Transportation planning programs can foster integration of land use and transportation planning through the following principles:
The statewide transportation planning process is a forum through which transportation decisions, based in part on these principles, are made at the state level. States are required to conduct comprehensive and collaborative intermodal statewide transportation planning that facilitates the efficient, economic movement of people and goods in all areas of the state, including rural, small urban, and metropolitan areas.
Metropolitan transportation planning is the process of examining travel and transportation issues and needs specifically in metropolitan areas. It includes a demographic analysis of the region in question, as well as an examination of travel patterns and trends. The planning process includes an analysis of alternatives to meet projected future demands, and for providing a safe and efficient transportation system that meets mobility while not creating adverse impacts to the environment. In metropolitan areas over 50,000 population, the responsibility for transportation planning lies with designated Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs).
The FHWA/FTA has issued guidance to clarify the eligibility and criteria for use of metropolitan and statewide planning program funds to support planning work activities addressing the integration of transportation with other planning activities not directly tied to transportation, including planning to address land use and climate change issues.