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Journey to Work Profiles for Large Metropolitan Areas

Important Notes:

Large Metropolitan areas are defined as MSAs with population greater than one million.

Geography used: The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines metropolitan areas (MAs) according to published standards that are applied to Census Bureau data. The general concept of an MA is that of a core area containing a large population nucleus, together with adjacent communities having a high degree of economic and social integration with that core. MAs in this report are based on application of 1990 standards (which appeared in the Federal Register on March 30, 1990) to 1990 decennial census data and to subsequent Census Bureau population estimates and special census data. This report uses the June 30, 1999 definition of MAs (new definitions were published by OMB on June 3, 2003, but are not used in this report). A metropolitan area is called a Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) if it meets requirements of an MSA, has a population of 1 million or more, if the component areas are recognized as primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSA), and if local opinion favors the designation. For example, the Washington, D.C. CMSA incorporates the Washington, D.C. PMSA, Baltimore, MD PMSA, and Hagerstown, MD PMSA.

For both the 1990 and 2000 data items included in this profile (except 1990 Median income, and 1990 Median age) all the values are adjusted for the geographic definition of MSAs as on June 30, 1999. For more information on the June 30, 1999 definition for MSA geography, please refer to the Census Bureau website at: http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metroarea.cfml

Adjusted geography for 1990 data: 1990 data for MSAs were prepared using county level data from 1990 Summary File 3 files, and then aggregating the data for 1999 geographic definitions.

1990 Central County: Central Counties are the same as those defined in the 1990 Journey to Work Trends Report. For the MSAs that were not included in the 1990 report, ONE county was selected based on the primary downtown area.

Median Age and Median Income: 1990 Median age and 1990 median income values are based on Census Bureau's published values using June 30, 1993 definition of MSAs.

Mode to Work: Public transportation (transit) includes bus or trolley bus, streetcar or trolley car, subway or elevated, railroad, ferryboat, and taxicab.

Travel Time to Work-Top Coding issues: In the 1990 Census (including the CTPP data), the maximum travel time assigned to any worker was 99 minutes. Workers who reported travel times of 100 minutes or more were coded to 99 minutes in 1990. The maximum travel time was increased to 200 minutes for Census 2000, thus the 2000 data are more accurate because they include the actual value for these long trips. The impact of this coding change is that increases in travel time between 1990 and 2000 are somewhat over-stated. At the national level, the Census Bureau estimates that about 29% (0.9 minutes) of the 3.1-minute increase in average travel time is attributable to the coding change.

Table 1: Listing of Metropolitan Areas With Population of Over One Million Inhabitants in 2000
No. Metropolitan Area 2000 Population
 National Summary Statistics
1 Atlanta, GA MSA 4,112,198
2Austin--San Marcos, TX MSA 1,249,763
3 Boston--Worcester--Lawrence, MA--NH--ME--CT CMSA 5,819,100
4 Buffalo--Niagara Falls, NY MSA 1,170,111
5 Charlotte--Gastonia--Rock Hill, NC--SC MSA 1,499,293
6 Chicago--Gary--Kenosha, IL--IN--WI CMSA 9,157,540
7 Cincinnati--Hamilton, OH--KY--IN CMSA 1,979,202
8 Cleveland--Akron, OH CMSA 2,945,831
9 Columbus, OH MSA 1,540,157
10 Dallas--Fort Worth, TX CMSA 5,221,801
11 Denver--Boulder--Greeley, CO CMSA 2,581,506
12 Detroit--Ann Arbor--Flint, MI CMSA 5,456,428
13 Grand Rapids--Muskegon--Holland, MI MSA 1,088,514
14 Greensboro--Winston-Salem--High Point, NC MSA 1,251,509
15 Hartford, CT MSA 1,183,110
16 Houston--Galveston--Brazoria, TX CMSA 4,669,571
17 Indianapolis, IN MSA 1,607,486
18 Jacksonville, FL MSA 1,100,491
19 Kansas City, MO--KS MSA 1,776,062
20 Las Vegas, NV--AZ MSA 1,563,282
21 Los Angeles--Riverside--Orange County, CA CMSA 16,373,645
22 Louisville, KY--IN MSA 1,025,598
23 Memphis, TN--AR--MS MSA 1,135,614
24 Miami--Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA 3,876,380
25 Milwaukee--Racine, WI CMSA 1,689,572
26 Minneapolis--St. Paul, MN--WI MSA 2,968,806
27 Nashville, TN MSA 1,231,311
28 New Orleans, LA MSA 1,337,726
29 New York--Northern New Jersey--Long Island, NY--NJ--CT--PA CMSA 21,199,865
30 Norfolk--Virginia Beach--Newport News, VA--NC MSA 1,569,541
31 Oklahoma City, OK MSA 1,083,346
32 Orlando, FL MSA 1,644,561
33 Philadelphia--Wilmington--Atlantic City, PA--NJ--DE--MD CMSA 6,188,463
34 Phoenix--Mesa, AZ MSA 3,251,876
35 Pittsburgh, PA MSA 2,358,695
36 Portland--Salem, OR--WA CMSA 2,265,223
37 Providence--Fall River--Warwick, RI--MA MSA 1,188,613
38 Raleigh--Durham--Chapel Hill, NC MSA 1,187,941
39 Rochester, NY MSA 1,098,201
40 Sacramento--Yolo, CA CMSA 1,796,857
41 Salt Lake City--Ogden, UT MSA 1,333,914
42 San Antonio, TX MSA 1,592,383
43 San Diego, CA MSA 2,813,833
44 San Francisco--Oakland--San Jose, CA CMSA 7,039,362
45 Seattle--Tacoma--Bremerton, WA CMSA 3,554,760
46 St. Louis, MO--IL MSA 2,603,607
47 Tampa--St. Petersburg--Clearwater, FL MSA 2,395,997
48 Washington--Baltimore, DC--MD--VA--WV CMSA 7,608,070
49 West Palm Beach--Boca Raton, FL MSA 1,131,184

Journey to Work Profile: National Summary Statistics (2000)

Table 1: Listing of Metropolitan Areas With Population of Over One Million Inhabitants in 2000
Demographics and Land Area Travel Time Journey to Work by Mode
Area Population 281,421,906 Mean (in minutes) National
% Inside 49 Metro Areas 57.39 Originating in: % Drive Alone 75.70
% Remainder of Nation 42.61 Nation 25.50 % Carpooled 12.19
% Urban 79.01 49 Metro Areas 27.90 % Public Transit 4.73
% Rural 20.99 Remainder of Nation 22.40 % Walk 2.93
  % Bicycle 0.38
Total Households 105,539,122   % Other 0.81
Persons Per Household 2.59 Commute Length % Work at Home 3.26
Median Household Income National Inside 49 Metro Areas
Nationwide $41,994 % Less Than 15 Minutes 28.44 % Drive Alone 73.56
  % 15 - 29 Minutes 34.93 % Carpooled 11.80
% 30 - 39 Minutes 15.26 % Public Transit 7.40
% 40 - 59 Minutes 10.39 % Walk 2.87
National Age Characteristcs % 60 Minutes or More 7.72 % Bicycle 0.40
Median Age 35.30 % At Home 3.26 % Other 0.78
% 14 Years or Less 21.40 Inside 49 Metro Areas % Work at Home 3.18
% 65 Years or More 12.40 % Less Than 15 Minutes 22.73  
  % 15 - 29 Minutes 34.74 Remainder of Nation
Square Miles % 30 - 39 Minutes 17.49 % Drive Alone 78.70
National Total 3,536,338 % 40 - 59 Minutes 12.69 % Carpooled 12.73
% Inside 49 Metro Areas 10.88 % 60 Minutes or More 9.17 % Public Transit 0.96
% Remainder of Nation 89.12 % At Home 3.18 % Walk 3.01
  Remainder of Nation % Bicycle 0.36
Workers % Less Than 15 Minutes 36.50 % Other 0.86
National Total 128,279,228 % 15 - 29 Minutes 35.20 % Work at Home 3.38
% of Population 45.6 % 30 - 39 Minutes 12.13  
% Male 53.7 % 40 - 59 Minutes 7.13  
% Female 46.3 % 60 Minutes or More 5.66 General Indicators
Inside 49 Metro Areas 75,067,972 % At Home 3.38 National
% Inside 49 Metro Areas 58.5%   Population/Sq. Mile 80
Remainder of Nation 53,211,256 Time Workers Leave Home Households/Sq. Mile 30
% Remainder of Nation 41.5%   Workers/Sq. Mile 36
  National Workers/Household 1.22
Household Vehicle Availability 5:00 AM - 6:59 AM 26.22 Vehicles/Household 1.69
National 7:00 AM - 8:29 AM 40.31 Vehicles/Worker 1.39
Total Vehicles 178,344,236 8:30 AM - 9:59 AM 10.42  
% 0 Vehicles 10.30 All Other Departures 19.78 Inside 49 Metro Areas
% 1 Vehicles 34.25 Worked at Home 3.26 Population/Sq. Mile 420
% 2 Vehicles 38.36   Households/Sq. Mile 155
% 3+ Vehicles 17.10 Inside 49 Metro Areas Workers/Sq. Mile 195
Inside 49 Metro Areas 5:00 AM - 6:59 AM 25.57 Workers/Household 1.25
Total Vehicles 97,334,931 7:00 AM - 8:29 AM 40.63 Vehicles/Household 1.63
% 0 Vehicles 12.14 8:30 AM - 9:59 AM 11.76 Vehicles/Worker 1.30
% 1 Vehicles 34.83 All Other Departures 18.87  
% 2 Vehicles 37.41 Worked at Home 3.18 Remainder of Nation
% 3+ Vehicles 15.62 Population/Sq. Mile 38  
Remainder of Nation Remainder of Nation Households/Sq. Mile 14
Total Vehicles 81,009,305 5:00 AM - 6:59 AM 27.15 Workers/Sq. Mile 17
% 0 Vehicles 7.88 7:00 AM - 8:29 AM 39.86 Workers/Household 1.17
% 1 Vehicles 33.49 8:30 AM - 9:59 AM 8.53 Vehicles/Household 1.77
% 2 Vehicles 39.61 All Other Departures 21.08 Vehicles/Worker 1.52
% 3+ Vehicles 19.03 Worked at Home 3.38  

Journey to Work Profile: Atlanta, GA MSA

A map of Atlanta, GA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
       
Total population2,959,9504,112,19828.0Population per square mile483671
Total households1,102,5781,504,87126.7Households per square mile180246
Total workers1,542,9482,060,63225.1Workers per square mile252336
Total area (square miles)6,1266,126--Workers per person0.520.50
Total household vehicles2,014,9592,712,11625.7Workers per household1.401.37
Median age31.432.94.6Persons per household2.682.73
Median household income$36,051$51,94830.6Vehicles per household1.831.80
1990 Central County: Fulton County, Georgia
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population648,951816,00620.5Population per square mile1,1761,479
Total households257,140321,24220.0Households per square mile466582
Total workers315,366385,44218.2Workers per square mile572699
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Austin--San Marcos, TX MSA

A map of Austin--San Marcos,TX MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population846,2271,249,76332.3Population per square mile200296
Total households325,995471,85530.9Households per square mile77112
Total workers431,345649,64533.6Workers per square mile102154
Total area (square miles)4,2264,226--Workers per person0.510.52
Total household vehicles543,069817,86133.6Workers per household1.321.38
Median age29.330.95.3Persons per household2.602.65
Median household income$28,474$48,95041.8Vehicles per household1.671.73
1990 Central County- Travis County, Texas
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population576,407812,28029.0Population per square mile548773
Total households232,861320,76627.4Households per square mile222305
Total workers302,909433,06430.1Workers per square mile288412
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Boston--Worcester--Lawrence, MA--NH--ME--CT CMSA

A map of Boston--Worcester--Lawrence, MA--NH--ME--CT CMSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population5,455,4035,819,1006.3Population per square mile846902
Total households2,025,4262,220,5288.8Households per square mile314344
Total workers2,760,4352,898,6804.8Workers per square mile428449
Total area (square miles)6,4506,450--Workers per person0.510.50
Total household vehicles3,175,7033,506,2309.4Workers per household1.361.31
Median age33.236.18.0Persons per household2.692.62
Median household income$40,666$52,79223.0Vehicles per household1.571.58
1990 Central County: Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population663,906689,8073.8Population per square mile9,66010,036
Total households264,061278,7225.3Households per square mile3,8424,055
Total workers324,109320,979-1.0Workers per square mile4,7164,670
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Buffalo--Niagara Falls, NY MSA

A map of Buffalo--Niagara Falls, NY MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,189,2881,170,111-1.6Population per square mile759746
Total households461,803468,7191.5Households per square mile295299
Total workers531,122520,350-2.1Workers per square mile339332
Total area (square miles)1,5681,568--Workers per person0.450.44
Total household vehicles680,478695,6382.2Workers per household1.151.11
Median age34.738.08.7Persons per household2.582.50
Median household income$28,084$38,48827.0Vehicles per household1.471.48
1990 Central County: Erie County, New York
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population968,532950,265-1.9Population per square mile938920
Total households376,994380,8731.0Households per square mile365369
Total workers432,883421,809-2.6Workers per square mile419409
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Charlotte--Gastonia--Rock Hill, NC--SC MSA

A map of Charlotte--Gastonia--Rock Hill,NC--SC MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,162,0931,499,29322.5Population per square mile344444
Total households440,670575,29323.4Households per square mile130170
Total workers604,856751,62919.5Workers per square mile179222
Total area (square miles)3,3783,378--Workers per person0.520.50
Total household vehicles802,4071,038,05022.7Workers per household1.371.31
Median age32.734.34.7Persons per household2.642.61
Median household income$31,125$46,11932.5Vehicles per household1.821.80
1990 Central County-Mecklenburg County, North Carolina
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population511,433695,45426.5Population per square mile9151,244
Total households200,219273,41626.8Households per square mile358489
Total workers277,227362,99123.6Workers per square mile496649
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Chicago--Gary--Kenosha, IL--IN--WI CMSA

A map of Chicago--Gary--Kenosha CMSA, IL--IN--WI with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population8,239,8209,157,54010.0Population per square mile11891321
Total households2,969,0993,302,21110.1Households per square mile428476
Total workers3,922,2954,218,1087.0Workers per square mile566609
Total area (square miles)6,9316,931--Workers per person0.480.46
Total household vehicles4,456,5535,144,30813.4Workers per household1.321.28
Median age32.333.94.7Persons per household2.782.77
Median household income$35,918$51,04629.6Vehicles per household1.501.56
1990 Central County: Cook County, Illinois
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population5,105,0675,376,7415.1Population per square mile5,2905,572
Total households1,879,4881,974,1814.8Households per square mile1,9482,046
Total workers2,369,6242,371,1610.1Workers per square mile2,4562,457
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Cincinnati--Hamilton, OH--KY--IN CMSA

A map of Cincinnati--Hamilton, OH--KY--IN CMSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,817,5711,979,2028.2Population per square mile477520
Total households679,137768,13011.6Households per square mile178202
Total workers844,125951,70911.3Workers per square mile222250
Total area (square miles)3,8103,810--Workers per person0.460.48
Total household vehicles1,164,4371,344,76613.4Workers per household1.241.24
Median age32.235.08.0Persons per household2.682.58
Median household income$30,977$44,91431.0Vehicles per household1.711.75
1990 Central County: Hamilton County, Ohio
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population866,228845,303-2.5Population per square mile2,0712,021
Total households338,881346,7902.3Households per square mile810829
Total workers399,406398,465-0.2Workers per square mile955953
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Cleveland--Akron, OH CMSA

A map of Cleveland--Akron, OH CMSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population2,859,6442,945,8312.9Population per square mile792815
Total households1,094,4131,166,7996.2Households per square mile303323
Total workers1,282,0921,375,7746.8Workers per square mile355381
Total area (square miles)3,6133,613--Workers per person0.450.47
Total household vehicles1,800,3471,950,5467.7Workers per household1.171.18
Median age34.237.28.1Persons per household2.612.52
Median household income$30,332$42,21528.1Vehicles per household1.651.67
1990 Central County: Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,412,1401,393,978-1.3Population per square mile2,9422,904
Total households563,243571,4571.4Households per square mile1,1731,191
Total workers617,552622,8760.9Workers per square mile1,2871,298
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Columbus, OH MSA

A map of Columbus, OH MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,345,4501,540,15712.6Population per square mile428490
Total households513,498610,75715.9Households per square mile163194
Total workers663,006777,92214.8Workers per square mile211248
Total area (square miles)3,1423,142--Workers per person0.490.51
Total household vehicles885,4281,060,77916.5Workers per household1.291.27
Median age31.533.66.3Persons per household2.622.52
Median household income$30,668$44,78231.5Vehicles per household1.721.74
1990 Central County: Franklin County, Ohio
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population961,4371,068,97810.1Population per square mile1,7271,920
Total households378,723438,77813.7Households per square mile680788
Total workers487,305548,65511.2Workers per square mile875985
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Dallas--Fort Worth, TX CMSA

A map of Dallas--Fort Worth CMSA, TX with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population4,037,2825,221,80122.7Population per square mile443574
Total households1,508,0311,906,76420.9Households per square mile166209
Total workers2,038,3982,527,64819.4Workers per square mile224278
Total area (square miles)9,1059,105--Workers per person0.500.48
Total household vehicles2,642,3323,309,06220.1Workers per household1.351.33
Median age30.532.15.0Persons per household2.682.74
Median household income$32,825$47,41830.8Vehicles per household1.751.74
1990 Central County: Dallas County, Texas
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,852,8102,218,89916.5Population per square mile2,0612,469
Total households701,686807,62113.1Households per square mile781898
Total workers943,1461,038,7799.2Workers per square mile1,0491,156
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Denver--Boulder--Greeley, CO CMSA

A map of Denver--Boulder--Greeley, CO CMSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,980,1402,581,50623.3Population per square mile233304
Total households785,2761,003,21821.7Households per square mile92118
Total workers1,026,8471,346,02523.7Workers per square mile121158
Total area (square miles)8,4968,496--Workers per person0.520.52
Total household vehicles1,413,7761,819,26622.3Workers per household1.311.34
Median age32.633.83.6Persons per household2.522.57
Median household income$33,126$51,08835.2Vehicles per household1.801.81
1990 Central County: Denver County, Colorado
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population467,610554,63615.7Population per square mile4,5135,352
Total households210,952239,23511.8Households per square mile2,0362,309
Total workers231,503278,71516.9Workers per square mile2,2342,690
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Detroit--Ann Arbor--Flint, MI CMSA

A map of Detroit--Ann Arbor--Flint CMSA, MI with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population5,187,1715,456,4284.9Population per square mile790831
Total households1,916,4092,081,7977.9Households per square mile292317
Total workers2,294,1082,482,4577.6Workers per square mile349378
Total area (square miles)6,5666,566--Workers per person0.440.45
Total household vehicles3,216,0053,570,0899.9Workers per household1.201.19
Median age32.835.37.1Persons per household2.712.62
Median household income$34,729$49,16029.4Vehicles per household1.681.71
1990 Central County: Wayne County, Michigan
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population2,111,6872,061,162-2.5Population per square mile3,4313,349
Total households780,535768,440-1.6Households per square mile1,2681,248
Total workers822,620827,3110.6Workers per square mile1,3371,344
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Grand Rapids--Muskegon--Holland, MI MSA

A map of Grand Rapids--Muskegon--Holland, MI MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population937,8911,088,51413.8Population per square mile340395
Total households333,911396,04715.7Households per square mile121144
Total workers442,228531,92416.9Workers per square mile160193
Total area (square miles)2,7592,759--Workers per person0.470.49
Total household vehicles603,190727,22817.1Workers per household1.321.34
Median age30.533.28.0Persons per household2.812.75
Median household income$33,515$46,11627.3Vehicles per household1.811.84
1990 Central County: Kent County, Michigan
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population500,631574,33512.8Population per square mile568651
Total households181,740212,89014.6Households per square mile206241
Total workers242,899284,23614.5Workers per square mile275322
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Greensboro--Winston-Salem--High Point, NC MSA

A map of Greensboro--Winston-Salem--High Point, NC MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,050,3041,251,50916.1Population per square mile270322
Total households414,793498,75116.8Households per square mile107128
Total workers550,325618,92111.1Workers per square mile142159
Total area (square miles)3,8833,883--Workers per person0.520.49
Total household vehicles768,868916,22416.1Workers per household1.331.24
Median age33.936.05.9Persons per household2.532.51
Median household income$29,254$40,91328.5Vehicles per household1.851.84
1990 Central County: Guilford County, North Carolina
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population347,420421,04817.5Population per square mile530642
Total households137,706168,66718.4Households per square mile210257
Total workers185,853213,07912.8Workers per square mile283325
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Hartford, CT MSA

A map of Hartford, CT MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,157,5851,183,1102.2Population per square mile764781
Total households435,130457,4074.9Households per square mile287302
Total workers597,831573,114-4.3Workers per square mile395378
Total area (square miles)1,5151,515--Workers per person0.520.48
Total household vehicles756,826772,5832.0Workers per household1.371.25
Median age34.337.38.0Persons per household2.662.59
Median household income$41,440$52,18820.6Vehicles per household1.741.69
1990 Central County: Hartford County, Connecticut
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population851,783857,1830.6Population per square mile1,1471,154
Total households324,691335,0983.1Households per square mile437451
Total workers432,836403,863-7.2Workers per square mile583544
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Houston--Galveston--Brazoria, TX CMSA

A map of Houston--Galveston--Brazoria, TX CMSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population3,731,1314,669,57120.1Population per square mile484606
Total households1,338,7751,639,40118.3Households per square mile174213
Total workers1,768,5672,081,60715.0Workers per square mile229270
Total area (square miles)7,7077,707--Workers per person0.470.45
Total household vehicles2,211,9122,749,25319.5Workers per household1.321.27
Median age30.531.94.4Persons per household2.792.85
Median household income$31,488$44,76129.7Vehicles per household1.651.68
1990 Central County: Harris County, Texas
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population2,818,1993,400,57817.1Population per square mile1,6181,953
Total households1,026,4481,205,51614.9Households per square mile589692
Total workers1,356,1961,515,59310.5Workers per square mile779870
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Indianapolis, IN MSA

A map of Indianapolis, IN MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,380,4911,607,48614.1Population per square mile392456
Total households529,814629,65515.9Households per square mile150179
Total workers683,007795,75514.2Workers per square mile194226
Total area (square miles)3,5233,523--Workers per person0.490.50
Total household vehicles915,2691,114,63817.9Workers per household1.291.26
Median age32.334.66.6Persons per household2.612.55
Median household income$31,655$45,54830.5Vehicles per household1.731.77
1990 Central County: Marion County, Indiana
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population797,159860,4547.4Population per square mile1,9322,085
Total households319,471352,1649.3Households per square mile774853
Total workers396,584424,5986.6Workers per square mile9611,029
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Jacksonville, FL MSA

A map of Jacksonville, FL MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population906,7271,100,49117.6Population per square mile344418
Total households343,526425,58419.3Households per square mile130161
Total workers443,882527,71815.9Workers per square mile168200
Total area (square miles)2,6362,636--Workers per person0.490.48
Total household vehicles565,294713,25420.7Workers per household1.291.24
Median age31.935.39.7Persons per household2.642.59
Median household income$29,514$42,43930.5Vehicles per household1.651.68
1990 Central County: Duval County, Florida
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population672,971778,87913.6Population per square mile8681,004
Total households257,245303,74715.3Households per square mile332392
Total workers333,152374,29211.0Workers per square mile430483
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Kansas City, MO--KS MSA

A map of Kansas City, MO--KS MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,582,8751,776,06210.9Population per square mile293328
Total households608,459694,46812.4Households per square mile113128
Total workers778,624881,25811.6Workers per square mile144163
Total area (square miles)5,4075,407--Workers per person0.490.50
Total household vehicles1,055,4901,224,68513.8Workers per household1.281.27
Median age32.935.26.5Persons per household2.602.56
Median household income$31,613$46,19331.6Vehicles per household1.731.76
1990 Central County: Jackson County, Missouri
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population633,232654,8803.3Population per square mile1,0181,052
Total households252,582266,2945.1Households per square mile406428
Total workers304,852310,7891.9Workers per square mile490499
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Las Vegas, NV--AZ MSA

A map of Las Vegas, NV--AZ MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population852,7371,563,28245.5Population per square mile2240
Total households330,490588,37143.8Households per square mile815
Total workers416,025702,53540.8Workers per square mile1118
Total area (square miles)39,37039,370--Workers per person0.490.45
Total household vehicles552,035945,04141.6Workers per household1.261.19
Median age32.935.26.5Persons per household2.582.66
Median household income$30,746$42,46827.6Vehicles per household1.671.61
1990 Central County: Clark County, Nevada
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population741,4591,375,76546.1Population per square mile92170
Total households287,025512,25344.0Households per square mile3563
Total workers371,128631,23641.2Workers per square mile4678
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Los Angeles--Riverside--Orange County, CA CMSA

A map of Los Angeles--Riverside--Orange County CMSA, CA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population14,531,52916,373,64511.3Population per square mile428482
Total households4,900,7205,347,1078.3Households per square mile144157
Total workers6,809,0436,767,619-0.6Workers per square mile200199
Total area (square miles)33,96633,966--Workers per person0.470.41
Total household vehicles8,693,1269,137,6484.9Workers per household1.391.27
Median age30.732.35.0Persons per household2.973.06
Median household income$36,711$45,90320.0Vehicles per household1.771.71
1990 Central County: Los Angeles County, California
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population8,863,1649,519,3386.9Population per square mile2,1532,313
Total households2,989,5523,133,7744.6Households per square mile726761
Total workers4,115,2483,858,750-6.6Workers per square mile1,000938
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Louisville, KY--IN MSA

A map of Louisville, KY--IN MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population948,8291,025,5987.5Population per square mile458495
Total households366,364412,05011.1Households per square mile177199
Total workers442,933492,82110.1Workers per square mile214238
Total area (square miles)2,0722,072--Workers per person0.470.48
Total household vehicles613,603697,44612.0Workers per household1.211.20
Median age33.736.57.6Persons per household2.592.49
Median household income$27,599$40,82132.4Vehicles per household1.671.69
1990 Central County: Jefferson County, Kentucky
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population664,937693,6044.1Population per square mile1,6431,714
Total households264,138287,0128.0Households per square mile653709
Total workers311,336329,0915.4Workers per square mile769813
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Journey to Work Profile: Memphis, TN--AR--MS MSA

A map of Memphis, TN--AR--MS MSA with a listing of counties.Click the image for a text list of counties.
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population1,007,3061,135,61411.3Population per square mile335378
Total households365,450424,20213.9Households per square mile122141
Total workers458,534511,11110.3Workers per square mile152170
Total area (square miles)3,0083,008--Workers per person0.460.45
Total household vehicles579,424689,56316.0Workers per household1.251.20
Median age31.133.26.4Persons per household2.762.68
Median household income$26,994$40,20132.9Vehicles per household1.591.63
1990 Central County: Shelby County, Tennessee
Demographics19902000% ChangeGeneral Indicators19902000
Total population826,330897,4727.9Population per square mile1,0471,137
Total households303,571338,36610.3Households per square mile384429
Total workers379,633402,5605.7Workers per square mile481510
Mode to Work
Mode to Work: 2000
Household Vehicles
alt missing

* 1990 Median age and median income are published for 1990 MSA geographic extent.

Updated: 04/28/2011
HEP Home Planning Environment Real Estate
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