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Status of the Nation’s Highways, Bridges, and Transit:
2002 Conditions and Performance Report

Executive Summary

Ch 13: Highway Transportation in Society

On average, each man, woman, and child in this country spends an hour a day traveling in cars and buses or walking. The 100 million U.S. households generate more than a billion person trips and over nine billion person-miles of travel in a typical day. Together, increasing demand for transportation, growing affluence of travelers, and rising values of goods being shipped have placed a premium on fast, reliable transportation. The highway transportation system serves households and businesses in a variety of ways.

Commuting

Approximately 123 million people in the United States commuted to work outside the home in 2000.

Trucking

The logistical needs of business establishments are met by about 21 million trucks traveling more than 412 billion miles.

Household Expenditures

Highway transportation meets many household needs, and represents a major household expense. Households spent, on average, $7,000 per year on transportation, more than any other expenditure category except housing.

Travel Demand

Since 1969, the population of the United States has increased by 32 percent while person- miles of travel increased by 143 percent. The number of U.S. households grew by 58 percent over the same period, while the rate of household vehicle travel grew nearly three times as fast- 163 percent.

Ch 14: The Importance of Public Transportation

Benefits of Transit to Riders
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