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The Role of FHWA Programs in Livability: State of the Practice Summary

References

Photo and Graphic Credits

Multimodal Roadway Network Simulation
Urban Advantage, CD+A, & H.B. Rue for the Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission
Rural highway incorporating livability and sustainability principles
Urban Advantage, CD+A, & H.B. Rue for the Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission
Street Tree in a Curb Extension
Dan Burden
Hamburg's roundabouts and road diet
Dan Burden
Aerial view of I-277 reconstruction in Charlotte, North Carolina
City of Charlotte
Reconfigured lanes on Broadway in New York City
H.B. Rue
New pedestrian and bicycle path along Haxton Way
Robert Pell for the Lummi Nation
Grand Canyon Shuttle bus service
National Park Service
Photo-simulation of potential improvements to a Honolulu roadway
Urban Advantage & H.B. Rue for the City and County of Honolulu
Lake Monticello, Virginia vision plan
Renaissance Planning Group for the Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission

Reference 1
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Department of Transportation, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available at http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/partnership/index.html. Accessed on 12/19/2010.
Reference 2
EPA, "Partnership for Sustainable Communities: A Year of Progress for American Communities," 2010. Available at http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/pdf/partnership_year1.pdf. Accessed 3/16/2011.
Reference 3
Draft U.S. DOT Strategic Plan, April 15, 2010. Available at http://www.dot.gov/stratplan/dot_strategic_plan_10-15.pdf (inactive link) See http://www.dot.gov/dot-strategic-plan for current information.
Reference 4
TRB Transportation Systems for Livable Communities Conference presentation, October 18, 2010. Available at http://www.cvent.com/events/transportation-systems-for-livable-communities-conference/event-summary-eb5457c946c0414396fda17bd771aa9f.aspx Accessed 3/16/2011.
Reference 5
AASHTO. "The Road to Livability." 2010. Available at http://downloads.transportation.org/LR-1.pdf. Accessed 12/19/2010
Reference 6
American Institute of Architects, "Livability 101." 2005. Available at http://www.aia.org/aiaucmp/groups/aia/documents/pdf/aias077946.pdf. Accessed 3/16/2011.
Reference 7
AARP, "Beyond 50.05: A Report to the Nation on Livable Communities: Creating Environments for Successful Aging," Available at http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/il/beyond_50_communities.pdf Accessed 3/16/2011.
Reference 8
EPA, "Partnership for Sustainable Communities: A Year of Progress for American Communities," 2010. Available at http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/pdf/partnership_year1.pdf. Accessed 2/24/2011.
Reference 9
HUD Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities, "Sustainable Housing and Communities." Available at http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/program_offices/sustainable_housing_communities/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 10
EPA, "Office of Sustainable Communities" Available at http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 11
HUD-DOT-EPA Partnership for Sustainable Communities. Available at http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/partnership/index.html. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 12
Notice of Funding Availability for National Infrastructure Investments under the FY 2010 Appropriations Act or "TIGER II Discretionary Grants." Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-06-01/html/2010-13078.htm. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 13
President Thomas Jefferson, 1789. "Then I say the earth belongs to each...generation during its course, fully and in its own right. The second generation receives it clear of the debts and encumbrances, the third of the second, and so on. For if the first could charge it with a debt, then the earth would belong to the dead and not to the living generation. Then, no generation can contract debts greater than may be paid during the course of its own existence." Available at "Com+ sustainable development communications alliance" http://www.complusalliance.org/templates/COMPLUS/COMPLUS2/layout.asp?MenuId=MzI Accessed 3/16/2011.
Reference 14
EPA, "Partnership for Sustainable Communities: A Year of Progress for American Communities," 2010. Available at http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/pdf/partnership_year1.pdf. Accessed 2/24/2011.
Reference 15
FHWA Sustainable Highways Evaluation Tool. https://www.sustainablehighways.org/296/what-is-sustainability.html Accessed 3/03/11
Reference 16
FHWA/FTA "Livability in Transportation Guidebook: Planning Approaches that Promote Livability." 2010. Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/case_studies/guidebook/. Accessed on 12/19/2010.
Reference 17
Mid-Ohio Regional Planning Commission. "Transportation Planning" Available at http://www.morpc.org/transportation/complete_streets/completestreets.asp. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 18
City of St. Louis, Board of Alderman. "Board Of Aldermen 2010-2011 Legislative Session" Available at http://stlcin.missouri.org/alderman/bbDetail.cfm?BBId=6085. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 19
FHWA/FTA "Livability in Transportation Guidebook: Planning Approaches that Promote Livability." 2010. Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/case_studies/guidebook/. Accessed on 12/19/2010.
Reference 20
Atlanta Beltline. Available at http://www.beltline.org/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 21
AASHTO. "The Road to Livability." 2010. Available at http://downloads.transportation.org/LR-1.pdf. Accessed 12/19/2010
Reference 22
Toth, G. and Twaddell, H. "What is 'Rural livability'?" PBS Blueprint America. 2010. Available at http://www.pbs.org/wnet/blueprintamerica/blogs/the-dig-op-ed-what-is-rural-livability/1021/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 23
Transportation Research Board and US DOT, Research and Innovative Technology Administration. "Transportation for Livable Communities: Charting a Research Agenda." Conference Summary from October 18-19, 2010, Washington, DC. Available at http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/conferences/2010/Livability/Program.pdf. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 24
Congress for New Urbanism and Institute of Transportation Engineers. "Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares: A Context Sensitive Approach." 2010. Available at http://www.cnu.org/streets. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 25
FHWA Resource Center homepage http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/resourcecenter/. Accessed 1/7/2011.
Reference 26
National Highway Institute homepage. http://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov/default.aspx Accessed 1/7/2011
Reference 27
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ehei/awards/2008/tennessee.cfm Accessed 1/7/2011
Reference 28
FHWA Livability website. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/resources/ Accessed 1/7/2011.
Reference 29
New York State DOT. Green Leadership In Transportation Environmental Sustainability (GreenLITES) Program. Available at https://www.dot.ny.gov/programs/greenlites?nd=nysdot. Accessed 10/31/2011.
Reference 30
Pennsylvania DOT. "Smart Transportation Guidebook" 2008. Available at http://www.smart-transportation.com/guidebook.html. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 31
Massachusetts DOT. "Project Development and Design Guide." Available at http://www.mhd.state.ma.us/default.asp?pgid=content/designguide&sid=about. Accessed 1/07/2010.
Reference 32
New York State DOT. "Route 62 and Route 391. " Available at https://www.dot.ny.gov/portal/page/portal/regional-offices/region5/projects/route-62-and-391?nd=nysdot. Accessed 10/31/2011.
Reference 33
FHWA, "I-95 Corridor, Miami To Ft. Lauderdale - Improving Highway Operations To Support Livable Communities." http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/case_studies/miami/ Accessed 1/11/2011.
Reference 34
The Infrastructurist. "Huh! How 4 Cases of How Tearing Down a Highway Can Relieve Traffic Jams and Help a City." Available at http://www.infrastructurist.com/2009/07/06/huh-4-cases-of-how-tearing-down-a-highway-can-relieve-traffic-jams-and-help-save-a-city/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 35
DOT TIGER II Discretionary Grant Program. Available at http://www.dot.gov/tiger. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 36
Dawid, Irwin. "Federal Transportation Funds For Highway Removal?" Planetizen Blog Post, October 21, 2010. Available at http://www.planetizen.com/node/46514. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 37
FHWA, "Sustainable Highways Self-Evaluation Tool." Available at http://www.sustainablehighways.org/138/about.html. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 38
Langdon, Phillip. "Charlotte Becomes a Transportation Leader." New Urban News. January/February 2009. Available at http://www.maryblackfoundation.org/documents/CharlotteTransportationLeader-NUN.pdf. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 39
FHWA Safety Program. Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 40
FHWA. " Safe Routes to School." Available at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 41
Zykofsky. Paul. "Road Diets and Roundabouts." PowerPoint Presentation by Local Government Commission. Available at www.sacog.org/complete-streets/toolkit/files/docs/LGC_Road%20Diets%20and%20Roundabouts.pdf. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 42
FHWA Bike Pedestrian Funding. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/funding/bipedfund.cfm. Accessed 1/7/2011
Reference 43
FHWA, "Design Guidance Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel: A Recommended Approach. Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/guidance/design_guidance/design.cfm. Accessed 2/24/2011.
Reference 44
PlaNYC. http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/about/stratplan.shtml Accessed 1/7/2011.
Reference 45
New York City Department of Transportation. "New York City Pedestrian Safety and Action Plan". Available at http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/nyc_ped_safety_study_action_plan.pdf. Accessed 2/24/2011
Reference 46
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. The US Bicycle Route System. Available at http://www.adventurecycling.org/routes-and-maps/us-bicycle-route-system/?gclid=CIbV3cmVh7cCFUJx4Aod_XYAsA Accessed 7/11/2013.
Reference 47
ParkPGH. Available at http://parkpgh.org/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 48
National Park Service. "Grand Canyon South Rim Visitor Transportation Plan." Available at http://www.nps.gov/grca/parkmgmt/trans.htm Accessed 2/24/2011.
Reference 49
Minneapolis Urban Partnership Agreement. Available at www.upa.dot.gov/agreements/minneapolis.htm. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 50
Alameda Corridor Transportation Authority. Available at http://www.acta.org/projects/projects_completed_alameda_factsheet.asp. Accessed 2/24/2011.
Reference 51
City of Compton. "Smart Growth Implementation Roadmap," 2009. Available at http://www.comptoncity.org/smartgrowth/index.php/vision-plans/smart-growth-implementation-roadmap-report Accessed 2/24/2011.
Reference 52
MassDOT. "Office of Transportation Planning." Available at http://www.southcoastrail.com/. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 53
CREATE website. http://www.createprogram.org/about-benefits.html Accessed 1/7/2011.
Reference 54
"Corridor Approaches to Integrating Transportation and Land Use" Available at http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/archive/notesdocs/NCHRP08-36(86)_FR.pdf Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 55
FHWA/FTA "Livability in Transportation Guidebook: Planning Approaches that Promote Livability." 2010. Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/case_studies/guidebook/. Accessed on 12/19/2010.
Reference 56
New Jersey FIT: Future In Transportation. Available at http://www.state.nj.us/transportation/works/njfit/case/route29.shtm. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 57
Places 29 Corridor Study. Available at http://www.tjpdc.org/transportation/places_29.asp. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 58
FHWA/FTA Livability in Transportation Guidebook. Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/case_studies/guidebook/chap03.cfm. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 59
Transportation Planning Capacity Building Program. Available at www.planning.dot.gov. Accessed on 12/19/2010.
Reference 60
EPA "HUD-DOT-EPA Partnership for Sustainable Communities." Available at http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/partnership/index.html. Accessed on 12/19/2010.
Reference 61
White House Office of Urban Affairs, blog post August 04, 2009. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/A-Fresh-Conversation-on-the-Future-of-Americas-Cities-and-Metro-Areas.
Reference 62
International City-County Management Association, "Putting Smart Growth to Work in Rural Communities" Available at http://icma.org/ruralsmartgrowth. Accessed on 2/25/2011.
Reference 63
Ewing, R. and Cervero, R. (2010) "Travel and the Built Environment," Journal of the American Planning Association, 76:3, 265-294.
Reference 64
Reid Ewing, Rolf Pendall and Don Chen (2002), Measuring Sprawl and Its Impacts, (Washington DC: Smart Growth America); Frank, L.D., Kavage, S. and Appleyard, B. (2007), "The urban form and climate change gamble: how transportation and land development affect greenhouse gas emissions", Planning, August/September, 18-19.
Reference 65
Urban Land Institute (2010) Land Use and Driving: The Role Compact Development Can Play in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions. (Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute).
Reference 66
American Farmland Trust (2010), "Farming on the Edge Report: What's Happening to Our Farmland?" (Washington DC: American Farmland Trust), Available at http://www.farmland.org/resources/fote/. Accessed on 12/19/2010.
Reference 67
Samimi, Mohammadian, and Madanizadeh (2009) "Effects of transportation and built environment on general health and obesity" Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 14:1, 67-71.
Reference 68
Lindstrom M. "Means of Transportation to Work and Overweight and Obesity: A Population-Based Study in Southern Sweden." Preventive Medicine, 46(1): 22-28, January 2008; Moudon A, Lee C, Cheadle A, et al. "Attributes of Environments Supporting Walking." American Journal of Health Promotion, 21(5): 448-459, May-June 2007; Wener R and Evans G. "A Morning Stroll-Levels of Physical Activity in Car and Mass Transit Commuting." Environment and Behavior, 39(1): 62-74, January 2007; cited in Active Living Research (2009) "Active Transportation: Making the Link from Transportation to Physical Activity and Obseity," Research Brief, Summer (San Diego: Active Living Research), 2.
Reference 69
Besser L and Dannenberg A. (2005) "Walking to Public Transit: Steps to Help Meet Physical Activity Recommendations." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29(4): 273-280; cited in Active Living Research (2009).
Reference 70
Woodcock, J., et al (2007) "Energy and transport" Energy and Health series no. 3, Lancet 370: 1078-88.
Reference 71
Bailey, Linda (2004) "Aging Americans: Stranded Without Options" (Washington DC: Surface Transportation Policy Partnership), 4.
Reference 72
Kochera, A., Straight, A., and Guterbock, T. (2005), Beyond 50.05: A Report to the Nation on Livable Communities: Creating Environments for Successful Aging, (Washington DC: AARP Public Policy Institute), 59.
Reference 73
Ritter, A., Straight, A., and Evans, E. (2002) Understanding Senior Transportation: Report and Analysis of a Survey of Consumers Age 50+ (Washington DC: AARP Public Policy Institute); cited in Kochera, Straight, and Guterbock (2005).
Reference 74
Center for Neighborhood Technology (2010) Penny Wise, Pound Fuelish (Chicago, IL: CNT).
Reference 75
Center for Neighborhood Technology. 2010. http://htaindex.cnt.org/. Accessed June 25, 2010.
Reference 76
Burchell, R, G. Lowenstein, W. Dolphin, and C. Galley (2002) Costs of Sprawl - 2000 TCRP Report 74 (Washington DC: Transportation Research Board) ; Burchell, R., A. Downs, B. McCann, and S. Mukherji, (2005) Sprawl Costs: Economic Impacts of Unchecked Development. (Washington DC: Island Press).
Reference 77
National Association of Home Builders, "Talking Points on Compact Development". Available at http://www.nahb.org/generic.aspx?sectionID=628&genericContentID=17373. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 78
FHWA. "New Trends in Transportation and Land Use Scenario Planning." Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/scenario_and_visualization/scenario_planning/publications/new_trends/. Accessed 10/31/2011.
Reference 79
Bartholomew, Keith. (2007). Land Use-Transportation Scenario Planning: Promise and Reality. Transportation: Planning, Policy, Research, Practice, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 397-412. Available at http://www.worldtransitresearch.info/research/2313/
Reference 80
FHWA and Volpe Center (2010) "FHWA Scenario Planning Guidebook". Available at /planning/scenario_and_visualization/scenario_planning/scenario_planning_guidebook/. Accessed 10/31/2011.
Reference 81
Information provided by Renaissance Planning Group based on work conducted for the Florida DOT District 4 on the SR 7 Multimodal Corridor Study in Palm Beach and Broward Counties.
Reference 82
Keener DC, Goodman K, Lowery A, Kettel Khan L, Zaro S. "Recommended Community Measures for Preventing Obesity in the United States: User's Guide." Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5807a1.htm. Accessed 12/16/2010
Reference 83
Washington DOT."Understanding Flexibility in Transportation Design." Available at http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Research/Reports/600/638.1.htm. Accessed 1/07/2011
Reference 84
Pennsylvania DOT. "Smart Transportation Guidebook" 2008. Available at http://www.smart-transportation.com/guidebook.html. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 85
Massachusetts DOT. "Project Development and Design Guide." Available at http://www.mhd.state.ma.us/default.asp?pgid=content/designguide&sid=about. Accessed 1/07/2010.
Reference 86
http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/tpp/offices/ocp/smf.html
Reference 87
Charlotte, NC. "Urban Street Design Guidelines." http://www.charmeck.org/city/charlotte/Transportation/PlansProjects/Pages/Urban%20Street%20Design%20Guidelines.aspx.
Reference 88
New York City. "Street Design Manual." http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/about/streetdesignmanual.shtml
Reference 89
San Francisco, CA. "Better Streets Plan." http://www.sf-planning.org/ftp/BetterStreets/index.htm
Reference 90
Los Angeles, CA. "Downtown Design Guide." http://www.urbandesignla.com/downtown_guidelines.htm
Reference 91
Seattle, WA. "Right-of-Way Improvements Manual." http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/rowmanual/manual/
Reference 92
FHWA, "Sustainable Highways Self-Evaluation Tool." Available at http://www.sustainablehighways.org/138/about.html. Accessed 12/19/2010.
Reference 93
http://www.fgdc.gov/geospatial-lob/documents/nepaassist-factsheet.pdf/view
Reference 94
www.urban-advantage.com
Reference 95
FHWA. "New Trends in Transportation and Land Use Scenario Planning." Available at /planning/scenario_and_visualization/scenario_planning/publications/new_trends/. Accessed 10/31/2011.
Reference 96
FHWA/FTA "Livability in Transportation Guidebook: Planning Approaches that Promote Livability." 2010 pp.91-104,. Available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/case_studies/guidebook/. Accessed on 1/10/2010.
Updated: 05/29/2014
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