Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)
Incident Scale/Public Preparedness
Figure 1. Incident Scale/Public Preparedness
This figure has two parts: a line graph and a table.
On the line graph the vertical axis is presumably the level of the line measures. The horizontal axis moves from Local to Regional to State and to Federal. There are two lines—one indicating Public Preparedness and the other for Coordination complexity/State & Federal Involvement. The Public Preparedness line begins high and the slope of the line rapidly descends and flattens out. The Coordination complexity/State &Federal Involvement line begins low and slowly increases until it makes a sharp increase in slope towards the right of the graph. As the scale moves from local to national, public preparedness declines and Coordination Complexity/State & Federal Involvement increases.
The table below has five columns: "Local, Regional, State, and National". Examples are presented under each category. Under "Local", there are "Minor Traffic Incidents, Minor Load Spills, Vehicle Fleets, Minor Train/Bus Accidents, and Accidents with Injuries but no Fatalities." Under "Regional," examples are "Train Derailment, Major Bus/Rail Transit Accidents, Major Truck Accidents, Multi-Vehicle Crashes, Hazmat Spills, and Injuries & Fatalities." Under State, examples are "Train Crashes, Airplane Crashes, Hazmat Incidents, Multi-Vehicle Accidents, Tunnel Fires, Multiple Injuries & Fatalities, Port/Airport Incidents, Large Building Fires or Explosions, Industrial Incidents, and Major Tunnel/Bridge Closures." The National column shows examples of "Terrorist Attacks, Floods, Blizzards, & Tornados, transportation Infrastructure & Collapse, Extended Power/Water Outage, Riots, and Mass Casualties." There is also the expects duration of each example event. Local events can be handled in 0-2 hours, regional in 2-24 hours, state events in a matter of days and national events in a matter of weeks.
Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, 2006
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