Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)
This page features publications and resources that are focused on the relationship between transportation and health and related issues.
PDF files can be viewed with the Acrobat® Reader®
Moving Healthy: Linking FHWA Programs and Health - This document provides information on Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) programs, initiatives, tools, and resources that influence or are influenced by health. Although FHWA does not have a single, specific program that focuses solely on health, it is implicit in a broad range of existing programs.
Metropolitan Area Transportation Planning for Healthy Communities or PDF (3.3 MB) - The purpose of this report is to identify an integrated and flexible approach to how metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) and their partners can successfully consider aspects of health during the transportation planning process. Based on research including four best practice studies, the white paper proposes a framework for MPOs and partners to use to integrate health into metropolitan area transportation planning. The report develops a comprehensive approach both to how MPOs can approach health as a direct, broadly-based goal for their interdisciplinary planning, and how they can consider health during all stages of the metropolitan area transportation planning process.
Statewide Transportation Planning for Healthy Communities or PDF (5.4 MB) - Presents insights, case studies, and a flexible model for State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) that choose to integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning and decision-making. It adapts the analysis and framework from the previous study on Metropolitan Area Transportation Planning for Healthy Communities to the context and needs of DOTs and their transportation and health partners.
United States Department of Transportation Policy Statement on Bicycle and Pedestrian Accommodation Regulations and Recommendations: This DOT policy statement reflects the Department's support for the development of fully-integrated active transportation networks. The establishment of well-connected walking and bicycling networks is an important component for livable communities, and their design should be a part of Federal-aid project developments.
FHWA's Bicycle Publications: This page features a library of publications from FHWA focused on bicycling issues, including planning, design, education and safety.
FHWA's Bicycle Resources: This page provides links to program-related websites, upcoming events, and other resources including data sources related to walking and bicycling and reports by other groups.
Context Sensitive Solutions:
FHWA's Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS): FHWA is committed to the advancement of CSS as one of the objectives of its Vital Few Goal on Environmental Stewardship and Streamlining. The objective of CSS is to improve the environmental quality of transportation decision making by incorporating context sensitive solutions principles in all aspects of planning and the project development process.
FHWA's Livability Initiative: FHWA is committed improving the relationship between infrastructure and community needs, specifically to improve a community's "livability," to enhance the environmental sensitivity of roads and bridges and to help states explore multi-modal transportation options. This webpage provide information on the FHWA Livability Initiative as well as provide updates on the HUD/DOT/EPA Partnership for Sustainable Communities.
FHWA Pedestrian Resources: This page provides links to program related websites, upcoming events, and other resources including data sources related to walking and bicycling, reports by other groups, and speeches by DOT leadership. The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) also has a wealth of information and research about health and safety, engineering, advocacy, education, enforcement and access and mobility.
FHWA White Paper on Performance-Based Planning: This white paper describes the common elements of a performance-based transportation planning and programming process, building on work conducted by State departments of transportation (DOT), metropolitan planning organizations (MPO), and transit agencies.
FHWA Scenario Planning and Visualization in Scenario Planning: Welcome to the FHWA's Scenario Planning website includes information about noteworthy practices and innovative uses of Scenario Planning applications for transportation planning and offers other Scenario Planning Resources.
Transportation Safety Planning:
FHWA Safety Program: FHWA's Office of Safety works with State and Local partners and others in the transportation community to develop and promote programs and technologies to reduce the number of fatalities and injuries on America's roadways.
Safe Routes to School Program: Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs are sustained efforts by parents, schools, community leaders and local, state, and federal governments to improve the health and well-being of children by enabling and encouraging them to walk and bicycle to school.
Health and Transportation:
Integrating Public Health and Transportation Planning: Perspectives for MPOs and COGs: This paper from the National Association of Regional Councils (NARC) examines how select regions are integrating public health into transportation planning. This report includes a review of current opinion, select examples of metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) conducting this work, and ways in which MPOs can leverage this concept against other transportation planning activities.
Public Roads Article - How Does Transportation Affect Public Health?
Tool Kit For Integrating Land Use and Transportation Decisionmaking - Transportation and Public Health Case Studies.
Measuring the Street: New Metrics for 21st Century Streets: This report from the New York Department of Transportation considers performance metrics for livable streets, and includes a study showing how transit and active transportation investments improve retail environments.
The Urban Street Design Guide from the National Association of City Transportation Officials Presents design principles and strategies for multimodal urban streets.
NARC's Livability Literature Review: A Synthesis of Current Practice describes how livability is understood, provides examples of livable communities in practice and adds clarity to the livability concept across different types of communities.
Sustainable Communities HotReport: The Partnership for Sustainable Communities and the U.S. Census Bureau developed the Sustainable Communities HotReport as a quick way to access Census-based livability performance indicators for a given community.
Expanded Transportation Performance Measures to Supplement Level of Service: This report from University of Florida's Transportation Research Center presents alternative performance measures that take into account multimodalism, livability, and other priorities.
National Conference of State Legislatures, On the Move: State Strategies for 21st Century Transportation Solutions, explores innovative surface transportation reform laws, policies and programs that policymakers are considering or pursuing as States look to plan their future transportation systems.