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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-07-043
Date: July 2007
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References

  1. Smith, J.L., and Virmani, Y.P.,Performance of Epoxy-Coated Rebars in Bridge Decks, Report Number FHWA-RD-96-092, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC,1996, 104 pp.
  2. Virmani, Y.P., and Clemeña, G.G., Corrosion Protection—Concrete Bridges, Report Number FHWA-RD-98-099, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC, 1998, 72 pp.
  3. Clear, Kenneth C., “Effectiveness of Epoxy-Coated Reinforcing Steel,” Concrete International, Vol. 14, No. 5, May 1992, pp. 58–64.
  4. Sagues, A.A., Powers, R.G., and Kessler, R., “Corrosion Processes and Field Performance of Epoxy-Coated Reinforcing Steel in Marine Structures,”Corrosion 94, Paper Number 299, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Houston, TX, 1994.
  5. Schiessl, P., “Review of the KC, Inc., Reports on Effectiveness of Epoxy-Coated Reinforcing Steel,” Canadian Strategic Highway Research Program, Ottawa, ON, 1992, 15 pp.
  6. Adhesion Loss Mechanisms of Epoxy Coatings on Rebar Surfaces, Surface Science Western, Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute, Schaumberg, IL, 1995.
  7. Weyers, R.E., Zemajtis, J., and Drumm, R.O., “Service Lives of Concrete Sealers,” Transportation Research Record, No. 1490, July 1995, pp. 54–59.
  8. ASTM A 615/A 615M-06a, “Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon- Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA,2006.
  9. ASTM A 775/A 775M-04a, “Standard Specification for Epoxy-Coated Steel Reinforcing Bars,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2004.
  10. ASTM G 8-96 (2003), “Standard Test Methods for Cathodic Disbonding of Pipeline Coatings,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1996.
  11. McDonald, D.B., Pfeifer, D.W., and Sherman, M.R., Corrosion Evaluation of Epoxy- Coated, Metallic Clad and Solid Metallic Reinforcing Bars in Concrete, Publication Number FHWA-RD-98-153, U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, 1998. 127 pp.
  12. Martinez, S.L., Darwin, D., McCabe, S.L., and Locke, C.E., Rapid Test for Corrosion Effects of Deicing Chemicals in Reinforced Concrete, SL Report 90-4, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, August 1991, 61 pp.
  13. Chappelow, C.C., McElroy, A.D., Blackburn, R.R., Darwin, D., deNoyelles, F.G., and Locke, C.E., Handbook of Test Methods for Evaluating Chemical Deicers, Strategic Highway Research Program, Nat. Res. Council, Washington, DC, 1992, 283 pp.
  14. Smith, J.L., Darwin, D., and Locke, C.E., Jr., “Corrosion-Resistant Steel Reinforcing Bars Initial Tests,” SL Report 95-1, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas, April 1995, 43 pp.
  15. Senecal, M.R., Darwin, D., and Locke, C.E., Jr., Evaluation of Corrosion-Resistant Steel Reinforcing Bars, SM Report Number 40, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, July 1995, 142 pp.
  16. Schwensen, S.M., Darwin, D., and Locke, C.E., Jr., Rapid Evaluation of Corrosion Resistant Concrete Reinforcing Steel in the Presence of Deicers, SL Report 95-6, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, July 1995, 90 pp.
  17. Darwin, D., Locke, C.E., Senecal, M.R., Schemes, S.M., Smith, J.L., “Corrosion Resistant Steel Reinforcing Bars,” Materials for the New Millennium, K.P. Chong, Ed., ASCE, Reston, VA, 1996, pp. 482–491.
  18. Darwin, D., Browning, J., Nguyen, T.V., Locke, C.E., Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of a High-Strength, High Chromium Reinforcing Steel for Concrete, Report Number SD2001-05-F, South Dakota Department of Transportation, March 2002, 142 pp, also University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., SM Report Number 66.
  19. Gong, L., Darwin, D., Browning, J.P., Locke, C.E., Evaluation of Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of MMFX Reinforcing Steel for Concrete, SM Report Number 70, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, December 2002, 113 pp.
  20. Balma, J., Darwin, D., Browning, J.P., Locke, C.E., Evaluation of Corrosion Resistance of Microalloyed Reinforcing Steel, SM Report Number 71, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, December 2002, 171 pp.
  21. Ji, J., Darwin, D., and Browning, J.P., Corrosion Resistance of Duplex Stainless Steels and MMFX Microcomposite Steel for Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks, SM Report Number 80, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, December 2005, 453 pp.
  22. Farzammehr, H., Pore Solution Analysis of Sodium Chloride and Calcium Chloride Containing Cement Pastes, Master of Science Thesis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, 1985, 101 pp.
  23. Farzammehr, H., Dehghanian, C., and Locke, C.E., “Study of the Effects of Cations on Chloride Caused Corrosion of Steel in Concrete, Revista Técnica de la Facultad de Ingeniería, University of Zulia, Venezuela, Vol. 10, Number 1, 1987, pp. 33–40.
  24. Jones, D.A., Principles and Prevention of Corrosion, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1992, 568 pp.
  25. Balma, J., Darwin, D., Browning, J.P., and Locke, C.E., Evaluation of Corrosion Protection Systems and Corrosion Testing Methods for Reinforcing Steel in Concrete, SM Report Number 76, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, January 2005, 517 pp.
  26. ASTM C 150-05 “Standard Specification for Portland Cement,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2005.
  27. ASTM C 778-02, “Standard Specification for Standard Sand,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2002.
  28. ASTM C 305-99e1, “Standard Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1999.
  29. ASTM G 109-99a (2005), “Standard Test Method for Determining the Effects of Chemical Admixtures on the Corrosion of Embedded Steel Reinforcement in Concrete Exposed to Chloride Environments,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 1999.
  30. Kepler, J.L., Darwin, D., and Locke, C.E., Evaluation of Corrosion Protection Methods for Reinforced Concrete Highway Structures, SM Report Number 58, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, May 2000, 221 pp.
  31. Pfeifer, D.W., and Scali, M.J., “Concrete Sealers for Protection of Bridge Structures,” NCHRP Report Number 244, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, December 1981.
  32. Perenchio, W.F., “Corrosion of Reinforcing Bars in Concrete,” Annual Seminar, Master Builders Technology, Cleveland, OH, December 1992.
  33. ASTM C 192/C 192M-05, “Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory,” ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2005.
  34. Berke, N.S., “Corrosion Inhibitors in Concrete,” Concrete International, Vol. 13, No. 7, July 1991, pp. 24–27.
  35. Pfeifer, D.W., “High Performance Concrete and Reinforcing Steel with a 100-Year Service Life,” PCI Journal, Vol. 45, No. 3, May–June 2000, pp. 46–54.
  36. Torres-Acosta, A.A. and Sagues, A.A., “Concrete Cracking by Localized Steel Corrosion —Geometric Effects,” ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 101, No. 6, November–December 2004, pp. 501–507.
  37. Gong, L., Darwin, D., Browning, J., and Locke, C.E., Evaluation of Multiple Corrosion Protection Systems and Stainless Steel Clad Reinforcement for Reinforced Concrete, SM Report Number 82, University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS, January 2006, 540 pp.

 

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