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Publication Number: FHWA-RD-03-083
Date: June 2003

Bridge Scour in Nonuniform Sediment Mixtures and in Cohesive Materials: Synthesis Report

REFERENCES

  1. Molinas, A., and Abdou, M. I. (1998). Effects of Gradation and Cohesion on Bridge Scour, Vol.1, Effect of Sediment Gradation and Coarse Material Fraction on Clear Water Scour Around Bridge Piers, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-RD-99-183.

  2. Molinas, A., and Noshi, M. H. (1998). Effects of Gradation and Cohesion on Bridge Scour, Vol.2, Experimental Study of Sediment Gradation and Flow Hydrograph Effects on Clear Water Scour Around Circular Piers, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-RD-99-184.

  3. Molinas, A., and Abdeldayem. A. W. (1998). Effects of Gradation and Cohesion on Bridge Scour, Vol.3, Abutment Scour for Nonuniform Mixtures, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-RD-99-185.

  4. Molinas, A., and Hosny, M. (1998). Effects of Gradation and Cohesion on Bridge Scour, Vol.4, Experimental Study of Scour Around Circular Piers in Cohesive Soils, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-RD-99-186.

  5. Molinas, A., and Reiad, N. Y. (1998). Effects of Gradation and Cohesion on Bridge Scour, Vol.5, Effect of Cohesion on Bridge Scour, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-RD-99-187.

  6. Molinas, A., and Noshi, M. H. (1998). Effects of Gradation and Cohesion on Bridge Scour, Vol.6, Abutment Scour in Uniform and Stratified Sand Mixtures, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-RD-99-188.

  7. Abdou, M. I. (1994). Effect of Sediment Gradation and Coarse Material Fraction on Clear Water Scour Around Bridge Piers, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 205 pp.

  8. Gessler, J. (1967). The Beginning of Bed Load Movement of Mixtures Investigated as Natural Armoring in Channels, Translated by E. A. Prych, Translation T-5, W. M. Keck Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Research, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.

  9. Little, W. C., and Mayer, P. G. (1972). The Role of Sediment Gradation on Channel Armoring, Georgia Institute of Technology, Environmental Research Center, Report ERC-0672.

  10. Davies, B. E. (1971). The Armoring of Alluvial Channel Beds, Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, University of Canterbury, Christchurch.

  11. Proffitt, G. T. (1980). Selective Transport and Armoring of Nonuniform Alluvial Sediments, Ph.D. Dissertation, Civil Engineering Department, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

  12. Day, T. J. (1976). Preliminary Results of Flume Studies into the Armoring of a Coarse Sediment Mixture, Report of Activities, Part C, Geological Survey, Canada, Paper 76-1C, pp 277-287.

  13. Richardson, E. V. and Davis, S. (1995). Evaluating Scour at Bridges, Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 18, Federal Highway Administration, FHWA-IP-90-017, 3rd Edition, 129 pp.

  14. Einstein, H. A., and Chien, N. (1953). Transport of Sediment Mixtures with Large Ranges of Grain Sizes, MRD Sediment Series No. 2, U.S. Army Engineer Division, Missouri River, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha, NE.

  15. Ackers, P., and White, W. R. (1973). Sediment Transport: New Approach and Analysis, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 99, HY11, pp. 2041-2060.

  16. Chabert, J., and Engeldinger, P. (1956). Étude des Affouillements Autour des Piles de Ponts, (Study of Scour Around Bridge Piers), Laboratoire National D'Hydraulique, 6 Quai Watier, Chatou, Oct.1956.

  17. Shen, H. W., Schneider, V. R., and Karaki, S. S. (1966). Mechanics of Local Scour, Data Supplement, Prepared for Bureau of Public Roads, Office of Research and Development, Civil Engineering Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, Report CER66-67HWS27.

  18. Shen, H. W., Schneider, V. R., and Karaki, S. S. (1969). Local Scour Around Bridge Piers, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 95, HY6, pp 1919-1940.

  19. Neill, C. R. (1968). Note on Initial Movement of Coarse Uniform Bed Material, Journal of Hydraulic Research, International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 247-249.

  20. Abdeldayem, A. W. (1996). Abutment Scour for Nonuniform Mixtures, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 310 pp.

  21. Hosny, M. (1995). Experimental Study of Scour Around Circular Piers in Cohesive Soils, Ph.D. Dissertation, Civil Engineering Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 177 pp.

  22. Yakoub, N. G. Reiad. (1995). Effect of Cohesion on Bridge Abutment Scour, Ph.D. Dissertation, Civil Engineering Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 231 pp.

  23. Molinas, A. and Abdeldayem, A. (1998). Effect of Clay Content on Bridge Scour, Proceedings of the 1998 International Water Resources Engineering Conference, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 1, pp 280-285.

  24. Molinas, A., Hosny, M., and Jones, S. (1998). Pier Scour in Montmorillonite Clay Soils, Proceedings of the 1998 International Water Resources Engineering Conference, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 1, pp 292-297.

  25. Molinas, A., Jones, S. and Hosny, M. (1999). Effects of Cohesive Material Properties on Local Scour Around Piers, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Record, No. 1690, National Academy Press, pp. 164-175.

  26. Molinas, A., Kheireldin, K., and Wu, B. (1998). Shear Stress Around Vertical Wall Abutments, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 124, No. 8, pp 822-830.

  27. Molinas, A., Reiad, N. G. Y., and Jones, S. (1998). Effect of Cohesion on Abutment Scour, Proceedings of the 1998 International Water Resources Engineering Conference, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 1, pp 252-257.


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The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT).
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). The hydraulics and hydrology research program at the TFHRC Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) R&T Web site portal, which provides access to or information about the Agency’s R&T program, projects, partnerships, publications, and results.
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