Office of Planning, Environment, & Realty (HEP)
The goals of the project-development process are to decide where a project will be located, what it will look like, and how it will function.
Projects that advance through a transportation-planning process will eventually be subjected to even more refined examination to determine how they might impact the community, particularly the natural environment as well as public health and welfare. Before any project can move forward to the construction phase, FHWA and FTA may address and assess compliance with more than 40 laws related to safety and the environment. These laws cover social, economic, and environmental (SEE) concerns ranging from community cohesion to the impact on threatened and endangered species. In order to successfully complete this detailed process, FHWA and FTA use the NEPA process to evaluate the SEE concerns with each individual project.