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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-05-057
Date: October 2006

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Appendix G—References

  1. Standard Specifications for Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling and Testing, Twenty First Edition, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 2001.
  2. Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, Sixteenth Edition, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1996, 677 pp.
  3. 1997 Interim Revisions to the Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, Sixteenth Edition (1996), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1997.
  4. 1998 Interim Revisions to the Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, Sixteenth Edition (1996), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1998.
  5. 1999 Interim Revisions to the Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, Sixteenth Edition (1996), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1999.
  6. 2000 Interim Revisions to the Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, Sixteenth Edition (1996), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 2000.
  7. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Second Edition, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1998.
  8. 1999 Interim AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Second Edition (1998), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1999.
  9. 2000 Interim AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Second Edition (1998), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 2000.
  10. 2001 Interim AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Second Edition (1998), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 2001.
  11. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications, First Edition 1998, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1998.
  12. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications, 1999 Interim Edition, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 1999.
  13. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications, 2000 Interim Edition, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 2000.
  14. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications, 2001 Interim Edition, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC, 2001.
  15. ACI Committee 363, "State-of-the-Art Report on High-Strength Concrete (ACI 363R-92)," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 1992, 55 pp.
  16. ACI Committee 363, "Guide to Quality Control and Testing of High-Strength Concrete (ACI 363.2R-98)," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 1998, 18 pp.
  17. ACI Committee 211, "Guide for Selecting Proportions for High-Strength Concrete with Portland Cement and Fly Ash (ACI 211.4R-93)," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 1993, 13 pp.
  18. ACI Committee 318, "Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (318-02) and Commentary (318R-02)," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 2002, 443 pp.
  19. Tikalsky, P.J. and Carrasquillo, R.L., "Fly Ash Evaluation and Selection for Use in Sulfate Resistant Concrete," ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 90, No. 6, November–December 1993, pp. 545–551.
  20. Prowell, B.D. and Weingart, R., "Precisions of Flat and Elongated Particle Tests, ASTM D4791 and VDG-40 Videograder," Transportation Research Record No. 1673, Geomaterials, Transportation Research Board, 1999, pp. 73–80.
  21. Ferraris, C.F., "Measurement of Rheological Properties of High Performance Concrete: State of the Art Report," NISTIR 5869, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 1996, 34 pp.
  22. Lobo, C.L., Mullings, G.M., and Gaynor, R.D., "Effect of Capping Materials and Procedures on the Measured Compressive Strength of High Strength Concrete," Cement, Concrete and Aggregates, Vol. 16, No. 2, December 1994, pp. 173–180.
  23. Ozyildirim, C., "Permeability Specifications for High-Performance Concrete Decks," Transportation Research Record No. 1610, Concrete in Construction, Transportation Research Board, Washington, 1998, DC, pp. 1–5.
  24. Nordtest, "NT Build 443 Concrete, Hardened: Accelerated Chloride Penetration," Espoo, Finland, 5 pp.
  25. Detwiler, R.J., Kojundic, T., and Fidjestol, P., "Evaluation of Bridge Deck Overlays," Concrete International, Vol. 19, No. 8, August 1997, pp. 43–45.
  26. Myers, J.J., "How to Achieve a Higher Modulus of Elasticity," HPC Bridge Views, Issue No. 5, September/October 1999, pp. 3.
  27. ACI Committee 441, "High-Strength Concrete Columns: State-of-the-Art (ACI 441R-96)," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 1997, 13 pp.
  28. Canadian Standards Association, "CSA A23.3-94 Design of Concrete Structures," Rexdale, ON, Canada 1994, 199 pp.
  29. Azizinamini, A., Pavel, R., Hatfield, E., and Ghosh, S.K., "Behavior of Lap-Spliced Reinforcing Bars Embedded in High-Strength Concrete," ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 96, No. 5, September-October 1999, pp. 826–835.
  30. Lane, S.N., "A New Development Length Equation for Pretensioned Strands in Bridge Beams and Piles," FHWA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Report No. FHWA-RD-98116, 1998, 131 pp.
  31. Goodspeed, C.H., Vanikar, S., and Cook, R., "High Performance Concrete Defined for Highway Structures," Concrete International, Vol. 18, No. 2, February 1996, pp. 62–67.
  32. High Performance Concrete, Compact Disc, Federal Highway Administration, Version 3.0, February 2003.
  33. Russell, H.G., "ACI Defines High-Performance Concrete," Concrete International, Vol. 21, No. 2, February 1999, pp. 56–57.
  34. Mather, B., "How to Make Concrete that Will Be Immune to the Effects of Freezing and Thawing," Paul Klieger Symposium on Performance of Concrete, ACI SP-122, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 1990, pp. 1–18.
  35. Cordon W.A., "Freezing and Thawing of Concrete-Mechanisms and Control," ACI Monograph No. 3, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan, 1966.
  36. Janssen D.J. and Snyder M.B., "Resistance of Concrete to Freezing and Thawing," SHRPC-391, Strategic Highway Research Program, National Research Council, 1994, 201 pp.
  37. Schwartz, D.R., "D-Cracking of Concrete Pavements," NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice No 134, Transportation Research Board, 1987, 34 pp.
  38. Newlon, H.H. and Mitchell T.M., "Freezing and Thawing," Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials, STP 169C, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 1994, pp. 153–163.
  39. Newlon, H.H., "Modification of ASTM C 666 for Testing Resistance of Concrete to Freezing and Thawing in Sodium Chloride Solution," VHTRC 79-R16, Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, VA, 1978, 19 pp.
  40. Neville, A.M., Properties of Concrete, Fourth and Final Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY, 1996.
  41. ACI Committee 116, "Cement and Concrete Terminology, (ACI 116R)" American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 2000, 73 pp.
  42. ACI Committee 201, "Guide to Durable Concrete, ACI 201.2R," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 1992, 39 pp.
  43. Liu, T., "Abrasion Resistance," Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials, STP 169C, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 1994, pp. 182–191.
  44. Tikalsky, P.J. and Scanlon, A., High-Performance Concrete, Pennsylvania Transportation Institute, University Park, PA, 2000, 68 pp.
  45. ACI Committee 325, "Texturing Concrete Pavements (ACI 325.6R)," American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 1988, 10 pp.
  46. Byrd L.D., "Effect of Studded Tires," NCHRP Synthesis 32, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 1975.
  47. Ozyildirim, C., "Durability of Concrete Bridges in Virginia," ASCE Structures XI Proceedings: Structural Engineering in Natural Hazards Mitigation, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, 1993, pp. 996–1001.
  48. Whiting, D., "Rapid Determination of the Chloride Permeability of Concrete," Federal Highway Administration, FHWA/RD-81/119, 1981, 174 pp.
  49. Ozyildirim, C., "Rapid Chloride Permeability Testing of Silica Fume Concrete," Cement, Concrete, and Aggregate, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1994, pp. 53–56.
  50. Hooton, R.D., Thomas, M.D.A., and Stanish, K., "Prediction of Chloride Penetration in Concrete," FHWA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Report No. FHWA-RD-00-142, 2001, 412 pp.
  51. Stark, D., "Alkali-Silica Reactions in Concrete," Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials, STP 169C, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 1994, pp. 365–371.
  52. Tuthill, L.H., "Alkali-Silica Reaction-40 Years Later," Concrete International: Design and Construction, Vol. 10, No. 12, December 1982, pp. 24–26.
  53. Lane, D.S., "Comparison of Results from C 441 and C 1293 with Implications for Establishing Criteria for ASR-Resistant Concrete," Cement, Concrete, and Aggregates, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1999, pp. 149–156.
  54. Fournier, B. and Malhotra, M., "Evaluation of Laboratory Test Methods for Alkali-Silica Reactivity," Cement, Concrete, and Aggregates, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1999, pp. 173–184.
  55. Lea, F.M., The Chemistry of Cement and Concrete, lst American Edition, Chemical Publishing Company, New York, 1971.
  56. DePuy, G.W., "Chemical Resistance of Concrete," Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials, STP 169C, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 1994, pp. 263–281.

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FHWA-HRT-05-057

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