Skip to contentUnited States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration FHWA Home
Research Home   |   Pavements Home
Report
This report is an archived publication and may contain dated technical, contact, and link information
Publication Number: FHWA-RD-01-164
Date: March 2002

Appendix D. References

Previous | Table of Contents

Abdun-Nur, E. A. (1970). Sampling of Concrete in Service. Special Report 106. Highway Research Board. Washington. DC. pp. 13-17.

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) (2000). "Proposed AASHTO Guide Specification for Highway Construction - Section 56X: Portland Cement Concrete Resistant to Excessive Expansion Caused by Alkali-Silica Reaction." Developed and Submitted by the AASHTO Lead State Team on ASR. http://leadstates.tamu.edu/ASR/library/gspec.stm. Accessed July 30, 2000.

American Concrete Institute (ACI) (1991). "Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight, and Mass Concrete." ACI Manual of Concrete Practice — Part 1. ACI 211.1-91. ISSN 0065-7875. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

American Concrete Institute (ACI) (1992). "Guide to Durable Concrete." ACI Manual of Concrete Practice — Part 1. ACI 201.2R-92. ISSN 0065-7875. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

American Concrete Institute (ACI) (1996). "Guide for Use of Normal Weight and Heavyweight Aggregates in Concrete." ACI Manual of Concrete Practice — Part 1. ACI 221R-96. ISSN 0065-7875. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

American Concrete Institute (ACI) (1997). "Guide to a Recommended Format for the Identification of Concrete in a Materials Property Database." ACI Manual of Concrete Practice — Part 1. ACI 126.1R-97. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

American Concrete Institute (ACI) (1998). "State-of-the-Art Report on Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity." ACI Manual of Concrete Practice — Part 1. ACI 221.1R-98. ISSN 0065-7875. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI.

American Concrete Pavement Association (ACPA) (1992). Scale-Resistant Concrete Pavements. Information Series IS117.02P, American Concrete Pavement Association, Skokie, IL. 2 pp.

American Railway Engineering Association (AREA) (1996). "Duggan Concrete Expansion Test." AREA Manual of Railway Engineering. American Railway Engineering Association. pp. 10-12.

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) (1994). Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. P. Klieger and J. F. Lamond, ed. STP-169C. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. 623 pp.

Attiogbe, E. K., J. A. Wells, and S. H. Rizkalla (1990). Evaluation of Duggan Concrete Core Expansion Test. Canadian National Railways and Transport Institute, University of Manitoba.

Campbell-Allen, D., and H. Roper (1991). Concrete Structures: Materials, Maintenance, and Repair. Longman Scientific & Technical, Essex, England.

DePuy, G. W. (1994). "Chapter 26: Chemical Resistance of Concrete." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. ASTM STP 169C. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. pp. 263-281.

Dewey, G. R., L. L. Sutter, and J. F. Sandell (1996). "Reactivity Based Approach for Classifying Fly Ash." The Proceedings of the American Power Conference. Chicago, IL. April.

Dolar-Mantuani, L. (1982). Handbook of Concrete Aggregates: A Petrographic and Technological Evaluation. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey. 345 pp.

Engstrom, G. M. (1994). Field Performance of High Molecular Weight Methacrylate Monomers and Silanes on a D-Cracked, Jointed Reinforced Concrete Pavement, Report No. MN/RD-94/07. Minnesota Department of Transportation, Maplewood, MN.

Erlin, B. (1993). "Petrographic Examination." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. STP-169C. pp 210-218.

Erlin, B. (1996). "Ettringite—Whatever You May Think It Is." Proceedings, Eighteenth International Conference on Cement Microscopy, April 21–25.

Farney, James A., and Steven H. Kosmatka (1997). Diagnosis and Control of Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Concrete. Concrete Information Series No. IS413.01T. Portland Cement Association. Skokie, IL. ISBN 0 89312 146 0. 24 pp.

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) (1993). Part VI of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD). FHWA-SA-94-027, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC. 195 pp.

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) (1991). Rock and Mineral Identification for Engineers. Publication No. FHWA-HI-91-025. Federal Highway Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC, November. 50 pp.

Forster, S. W. (1994). "Soundness, Deleterious Substances, and Coatings." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. STP 169C. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philidelphia, PA. pp. 411-419.

Fournier, B., M. Bérubé, and C. A. Rodgers (1999). "Proposed Guidelines for the Prevention of Alkali-Silica Reaction in New Concrete Structures." Transportation Research Record 1668: Concrete in Pavements and Structures. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. pp. 48-59.

Gress, D. (1997). Early Distress in Concrete Pavements. FHWA-SA-97-045, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC. January. 53 pp.

Guthrie, G. G. Jr., and J. W. Carey (1997). "A Simple Environmentally Friendly, and Chemically Specific Method for the Identification and Evaluation of the Alkali-Silica Reaction." Cement and Concrete Research. Vol. 27, No. 9. pp. 1407-1417.

Hagen, M. G., and G. R. Cochran (1995). Comparison of Drainage Systems. Report No. MN/RD-95/28. Minnesota Department of Transportation, St. Paul, MN. 32 pp.

Hansen, W. C. (1963). "Crystal Growth as a Source of Expansion in Portland-Cement Concrete." Proceedings. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Volume 63, Philadelphia, PA.

Helmuth, R. (1993). Alkali–Silica Reactivity: An Overview of Research. SHRP-C-342, Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC. 105 pp.

Hime, W. G. (1993). "Analyses for Cement and Other Materials in Hardened Concrete." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. STP-169C. 317 pp.

Hoerner, T. E., K. D. Smith, H. T. Yu, D. G. Peshkin, and M. J. Wade (2001). PCC Pavement Evaluation and Rehabilitation. NHI Course 131062 Draft Reference Manual. National Highway Institute. Arlington, VA. 458 pp.

Hover, K. C. (1993). "Air Content and Unit Weight of Hardened Concrete." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia, PA. STP-169C. pp. 301-302.

Janssen, D. J. (1985). The Effect of Asphalt Concrete Overlays on the Progression of Durability Cracking in Portland Cement Concrete. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Illinois, Urbana, IL.

Janssen, D. J., B. J. Dempsey, J. B. DuBose, and A. J. Patel (1986). Predicting the Progression of D-Cracking. FHWA/IL/UI-211. University of Illinois, Urbana, IL.

Janssen, D. J., and M. B. Snyder (1994). Resistance of Concrete to Freezing and Thawing. SHRP-C-391. Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC. 201 pp.

Johansen, V. and N. Thaulow (1999). "Heat Curing and Late Formation of Ettringite." Ettringite – The Sometimes Host of Destruction. SP-177. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI. pp. 47-64.

Johnston, D. (1997). Mitigation of Potential Alkali-Silica Reactivity Using Lithium (SHRP Concrete and Structures ASR Showcase Test and Evaluation Project 34). SD95-21-F. South Dakota Department of Transportation, Pierre, SD. 25 pp.

Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT) (1990). Standard Specifications Edition of 1990. Kansas Department of Transportation. Subsection 1117. Methods of Test for Section 1110 Aggregates, Section (s). Soundness Test for Aggregates. pp. 792-793.

Klemm, W., and F. M. Miller (1999). "Internal Sulfate Attack: Distress Mechanism at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures?" Ettringite – The Sometimes Host of Destruction. SP-177. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI. pp. 81-92.

Kosmatka, S. H., B. Kerkhoff, and W. C. Panarese (2002). Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures. Fourteenth Edition. Engineering Bulletin 001. Portland Cement Association, Skokie, IL. 358 pp.

Kraai, P. P. (1985), "A Proposed Test To Determine The Cracking Potential Due to Drying Shrinkage of Concrete," Concrete Construction, Sept. pp. 775-778.

Lee, C. (1989). "Active Alkalis in Cement-Fly Ash Paste." Proceedings: Eighth International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reactions. Kyoto, Japan. pp. 223-228.

Leek, D. S., A. M. Harper, and C. R. Ecob (1995). "Specification and Production of Durable Reinforced Concrete." Transportation Research Record No.1478. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.

Marks, V. J., and W. G. Dubberke (1996). "A Different Perspective for Investigation of PCC Pavement Deterioration." Transportation Research Record 1525: Rigid Pavement Design and Rehabilitation Issues. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. pp. 91-96.

Marusin, S. L. (1981). "Use of the Maleic Acid Method for the Determination of the Cement Content of Concrete." Cement, Concrete, and Aggregates. Winter. pp. 89-92.

McCullough, B. F. and R. O. Rasmussen (1999). Fast-Track Paving: Concrete Temperature Control and Traffic Opening Criteria for Bonded Concrete Overlays, Volume I: Final Report. Report No. FHWA-RD-98-167. Federal Highway Administration. Washington, DC. October. 205 pp.

Mehta, P. K. and P. J. M. Monteiro (1993). Concrete: Structure, Properties, and Materials. Second Edition. Prentice Hall, Englewoods Cliffs, NJ. ISBN 0-13-175621-4. 548 pp.

Mehta, P. K. (1997). "Durability—Critical Issues for the Future." Concrete International. Volume 19, No. 7. July. pp. 27-33.

Mielenz, R. C. (1994). "Petrographic Evaluation of Concrete Aggregates." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. STP 169C. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philidelphia, PA. pp. 341-364.

Mindess, S., and J. F. Young. (1981). Concrete. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. ISBN 0-13-167106-5. 671 pp.

Muszynski, L. C., and J. L. LaFrenz (1996). Proportioning Concrete Mixtures with Graded Aggregates: A Handbook for Rigid Airfield Pavements. Final Report for October 1995-September. Flight Dynamics Directorate. Wright Laboratory, Tyndall AFB, FL. September.

Muszynski, L. C., J. L. LaFrenz, and D. H. Artman (1997). "Proportioning Concrete Mixtures with Graded Aggregates." Proceedings: Aircraft/Pavement Technology in the Midst of Change. American Society of Civil Engineers, Seattle, WA. pp. 205-219.

Natesaiyer, K., and K. C. Hover (1992). "Cornell’s Gel Fluorescence Test Identified ASR Products in Concrete." Concrete Technology Today. Vol. 13, No. 2. Portland Cement Association, Skokie, IL.

Neville, A. M. (1996). Properties of Concrete. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York. ISBN 0-470-23527-6. 844 pp.

Ouyang, C., and O. J. Lane (1999). "Effect of Infilling of Air Voids by Ettringite on Resistance of Concretes to Freezing and Thawing." Ettringite – The Sometimes Host of Destruction. SP-177. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI. pp. 249-261.

Ozol, M. A. (1994). "Alkali-Carbonate Rock Reactions." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. STP 169C. Publication Code No. 04-169030-07. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. pp. 341-364.

Perenchio, W. F. (1994). "Corrosion of Reinforcing Steel." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. STP 169C. Publication Code Number 04-169030-07. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. pp. 164-172.

Peterson, D. E. (1985). Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Pavements. NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 122. National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. 136 pp.

Peterson, K. W., D. M. Hammerling,, L. L. Sutter, T. J. Van Dam, and G. R. Dewey (1999). "Oldhamite: Not Just in Meteorites," Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Cement Microscopy, Las Vegas, Nevada. pp. 394-405.

Pigeon, M., and R. Plateau (1995). Durability of Concrete in Cold Climates. E & FN Spon. ISBN: 0-419-19260-3. 244p.

Poole, A. B., and A. Thomas (1975). A Staining Technique for the Identification of Sulphates in Aggregates and Concrete. Mineralogical Magazine. September. Vol. 40. pp. 315-16.

Portland Cement Association (PCA) (1992). Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures. Thirteenth Edition. Portland Cement Association, Skokie, IL. 205 pp.

Portland Cement Association (PCA) (1995). "Guide Specification for Concrete Subject to Alkali-Silica Reactions." Concrete Information. PCA R&D No. 2001. IS415.05T. Portland Cement Association, Skokie, IL. November.

Portland Cement Association (PCA) (1996). "Portland Cement: Past and Present Characteristics." Concrete Technology Today. Vol. 17, No. 2. Portland Cement Association, Skokie, IL. July. pp. 1-8.

Powers, T. C. (1945). "A Working Hypothesis for Further Studies of Frost Resistance of Concrete." ACI Journal. Proceedings, American Concrete Institute, Volume 41, No. 4. Detroit, MI. February. pp. 245-272.

Powers, T. C. (1975). "Freezing Effects in Concrete." Durability of Concrete, SP-47, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, MI. pp. 1-11.

Roy, D. M., and G. M Idorn (1993a), Concrete Microscopy. Publication No. SHRP-C-340. Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC. August.

Roy, D. M., P. D. Cady, S. A. Sabol, and P. H. Licastro (1993b). Concrete Microstructure: Recommended Revision to Test Methods. SHRP-C-339. Strategic Highway Research Program. National Research Council, Washington DC.

Schwartz, D. R. (1987). D-Cracking of Concrete Pavements. NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 134, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. 34 pp.

Scrivener, K. L. (1996). "Delayed Ettringite Formation and Concrete Railroad Ties." Proceedings: 18th International Conference on Cement Microscopy. Houston, TX. April 21-25.

Scrivener, K. L., and M. C. Lewis (1999). "Effect of Heat Curing on Expansion of Mortars and Composition of Calcium Silicate Hydrate Gel." Ettringite – The Sometimes Host of Destruction. SP-177. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI. pp. 93-104.

Shilstone, J. M. Sr. (1990). "Concrete Mixture Optimization." Concrete International, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI. pp. 33-39.

Smith, K. D., M. J. Wade, D. G. Peshkin, L. Khazanovich, H. T. Yu, and M. I. Darter (1996). Performance of Concrete Pavements, Volume II—Evaluation of Inservice Concrete Pavements. FHWA-RD-95-110. Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC. 330 pp.

St John, D. A., A. W. Poole, and I. Sims (1998). Concrete Petrography. Arnold Publishers, London, England. ISBN 0-340-69266-9.

Stanish, K. D., R. D. Hooton, and M. D. A Thomas (2000). Testing the Chloride Penetration Resistance of Concrete: A Literature Review. FHWA Contract DTFH61-97-R-00022. University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. June. 31 pp.

Stark, D. (1976). Characteristics and Utilization of Coarse Aggregates Associated with D-Cracking. Bulletin RD047.01p, Portland Cement Association, Skokie, IL.

Stark, D. (1991). Handbook for the Identification of Alkali Silica Reactivity in Highway Structures. Publication No. SHRP-C/FR-91-101. Strategic Highway Research Program. Washington, DC. January. 49 pp.

Stark, D., B. Morgan, and P. Okamoto (1993). Eliminating or Minimizing Alkali–Silica Reactivity. SHRP-P-343, Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC. 266 pp.

Stark, D. (1994). "Alkali-Silica Reactions in Concrete." Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials. ASTM STP 169C. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. pp. 365-371.

Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) (1990). Guide for Field Materials Sampling, Testing, and Handling. SHRP-LTPP-OG-006, Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.

Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) (1993). Distress Identification Manual for the Long-Term Pavement Performance Project. SHRP-P-338, Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC. 147 pp.

Stutzman, P. E., and J. R, Clifton (1999). "Specimen Preparation for Scanning Electron Microscopy." Proceedings of the Twenty-First International Conference on Cement Microscopy. International Cement Microscopy Association. Las Vegas, NV. April 25-29. pp. 10-22.

Thaulow, N., V. Johansen, and U. H. Jakobsen (1996). What Causes Delayed Ettringite Formation? Bulletin No. 60. Presented at the Fall 1995 Meeting of MRS in Boston. Idorn Consult A/S, Denmark. March. 12 pp.

Thornthwaite, C.W. (1948). "An Approach Towards a Rational Classification of Climate." Geographical Review. Vol. 38-1. pp. 55-74.

Transportation Research Board (TRB) (1999). Durability of Concrete. Transportation Research Circular. Number 494. Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC. December. 59 pp.

Van Wijk, A. J. (1985). Purdue Economic Analysis of Rehabilitation and Design Alternatives in Rigid Pavements, A User’s Manual for PEARDARP. Unpublished Technical Report. Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

Wade, M. J., G. D. Cuttell, J. M. Vandenbossche, H. T. Yu, K. D. Smith, and M. B. Snyder (1997). Performance of Concrete Pavements Containing Recycled Concrete Aggregate. FHWA-RD-96-164. Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA. 296 pp.

Walker, H. N. (1992). Petrographic Methods of Examining Hardened Concrete: A Petrographic Manual. Virginia Transportation Research Council. Publication No. VTRC 92-R14, Charlottesville, VA. May. (http://www.tfhrc.gov/pavement/pccp/petro/index.htm).

Walls III, J., and M. R. Smith (1998). Life Cycle Cost Analysis in Pavement Design. FHWA-SA-98-079. Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC. 107 pp.

 

Previous | Table of Contents


The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT).
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a part of the U.S. Department of Transportation and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with field offices across the United States. is a major agency of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). Provide leadership and technology for the delivery of long life pavements that meet our customers needs and are safe, cost effective, and can be effectively maintained. Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) R&T Web site portal, which provides access to or information about the Agency’s R&T program, projects, partnerships, publications, and results.
FHWA
United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration