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Literature Review of Organizational Structures and Finance of Multi-jurisdictional Initiatives and the Implications for Megaregion Transportation Planning in the U.S.

Figure 3 Text Description

Classical transportation planning (1950s - 1960s)
  • focused on the development of highway studies for metropolitan areas
  • used to determine the best highway alignments to serve metropolitan areas
Neoclassical or open transportation planning (1970s)
  • emerged in response to change in planning environment
  • mistrust in government planning by groups who thought their interests were not protected by government planning officials
  • emphasis on land use element of transportation planning declined during this period
Fragmented transportation planning (1975 - 1980s)
  • planning focused on small area improvements
  • studies to enhance the performance of existing transportation infrastructure in areas such as efficiency, safety and capacity was sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration
  • emergence of transportation demand management
Consolidated transportation planning (Mid-1980s onward)
  • rise of consolidaded transportation planning focusing on multimodal approaches
  • rising concern about increasing congestion on metropolitan and intercity transportation networks
Integrated transportation planning; context sensitive solutions; environemntally concious planning (1990s)
  • increased focus on improving the environment through planning
  • reducing congestion and improving the quality of life for metropolitan communities
  • integrating transportation and land use planning
  • infrastructure renewal and asset management
Sustainable transportation planning; planning for megacities and megaregions (2000s)
  • Addressing public health
  • advancing economic competitiveness, environmental integrity and social equity through coordinated transportation, land use andeconomic planning

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Updated: 9/5/2013
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