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Federal Highway Administration > Publications > Public Roads > Vol. 57· No. 3 > New Research

Winter 1994
Vol. 57· No. 3

New Research

The following new research studies reported by the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Office of Research and Development are sponsored in whole or in part with federal highway funds. For further details on a particular study, please contact Bob Bryant, editor of Public Roads, (202) 493-3468.

NCP Category A -- Highway Safety

A.3: Highway Safety Information Management

Title: Evaluation of Exposure Data Sources for Highway Safety Issues

Objective: The objectives are to: (1) identify and prioritize the current highway safety issues and their exposure data needs, (2) identify and review the existing exposure data sources, emerging exposure data sources, and innovative approaches for acquiring the exposure data, and (3) analyze a high-priority safety issue using traditional and non-traditional exposure data sources in innovative ways and/or newly identified data sources.

Contractor:University of Michigan

Expected Completion Date: December 1995

Estimated Cost: $321,605

A.5: Highway Safety Design Practices and Criteria

Title: Vehicle Dynamics Programs for Roadway and Roadside Studies

Objective: The objective is to obtain research directed at (1) developing vehicle dynamics model(s) (VDM) best suited to the FHWA on-going research program on the safety of roadside design elements, and (2) developing an appropriate computing environment, including data bases and links to other programs, required to utilize the VDM(s) in solving these problems. Two contracts were let for this purpose. In this contract, a computer symbolic multibody program, AUTOSIM, will be used to incorporate features of other vehicle dynamics programs into the vehicle dynamics codes to be developed for FHWA applications.

Contractor:University of Michigan

Expected Completion Date: August 1995

Estimated Cost: $373,319

Title: Vehicle Dynamics Programs for Roadway and Roadside Studies: STI

Objective: Same as previous study. This is one of two contracts let to meet this objective. In this contract, VDANL, a program that has been extensively validated for level surface applications, will be revised to serve FHWA applications.

Contractor: Systems Technology Inc.

Expected Completion Date: June 1995

Estimated Cost: $313,790

A.6: Human Factors for Highway Safety

Title: Synthesis of Human Factors Research on Older Drivers and Highway Safety

Objective: This is a review of all the research results completed under the older driver high-priority area and an investigation of other relevant research findings. The results will be synthesized into a format appropriate for inclusion in a handbook for use by highway designers. The research report will also specify how the findings can used and what additional research is needed.

Contractor: Scientex

Expected Completion Date: September 1995

Estimated Cost: $282,723

A human factors research study on older drivers is being conducted.

A human factors research study on older drivers is being conducted.

NCP Category B -- Traffic Operations/Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems

B.3: Commercial Vehicle Operations

Title: Commercial Vehicle Fleet Management and Information Systems

Objective: The objective is to identify fleet management problems and needs that can be addressed through advanced technologies and that warrant public sector involvement. The feasibility of current and potential technologies to address fleet management needs will be assessed, and requirements will be developed as appropriate. Operations to be examined include: vehicle dispatch, routing, equipment tracking, driver scheduling, maintenance management, administration of interstate shipping, movement of urban goods, intermodal operations, and public services such as road maintenance, trash pickup, and fire and ambulance services.

Contractor: Cambridge Systematics

Expected Completion Date: June 1995

Estimated Cost: $405,461

B.4: Advanced Vehicle Control Systems

Title: Automated Highway System -- Health Management

Objective: This study is one of 15 parallel analyses that will provide DOT and others in the IVHS community with a realistic range and AHS configurations and a better understanding of AHS applications, technology, design, deployment, operations, and practicality. These studies, called AHS Precursor Systems Analyses, are each of one-year duration so that the results will be available during the process of defining and evaluating alternative system concepts.

Contractor: Honeywell

Expected Completion Date: October 1994

Estimated Cost: $891,993

Title: Lateral and Longitudinal Control Analyses

Objective: This is one of the Precursor Systems Analyses, and it will define and analyze AHS requirements for lateral and longitudinal maneuverability on the AHS roadway to ensure system safety and operational efficiency.

Contractor: SRI International

Expected Completion Date: November 1994

Estimated Cost: $228,878

Title: Lateral and Longitudinal Control Analyses

Objective: This is one of the Precursor Systems Analyses.

Contractor: Martin Marietta Corporation

Expected Completion Date:October 1994

Estimated Cost: $313,404

Title: Precursor Systems Analyses of Automated Highway Systems (A-P)

Objective: This is one of the Precursor Systems Analyses.

Contractor: Delco Electronics Corporation

Expected Completion Date:October 1994

Estimated Cost: $3,009,712

Title: Precursor Systems Analyses of AHS (L)

Objective: This study covers urban and rural AHS analysis, AHS roadway deployment analysis, AHS entry/exit implementation, and preliminary cost/benefit factors analysis.

Contractor:University of California

Expected Completion Date:October 1994

Estimated Cost: $942,783

Title: Precursor Systems Analyses of AHS (F&O)

Objective: This study covers commercial and transit AHS analysis, the institutional issues that affect the deployment and operation of AHS systems, and societal issues and risks faced by the AHS program.

Contractor: BDM Federal Inc.

Expected Completion Date: October 1994

Estimated Cost: $499,658

Title: Precursor Systems Analyses of AHS (F)

Objective: This study covers urban and rural AHS comparison, automated check-in, automated check-out, lateral and longitudinal control analysis, malfunction management and analysis, commercial and transit AHS analysis, comparable systems analysis, AHS roadway deployment analysis, impact of AHS on surrounding non-AHS roadways, AHS entry/exit implementation, AHS roadway systems impact, AHS safety issues, institutional and societal aspects, and preliminary cost/benefit factors analysis.

Contractor: Calspan Corporation

Expected Completion Date: November 1994

Estimated Cost: $3,054,137

Title: Precursor Systems Analysis of Automated Construction, Maintenance, and Operational Requirements for AHS

Objective: This study covers the identification and analysis of urban and rural AHS roadway operational issues and risks for each of the representative system configurations.

Contractor: University of California

Expected Completion Date: July 1994

Estimated Cost: $144,038

Title: Automated Highway Systems (J)

Objective: This is one of the Precursor Systems Analyses.

Contractor: Raytheon

Expected Completion Date: October 1994

Estimated Cost: $1,789,994

Title: Automated Check-In

Objective: This is one of the Precursor Systems Analyses. This study will identify and analyze the requirements associated with ensuring that a vehicle and its operator are qualified and safe for entry onto the AHS roadway. Issues and risks will be identified and analyzed, and the implications for each of the representative system configurations will be discussed.

Contractor: Northrop Corporation

Expected Completion Date: August 1994

Estimated Cost: $208,368

Title: Activities D, E, & L for Automated Highway Systems

Objective: This is one of the Precursor Systems Analyses. This study covers lateral and longitudinal control analysis, malfunction management and analysis, and vehicle operational analysis.

Contractor: Rockwell International

Expected Completion Date: October 1994

Estimated Cost: $623,451

B.8: IVHS Research Centers of Excellence

Title: IVHS Research Centers of Excellence

Objective: The objective is to develop internationally recognized, university-based research centers that will aggressively develop and implement activities that advance the state of the art in Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems. Three universities were awarded multiyear contracts for up to $1 million per year each to establish and operate the centers.

Contractor: Texas Transportation Institute at Texas A&M University, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, University of Michigan

Expected Completion Date: September 1997

Estimated Cost: $15,000,000

NCP Category E -- Materials and Operations

E.2: Cement and Concrete

Title: Fast Track Paving: Concrete Temperature Control and Traffic Opening Criteria for Bonded Concrete Overlays

Objective: This study will evaluate existing information on the control of concrete temperature during curing for portland cement concrete pavement construction and also on monitoring of bond and bond strength criteria for the opening to traffic of newly constructed bonded concrete overlays. The study will also develop guidelines in these two areas.

Contractor:Transtec Inc.

Expected Completion Date: March 1996

Estimated Cost: $498,712

NCP Category H -- R&D Management and Coordination

H.6: Other

Title: Ruggedness Testing in Accordance with ASTM Standard Practice C1067-87 on the SHRP Binder Specification Tests

Objective: This is a screening program that detects the sources of variation in a test method.

Contractor: Pennsylvania Transportation Institute

Expected Completion Date: March 1994

Estimated Cost: $22,000

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