Questionnaire Regarding State DOT Approaches for Dealing with Unsatisfactory Contractor Performance
AASHTO Subcommittee on Construction / Contract Administration Task Force
Task Force Secretary
- Results of survey
- Example States
- Other experience
State Transportation Agency Responses
1) How does your state define unsatisfactory contract prosecution and progress?
Definition of "unsatisfactory progress"
- %time - % completion
- 25% - AL,
- 20% - MS, OK,
- 15% (HI, NM, TN,
- 10% - EFLHD
- Expiration of time / work not complete (FL, HI,
- Case-by-case - NV, VT,
- Other - IA, UT, GA, LA*
Louisiana - "unsatisfactory progress"
|Elapsed Time (Te)||%time - % complete|
|55% (te) 70%||prorate allowable difference|
|Elapsed Time (Te)||%time - % complete|
|55%||progress >20% behind scheduled earnings|
|55% (te) 75%||prorate allowable difference|
|>75%||>25% behind scheduled earnings|
2) List the methods currently available in your agency for dealing with unsatisfactory contract prosecution and progress.
3) Which method in Question #2 is used the most in your state to deal with unsatisfactory contract prosecution?
4) Does your state generally inform the contractor's bonding company when it is determined that the contractor's prosecution and progress is unsatisfactory?
5) If the answer to question No. 4 is yes, does the involvement of the bonding company generally result in improved contract prosecution and progress?
6) How does your State define unacceptable quality in the performance of the work?
7) How does the State use contract performance evaluation data?
- Performance evaluations directly lead to an adjustment of prequalification capacity rating with the completion of every contract (7)
- Performance evaluations indirectly lead to an adjustment of prequalification capacity rating only when consistent or below average performance is noted over several contracts (18)
- Removal from the prequalification list (15)
- Increase retainage on future contracts (3)
- Initiate termination procedures (13)
- Other (23)
8) Does your state have a process for rewarding above average performance (other than QA specs)?
No - 32, Yes - 14, Other - 3
- early completion incentives (8)
- congratulation letters from the contract engineer to the top 15 performers - no $ (IA)
- increase prequalification rating (IL, KS, MA, WA)
- Reduction in retainage (MD)
- Financial incentive (up to 5%)being developed (NJ)
- Yearly recognition awards for quality, prosecution and contract compliance (MO, PA,)
9) Does your state have a contractor prequalification process?
No - 12, Yes - 34, May be used on individual projects -2, Other (1)
- some states rely on licensing and bonding requirements in-lieu-of prequalification
- Others make responsibility determinations
- some may require specific qualifications (SSPC)
10) If your state has a contractor prequalification process, is contractor performance a criterion that is used in the adjustment of ratings or in a non-responsibility determination?
- No - 7, Yes - 20, Other explanation - 3
- Unique qualifications:
- NC - utilize bonding capacity and safety rating
- Project manager completes an evaluation for each project
- Contractor may appeal the evaluation rating to the ODOT Area Manager
- ODOT evaluates a 12-month rolling average of scores for corrective actions(potential removal from prequalification list
- Two page evaluation form available
- References: http://landru.leg.state.or.us/ors/ (279.041); administrative rules http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/rules/alpha_index.html (734 division 10)
- Pilot program started in 2001
- Resident Engineer completes project check lists / evaluations (up to 46 pages)
- Low ratings may affect prequalification rating; high ratings may result in an incentive payment up to 5%
- Since 1991, project questionnaire to evaluate quality, contract compliance, prosecution
- Statistical analysis of all summaries
- Excellent = mean + 2 std. dev.
- Average = mean +/- 1 std. dev.
- Below average = mean - 1 std. dev.
- Unacceptable = mean- 2 std. dev.
- Unacceptable rating in 1st year - probation; 2nd - suspension for one year; 3rd - debarment
- Awards (certificates and plaques)by category:Heavy/medium/light volume,specialty contractors, etc.
- Evaluation forms available (10 pages)
- notices of suspension - 2 contractors
- probationary notices - 4 contractors
- continue on probation from previous years - 10 contractors
- achieved significant improvement and are reinstated to good standing - 7 contractors
- Upon review, the Chief Engineer waived disciplinary action against seven (7)contractors.
Emphasis on "Best Value" since 1994
BV used for over 50% of projects (applied to over 66% of Federal construction $)*
Projects range from $50,000 to over $1 billion
- Neutral appeals process for a contractor to question an adverse evaluation.(due process)
- Evaluations should not rely on the opinion of one individual
- One negative project should not negate an otherwise positive performance record. Should be a process to eliminate or at least mitigate a single poor performance evaluation.
- Office of Federal Procurement Policy - "Best Practices for Collecting and Using Current and Past Performance Information" http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/best_practice_re_past_perf/
- Quality - "Based Performance Rating of Contractors for Prequalification and Bidding Purposes" - NCHRP D10-54
- "Guide to Collection and Use of Past Performance Information", The Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition Reform); Includes: "Past Performance Top Ten Tips";