|OHPI > MMFR > May 2005|
Based on reports of 50 Entities, gasoline consumption for January - May 2005 changed by -1.3 percent compared to the same period in 2004 . /1 During this period, vehicle-miles of travel changed by +1.4 percent.
The gasoline volume shown in this report is a cumulative tabulation of gross volume reported by wholesale distributors to State motor fuel tax agencies. It includes highway use, nonhighway use and losses. There is a lag of up to 6 weeks between the wholesale transactions reported and retail sales to consumers. Travel trends are reported monthly in Traffic Volume Trends based on actual traffic counts at permanent traffic recorders operated by the State highway agencies. The vehicle-miles reported include all vehicles, regardless of fuel type. While data in both reports reflect changes in trends, large monthly changes can be caused by exceptional weather conditions, variations in timing of holidays, or processing delays.
All States levy volume taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel. The rates in effect for 2005 are shown in Table MF-121T. The gasoline rates vary from a low of 7.5 cents per gallon to 31.1 cents with an average of 19.9 cents. Five States provide for full or partial exemptions for gasohol, a blend of 90 percent gasoline and 10 percent fuel alcohol. Diesel fuel rates vary from 7.5 cents to 37.5 cents per gallon.
Traditionally, State fuel tax rates could only be changed with legislation, but 10 States now have variable rate motor fuel taxes. These taxes are adjusted at specified intervals-annually, semiannually, or quarterly-usually on the basis of an index or formula specified in the enabling legislation. These States are identified in the notes on Table MF-121T. Adjustments to variable rate taxes are announced by State tax agencies shortly before the effective date of the change.
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