Introduction to Transportation Planning
VII. How Can Tribes Maintain Their Sovereign Status while Coordinating Transportation Planning with Other Government Agencies?
The BIA and FHWA support Indian Tribal Government sovereignty when coordinating transportation planning with States and metropolitan areas. Things to consider regarding Tribal sovereignty and the transportation planning process include:
- States must coordinate and consult with Tribes throughout the planning process. Tribal Governments have the right to participate and provide input into State transportation planning and decisionmaking.
- MPOs are required to coordinate and consult with Tribes throughout the transportation planning process. Tribes are encouraged to work with the MPO to coordinate and communicate Tribal transportation needs.
- Conflicts sometimes arise between State or MPO planners and Indian Tribal Governments. While awaiting resolution of these conflicts, Tribal governments should not let the conflict alienate them from the transportation planning process. Tribes should continue to be involved in the planning process to the extent possible.
- To define and clarify jurisdiction, Indian Tribal Governments can enter into Joint Powers Agreements with other governmental entities, including States and MPOs.