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SEP-14 Alternative Contracting: Appendix H

RealCost 2.2 Report

RealCost Input Data
1. Economic Variables 
Value of Time for Passenger Cars ($/hour) 
Value of Time for Single Unit Trucks ($/hour) 
Value of Time for Combination Trucks ($/hour) 
Analysis Options 
Include User Costs in AnalysisYes
Include User Cost Remaining Service Life ValueYes
Use Differential User CostsYes
User Cost Computation MethodSpecified
Include Agency Cost Remaining Service Life ValueYes
Traffic DirectionBoth
Analysis Period (Years)40
Beginning of Analysis Period2009
Discount Rate (%)3.3
LCCANORMAL(3.3,0.18)
3. Project Details and Quantity Calculations 
State RouteSH 392
Project NameSH 392
Region4
CountyWeld
Analyzed ByScott Harris
Mileposts 
Begin100.00
End103.50
Length of Project (miles)3.50
Comments 
4. Traffic Data 
AADT Construction Year (total for both directions)38,790
Cars as Percentage of AADT (%)94.6
Single Unit Trucks as Percentage of AADT (%)4.4
Combination Trucks as Percentage of AADT (%)1.0
Annual Growth Rate of Traffic (%)1.3
LCCATRIANG(0.34,1.34,2.34)
Speed Limit Under Normal Operating Conditions (mph)55
No of Lanes in Each Direction During Normal Conditions1
Free Flow Capacity (vphpl)2142
Rural or Urban Hourly Traffic DistributionUrban
Queue Dissipation Capacity (vphpl)2142
Maximum AADT (total for both directions)100,000
Maximum Queue Length (miles)5.0
Alternative 1
Initial Construction4" CIP with HMA
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$4,061.84 
LCCATRIANG(3837.442,4061.84 5,4286.248)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$116.62 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)12.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)1.376 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #12" Mill and Fill
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$947.46 
LCCATRIANG(903.056,947.462,991.867)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$186.18 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)12.0 
LCCALOGNORMAL(12,3.1)
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)1.376 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #22" Mill and Fill
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$947.46 
LCCATRIANG(903.056,947.462,991.867)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$58.74 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)12.0 
LCCALOGNORMAL(12,3.1)
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)1.376 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #32" Mill and Fill
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$947.46 
LCCATRIANG(903.056,947.462,991.867)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$80.12 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)12.0 
LCCALOGNORMAL(12,3.1)
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)1.376 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #42" Mill and Fill
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$947.46 
LCCATRIANG(903.056,947.462,991.867)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$80.12 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)12.0 
LCCALOGNORMAL(12,3.1)
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)1.376 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #52" Mill and Fill
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$947.46 
LCCATRIANG(903.056,947.462,991.867)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$80.12 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)12.0 
LCCALOGNORMAL(12,3.1)
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)1.376 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #62" Mill and Fill
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$947.46 
LCCATRIANG(903.056,947.462,991.867)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$80.12 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)12.0 
LCCALOGNORMAL(12,3.1)
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)1.376 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Alternative 2
Initial Construction8.5 inches of PCC
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$4,787.06 
LCCATRIANG(4501.17,4787.06,5072.95)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$184.74 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)22.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)0.814 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #1Diamond Grind, 0.5% Slab Replacement, Joint Seal
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$375.21 
LCCATRIANG(302.055,372.367,451.194)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$55.39 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)18.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)0.814 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #2Diamond Grind, 0.5% Slab Replacement, Joint Seal
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$375.21 
LCCATRIANG(302.055,372.367,451.194)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$55.39 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)18.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)0.814 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #3Diamond Grind, 0.5% Slab Replacement, Joint Seal
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$375.21 
LCCATRIANG(302.055,372.367,451.194)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$55.39 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)18.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)0.814 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #4Diamond Grind, 0.5% Slab Replacement, Joint Seal
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$375.21 
LCCATRIANG(302.055,372.367,451.194)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$55.39 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)18.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)0.814 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #5Diamond Grind, 0.5% Slab Replacement, Joint Seal
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$375.21 
LCCATRIANG(302.055,372.367,451.194)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$55.39 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)18.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)0.814 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Rehabilitation #6Diamond Grind, 0.5% Slab Replacement, Joint Seal
Agency Construction Cost ($1000)$375.21 
LCCATRIANG(302.055,372.367,451.194)
User Work Zone Costs ($1000)$55.39 
Work Zone Duration (days)  
No of Lanes Open in Each Direction During Work Zone1 
Activity Service Life (years)18.0 
Maintenance Frequency (years)1 
Agency Maintenance Cost ($1000)0.814 
Work Zone Length (miles)1.00 
Work Zone Speed Limit (mph)45 
Work Zone Capacity (vphpl)2142 
Time of Day of Lane Closures (use whole numbers based on a 24-hour clock)  
InboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
OutboundStartEnd
First period of lane closure  
Second period of lane closure  
Third period of lane closure  
Deterministic Results
Total CostAlternative 1Alternative 2
Agency Cost ($1000)User Cost ($1000)Agency Cost ($1000)User Cost ($1000)
Undiscounted Sum$6,322.12$388.26$5,193.20$240.12
Present Value$5,288.24$280.00$4,988.05$211.85
EUAC$240.01$12.71$226.38$9.61

Graph 1 shows a comparison of the Agency Costs in terms of present value ($1,000) for alternatives 1 and 2. Graph 2 shows a comparison of the User Costs in terms of present value ($1,000) for alternatives 1 and 2.

Probabilistic Results
Total CostAlternative 1Alternative 2
Agency Cost ($1000)User Cost ($1000)Agency Cost ($1000)User Cost ($1000)
Mean$5,309.23$281.88$4,996.98$213.47
Standard Deviation$197.04$13.85$148.05$12.33
Minimum$4,777.76$239.84$4,422.01$166.60
Maximum$5,929.79$341.01$5,417.59$251.92

Graph 1 shows the probabilistic results of the Agency Costs in terms of present value ($1,000) for alternatives 1 and 2. Graph 2 shows the probabilistic results of the User Costs in terms of present value ($1,000) for alternatives 1 and 2.

Tornado Graphs

Chart 1 LCCA Output: Alternative 1: Agency Cost –  shows the correlation coefficients for the each of the agency life cycle costs in Alternative 1. Chart 2 LCCA Output: Alternative 1: User Cost – shows the correlation coefficients for the each of the user life cycle costs in Alternative 1.

Chart 1 LCCA Output: Alternative 2: Agency Cost – shows the correlation coefficients for the each of the agency life cycle costs in Alternative 2. Chart 2 LCCA Output: Alternative 2: User Cost – shows the correlation coefficients for the each of the user life cycle costs in Alternative 2.

Statistics LCCAOutput: Alternative 1: Agency Cost LCCAOutput: Alternative 1: User Cost LCCAOutput: Alternative 2: Agency Cost LCCAOutput: Alternative 2: User Cost Discount Rate Annual Average Daily Traffic Alternative 1: Initial Construction Cost Alternative 1: Rehab 1 Cost Alternative 1: Rehab 1 Life Alternative 1: Rehab 2 Cost Alternative 1: Rehab 2 Life Alternative 1: Rehab 3 Cost Alternative 1: Rehab 3 Life Alternative 1: Rehab 4 Cost
Probability FunctionLCCANORMA LCCATRIANG LCCATRIANG LCCATRIANG LCCALOGNO LCCATRIANG LCCALOGNO LCCATRIANG LCCALOGNO LCCATRIANG
Minimum $4,777.76$239.84$4,422.01$166.602.70.4$3,838.39$904.505.0$904.535.2$904.154.6$904.03
Maximum $5,929.79$341.01$5,417.59$251.923.92.3$4,280.34$990.9428.4$991.2026.0$990.1526.1$990.85
Mean $5,309.23$281.88$4,996.98$213.473.31.3$4,062.42$948.3012.0$947.6612.1$947.5812.0$947.07
Median $5,302.16$281.25$4,999.45$213.723.31.3$4,064.10$948.3511.7$947.6811.7$947.9311.5$947.12
Standard Deviation $197.04$13.85$148.05$12.330.20.4$89.98$18.303.1$18.643.2$17.813.1$18.51
Percentile (5%) $5,003.11$260.86$4,759.76$191.683.00.6$3,909.56$917.067.4$917.217.6$918.947.8$916.36
Percentile (10%) $5,055.98$264.40$4,803.43$197.283.10.8$3,941.52$923.048.4$922.488.3$923.838.5$922.36
Percentile (75%) $5,446.85$291.38$5,097.84$222.153.41.6$4,125.53$961.5413.9$960.9914.0$960.6313.8$960.69
Percentile (95%) $5,631.55$304.63$5,234.87$232.853.62.0$4,211.64$978.0417.6$979.6317.8$977.2417.7$978.68
 Iteration 1$5,588.18$311.91$4,986.32$219.243.22.0$4,006.63$919.189.5$937.819.3$938.176.8$948.81
 2$5,104.18$276.82$5,225.40$214.563.22.1$3,926.68$963.2117.4$954.156.4$929.4219.8$943.75
 3$5,272.04$271.03$5,007.21$220.353.40.8$4,139.95$973.2114.1$934.5312.0$947.3210.7$952.17
 4$5,013.38$262.29$5,074.79$210.903.22.2$4,049.72$940.4815.1$960.9724.1$931.767.7$938.36
 5$5,150.21$271.65$4,687.46$203.523.31.5$4,031.89$921.9514.2$982.5212.3$926.6716.6$950.01
 6$5,028.81$270.91$4,990.03$212.433.21.2$3,919.01$943.7612.7$954.8515.1$928.7510.2$916.72
 7$5,256.10$277.81$5,176.66$205.713.20.9$4,069.50$955.4913.8$937.6511.0$942.0313.0$961.49
 8$5,342.86$288.56$4,736.53$201.533.41.4$3,982.34$967.968.6$952.2712.9$934.079.2$926.87
 9$5,231.58$283.89$4,893.31$219.383.21.1$3,951.38$947.4911.7$969.9511.0$976.2714.5$927.96
 10$5,877.56$323.24$4,963.84$218.343.00.7$4,151.35$954.698.4$917.998.0$962.559.1$936.14
 11$4,989.96$267.09$4,976.27$214.063.31.8$3,937.08$924.4714.7$958.6712.9$953.8814.8$936.01
 12$5,372.51$285.01$5,390.58$230.363.10.9$4,068.78$959.319.3$971.9616.4$968.1314.0$969.39
 13$5,478.75$299.27$5,094.33$217.623.11.6$4,033.99$922.289.6$968.139.6$957.8310.9$932.99
 14$5,345.95$290.34$5,032.53$209.883.31.4$3,984.86$947.4110.5$950.059.4$963.8711.9$977.21
 15$5,748.04$309.97$4,779.68$217.833.11.5$4,165.15$957.4812.0$955.297.4$966.637.7$942.35
 16$5,437.10$290.20$4,923.95$203.503.31.4$4,110.09$922.359.6$920.8711.6$950.588.5$940.59
 17$5,621.08$304.18$5,179.54$214.823.22.0$4,120.78$943.209.4$925.259.0$944.4010.6$970.91
 18$5,292.55$273.89$5,070.83$219.883.10.9$4,163.24$932.4213.5$959.6213.2$922.7517.3$934.93
 19$5,516.06$298.69$4,858.15$224.783.11.8$4,046.62$959.718.4$975.7410.8$928.1114.8$945.35
 20$5,180.14$273.79$5,195.00$222.513.41.2$4,009.34$968.7815.3$950.058.0$979.6118.0$949.03
 21$5,688.40$302.29$4,794.61$219.233.21.7$4,164.26$955.227.7$972.569.8$962.5512.0$927.00
 22$5,281.76$281.06$4,908.87$205.333.31.3$4,050.14$942.4210.5$936.1713.1$945.7613.2$934.23
 23$5,181.81$275.26$5,064.06$219.973.51.2$3,997.03$975.9714.3$935.128.5$924.8614.9$978.98
 24$5,167.45$272.07$4,897.09$181.962.90.7$4,076.94$951.1814.1$961.1217.7$932.5613.6$952.36
 25$5,473.88$286.02$5,105.18$206.693.31.0$4,153.18$955.6610.1$949.9310.8$984.7716.0$941.06
 26$5,446.40$283.62$4,989.71$192.963.31.1$4,185.12$939.7812.8$952.679.3$929.0311.9$951.59
 27$5,369.14$273.31$4,886.53$201.693.41.8$4,230.31$925.1112.7$958.8912.8$944.729.4$969.27
 28$5,561.46$299.84$5,010.32$211.203.11.1$4,116.06$938.5211.5$953.429.3$948.738.0$952.76
 29$5,224.18$281.87$5,103.62$220.673.41.6$3,944.87$964.469.5$973.6013.9$913.4210.4$983.48
 30$5,515.91$299.17$5,114.37$202.953.11.4$4,072.16$957.9711.0$955.929.1$916.0311.0$953.56
 31$5,193.36$273.09$5,013.19$217.433.51.6$4,041.81$930.2913.1$972.0911.7$932.379.6$948.69
 32$5,283.36$280.85$4,821.63$214.893.21.3$4,084.57$915.5614.8$955.1210.4$950.808.3$968.52
 33$5,217.38$281.21$4,984.70$218.923.31.0$3,992.58$920.9412.3$954.6011.0$956.7916.2$940.19
 34$5,420.05$293.24$5,015.94$201.823.31.3$4,024.18$951.408.7$938.489.1$946.5315.5$947.22
 35$5,312.01$278.90$5,053.27$235.213.11.2$4,088.73$959.738.7$951.0917.7$965.5512.7$960.56
 36$5,178.31$280.22$5,135.83$216.433.31.1$3,960.85$927.5113.3$958.2010.3$959.3415.2$923.41
 37$5,438.71$285.34$4,916.21$217.453.51.9$4,107.13$959.298.8$956.9112.5$970.1310.1$966.08
 38$5,569.87$300.51$4,988.00$217.263.51.2$4,084.05$930.248.9$944.028.3$958.6910.1$934.32

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Updated: 04/07/2011
 

FHWA
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration