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Price Trends for Federal-Aid Highway Construction


Fourth Quarter 1999


Three-Quarter Moving Index Price Trend

1987 Base

Three-Quarter Moving Index Price Trend for Fourth Quarter 1999. Graph of Composite Index versus Year from 1990 - 1999. The data can be found in the Price Trends for Federal-Aid Highway Construction - Three-Quarter Moving Index table below

The three-quarter moving composite price index is the weighted average of the indices for three consecutive quarters.

The Composite Bid Price Index is composed of six indicator items: common excavation, to indicate the price trend for all roadway excavation; portland cement concrete pavement and bituminous concrete pavement, to indicate the price trend for all surfacing types; and reinforcing steel, structural steel, and structural concrete, to indicate the price trend for structures. Descriptions of the six indicator items can be found in Federal-aid Policy Guide G-6011-10.

Development of the index is discussed in some detail in PUBLIC ROADS magazines, volume 31, No. 10, October 1961; volume 36, No. 4, October 1970; and volume 45, No. 1, June 1981.

Average contract prices shown herein are based on actual bids and include costs of materials, labor, equipment, overhead and profit.

Disclaimer: The base for each State index is its own particular "market basket" of quantities and costs during the base period. The composite index for each State measures the change in that State's index since base year 1987. (in 1987 each State's index equaled 100). These indices are not to be used for State comparisons.

Office of Infrastructure
Office of Program Administration
(202) 366-4636
Publication Number FHWA-IF-00-021

For Official Distribution

Year Common excavation Surfacing Structures Composite index
Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index Portland cement concrete2 Bituminous concrete Surfacing index Reinforcing steel Structural steel Structural concrete Structures index
Average contract price (sq. yd.) Index Average contract price (ton) Index Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index
1972 .72 29.7 6.42 43.6 9.23 37.5 39.5 .181 41.1 .342 38.6 100.17 41.6 40.7 38.6
1973 .80 33.0 7.00 47.5 10.02 40.7 42.9 .207 47.0 .372 42.0 111.81 46.4 45.4 42.5
1974 1.00 41.2 8.88 60.3 14.74 59.8 60.0 .339 76.9 .551 62.3 136.80 56.8 61.7 57.9
1975 1.03 42.5 8.88 60.3 15.13 61.4 61.0 .297 67.4 .554 62.6 138.76 57.6 60.6 58.1
1976 1.03 42.5 8.92 60.6 14.83 60.2 60.3 .258 58.5 .484 54.7 139.59 58.0 57.2 56.3
1977 1.16 47.8 9.95 67.5 15.47 62.8 64.3 .272 61.7 .520 58.8 143.51 59.6 59.7 59.8
1978 1.54 63.5 11.90 80.8 17.16 69.6 73.3 .316 71.7 .603 68.1 172.41 71.6 70.7 70.7
1979 1.62 66.8 14.02 95.2 21.21 86.1 89.0 .421 95.5 .759 85.8 211.33 87.8 88.6 85.5
1980 1.83 75.5 14.92 101.3 25.29 102.6 102.2 .483 109.6 .941 106.3 226.68 94.1 100.0 97.2
1981 1.76 72.6 14.17 96.2 25.63 104.0 101.4 .438 99.4 .790 89.3 231.64 96.2 94.9 94.2
1982 1.59 65.6 13.03 88.5 24.33 98.7 95.3 .407 92.4 .762 86.1 219.63 91.2 90.0 88.5
1983 1.74 71.8 12.69 86.1 24.27 98.5 94.4 .398 90.3 .708 80.0 213.85 88.8 86.7 87.6
1984 1.90 78.4 13.64 92.6 26.52 107.6 102.7 .409 92.8 .709 80.1 218.02 90.5 88.2 92.6
1985 2.24 92.4 14.31 97.1 28.52 115.7 109.6 .444 100.7 .796 89.9 243.60 101.2 98.1 102.0
1986 2.28 94.0 15.63 106.1 26.48 107.4 107.0 .442 100.3 .850 96.0 236.37 98.2 98.0 101.1
1987 2.42 100.0 14.80 100.0 24.65 100.0 100.0 .441 100.0 .885 100.0 240.81 100.0 100.0 100.0
1988 2.72 112.2 14.33 97.3 24.91 101.1 99.8 .494 112.1 .924 104.4 274.12 113.8 111.0 106.6
1989 2.40 99.0 15.17 103.0 24.08 97.7 99.4 .556 126.2 1.018 115.0 283.40 117.7 118.4 107.7
1990 2.38 98.1 15.91 108.0 24.52 99.5 102.3 .529 120.0 1.010 114.1 286.18 118.8 117.8 108.5
1991 2.32 95.5 16.58 112.5 25.52 103.6 106.5 .505 114.6 1.030 116.4 264.98 110.0 112.5 107.5
1992 2.20 90.8 17.80 120.8 24.66 100.1 106.9 .520 117.9 .916 103.5 259.61 107.8 108.4 105.1
1993 2.50 103.2 18.81 127.7 26.26 106.6 113.5 .467 106.0 .861 97.3 261.89 108.7 105.3 108.3
1994 2.75 113.2 20.88 141.7 27.80 112.8 122.3 .515 116.8 .847 95.7 271.94 112.9 109.0 115.1
1995: First quarter 2.74 113.1 23.25 157.8 26.99 109.5 125.4 .545 123.6 .894 101.0 306.80 127.4 119.8 121.1
Second quarter   2.59 106.8 22.00 149.3 28.80 116.9 127.5 .558 126.6 .936 105.7 301.61 125.2 120.3 121.2
Third quarter 2.45 100.9 21.18 143.8 31.40 127.4 132.8 .522 118.5 .895 101.1 290.29 120.5 115.1 120.2
Fourth quarter 3.17 130.8 21.42 145.4 28.08 113.9 124.3 .551 125.1 .961 108.6 312.30 129.7 123.3 124.8
Annual 2.73 112.8 22.07 149.8 28.87 117.1 127.9 .542 122.9 .922 104.2 302.66 125.7 119.5 121.9
1996: First quarter 2.92 120.6 25.41 172.5 26.45 107.3 128.7 .482 109.5 1.132 127.9 314.61 130.6 126.3 126.4
Second quarter 2.95 121.7 17.15 116.4 27.46 111.4 113.1 .545 123.6 1.020 115.2 297.48 123.5 121.3 118.0
Third quarter 3.27 134.7 20.44 138.7 26.79 108.7 118.6 .592 134.2 1.092 123.3 300.85 124.9 126.1 124.3
Fourth quarter 2.72 112.3 20.37 138.3 29.88 121.2 126.8 .499 113.3 1.075 121.5 271.82 112.9 115.2 119.5
Annual 2.92 120.6 19.64 133.3 27.50 111.6 118.7 .535 121.5 1.068 120.7 293.85 122.0 121.6 120.2
1997: First quarter 2.70 111.3 22.42 152.2 31.63 128.3 136.2 .581 131.8 1.167 131.8 347.20 144.2 138.8 133.6
Second quarter 3.25 133.9 23.40 158.8 29.17 118.4 131.6 .586 133.0 1.100 124.3 309.27 128.4 128.1 130.4
Third quarter 2.88 118.9 24.12 163.7 26.34 106.9 125.5 .535 121.4 1.055 119.2 290.45 120.6 120.4 122.3
Fourth quarter 2.49 102.7 28.35 192.5 31.14 126.4 148.1 .549 124.7 1.521 171.9 317.61 131.9 141.2 138.2
Annual 2.85 117.6 23.75 161.2 29.39 119.2 133.0 .567 128.7 1.186 134.0 320.90 133.2 132.7 130.6
1998: First quarter 2.99 123.1 23.42 158.9 16.95 68.8 98.4 .648 147.0 1.148 129.7 335.78 139.4 137.2 119.6
Second quarter 2.92 120.3 22.55 153.0 27.96 113.4 126.4 .524 118.9 1.060 119.7 318.26 132.2 126.6 125.6
Third quarter 3.31 136.6 23.66 160.6 32.77 132.9 142.0 .444 100.7 1.153 130.3 342.12 142.1 131.9 136.8
Fourth quarter 2.77 114.1 25.16 170.8 25.80 104.7 126.4 .588 133.5 1.114 125.8 366.06 152.0 141.9 131.4
Annual 3.01 124.3 23.65 160.5 25.00 101.4 120.8 .544 123.4 1.111 125.5 337.25 140.0 133.4 126.9
1999: First quarter 2.75 113.5 22.09 149.9 29.74 120.7 130.3 .543 123.2 1.231 139.1 337.56 140.2 136.9 130.7
Second quarter 3.24 133.5 29.06 197.3 32.70 132.6 153.9 .548 124.3 1.207 136.3 339.87 141.1 136.9 143.4
Third quarter 3.23 133.4 18.72 127.1 33.53 136.0 133.1 .568 128.8 1.115 125.9 319.34 132.6 130.2 131.8
Fourth quarter 2.65 109.3 28.04 190.3 33.00 133.9 152.4 .560 127.2 1.304 147.3 373.81 155.2 148.3 144.1
Annual 2.93 120.9 23.49 159.5 32.28 130.9 140.3 .554 125.7 1.224 138.3 342.24 142.1 138.3 136.5

Annual Price Trends

1987 Base

Annual Price Trends Graph of Composite Index versus Years from 1990 to 1999. Data from above table

Quarterly Price Trends

1987 Base

Annual Price Trends Graph of Composite Index versus Quarter from 1990 to 1999. Data from above table


Price Trends for Federal-aid Highway

Construction Rural and Urban

1987 Base1
Year Common excavation Portland cement concrete surface2 Bituminous concrete surface Surfacing
Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index Average contract price (sq. yd.) Index Average contract price (ton) Index Index
Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15)
19722 .65 1.01 26.8 41.7 5.96 7.39 40.5 50.2 8.63 10.84 35.0 44.0 36.8 46.0
1973 .72 1.07 29.7 44.1 6.42 8.01 43.6 54.4 9.25 11.70 37.5 47.5 39.5 49.7
1974 .87 1.35 35.9 55.7 8.08 10.55 54.9 71.6 13.53 17.43 54.9 70.7 54.9 71.0
1975 .91 1.51 37.5 62.3 8.16 10.39 55.4 70.5 14.47 17.03 58.7 69.1 57.6 69.6
1976 .93 1.40 38.4 57.7 8.18 10.31 55.5 70.0 14.04 16.85 57.0 68.4 56.5 68.9
1977 1.09 1.46 45.0 60.2 8.83 11.52 59.9 78.2 14.84 17.71 60.2 71.9 60.1 73.9
1978 1.42 1.83 58.6 75.5 10.06 13.78 68.3 93.5 16.47 18.74 66.8 76.0 67.3 81.8
1979 1.45 2.15 59.8 88.7 12.33 16.59 83.7 112.6 20.15 24.37 81.8 98.9 82.4 103.4
1980 1.67 2.25 68.9 92.8 13.89 16.57 94.3 112.5 24.26 27.97 98.4 113.5 97.1 113.2
1981 1.55 2.27 63.9 93.6 13.02 15.32 88.4 104.0 24.63 26.68 99.9 108.2 96.1 106.9
1982 1.48 1.74 61.0 71.8 11.86 14.27 80.5 96.9 23.46 26.41 95.2 107.2 90.4 103.8
1983 1.59 2.10 65.6 86.6 11.83 14.58 80.3 99.0 23.46 26.72 95.2 108.4 90.3 105.3
1984 1.66 2.50 68.5 103.1 12.55 15.77 85.2 107.1 25.58 28.84 103.8 117.0 97.7 113.7
1985 1.85 3.20 76.3 132.0 13.29 15.67 90.2 106.4 27.51 30.89 111.6 125.3 104.6 119.1
1986 1.88 2.95 77.5 121.7 13.63 17.86 92.5 121.2 24.69 30.21 100.2 122.6 97.7 122.1
1987 1.91 3.37 78.8 139.0 13.37 17.06 90.8 115.8 23.39 27.81 94.9 112.8 93.5 113.8
1988 2.00 3.72 82.5 153.4 13.39 15.62 90.9 106.0 23.58 28.14 95.7 114.2 94.1 111.5
1989 2.01 3.20 82.9 132.0 13.56 16.67 92.0 113.2 22.17 28.66 89.9 116.3 90.6 115.3
1990 1.98 3.27 81.6 134.9 14.50 17.43 98.5 118.3 23.20 27.84 94.1 113.0 95.5 114.7
1991 1.98 2.89 81.6 119.2 16.02 17.08 108.8 115.9 24.51 27.63 99.4 112.1 102.5 113.4
1992 1.88 2.91 77.7 120.2 15.97 19.99 108.4 135.7 23.97 26.38 97.3 107.0 100.9 116.4
1993 2.16 3.57 89.2 147.3 18.41 19.50 124.9 132.3 25.86 27.20 104.9 110.4 111.5 117.6
1994: First quarter 2.01 4.38 82.9 180.8 19.82 19.32 134.5 131.1 24.39 30.58 98.9 124.1 110.6 126.4
Second quarter   2.12 2.79 87.3 115.0 21.63 21.79 146.8 147.9 26.42 30.21 107.2 122.6 120.2 130.9
Third quarter 2.66 3.81 109.6 157.3 18.95 24.25 128.6 164.6 29.11 32.46 118.1 131.7 121.6 142.5
Fourth quarter 2.11 4.04 87.2 166.8 18.07 24.19 122.6 164.2 25.14 30.20 102.0 122.5 108.8 136.2
Annual 2.20 3.58 90.6 147.8 19.45 22.00 132.0 149.3 26.26 30.89 106.5 125.3 114.9 133.2
1995: First quarter 2.15 4.01 88.7 165.3 19.87 26.88 134.9 182.5 25.23 30.80 102.4 124.9 113.0 143.9
Second quarter 2.26 3.83 93.1 158.1 21.41 22.75 145.3 154.4 27.49 30.71 111.5 124.6 122.6 134.4
Third quarter 2.06 4.98 84.9 205.4 23.71 19.87 160.9 134.9 29.01 35.32 117.7 143.3 131.9 140.5
Fourth quarter 3.08 3.42 126.9 141.0 20.18 22.84 136.9 155.1 25.98 31.35 105.4 127.2 115.8 136.4
Annual 2.36 3.94 97.3 162.5 20.63 23.52 140.0 159.6 26.96 32.04 109.4 130.0 119.4 139.7
1996: First quarter 2.29 3.75 94.5 154.6 24.06 26.19 163.3 177.7 24.72 29.90 100.3 121.3 120.9 139.8
Second quarter 2.59 3.89 106.8 160.2 18.70 16.16 126.9 109.7 26.62 29.55 108.0 119.9 114.2 116.5
Third quarter 3.19 3.43 131.4 141.5 19.40 21.70 131.7 147.3 29.17 23.83 118.4 96.7 122.7 113.3
Fourth quarter 2.61 3.60 107.7 148.4 19.04 21.75 129.3 147.6 28.56 32.63 115.9 132.4 120.3 137.4
Annual 2.67 3.68 110.3 151.9 19.49 19.76 132.3 134.1 27.31 27.84 110.8 112.9 117.8 119.9
1997: First quarter 2.31 4.76 95.3 196.1 22.48 29.84 152.6 202.6 29.91 34.97 121.4 141.9 131.6 161.8
Second quarter 2.57 4.85 106.2 199.0 20.83 27.42 141.4 186.1 27.63 33.42 112.1 135.6 121.7 152.2
Third quarter 2.90 2.85 119.6 117.7 22.10 26.30 149.9 178.5 23.54 34.06 95.5 138.2 113.4 151.5
Fourth quarter 1.97 3.91 81.4 161.4 24.47 31.97 166.1 216.9 31.36 30.65 127.2 124.4 139.9 154.8
Annual 2.47 3.96 102.1 163.4 21.50 27.14 145.9 184.2 27.71 33.48 112.4 135.8 123.4 151.7
1998: First quarter 2.44 5.44 100.7 224.6 19.90 27.75 135.1 188.4 13.54 31.55 54.9 128.0 81.3 147.8
Second quarter 2.47 4.11 101.8 169.5 21.71 23.31 147.4 158.2 25.82 35.93 104.7 145.8 118.8 149.9
Third quarter 3.10 4.20 127.7 173.3 27.61 20.89 187.4 141.8 32.02 35.40 129.9 143.6 148.8 143.0
Fourth quarter 2.38 4.60 98.3 189.5 24.70 27.80 167.7 188.7 31.36 19.72 127.2 79.9 140.5 115.7
Annual 2.63 4.51 108.4 186.1 23.14 24.34 157.1 165.2 23.86 28.09 96.8 113.9 116.6 130.8
1999: First quarter 2.22 5.19 91.7 214.0 21.90 22.36 148.6 151.8 29.06 32.47 117.9 131.7 128.0 138.3
Second quarter 2.64 5.49 108.9 226.4 25.94 36.16 176.1 245.5 31.75 35.31 128.8 143.2 144.3 176.8
Third quarter 3.17 3.39 130.6 139.8 20.79 16.00 141.1 108.6 32.65 35.91 132.5 145.7 135.3 133.5
Fourth quarter 2.25 4.00 92.7 164.9 29.34 26.36 199.2 178.9 32.29 34.73 131.0 140.9 153.4 153.4
Annual 2.51 4.35 103.7 179.3 23.79 23.05 161.5 156.5 31.44 34.71 127.6 140.8 138.7 145.9

1 Base for composite index, 1987, involves 210,078,000 cubic yards of roadway excavation, 30,893,690 square yards of portland cement concrete surfacing with an average thickness of 9 inches, 37,760,443 tons of bituminous concrete surfacing, 577,753,544 pounds of reinforcing steel for structures, 444,924,141 pounds of structural steel and 3,498,333 cubic yards of structural concrete.

2 Starting with 1972, prices for portland cement concrete surfacing reflect adjustments to a standard 9" thickness in each State. Prices do not include costs for reinforcing steel and joints.

Price Trends for Federal-aid Highway

Construction Rural and Urban

Continued
Year Structural reinforcing steel Structural steel Structural concrete Structures Composite
Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index Index Index Ratio of urban prices to rural prices
Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban
(1) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24) (25) (26) (27) (28) (29) (30) (31) (32)
19722 .178 .182 40.4 41.3 .333 .346 37.6 39.1 100.68 99.66 41.8 41.4 40.5 40.8 36.9 43.0 1.17
1973 .204 .208 46.3 47.2 .391 .355 44.2 40.1 111.48 112.07 46.3 46.5 45.7 45.0 40.8 46.8 1.15
1974 .339 .340 76.9 77.1 .508 .573 57.4 64.7 138.76 135.35 57.6 56.2 60.9 62.0 54.7 64.8 1.18
1975 .287 .307 65.1 65.1 .523 .582 59.1 65.8 135.00 143.27 56.1 59.5 58.4 62.1 54.9 65.2 1.19
1976 .269 .248 61.0 56.3 .478 .488 54.0 55.1 141.20 138.08 58.6 57.3 57.8 56.6 54.4 61.8 1.14
1977 .274 .270 62.2 61.3 .523 .517 59.1 58.4 145.33 141.68 60.3 58.8 60.3 59.1 57.9 65.4 1.13
1978 .323 .309 73.3 70.1 .586 .615 66.2 69.5 173.49 171.30 72.0 71.1 70.7 70.5 67.5 75.9 1.12
1979 .416 .425 94.4 96.4 .768 .753 86.8 85.1 219.07 205.25 91.0 85.2 90.4 87.1 82.5 94.0 1.14
1980 .463 .498 105.1 113.0 .777 1.012 87.8 114.3 241.38 217.76 100.2 90.4 97.8 100.6 93.1 104.6 1.12
1981 .440 .436 99.8 98.9 .773 .800 87.3 90.4 254.71 216.49 105.8 89.9 99.9 91.6 92.9 98.1 1.06
1982 .414 .403 93.9 91.4 .705 .778 79.7 87.9 237.52 210.03 98.6 87.2 92.8 88.1 87.0 92.1 1.06
1983 .391 .402 88.7 91.2 .672 .731 75.9 82.6 217.00 211.84 90.1 88.0 86.1 87.1 84.7 94.5 1.11
1984 .408 .409 92.6 92.8 .667 .724 75.4 81.8 226.17 213.60 93.9 88.7 88.8 87.6 89.4 100.6 1.13
1985 .441 .446 100.1 101.2 .794 .797 89.7 90.1 240.45 245.36 99.8 101.9 97.2 98.6 97.1 112.0 1.15
1986 .448 .440 101.7 99.8 .832 .856 94.0 96.7 260.72 228.50 108.3 94.9 103.4 96.2 97.1 110.7 1.14
1987 .456 .436 103.5 98.9 .848 .900 95.8 101.7 258.21 234.95 107.2 97.6 103.6 98.9 95.7 111.0 1.16
1988 .481 .498 109.1 113.0 .890 .932 100.6 105.3 262.23 278.33 108.9 115.6 106.7 112.4 97.9 118.2 1.21
1989 .495 .576 112.3 130.7 .994 1.026 112.3 115.9 273.78 286.88 113.7 119.1 113.1 120.3 99.4 120.0 1.21
1990 .580 .510 131.6 115.7 .934 1.04 105.6 117.5 297.22 281.33 123.4 116.8 120.1 116.8 104.3 118.7 1.14
1991 .492 .510 111.5 115.7 .939 1.06 106.1 119.8 276.49 259.65 114.8 107.8 111.9 112.3 103.5 113.8 1.10
1992 .482 .530 109.5 120.9 .879 .94 99.3 106.0 281.19 250.79 116.8 104.1 110.9 107.5 101.8 113.1 1.11
1993 .492 .453 111.6 102.7 .859 .863 97.1 97.5 259.52 263.29 107.7 109.3 105.6 105.0 105.5 116.5 1.10
1994: First quarter .493 .542 111.9 122.9 .860 .729 97.1 82.3 262.58 277.11 109.0 115.1 106.4 107.8 104.6 126.4 1.21
Second quarter   .518 .520 117.6 118.0 .738 .795 83.4 89.8 276.15 252.40 114.7 104.8 106.9 103.1 109.4 116.3 1.06
Third quarter .483 .494 109.6 112.1 .961 .829 108.6 93.6 303.10 273.70 125.9 113.6 118.5 108.1 118.4 129.6 1.09
Fourth quarter .512 .514 116.3 116.6 .870 .979 98.3 110.6 281.48 277.45 116.9 115.2 111.9 114.2 106.9 131.1 1.23
Annual .501 .520 113.7 118.0 .843 .849 95.3 95.9 276.76 269.93 114.9 112.1 109.5 108.8 108.9 124.6 1.14
1995: First quarter .493 .565 111.9 128.3 .831 .925 93.9 104.5 273.26 323.23 113.5 134.2 108.0 125.4 107.2 138.9 1.29
Second quarter .503 .612 114.2 138.8 .875 .982 98.8 110.9 275.89 326.38 114.5 135.5 110.3 129.6 112.8 135.9 1.20
Third quarter .497 .533 112.8 120.8 .819 .998 92.5 112.8 252.72 320.01 104.9 132.9 103.0 125.5 112.1 143.7 1.28
Fourth quarter .523 .566 118.8 128.4 .892 .998 100.8 112.7 298.67 318.56 124.0 132.3 116.9 126.5 117.9 132.7 1.12
Annual .503 .561 114.1 127.4 .853 .973 96.3 109.9 272.76 321.85 113.2 133.6 108.9 126.3 111.5 137.2 1.23
1996: First quarter .524 .464 118.9 105.3 .989 1.254 111.7 141.7 302.40 321.03 125.6 133.3 120.8 130.8 116.9 138.1 1.18
Second quarter .573 .530 130.1 120.3 1.036 1.008 117.1 113.9 331.94 279.02 137.8 115.9 131.0 116.1 120.5 122.9 1.01
Third quarter .646 .554 146.6 125.7 1.050 1.132 118.6 127.9 335.68 278.03 139.4 115.5 135.1 120.5 129.5 120.7 .93
Fourth quarter .487 .507 110.6 115.1 1.098 1.060 124.0 119.7 248.81 292.95 103.3 126.6 110.0 120.0 113.9 131.4 1.15
Annual .564 .519 127.9 117.7 1.047 1.084 118.3 122.5 301.57 288.80 125.2 119.9 123.9 120.2 119.4 124.9 1.05
1997: First quarter .581 .586 131.7 132.9 1.062 1.190 119.9 134.5 332.07 366.72 137.9 152.3 132.1 144.3 126.4 159.3 1.26
Second quarter .607 .577 137.7 131.0 1.130 1.092 127.6 123.4 277.44 326.61 115.2 135.6 122.3 131.6 119.7 150.2 1.25
Third quarter .529 .539 119.9 122.2 1.014 1.079 114.6 121.9 303.33 284.27 125.9 118.0 121.9 119.8 118.1 132.4 1.12
Fourth quarter .551 .549 124.9 124.5 1.146 1.618 129.5 182.8 338.60 308.92 140.6 128.3 134.9 142.0 128.9 150.2 1.16
Annual .568 .566 128.9 128.5 1.075 1.227 121.5 138.6 307.58 329.17 127.7 136.7 126.3 135.8 121.5 146.5 1.21
1998: First quarter .643 .651 145.9 147.6 1.096 1.201 123.8 135.7 353.48 321.54 146.8 133.5 140.6 136.5 110.3 154.4 1.40
Second quarter .498 .551 112.9 125.1 .969 1.100 109.5 124.3 342.50 299.97 142.2 124.6 128.6 124.6 120.5 141.7 1.17
Third quarter .521 .402 118.2 91.3 1.203 1.131 135.9 127.8 359.28 318.88 149.2 132.4 140.4 124.2 141.9 139.3 .98
Fourth quarter .611 .570 138.6 129.3 1.054 1.161 119.1 131.6 370.62 362.62 153.9 150.6 142.1 141.8 134.9 138.3 1.03
Annual .559 .533 126.8 121.0 1.061 1.144 119.9 129.3 354.92 321.48 147.4 133.5 136.6 130.2 124.2 138.9 1.11
1999: First quarter .498 .571 112.9 129.5 1.200 1.247 135.6 140.9 326.28 345.10 135.5 143.3 131.7 140.3 124.2 150.6 1.21
Second quarter .524 .562 118.9 127.5 1.329 1.104 150.1 124.8 360.66 328.22 149.8 136.3 144.6 131.7 139.1 164.4 1.18
Third quarter .533 .602 120.9 136.7 1.205 1.074 136.1 121.3 288.45 357.34 119.8 148.4 124.3 139.2 129.8 136.9 1.05
Fourth quarter .556 .562 126.1 127.6 1.093 1.444 123.4 163.2 345.17 388.82 143.3 161.5 135.1 156.1 136.2 156.3 1.15
Annual .525 .572 119.0 129.9 1.204 1.236 136.0 139.7 325.11 354.40 134.9 147.2 132.5 142.2 130.7 149.3 1.14

Price Trends for Federal-Aid Highway Construction

1987 Base1

Three-Quarter Moving Index

Year Common excavation Surfacing Structures Composite index
Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index Portland cement concrete2 Bituminous concrete Surfacing index Reinforcing steel Structural steel Structural concrete Structures index
Average contract price (sq. yd.) Index Average contract price (ton) Index Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index
1986: 2.31 95.3 15.84 107.5 25.70 104.3 105.3 .440 99.8 .855 96.6 232.34 96.5 97.1 100.2
1987: 2.59 106.8 15.20 103.2 25.44 103.2 103.2 .451 102.3 .877 99.1 258.33 107.3 104.3 104.2
1988: 2.56 105.6 14.81 100.5 24.83 100.7 100.7 .534 121.2 .989 111.7 283.00 117.5 116.6 108.4
1989: 2.68 110.6 16.20 110.0 24.73 100.3 103.5 .557 126.4 1.004 113.4 280.61 116.5 117.4 110.7
1990: 2.24 92.3 16.24 110.2 25.88 105.0 106.7 .532 120.7 1.076 121.6 292.29 121.4 123.4 111.0
1991: 2.32 95.7 17.18 116.7 24.54 99.6 105.2 .475 107.7 .919 103.9 244.71 101.6 103.2 102.9
1992: First quarter 2.27 93.5 17.55 119.2 24.71 100.3 106.5 .468 106.3 .933 105.5 253.65 105.3 105.5 104.1
Second quarter   2.23 91.9 17.70 120.2 24.32 98.7 105.7 .528 119.8 .922 104.2 251.80 104.6 107.1 104.2
Third quarter 2.22 91.6 18.05 122.5 24.54 99.6 107.1 .533 120.8 .934 105.5 260.89 108.3 109.7 105.9
Fourth quarter 2.30 94.8 18.07 122.6 24.71 100.2 107.6 .538 122.0 .908 102.6 249.85 103.8 106.5 105.2
1993: First quarter 2.29 94.3 18.20 123.6 24.96 101.3 108.6 .480 108.9 .894 111.0 280.93 116.7 111.2 107.6
Second quarter 2.56 105.4 18.09 122.8 25.82 104.8 110.7 .468 106.1 .867 98.0 265.21 110.1 106.2 107.9
Third quarter 2.47 102.1 19.00 129.0 26.61 107.9 114.9 .468 106.1 .841 95.1 259.28 107.6 104.1 108.1
Fourth quarter 2.55 105.1 19.43 131.9 27.28 110.7 117.6 .483 109.5 .812 91.7 257.48 106.9 103.4 109.5
1994: First quarter 2.57 106.2 20.69 140.4 27.01 109.6 119.7 .501 113.7 .795 89.8 261.19 108.4 104.4 110.9
Second quarter 2.80 115.5 20.58 139.7 27.95 113.4 122.0 .515 116.9 .797 90.0 268.38 111.4 106.7 114.3
Third quarter 2.68 110.5 21.52 146.1 28.38 115.1 125.3 .509 115.4 .874 98.7 271.68 112.8 109.5 116.1
Fourth quarter 2.78 114.6 22.16 150.4 28.26 114.7 126.4 .535 121.3 .911 102.9 291.80 121.2 116.4 120.2
1995: First quarter 2.65 109.3 22.36 151.8 27.65 112.2 125.2 .549 124.9 .939 106.1 300.18 124.6 119.7 120.4
Second quarter 2.60 107.1 22.46 152.5 29.11 118.1 129.4 .539 122.4 .912 103.1 299.72 124.5 118.4 121.2
Third quarter 2.73 112.7 21.48 145.8 29.42 119.4 128.1 .540 122.6 .931 105.1 301.01 124.9 119.3 121.9
Fourth quarter 2.83 116.7 22.01 149.4 28.88 117.2 127.8 .522 118.5 .969 109.5 303.10 126.1 120.4 122.9
1996: First quarter 3.03 124.8 20.06 136.2 27.41 111.2 119.4 .532 120.8 1.021 115.3 306.26 127.2 122.9 121.8
Second quarter 3.05 125.6 19.40 131.7 26.99 109.5 116.8 .548 124.4 1.066 120.4 302.17 125.5 123.9 121.3
Third quarter 2.92 120.6 18.87 128.1 27.72 112.5 117.6 .546 123.8 1.057 119.4 290.28 120.5 120.8 119.5
Fourth quarter 2.85 117.5 21.28 144.5 29.21 118.5 127.0 .558 126.5 1.118 126.3 306.70 127.4 126.9 125.6
1997: First quarter 2.85 117.4 22.18 150.6 30.24 122.7 131.8 .552 125.2 1.121 126.6 309.44 128.5 127.4 127.7
Second quarter 2.93 120.9 23.12 156.9 28.96 117.5 130.5 .571 129.6 1.120 126.6 321.59 133.5 131.0 129.3
Third quarter 2.92 120.4 24.58 166.9 28.63 116.2 132.8 .559 126.9 1.199 135.4 305.82 126.9 129.2 129.4
Fourth quarter 2.82 116.2 24.51 166.4 23.56 95.6 118.8 .586 132.9 1.207 136.3 316.75 131.5 133.0 124.7
1998: First quarter 2.85 116.6 23.83 161.7 23.84 96.71 118.1 .573 130.0 1.177 132.9 323.75 134.4 133.3 124.6
Second quarter 3.10 127.7 23.19 157.4 24.76 100.4 119.2 .533 120.9 1.110 125.4 330.77 137.3 131.4 125.8
Third quarter 3.02 124.6 23.75 161.2 28.85 117.0 131.5 .512 116.1 1.093 123.5 337.68 140.2 131.7 130.6
Fourth quarter 2.95 121.7 23.55 159.9 29.43 119.4 132.7 .521 118.1 1.180 133.3 346.25 143.8 136.6 132.8
1999: First quarter 2.88 118.7 24.82 168.5 29.65 120.3 136.1 .556 126.2 1.190 134.5 345.75 143.6 138.2 134.4
Second quarter 3.03 125.1 22.43 152.2 31.97 129.7 137.1 .552 125.2 1.195 135.1 332.71 138.2 135.1 134.4
Third quarter 3.01 124.2 24.16 163.9 33.04 134.1 143.9 .559 126.8 1.222 138.0 344.14 142.9 138.9 138.7
Fourth quarter                              

1 Base for composite index, 1987, involves 210,078,000 cubic yards of roadway excavation, 30,893,690 square yards of portland cement concrete surfacing with an average thickness of 9 inches, 37,760,443 tons of bituminous concrete surfacing, 577,753,544 pounds of reinforcing steel for structures, 444,924,141 pounds of structural steel and 3,498,333 cubic yards of structural concrete.

Price Trends for Federal-Aid Highway Construction

1987 Base1

Year: 1999

State Common Excavation Surfacing Structures Composite index
Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index Portland cement concrete2 Bituminous concrete Surfacing index Reinforcing steel Structural steel Structural concrete Structures index
Average contract price (sq. yd.) Index Average contract price (ton) Index Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (lb.) Index Average contract price (cu. yd.) Index
Connecticut 9.69 143.21 0.00 0.00 34.88 74.84 74.84 0.719 128.78 1.466 125.66 390.78 107.60 114.25 103.84
Maine 5.29 102.93 0.00 0.00 35.39 125.34 125.34 1.150 217.46 0.000 0.00 332.97 150.16 163.53 128.21
Massachusetts 1.88 22.06 0.00 0.00 27.11 76.50 76.50 1.000 38.12 0.000 0.00 358.99 134.60 79.69 54.15
New Hampshire 2.42 81.78 0.00 0.00 34.79 115.50 115.50 0.541 106.88 1.122 162.85 286.28 205.96 170.64 132.68
New Jersey 12.74 116.82 46.71 88.27 31.74 96.30 94.82 0.726 79.82 1.084 90.77 429.52 126.95 106.01 108.30
New York 4.60 76.38 42.09 144.95 31.87 93.70 95.51 0.664 93.89 1.157 116.24 267.23 69.71 92.06 90.83
Rhode Island 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vermont 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Puerto Rico 4.53 147.51 20.00 86.41 41.56 105.76 102.02 0.450 109.87 0.400 0.00 0.00 0.00 109.87 116.35
Delaware 7.69 251.16 36.13 1464.65 72.68 238.88 317.84 1.023 177.74 4.958 548.72 812.27 324.04 400.92 348.82
Dist. of Columbia   20.02 71.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.617 118.79 1.883 114.31 500.00 143.40 127.27 105.44
Maryland 3.67 66.61 60.25 127.19 30.68 115.78 119.61 0.677 142.34 1.043 104.31 420.72 104.11 107.53 103.30
Pennsylvania 5.32 144.00 33.53 163.19 37.55 112.24 135.77 0.659 111.10 2.274 197.67 343.39 93.45 121.74 131.19
Virginia 3.15 102.02 0.00 0.00 30.80 99.57 99.57 0.518 97.93 1.167 144.95 305.04 114.58 124.40 120.90
West Virginia 2.84 44.94 60.79 374.58 35.71 136.90 247.37 0.687 119.83 1.478 119.59 479.48 111.74 116.18 147.14
Alabama 1.72 122.72 161.13 669.31 27.63 119.47 179.00 0.457 119.80 1.066 109.95 308.80 112.04 112.54 130.75
Florida 1.60 35.62 77.00 295.65 33.18 105.35 116.33 0.579 116.39 1.109 103.97 316.46 114.63 112.53 106.34
Georgia 2.69 145.78 0.00 0.00 37.39 132.90 132.90 0.428 110.50 2.197 283.00 510.38 189.03 190.18 158.47
Kentucky 8.38 317.87 40.87 228.46 39.62 153.66 188.73 0.630 124.49 1.083 118.01 430.60 158.29 144.79 199.66
Mississippi 4.64 409.79 0.00 0.00 35.18 136.58 136.58 0.413 118.70 0.000 0.00 362.49 160.60 152.12 207.18
North Carolina 1.79 99.96 29.93 190.19 34.29 129.49 140.73 0.507 120.09 1.286 157.18 326.42 135.01 140.46 132.05
South Carolina 4.00 107.37 0.00 0.00 46.34 172.73 172.73 0.540 140.66 0.000 0.00 483.67 225.75 201.83 178.90
Tennessee 2.08 119.12 28.91 147.18 29.55 138.93 139.70 0.518 127.11 1.074 140.41 262.90 134.70 135.16 132.95
Illinois 5.81 146.10 19.60 116.77 33.57 114.31 114.86 0.727 131.09 1.314 156.34 493.37 143.56 144.74 131.62
Indiana 2.90 128.97 27.08 201.67 30.44 129.69 165.97 0.555 101.36 1.774 248.45 310.11 101.53 140.50 150.92
Michigan 1.89 62.15 23.61 176.04 33.86 180.38 178.12 0.759 161.97 2.661 206.89 414.24 403.10 300.54 191.19
Minnesota 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ohio 4.88 75.67 21.32 111.57 27.08 116.60 114.94 0.000 0.00 1.083 123.94 498.86 157.63 143.09 116.97
Wisconsin 2.04 107.89 19.58 194.22 25.16 151.29 168.26 0.424 97.69 0.821 73.84 253.97 111.67 100.77 145.33
Arkansas 3.24 132.20 47.81 185.72 36.57 141.27 146.41 0.511 117.11 0.954 140.41 292.62 124.27 128.57 135.57
Louisiana 0.00 0.00 30.60 190.19 35.65 143.43 166.28 0.380 111.75 0.000 0.00 287.40 132.48 127.23 148.98
New Mexico 4.20 132.75 26.06 65.84 25.17 107.52 106.74 0.577 110.85 2.781 176.59 322.99 94.40 111.27 111.85
Oklahoma 2.24 110.71 30.00 229.85 30.17 122.51 161.78 0.607 146.47 1.758 241.56 271.21 126.97 162.22 158.69
Texas 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Iowa 1.59 94.97 20.73 137.34 26.01 113.41 128.99 0.505 144.12 0.000 0.00 259.13 146.91 146.26 126.12
Kansas 2.05 67.56 26.98 165.89 32.21 138.95 160.29 0.642 134.56 1.015 12.46 354.49 176.36 91.40 113.57
Missouri 2.78 186.24 37.14 300.34 44.90 174.59 214.07 0.784 133.23 1.220 134.84 63.69 18.23 77.38 163.85
Nebraska 2.06 156.47 14.82 130.23 30.15 156.12 144.08 0.573 117.44 3.231 505.41 310.50 149.14 185.55 152.30
Colorado 4.68 220.43 28.04 224.89 37.43 163.10 174.66 0.540 130.87 2.173 245.61 237.62 114.86 151.28 173.71
Montana 1.65 94.99 98.76 789.07 27.61 165.13 252.88 0.823 166.11 4.983 802.03 385.59 132.32 213.33 217.51
North Dakota 5.73 692.76 20.42 179.03 23.29 125.26 148.96 0.658 140.82 0.000 0.00 315.77 148.79 147.13 201.82
South Dakota 2.59 294.73 22.96 174.55 28.58 160.31 166.30 0.622 133.99 1.050 126.24 392.09 174.69 160.50 188.35
Utah 3.01 184.86 24.22 227.76 26.67 121.84 164.10 0.668 159.86 0.000 0.00 277.18 133.61 139.77 164.75
Wyoming 3.17 222.47 34.65 267.48 28.97 168.23 204.35 0.552 108.17 0.977 147.79 494.03 156.44 146.96 202.74
Arizona 2.48 77.55 8.86 52.13 28.48 144.65 119.34 0.344 87.33 0.000 0.00 246.67 124.46 114.43 111.69
California 6.14 190.98 32.13 151.60 37.89 146.51 147.51 0.486 115.52 2.243 146.62 337.77 126.10 123.68 141.01
Hawaii 28.43 444.03 74.85 136.92 54.61 95.57 99.48 1.057 103.73 10.880 339.99 941.01 49.48 54.84 108.63
Nevada 5.07 165.04 0.00 0.00 28.81 116.97 116.97 1.055 236.64 2.030 271.29 399.32 192.45 216.21 159.33
Alaska 4.31 182.56 0.00 0.00 43.40 150.41 150.41 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 166.55
Idaho 2.83 171.12 0.00 0.00 26.13 125.64 125.64 0.470 119.76 2.129 241.50 278.83 108.32 113.43 133.29
Oregon 6.94 190.85 25.52 426.88 28.39 116.10 182.17 0.499 96.50 0.000 0.00 523.88 178.88 160.04 175.08
Washington 5.02 131.01 34.22 195.31 32.93 130.36 143.08 0.581 145.82 1.095 79.35 347.79 179.61 164.88 155.79
United States 2.93 120.89 23.49 159.45 32.28 130.95 140.31 0.554 125.66 1.224 138.28 342.24 142.11 138.29 136.50

1 Indices are based on information submitted for Federal-aid construction contracts over $500,000. In some instances, individual State indices may not be truly representative of long-term price trends because of comparatively low volumes of work for the period reported, or because of unusual projects awarded during the period. Also, differences in bid item specifications among the States might account for some of the differences in unit prices in the various States.

The base for each State index is its own particular "market basket" of quantities and costs during the base period. The composite index for each State measures the change in that State's index since base year 1987. (In 1987 each State's index equalled 100.)

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
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