportation projects and what other agencies are involved in the process?

Stockholm City Administration: Royal Seaport, Program proposal, open consultation

Northern Link Day, Sunday 2 October 2012

Stockholm City Administration: Decision making support for travel and cargo transport

Opportunities to choose

Is human health (e.g. obesity, asthma) considered in transportation decision making?

Sustainable lifestyles

"Also public health, motion and spontaneous sport is part of a sustainable lifestyle and should have good preconditions in the area"

Image of a future situation

1.3 The Transport Policy Objectives & Transport statistics in Sweden

The Transport Policy Objectives:

" The objective of transport policy is to ensure the economically efficient and sustainable provision of transport services for people and businesses throughout the country."

Functional objective - Accessibility

" The design, function and use of the transport system will contribute to provide everyone with basic accessibility of good quality and functionality and to support the development potential throughout the country. "The transport system will be gender equal, meeting the transport needs of both women and men equally."

Impact objective - Health, safety and environment

"The design, function and use of the transport system will be adapted to eliminate fatal and serious accidents.""It will also contribute to the achievement of the environmental quality objectives and better health conditions."

Measuring effects

All developments for 2011 are supported by statistics and compared with 2010. This measuring of effects is comprised in a report which is one ofTransport Analysis' flagship products. It is finalized every spring in a size of roughly 150 pages.

Example from the report:

Objective: Travel for people will be improvedthrough increased reliability, security and convenience.

Result 2011: It has been noted deficiencies particularly in road and rail systems.Traffic on both road and rail are increasing and in many places it reaches full capacity during peak periods. Overall, it has created disturbances, punctuality problems, poor mobility and reduced buoyancy. The road condition has deteriorated so that convenience may have been affected. Inadequate traffic information has been observed during the past year. Only in exceptional cases has it been possible to find the reported measures or activities that will improve traveler security.

Transport Statistics in Sweden

International cooperation
Eurostat

1.4 Livability in the transport analysis

Question: Do livability related factors influence how projects are prioritized?

The administrative gap

Example 1: Can we include factor affecting perceived as security in walking environment in CBA

The chance of being seen, to see and to escape

Example 2: Cycling appraisal

Second order motivations

This can be a problem? Why?

Example 3: Land-Use

1.5 Planning of public transport in Sweden

Transport planning authorities

Planning process - infrastructure bill and proposal for the National transport plan
Infrastructure bill
Analysis and data > Infrastructure bill > Parliamentary decision

(Capacity study) Sept 2012 Dec 2012

National transport plan
Assignment > STA submit proposal > Government decision > Implementation

Dec 2012 Autumn 2013 Spring 2014

Prioritizing criteria for national funding

Current Issues

Prioritizing criteria for regional funding

Deregulations of transport in Sweden

Updated: 01/03/2014
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