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Publication Number: FHWA-HRT-06-072
Date: March 2006

Multiyear Plan for Bridge and Tunnel Security Research, Development, and Deployment

Table 2: Research studies

Strategic Focus Areas

FY03

FY04

FY05

FY06

FY07

FY08

FY09

Risk and Vulnerability Assessment

Synthesis of existing risk and vulnerability assessment methodologies

             

Determination of levels of risk and probability of occurrence for each event, and development of consistent risk assessment methodology

             

Development of criticality models for bridges and tunnels for incorporation into risk assessment models

             

Lessons learned - Bridge demolition

    From the last half of Fiscal Year 2005 to the first half of Fiscal Year 2006      

Guide to risk management of multimodal transportation infrastructure (NCHRP)

             

System Analysis and Design

Standardized blast response curves for bridges (develop vulnerability curves to allow engineers to design appropriate standoff devices to mitigate these threats) (FHWA/U.S. Army COE)

From the last half of Fiscal Year 2003 to the first half of Fiscal Year 2004          



Table 2: Research studies, continued.

Strategic Focus Areas

FY03

FY04

FY05

FY06

FY07

FY08

FY09

ConWep modifications for bridges

(FHWA/U.S. Army COE)

From the last half of Fiscal Year 2003 to the first half of Fiscal Year 2004          

Validation of numerical modeling and analysis of steel bridge towers subjected to blast loadings (FHWA/U.S. Army COE)

  From the last quarter of Fiscal Year 2004 to Fiscal Year 2006      

Assessment of bridge designs for structural vulnerability against terrorist events

             

Assessment of tunnel designs to resist blast and fire

             

Optimized designs for hazard loadings

             

Catalog of optimized design solutions for each event

             

Advanced physical and numerical modeling and simulation capabilities for predicting and understanding behavior under extreme events

             

Blast-resistant designs - Impact attenuators - Structural cladding

             

Structural vulnerability guide

             

Blast effects and retrofit techniques for tunnels

             

Making transportation tunnels safe and secure (NCHRP)

  From the last half of Fiscal Year 2004 to the first half of Fiscal Year 2005        

Better protection of piers against impact and/or blast loadings

             

Blast testing of full-scale, precast, prestressed concrete girder bridges (WA State DOT)

    From the First three quarters of Fiscal Year 2005 to the first quarter of Fiscal Year 2007    

Blast-resistant highway bridges: Design and detailing guidelines (NCHRP)

    From Fiscal Year 2005 to the first half of Fiscal Year 2008  

Improved Materials

Response modification devices

             

Material performance under extreme event loadings

             

Resistant materials and coatings for improved performance

             

Shape-memory alloys for bridge structural applications

             

Nanoscale science and engineering

             

MEMS sensors research

             

Prevention, Detection, and Surveillance

Synthesis of bridge and tunnel surveillance and security technologies (FHWA)

From the last half of Fiscal Year 2003 to the first half of Fiscal Year 2004          

Hazard mitigation measures

             

Sensing and monitoring technologies for extreme events

             

Post-Event Assessment

Forensic analysis of damaged structures to understand residual capacity and develop protocols for rapid assessment

             

Inspection techniques for rapid safety assessment of damaged structures

             

Damage assessment guide for extreme events

             



Table 2: Research studies, continued.

Strategic Focus Areas

FY03

FY04

FY05

FY06

FY07

FY08

FY09

Repair and Restoration

Emergency repair procedures

             

Accelerated repair and restoration techniques for reconstruction after an event

             

Evaluation and Training

Vulnerability Assessment Workshops (FHWA/U.S. Army COE)

From the First three quarters of Fiscal Year 2003 to the first three quarters of Fiscal Year 2004          

Institute a HITEC-type evaluation program for bridge and tunnel security technologies

             

FHWA Engineering Assessment Team (FHWA)

  From the First three quarters of Fiscal Year 2003 to the first half of Fiscal Year 2009

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