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Journey to Work Trends in the United States and its Major Metropolitan Areas

1960-2000

Publication No. FHWA -EP-03-058

Prepared for:
US Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Planning

Prepared by:
Nancy McGuckin, Consultant
Nanda Srinivasan, Cambridge Systematics, Inc.

Table of Contents

Notice

The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Department of Transportation.

This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.

Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No. FHWA-EP-03-058 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Journey to Work in the United States and its Major - 1960 - 2000
5. Report Date 6/30/2003
6. Performing Organization Code Metropolitan Areas
7. Author(s)
Nancy A. McGuckin, Travel Behavior Analyst
Nanda Srinivasan, Cambridge Systematics, Inc.
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address 10. Work Unit no. (TRAIS)
11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Office of Planning
Washington, D.C. 20590
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
CTPP 2000: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/census_issues/ctpp/
Census Bureau American Factfinder: http://factfinder.census.gov

16. Abstract
This report tracks trends in demographics, worker characteristics and journey-to-work commute in the United States and its large Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). The report is based on data from the decennial census published by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Chapters 1 and 2 look at the national trends in terms of population and workforce growth, the change in household structure, and outline some regional and state trends. Chapter 3 examines the demographics of the changes in relation to travel, focusing on the trends within the 49 metropolitan areas (not including San Juan, Puerto Rico) that have over 1,000,000 people in residence as reported in the 2000 Census. Chapter 4 examines the changes in place of work, residence location, and travel time. Chapter 5 looks at means of transportation and Chapter 6 looks at vehicle availability. The profile section includes a map of each of the 49 MSAs followed by a detailed profile sheet.

17. Key Words
journey to work, nation, states, metropolitan areas, census data, travel trends,travel mode, travel time, commuting, worker flows, transportation statistics, demography, worker characteristics
18. Distribution Statement
19. Security Classification Unclassified20. Security Classification Unclassified 21. No. of Pages 22. Price
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72)  Reproduction of completed page authorized

Abstract:

This report identifies and presents the changes that have occurred from 1960 to 2000 in population and demographics, worker characteristics, means of travel to work, time of travel to work, vehicle availability, and geographic flows in the United States and its major metropolitan areas. The data presented are based on the U.S. Bureau of the Census decennial population counts and sample data (Summary File 1 and Summary File 3), and the county-to-county worker flow and migration tables.

Chapter 1 of the report looks at the national trends in terms of population and workforce growth, the change in household structure, and outlines some regional and state trends. In Chapter 2 we examine the trends in large metro areas in demographics related to travel. Chapter 3 examines the demographics of the changes in relation to travel, focusing on the trends within the 49 metropolitan areas (not including San Juan, Puerto Rico) that have over 1,000,000 people in residence as reported in the 2000 Census. Chapter 4 examines the changes in place of work, residence location, and travel time. Chapter 5 looks at means of transportation and Chapter 6 looks at vehicle availability. The profile section includes a map of each of the 49 MSAs followed by a detailed profile sheet describing the change in travel characteristics seen from the census for that MSA.

Acknowledgements:

The authors wish to acknowledge Elaine Murakami of the Office of Planning, Federal Highway Administration, for her thoughtful advice, insightful comments, and continuous support.

Updated: 06/06/2012
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