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FHWA > Pavement : Bridge > ASR > HIF-09-004 > 8.0 References

Report on the Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Mitigation of Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) in Transportation Structures

8.0 References

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Barborak, R., Folliard, K.J., and Thomas, M.D.A., "Using Lithium Compounds to Treat Hardened Concrete Suffering from ASR: Preliminary Laboratory Results," Proceedings of the 12thInternational Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity (ICAAR), Beijing, China, pp. 483489, 2004.

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Bérubé, M.A., Chouinard, D., Pigeon, M., Frenette, J., Rivest, M. and Vézina, D., "Effectiveness of Sealers in Counteracting Alkali-Silica Reaction in Plain and Air-Entrained Laboratory Concretes Exposed to Wetting and Drying, Freezing and Thawing, and Salt Water," Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 289-300, 2002b.

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Bérubé, M.A., Frenette, J. and Rivest, M., "Laboratory Assessment of the Potential Rate of ASR Expansion of Field Concrete," Cement, Concrete, and Aggregates, 24 (1), 28-36, 2002b.

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Bérubé, M.A., Smaoui, N. and Côté, T., "Expansion Tests on Cores from ASR-Affected Structures," 12th International Conference on AAR, Beijing (China), pp. 821-832, 2004.

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Carse, A., "The Asset Management of Alkali-Silica Reaction in a Long Bridge Structure," Proceedings of the 11thInternational Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete, Quebec City, Canada, Editors: M.A. Bérubé, B. Fournier and B. Durand, pp. 1025-1032, 1996.

Carter, P.D., "Evaluation of Dampproofing Performance and Effective Penetration Depth of Silane Sealers in Concrete," ACI Materials Journal Special Publication, 151: p. 95 - 118, 1994.

Cavalcanti, A.J.C.T. and Silveira, J.F.A., "Investigations on the Moxoto Powerhouse Concrete Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction," Proceedings of the 8thInternational Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete, Kyoto, Japan, Editors: K. Okada, S. Nishibayashi and M. Kawamura, pp. 797-802, 1989.

Chrisp, T.M., Wood, J.G.M. and Norris, P., "Towards Quantification of Microstructural Damage in AAR Deteriorated Concrete," Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Developments on the Fracture of Concrete and Rocks, Elsevier Applied Science, London, U.K., pp. 419-427, 1989.

Canadian Standards Association (CSA), "Design of Concrete Structures," CSA A23.3-94, Canadian Standards Association, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, 2000.

Canadian Standards Association (CSA), "Guide to the Evaluation and Management of Concrete Structures Affected by Alkali-Aggregate Reaction," CSA A864-00, Canadian Standards Association, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, 2000.

Danay, A., Adeghe, L. and Hindy, A., "Diagnosis of the Cause of the Progressive Concrete Deformations at Saunders Dam," Concrete International, pp. 25-33, September 1993.

Dunbar. P.A., and Grattan-Bellew, P.E., "Results of Damage Rating Evaluation of Condition of Concrete from a Number of Structures Affected by AAR," Proceedings of CANMET/ACI International Workshop on AAR in Concrete, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, CANMET, Department of Natural Resources Canada, pp. 257-265, 1995.

East, B.L., "Laboratory and Field Investigations on the Use of Lithium Nitrate to Prevent or Mitigate Alkali-Silica Reaction," Master's thesis, University of Texas at Austin, May 2007.

Farni, J.A., and Kosmatka, S.H., "Diagnosis and Control of Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Concrete," Portland Cement Association, ISBN 0-89312-146-0, 24 p., 1997.

Folliard, K.J., Thomas, M.D.A., Fournier, B., Kurtis, K.E. and Ideker, J.H., "Interim Recommendations for the Use of Lithium to Mitigate or Prevent Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR)," Federal Highway Administration, Publication No. FHWA-HRT-06-073, 2006.

Fournier, B., and Bérubé, M.A., "Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete: A Review of Basic Concepts and Engineering Implications," Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 167-191, 2000.

Fournier, B., Bérubé, M.A., Thomas, M.D.A., Smaoui, N. and Folliard, K.J., "Evaluation and Management of Concrete Structures Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction - A Review," MTL 2004-11 (OP), Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa (Canada), 59 p., 2004.

Grabe, P.J. and Oberholster R.E., "Programme for the Treatment and Replacement of ASR Affected Concrete Sleepers in the Sishen-Saldanha Railway Line," Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete, Quebec City, Canada, Editors: M.A. Bérubé, B. Fournier and B. Durand, pp. 1059-1068, 2000.

Grattan-Bellew, P.E., "Comparison of Laboratory and Field Evaluation of Alkali-Silica Reaction in Large Dams," Proceedings of the First International Conference on Concrete Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Hydroelectric Plants and Dams, Fredericton, NB, Canada, 23 p., September-October 1992.

Institution of Structural Engineers (ISE), "Structural Effects of Alkali-Silica Reaction - Technical Guidance Appraisal of Existing Structures," Institution of Structural Engineers, 11 Upper Belgrave Street, London SW1X 8BH, 45 p., 1992.

Jensen, V., "In-Situ Measurement of Relative Humidity and Expansion of Cracks in Structures Damages by AAR," Proceedings of the 11thInternational Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete, Quebec City, Canada, Editors: M.A. Bérubé, B. Fournier and B. Durand, pp. 849-858, 2000.

Johnston, D.P., Surdahl, R. and Stokes, D.B., "A Case Study of a Lithium-Based Treatment of an ASR-Affected Pavement," Proceedings of the 11thInternational Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete, Quebec City, Canada, Editors: M.A. Bérubé, B. Fournier and B. Durand, pp. 1149-1158, 2000.

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Natesaiyer, K., Stark, D. and Hover, K.C., "Gel Fluorescence Reveals Reaction Product Traces," Concrete International, pp. 25-28, January 1991.

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Pedneault, J., "Development of Testing and Analytical Procedures for the Evaluation of the Residual Potential of Reaction, Expansion, and Deterioration of Concrete Affected by ASR," M.Sc. Memoir, Laval University, Québec City, Canada, 1996.

Rotter, H.M., "Alkali-Aggregate Reaction: from Basic Principles to Structural Behaviour - A literature Review," Report No. EPM/GSC 1995-11, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, PQ, 166p., 1995.

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Smaoui, N., Fournier, B., Bérubé, M.E., Bissonnette, B. and Durand, B., 2004b, "Evaluation of the Expansion Attained to Date by ASR-Affected Concrete - Part II: Application to Non-Reinforced Concrete Specimens Exposed Outside," Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 31: 997-1011, 2004b.

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Updated: 06/14/2012